2020 coronavirus outbreak in the Philippines: Difference between revisions

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== Preventive measures ==
 
== Preventive measures ==
  +
===National government===
 
[[File:2019-nCoV HealthAdvisory DOH Philippines.jpg|thumb|Health advisory on the 2019-nCov release by the Philippine Department of Health.]]
 
[[File:2019-nCoV HealthAdvisory DOH Philippines.jpg|thumb|Health advisory on the 2019-nCov release by the Philippine Department of Health.]]
 
[[Ruffy Biazon]], a member of the [[House of Representatives of the Philippines|House of Representatives]] from Muntinlupa, called on the [[Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines]] (CAAP) on 22 January to suspend flights from Wuhan to the Philippines. [[Royal Air Charter Service]] operates direct flights from Wuhan to [[Kalibo]].<ref>{{cite news |title=DOH: It's possible Chinese boy in PH not infected with novel coronavirus |url=https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/22/boy-wuhan-coronavirus-.html |accessdate=22 January 2020 |work=CNN Philippines |date=22 January 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200122151853/https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/22/boy-wuhan-coronavirus-.html |archive-date=22 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref> Philippine Visas under the "visa-upon-arrival" (VUA) program are now also being denied to tourists from Wuhan.<ref name="philStarPhilippinesDenyingVisas">{{cite news |last1=Ramirez |first1=Robertzon |title=Philippines now denying visas to Wuhan tourists |url=https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/26/1987883/philippines-now-denying-visas-wuhan-tourists |publisher=[[The Philippine Star]] |date=26 January 2020 |access-date=8 February 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200126133127/https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/26/1987883/philippines-now-denying-visas-wuhan-tourists |archive-date=26 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref> On 24 January, the Philippine government decided to deport 135 individuals from Wuhan who landed arrived in the country through the [[Kalibo International Airport]].<ref>{{cite news |last1=Malasig |first1=Jeline |title=Philippine government's order to deport travelers from Wuhan: Was it too late? |url=http://www.interaksyon.com/politics-issues/2020/01/24/160692/coronavirus-wuhan-deportation-order-aklan-philippines/ |accessdate=27 January 2020 |work=InterAksyon |date=24 January 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200127105102/http://www.interaksyon.com/politics-issues/2020/01/24/160692/coronavirus-wuhan-deportation-order-aklan-philippines/ |archive-date=27 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref> There were calls for a wider temporary ban on people entering the country from anywhere in China. Such move was supported by Senators [[Ralph Recto]], [[Bong Go]], [[Risa Hontiveros]], and [[Francis Pangilinan]]. The DOH and the Office of the President find no urgent need for such measure.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Luna |first1=Franco |title=Senators want 'Great Wall' vs Chinese visitors amid first Philippine novel coronavirus case |url=https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/30/1989051/senators-want-great-wall-vs-chinese-visitors-amid-first-philippine-novel-coronavirus-case |accessdate=30 January 2020 |work=The Philippine Star |date=30 January 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200130102251/https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/30/1989051/senators-want-great-wall-vs-chinese-visitors-amid-first-philippine-novel-coronavirus-case |archive-date=30 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref>
 
[[Ruffy Biazon]], a member of the [[House of Representatives of the Philippines|House of Representatives]] from Muntinlupa, called on the [[Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines]] (CAAP) on 22 January to suspend flights from Wuhan to the Philippines. [[Royal Air Charter Service]] operates direct flights from Wuhan to [[Kalibo]].<ref>{{cite news |title=DOH: It's possible Chinese boy in PH not infected with novel coronavirus |url=https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/22/boy-wuhan-coronavirus-.html |accessdate=22 January 2020 |work=CNN Philippines |date=22 January 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200122151853/https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/22/boy-wuhan-coronavirus-.html |archive-date=22 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref> Philippine Visas under the "visa-upon-arrival" (VUA) program are now also being denied to tourists from Wuhan.<ref name="philStarPhilippinesDenyingVisas">{{cite news |last1=Ramirez |first1=Robertzon |title=Philippines now denying visas to Wuhan tourists |url=https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/26/1987883/philippines-now-denying-visas-wuhan-tourists |publisher=[[The Philippine Star]] |date=26 January 2020 |access-date=8 February 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200126133127/https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/26/1987883/philippines-now-denying-visas-wuhan-tourists |archive-date=26 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref> On 24 January, the Philippine government decided to deport 135 individuals from Wuhan who landed arrived in the country through the [[Kalibo International Airport]].<ref>{{cite news |last1=Malasig |first1=Jeline |title=Philippine government's order to deport travelers from Wuhan: Was it too late? |url=http://www.interaksyon.com/politics-issues/2020/01/24/160692/coronavirus-wuhan-deportation-order-aklan-philippines/ |accessdate=27 January 2020 |work=InterAksyon |date=24 January 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200127105102/http://www.interaksyon.com/politics-issues/2020/01/24/160692/coronavirus-wuhan-deportation-order-aklan-philippines/ |archive-date=27 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref> There were calls for a wider temporary ban on people entering the country from anywhere in China. Such move was supported by Senators [[Ralph Recto]], [[Bong Go]], [[Risa Hontiveros]], and [[Francis Pangilinan]]. The DOH and the Office of the President find no urgent need for such measure.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Luna |first1=Franco |title=Senators want 'Great Wall' vs Chinese visitors amid first Philippine novel coronavirus case |url=https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/30/1989051/senators-want-great-wall-vs-chinese-visitors-amid-first-philippine-novel-coronavirus-case |accessdate=30 January 2020 |work=The Philippine Star |date=30 January 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200130102251/https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/01/30/1989051/senators-want-great-wall-vs-chinese-visitors-amid-first-philippine-novel-coronavirus-case |archive-date=30 January 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref>
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On 10 February, the ban was further extended to include [[Taiwan]]<ref>{{cite news |last1=Felongco |first1=Gilbert |title=Covid-19 countermeasures trigger row between Manila and Taiwan |url=https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/philippines/covid-19-countermeasures-trigger-row-between-manila-and-taiwan-1.69669414 |accessdate=12 February 2020 |work=Gulf News |date=12 February 2020}}</ref> but was lifted on 15 February.<ref>{{cite news |title=Taiwan lauds lifting of Philippines' coronavirus-related ban: Diplomacy works |url=https://cnnphilippines.com/world/2020/2/15/taiwan-philippines-coronavirus-travel-ban.html |accessdate=15 February 2020 |work=CNN Philippines |date=15 February 2020}}</ref>
 
On 10 February, the ban was further extended to include [[Taiwan]]<ref>{{cite news |last1=Felongco |first1=Gilbert |title=Covid-19 countermeasures trigger row between Manila and Taiwan |url=https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/philippines/covid-19-countermeasures-trigger-row-between-manila-and-taiwan-1.69669414 |accessdate=12 February 2020 |work=Gulf News |date=12 February 2020}}</ref> but was lifted on 15 February.<ref>{{cite news |title=Taiwan lauds lifting of Philippines' coronavirus-related ban: Diplomacy works |url=https://cnnphilippines.com/world/2020/2/15/taiwan-philippines-coronavirus-travel-ban.html |accessdate=15 February 2020 |work=CNN Philippines |date=15 February 2020}}</ref>
 
Local airlines [[AirAsia Philippines|AirAsia]], [[Philippine Airlines]] and [[Cebu Pacific]] suspended flights between China and its territories (Macau and Hong Kong) and the Philippines from 2 February.<ref>{{cite news |title=PAL, Cebu Pacific suspend flights between Philippines, China |url=https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/02/01/20/cebu-pacific-halts-china-flights-until-march-over-coronavirus-scare |accessdate=2 February 2020 |work=ABS-CBN News |date=2 February 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200202052524/https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/02/01/20/cebu-pacific-halts-china-flights-until-march-over-coronavirus-scare |archive-date=2 February 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref>
 
   
 
The [[Philippine Ports Authority]] has barred disembarkation by crew or passengers from vessels which have recently visited China, and suspended the visitation privileges of relatives of Filipino seafarers and boarding privileges of non-government organizations providing emotional and spiritual support to seafarers.<ref>{{cite news |last1=De Leon |first1=Susan |title=PPA bans disembarkation of vessel crews from nCoV-hit China |url=https://pia.gov.ph/news/articles/1034127 |accessdate=10 February 2020 |agency=Philippine Information Agency |date=6 February 2020}}</ref>
 
The [[Philippine Ports Authority]] has barred disembarkation by crew or passengers from vessels which have recently visited China, and suspended the visitation privileges of relatives of Filipino seafarers and boarding privileges of non-government organizations providing emotional and spiritual support to seafarers.<ref>{{cite news |last1=De Leon |first1=Susan |title=PPA bans disembarkation of vessel crews from nCoV-hit China |url=https://pia.gov.ph/news/articles/1034127 |accessdate=10 February 2020 |agency=Philippine Information Agency |date=6 February 2020}}</ref>
  +
  +
===Private firms===
 
Local airlines [[AirAsia Philippines|AirAsia]], [[Philippine Airlines]] and [[Cebu Pacific]] suspended flights between China and its territories (Macau and Hong Kong) and the Philippines from 2 February.<ref>{{cite news |title=PAL, Cebu Pacific suspend flights between Philippines, China |url=https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/02/01/20/cebu-pacific-halts-china-flights-until-march-over-coronavirus-scare |accessdate=2 February 2020 |work=ABS-CBN News |date=2 February 2020 |archive-url=https://deepweb.to/?/web/20200202052524/https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/02/01/20/cebu-pacific-halts-china-flights-until-march-over-coronavirus-scare |archive-date=2 February 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref>
   
 
== Repatriation ==
 
== Repatriation ==

Revision as of 10:24, 15 February 2020

2020 coronavirus outbreak in the Philippines
Arrival of repatriated Filipinos from China 2019-nCov.jpg
Repatriated Filipinos disembarks their plane at the Clark Air Base on 9 February 2020
Date30 January 2020
LocationPhilippines
TypeOutbreak

This article documents the impacts of the 2020 coronavirus outbreak in the Philippines, and may not include all the contemporary major responses and measures.

As of 15 February, there are three confirmed cases in the Philippines. Out of the three cases, one has died. The first case of novel coronavirus infection in the Philippines was confirmed on 30 January, that of a 38-year old Chinese woman who was confined at the San Lazaro Hospital in Manila. The second case was confirmed on 2 February, that of a 44-year-old Chinese man who died a day earlier which is also the first confirmed death from the disease outside mainland China.

Cases

Map of the outbreak in the Philippines by region
(as of 15 February):
  Confirmed cases reported
  Suspected cases reported
Map of the outbreak in the Philippines by province (incl. Metro Manila)
(as of 15 February):
  Confirmed cases reported

The first case of novel coronavirus infection in the Philippines was confirmed on 30 January. The diagnosed patient was a 38-year-old Chinese woman from Wuhan, who had arrived in Manila from Hong Kong on 21 January.[1] She was admitted at the San Lazaro Hospital in Manila[2] on 25 January after she sought a consultation due to a mild cough. At the time of the confirmation announcement, the Chinese woman was already asymptomatic.[1]

The second case was confirmed on 2 February, a 44-year-old Chinese male who was the companion of the first case. His death on 1 February was the first recorded outside China.[3]

On 5 February, the Department of Health (DOH) confirmed a third case in a 60-year-old Chinese woman who came from Hong Kong to Cebu on 20 January before she travelled to Bohol where she consulted a doctor at a private hospital on January 22 due to experiencing fever and rhinitis. Samples taken from the patient on 24 January returned a negative result, but the DOH was notified on 3 February that samples taken from the patient on 23 January tested positive for the virus. The patient upon recovery on 31 January was allowed to go home to China.[4]

Case Date Age Gender Nationality Hospital admitted to Been to China Status Notes Source
1 30 January 38 Female Chinese San Lazaro Hospital, Manila Yes Discharged Discharged on 8 February. [1][5]
2 2 February 44 Male Chinese San Lazaro Hospital, Manila Yes Died First death outside mainland China. Companion of individual designated as case number 1. Died on 1 February. [3][2]
3 5 February 60 Female Chinese Undisclosed privately-run hospital in Tagbilaran, Bohol Yes Discharged Tested negative from samples collected on 24 January, but samples collected a day earlier yielded positive results and the patient has already recovered, discharged from hospital and returned to China on 31 January. [4][6]

Management of cases

The Department of Health (DOH) uses the designation "patients under investigation" (PUIs) to manage suspected and confirmed cases. PUIs involved individuals who had travel history to Wuhan but by 3 February, the DOH has expanded the scope of PUIs to include individuals who had travel history to any part of China. As of 8 February there are already 267 PUIs, of which 3 are confirmed cases, 57 has tested negative and the result for the rest of the cases are still pending.[7]

As of 11 February, there are 382 total PUIs; 111 of which had been discharged or refused admission (but are still "under monitoring"), 266 are currently admitted at a health facility (that included confirmed cases), and two had died (only one of which is a confirmed case). The sole PUI mortality not confirmed resulting from the coronavirus is that of a 29-year-old Chinese national from Yunnan confined at a Manila hospital who died from pneumonia[8] and was also tested positive for HIV.[9]

Patients under investigation (PUIs)
Region PUI status Total
Suspected Confirmed
Admitted[a] Discharged[b] Deaths[c] Admitted[a] Discharged[d] Deaths
Metro Manila (NCR) 94 91 2 0 1 1 189
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 9 16 0 0 0 0 25
Ilocos Region (Region I) 0 8 0 0 0 0 8
Cagayan Valley (Region II) 2 32 0 0 0 0 34
Central Luzon (Region III) 3 57 0 0 0 0 60
Calabarzon (Region IV-A) 19 31 0 0 0 0 50
Mimaropa 0 15 0 0 0 0 15
Bicol Region (Region V) 1 5 0 0 0 0 6
Western Visayas (Region VI) 1 36 0 0 0 0 37
Central Visayas (Region VII) 2 52 0 0 1 0 55
Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) 0 16 0 0 0 0 16
Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
Northern Mindanao (Region X) 0 16 0 0 0 0 16
Davao Region (Region XI) 1 22 0 0 0 0 23
Soccsksargen (Region XII) 2 1 0 0 0 0 3
Caraga (Region XIII) 1 2 0 0 0 0 3
Bangsamoro (BARMM) 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Total 135 401 2 0 2 1 541
As of 19 February 2020[7][10]
Notes
  1. ^ a b Currently admitted
  2. ^ Including persons who refused admission
  3. ^ Unconfirmed cases that died with a different cause
  4. ^ Recoveries


Testing of suspected cases

Case summary by test results
Confirmed cases 3
Cases tested negative 386
Cases pending test results 66
Total 455
As of 14 February 2020[11]

Prior to 30 January, there were no medical facilities in the country that can confirm cases of the virus.[12][13] Prior to that date, the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Muntinlupa conducted preliminary tests on suspected cases to determine if they are infected with a coronavirus but couldn't detect the new strain on patients.[14] Samples from suspected cases with confirmed coronavirus infection had to be sent abroad to the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory in Australia for confirmatory testing specifically for the 2019-nCoV strain.[15]

In response to the outbreak following a cleared suspected case, the RITM began the process of acquiring primers and reagents in order to conduct confirmatory tests in the country.[16] On 29 January, it was announced that the RITM has acquired confirmatory kits to be able to test cases in the country. A laboratory for the confirmatory test[15] became operational on 30 January.[12] The Philippine Genome Center is also developing a testing kit for the virus and are negotiating with the Department of Health for possible collaboration on the kit's development.[17] A testing kit for the virus was announced on 4 February to have been developed by the University of the Philippines National Institute of Health. The kit was developed two weeks prior to the announcement and is subject to evaluation by the country's Department of Health.[18]

The RITM is also training personnel of four sub-national reference labs of the DOH to help them develop capability to test samples from PUIs. These laboratories are at the San Lazaro Hospital in Manila, the Baguio General Hospital in Baguio, the Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center in Cebu City, and the Southern Philippines Medical Center in Davao City. The DOH has also allow private health facilities to seek testing accreditation.[19]

Preventive measures

National government

Health advisory on the 2019-nCov release by the Philippine Department of Health.

Ruffy Biazon, a member of the House of Representatives from Muntinlupa, called on the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP) on 22 January to suspend flights from Wuhan to the Philippines. Royal Air Charter Service operates direct flights from Wuhan to Kalibo.[20] Philippine Visas under the "visa-upon-arrival" (VUA) program are now also being denied to tourists from Wuhan.[16] On 24 January, the Philippine government decided to deport 135 individuals from Wuhan who landed arrived in the country through the Kalibo International Airport.[21] There were calls for a wider temporary ban on people entering the country from anywhere in China. Such move was supported by Senators Ralph Recto, Bong Go, Risa Hontiveros, and Francis Pangilinan. The DOH and the Office of the President find no urgent need for such measure.[22]

On 31 January, a travel ban on all Chinese nationals from Hubei Province and other affected areas in China was imposed. The visa upon arrival (VUA) program for Chinese tourists and businessmen was also suspended.[23] On 2 February, a ban was introduced on all foreign travellers who have been to China, Hong Kong and Macau in the past 14 days;[24] Philippine citizens and holders of permanent resident visas will be allowed in the country but subjected to a mandatory 14-day quarantine. The Philippine government also ordered a ban on travel to China, Hong Kong and Macau until further notice.[25]

On 10 February, the ban was further extended to include Taiwan[26] but was lifted on 15 February.[27]

The Philippine Ports Authority has barred disembarkation by crew or passengers from vessels which have recently visited China, and suspended the visitation privileges of relatives of Filipino seafarers and boarding privileges of non-government organizations providing emotional and spiritual support to seafarers.[28]

Private firms

Local airlines AirAsia, Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific suspended flights between China and its territories (Macau and Hong Kong) and the Philippines from 2 February.[29]

Repatriation

Health Secretary Francisco Duque III inspecting the facilities of the Mega Drug Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Center at Fort Magsaysay.

The government began the repatriation of Filipino nationals in China on 28 January.[30] Flights were organized to repatriate Filipinos in the Hubei province. Upon arrival in the Philippines, individuals underwent mandatory quarantine for 14 days.[31]

The Mega Drug Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Center at Fort Magsaysay in Nueva Ecija and Caballo Island in Manila Bay are being considered as possible quarantine sites for repatriated Filipinos.[32] President Rodrigo Duterte said that the government may seize private property for conversion to quarantine sites.[33] It was later decided that the Athlete's Village at the New Clark City Sports Hub which also has a clinic run by the Philippine General Hospital will be used as a quarantine site for repatriated Filipinos. New Clark City was locked down on 6 February in preparation for the arrival of the repatriated.[34] The first batch of repatriated Filipinos arrived at the Clark Air Base via a Royal Air chartered flight on 9 February.[35] From the air base, designated buses transported them to the quarantine site at the New Clark City in Capas, Tarlac.[30]

There are around 150 Filipinos who live in Wuhan alone,[36] about 40 to 50 of whom have asked to be repatriated.[32]

Impact

Shortage of medical masks was reported in various parts of the country due to concerns over the outbreak.[37][38] RITM director Celia Carlos urged the public against hoarding masks to ensure ample supply for medical workers directly dealing with patients suspected or confirmed to have 2019-nCov infection.[39] The Department of Trade and Industry in cooperation with the Philippine National Police are acting against reports of traders hoarding face masks and selling said item at an overpriced rate.[40] The DTI has also directed its Philippine International Trading Corp. to import 5 million masks from overseas. Medtecs International Corp. Ltd., the sole manufacturer of medical mask in the country, has committed to provide supply to the government through the DTI.[41]

Several national sporting events were postponed, including the Philippine National Games, and high school tournaments of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. The 2020 ASEAN Para Games to be hosted by the country is also set to be postponed.[42] The opening of the 2020 Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) and the 2020 PBA D-League seasons were likewise postponed.[43]

Misinformation and hoaxes

Several misinformation has spread through social media in the Philippines regarding the nature of the coronavirus outbreak. Among these hoaxes include:

  • 2019-nCov being a type of rabies along with advice to not eat bats. The virus is a coronavirus family and is unrelated to rabies.[44]
  • Boiled ginger as cure for 2019-nCov. There is no concrete scientific proof for this claim. Mark Pasayan, a doctor from the Philippine Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases says that while cold weather may susceptible to 2019-nCov infection, intake of hot or cold food has no correlation to prevention and treatment of the disease.[45]
  • The government supposedly imposing 14-day quarantine for travelers coming from 20 countries. An infographic supporting the claim was circulated purportedly from the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG). On 7 February, the DILG denied the claim. At that time the quarantine measure is only being imposed from travelers from three territories: Mainland China, Macau, and Hong Kong.[46]

The Department of Health has advised against spreading misinformation and unverified claims concerning the outbreak.[47]

The Philippine National Police has taken action against the spread of misinformation related to the outbreak and has warned the public that misinformation purveyors could be charged for violating Presidential Decree no. 90 for "declaring local rumor, mongering and spreading false information". In the case of misinformation circulated online, violators could be charged for violating Cybercrime Prevention Act which has a maximum penalty of imprisonment for 12 years.[48]

According to the DOH, the cremation of the body of the first confirmed 2019-nCov death in the Philippines has been hampered by the proliferation of misinformation.[49]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Philippines confirms first case of new coronavirus". ABS-CBN News. 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b Magsino, Dona (31 January 2020). "Companion of first nCoV patient in Philippines also at San Lazaro —DOH". GMA News. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b Luna, Franco. "First confirmed nCoV death outside China is in Philippines". philstar.com. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b "DOH confirms 3rd 2019-nCoV ARD Case iN PH". Department of Health (Philippines). 5 February 2020. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Philippines' 1st confirmed nCoV case discharged from hospital". GMA News. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Two nurses who attended to 3rd nCoV case develop fever". GMA News. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  7. ^ a b "COVID-19 Philippine Cases as of February 19, 2020; 10:00 am (PST)". doh.gov.ph. Department of Health (Philippines). 19 February 2020. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  8. ^ Gregorio, Xave (29 January 2020). "Man under observation for possible coronavirus infection dies due to pneumonia in San Lazaro Hospital". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  9. ^ San Juan, Ratziel (29 January 2020). "Patient under investigation for 2019 nCoV dies in Manila hospital". Philippine Star. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  10. ^ "UPDATES ON NOVEL CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19)". doh.gov.ph. Department of Health (Philippines). 19 February 2020. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  11. ^ "Case Summary in the Philippines (as of 012 Feb 2020, 1200h)". Department of Health. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Why nCoV fatality's infection was confirmed later than Philippines' first case". GMA News. 3 February 2020. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020. "Since we (RITM) already had the capability for testing Thursday last week, we decided to test the sample of the other PUIs sent to us," RITM director Dr. Celia Carlos said in a separate press briefing in Malacañang.
  13. ^ Panganiban-Perez, Tina (31 January 2020). "RITM now running nCoV tests — DOH spox". GMA News. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  14. ^ Romero, Sheila Crisostomo,Alexis. "DOH probes 8 cases of suspected nCoV". philstar.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  15. ^ a b "PH acquires confirmatory test kits for novel coronavirus". CNN Philippines. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  16. ^ a b Ramirez, Robertzon (26 January 2020). "Philippines now denying visas to Wuhan tourists". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  17. ^ "Local scientists completing 2019-nCoV testing kit". The Philippine Star. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  18. ^ Baron, Gabriela (5 February 2020). "University of the Philippines National Institute of Health". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  19. ^ Sabillo, Kristine (12 February 2020). "Philippines works to expand COVID-19 testing centers outside of capital". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  20. ^ "DOH: It's possible Chinese boy in PH not infected with novel coronavirus". CNN Philippines. 22 January 2020. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  21. ^ Malasig, Jeline (24 January 2020). "Philippine government's order to deport travelers from Wuhan: Was it too late?". InterAksyon. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  22. ^ Luna, Franco (30 January 2020). "Senators want 'Great Wall' vs Chinese visitors amid first Philippine novel coronavirus case". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  23. ^ "Duterte bans travelers from Wuhan, Hubei as coronavirus spreads". Rappler. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  24. ^ Jalea, Glee (2 February 2020). "ban on mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  25. ^ News, ABS-CBN. "PH imposes travel ban on China as new coronavirus infections rise globally". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  26. ^ Felongco, Gilbert (12 February 2020). "Covid-19 countermeasures trigger row between Manila and Taiwan". Gulf News. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  27. ^ "Taiwan lauds lifting of Philippines' coronavirus-related ban: Diplomacy works". CNN Philippines. 15 February 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  28. ^ De Leon, Susan (6 February 2020). "PPA bans disembarkation of vessel crews from nCoV-hit China". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  29. ^ "PAL, Cebu Pacific suspend flights between Philippines, China". ABS-CBN News. 2 February 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  30. ^ a b "DFA Brings Home 30 Filipinos from Wuhan City". Department of Foreign Affairs. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  31. ^ "PH sending special flights to get Pinoys from Wuhan, Hubei in China". Tempo. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  32. ^ a b De Vera, Analou (1 February 2020). "DOH eyes rehab center in Nueva Ecija as quarantine site for repatriated Filipinos". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  33. ^ Romero, Alexis (4 February 2020). "Duterte ready to seize private buildings to quarantine nCoV patients". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  34. ^ Navales, Reynaldo (7 February 2020). "Communities around New Clark City assured of safety, protection". Sun Star Pampanga. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  35. ^ "30 Filipinos from nCoV-stricken Wuhan arrive in Philippines". ABS-CBN News. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  36. ^ Merez, Arianne (28 January 2020). "PH reviews repatriation of Filipinos from Chinese virus epicenter". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
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