2020 coronavirus pandemic in Costa Rica: Difference between revisions

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| virus_strain = [[SARS-CoV-2]]
 
| virus_strain = [[SARS-CoV-2]]
 
| location = [[Costa Rica]]
 
| location = [[Costa Rica]]
  +
| first_case = [[Alajuela]]
 
| dates = Arrival: 22 February 2020 <br/> Confirmed: 6 March 2020<br />({{Age in years, months, weeks and days|month1=03|day1=6|year1=2020|month2=|day2=|year2=}})
 
| dates = Arrival: 22 February 2020 <br/> Confirmed: 6 March 2020<br />({{Age in years, months, weeks and days|month1=03|day1=6|year1=2020|month2=|day2=|year2=}})
 
| origin = [[Tocumen International Airport]], [[Panama]] (first case) and [[New York (state)|New York]], [[United States]] (first confirmed)
 
| origin = [[Tocumen International Airport]], [[Panama]] (first case) and [[New York (state)|New York]], [[United States]] (first confirmed)

Revision as of 08:37, 27 March 2020

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Costa Rica
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Costa Rica.png
Map of provinces with confirmed coronavirus cases (as of 26 March)
  Confirmed 1–9
  Confirmed 10–99
  Confirmed 100–103
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Costa Rica by cantons (Density).png
Map of cantons with confirmed coronavirus cases (as of 26 March)
  Confirmed 1–9
  Confirmed 10–45
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationCosta Rica
First outbreakTocumen International Airport, Panama (first case) and New York, United States (first confirmed)
Index caseAlajuela
DatesArrival: 22 February 2020
Confirmed: 6 March 2020
(1 month and 3 days)
Confirmed cases231
Severe cases5
Recovered2
Deaths
2

An ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was first confirmed to have spread to Costa Rica on 6 March 2020, after a 49-year-old woman tourist from New York, United States, tested positive for the virus.[1] Since then, as of 26 March 2020, 231 cases were confirmed in the country, causing 2 deaths. The pandemic has triggered a variety of responses from federal, state and local governments, while also impacting politics, education and the economy.

Timeline

February

On 22 February, a 54-year-old male Costa Rican citizen arrived from Tocumen International Airport in Panama, he started to show symptoms on 28 February, and due to his work at the San Rafael Hospital in Alajuela, a cluster was formed starting with some of his family members, patients and coworkers. It was treated as a suspicious case, and confirmed on 7 March.[2][3]

March

On March 5, the Costa Rican Ministry of Health announced that it was investigating a possible first case of coronavirus in the country. It was a 52-year-old Costa Rican woman from the canton of Pococí, who visited Italy and Tunisia and returned to the country on February 29 without symptoms.[4] The pertinent tests were carried out on the woman and they were sent to the Costa Rican Institute of Research and Teaching in Nutrition and Health (Inciensa) to either rule out or confirm the case. However, this case was ruled out 24 hours after the test was performed.[5]

On 6 March, the first case in Costa Rica was confirmed, which was also the first such case in Central America. The individual was a 49-year-old American woman who had arrived on a flight from New York on 1 March. She did not exhibit symptoms at the time. She was isolated in a San José lodging along with her husband who had also been in contact with infected persons in New York.[1]

On 7 March, four new cases were confirmed. One of them was directly related to the first case, both being US citizens who were visiting Costa Rica. The other cases are Costa Ricans.[3]

On 8 March, another four new cases were confirmed, two of them were imported. Some patients were located at public hospitals while most of the foreign nationals remained at their respective hotels.[6]

On 11 March, a total of 22 confirmed cases was given by the Minister of Health of Costa Rica. 14 men and 8 women of which 19 are Costa Ricans (one of them a pregnant woman) and the other 3 are from other countries. They range from the ages of 10 to 73 years old.[7]It was also announced by the health authorities that there were confirmed cases in the Costa Rican cantons of Alajuela, Escazú, Desamparados, Grecia, Heredia, San José, San Pablo, Santa Cruz and Tibás.[8]

On 12 March, health authorities confirmed a total of 23 cases, the latest case is a local health care worker.[9]

On 13 March, the Ministry of Health confirmed 3 new cases, raising the total number of cases to 26, found in the provinces of San José, Alajuela, Heredia and Guanacaste, plus now the province of Cartago.[10]

On 15 March, the Costa Rican health authorities reported 8 more cases of the virus, for a total of 35. It was reported that there were 19 women and 16 infected men, of whom 30 were Costa Rican and 5 foreigners, with positive cases being registered in San José, Heredia, Guanacaste, Alajuela and Cartago. The media reported 28 adults, 3 older adults and 4 infected minors were infected, while 450 cases were discarded. A total of 350 educational centers have been shut.[11] Three patients were placed in ICU cubicles.[12]Health authorities also confirmed cases in the cantons of Santa Ana, Grecia, Nicoya, La Unión, Poás, Pérez Zeledón, San Pablo and Barva.[13]

On 16 March, the Health Minister confirmed 41 cases of coronavirus in the country.[14]

On 17 March, the Costa Rican health authorities reported 9 new cases. The number of infected women rose to 24 and the number of men to 26, of which 44 are Costa Rican and 6 are foreigners. In addition, the number of cases discarded rose to 720. New cases were confirmed in the cantons of Cartago and Curridabat.[15]

On 18 March, 19 more cases were confirmed for a total of 69. Cases were confirmed in 30 women and 39 men, of whom 63 are Costa Rican and 6 foreign, and of whom 57 represent adults, 7 senior citizens and 5 minors.[16] Cases were also confirmed in the cantons of Goicoechea, Moravia, Santo Domingo, and Santa Bárbara.[citation needed]

One senior citizen, an 87-year-old man, died on 18 March and is the first COVID-19 death in Costa Rica. He was one of 25 people infected by a doctor in Alajuela.[17]

On 19 March, 18 more cases were confirmed for a total of 87. Infected people were found in an age range between 2 and 87 years. There were 35 women and 52 men, of whom 79 are Costa Rican and 8 foreigners. The first case was also announced in the province of Limón, in the canton of the same name.[18] On the afternoon of 19 March, the Ministry of Health announced two more cases for a total of 89, these in Ciudad Quesada, in the canton of San Carlos.[19]

Later, on 19 March, it was announced by the health authorities the second death of a patient with Coronavirus in Costa Rica. It was an older adult, of 87 years old, and resident of Alajuela.[20]

On 20 March, the Ministry of Health confirmed a total of 113 cases, adding a total of 24 more cases. The Ministry also reported the recovery of the first two patients with the virus, who were the two American tourists who were isolated in a hotel in San José. New cases were also reported in the cantons of Vásquez de Coronado and Montes de Oca.[21]

On 21 March, health authorities reported only 4 more cases for a total of 117. This is the lowest number of new confirmed cases since 15 March. In addition, the number of cases discarded rose to 1,190.[22]

On 22 March, the Ministry of Health reported an increase of 17 cases, giving a total of 134, of which 55 represent women and 79 men, and of which 117 are Costa Rican and 17 foreigners, all with an age range between 2 and 87 years. These cases included the first case in Aserrí and the first case in the province of Puntarenas, this one in the city of San Vito, Coto Brus canton. There are also 1,400 cases discarded and 9 people in hospitals, three of them in intensive care.[23]

COVID-19 cases in Costa Rica ()
     deaths        recoveries        cases
Date
Total cases
New cases(# and %)
2020-03-06
1
2020-03-07
5
2020-03-08
9
2020-03-09
9
2020-03-10
13
2020-03-11
22
2020-03-12
23
2020-03-13
26
2020-03-14
27
2020-03-15
35
2020-03-16
41
2020-03-17
50
2020-03-18
69
2020-03-19
87
2020-03-20
113
2020-03-21
117
2020-03-22
134
2020-03-23
158
2020-03-24
177
2020-03-25
201
2020-03-26
231
2020-03-27
263
2020-03-28
295
2020-03-29
314
2020-03-30
330
2020-03-31
347
2020-04-01
375
Currently: various news sources and Costa Rica health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.

On 23 March, the Ministry of Health reported a total of 158 confirmed cases, an increase of 24 cases. 68 women and 90 men have contracted the disease.[24]

On 24 March, the health authorities reported an increase of 19 cases for a total of 177. It was reported that the cases correspond to people between 2 and 87 years of age, of which 103 are men and 74 are women. 159 are Costa Rican and 18 foreigners. It was also reported that there are 6 people hospitalized, of which 4 are in intensive care. Lastly, 1,619 cases were discarded. The first cases were reported in the cantons of Jiménez, Liberia and Montes de Oro.[25]

On 25 March, a total of 201 cases were reported, for an increase of 24. Of the reported cases, 183 represent Costa Ricans and 18 foreigners, in addition to 1,684 cases discarded. The first cases were reported in the cantons of Orotina, Alvarado, Belén, Flores, Puntarenas and Garabito.[26]

On 26 March, the Ministry of Health reported a total of 231 confirmed cases, an increase of 31, this being the day with the highest number of confirmed cases since the virus arrived in the country. Of the reported cases, 101 represent women and 130 men, of which 209 are Costa Rican and 18 foreigners. In addition, a total of 2331 cases were discarded and 8 cases were being analyzed for discharge. The first cases were reported in the cantons of Sarchí, Oreamuno, El Guarco and Tilarán. Lastly, 5 people were reported to be in intensive care in hospitals.[27] A total of 22 health care workers have contracted the virus so far.[28]

Government response

On 8 March, the Costa Rican Ministry of Health and the National Emergency Committee (CNE) raised the sanitary alert level to yellow.[6]

On 11 March, the University of Costa Rica ordered its teachers to suspend all face-to-face classes and implement a virtual teaching modality.[29]

On 12 March, the Minister of Health stated Costa Rica will not close its borders to international visitors at that time.[9] The CNE has launched the brand new 1322 Covid-19 help line.[10] Leaders of Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and the Dominican Republic signed an agreement for dealing with the coronavirus pandemic. It includes canceling the Costa Rican film festival.[30]

On 15 March, the Ministry of Education of Costa Rica decided to temporarily suspend lessons in a total of 317 educational centers, representing 7% of Costa Rica's educational centers. Closures included educational centers with confirmed cases of COVID-19, all public schools for special education, educational centers belonging to the same school circuit as the educational center where a confirmed case was identified, and educational centers that have been affected by prolonged water rationing.[31]

Moreover, an executive agreement between the President of the Republic, Carlos Alvarado Quesada, and the Minister of Health, Daniel Salas, granted health authority to the members of the Costa Rican Public Force (the police enforcement agency) for the surveillance and control of the virus, both to verify the closure of bars, clubs and casinos, as well as to ensure 50% of visiting capacity for the other meeting centers. Businesses that do not comply with the new sanitary policy will be subject of a 30 day long closure.[32]

The government also decreed a state of national emergency, on 16 March, due to the threat of the virus after being present in the country for only 10 days. In addition, lessons were suspended in all public and private schools and colleges until 4 April. Access to the country was also reduced to only Costa Ricans and permanent residents, a measure that will start a minute after midnight on 18 March and last until 12 April. Those entering must remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.[14]

On 23 March, the Ministry of Health and the Government announced new prevention measures against the virus, including the total closure of beaches in the country, the mandatory closure of temples and religious services, and vehicle restriction in the main cities of the country from 10 PM to 5 AM. All residents and refugees will lose their migratory status if they leave the country for any reason.[24]

On 24 March, the government announced they will temporarily reduce their in person workforce by 80% and also void the salary raise approved last January for all public servants except for the police force.[33]

Impact

By 25 March, the Chamber of Commerce and the Federation of Business Chambers of the Central American Isthmus reported that around 3% of the companies have reduced their workforce, with such figure projected to grow to 55% in a month. Other projections forecast an 18% of suspended operations and 11% of definitive closures.[34]

Hospitality businesses

On 25 March the Costar Rica Institute of Tourism declared the tourism sector on total emergency and calamity state, a zero visitors season is expected for at least three months. [35]

On 26 March, the Chamber of Restaurants and Bars of Costa Rica (CACORE), reported 109,000 laid off workers, and 42% (7,980) of the affiliated businesses were closed.[36]

Statistics

By region

As of 26 March 2020 there were 231 confirmed cases in Costa Rica along with 2 deaths, both senior citizens of the age of 87. The following table shows the confirmed COVID-19 cases by province and canton in Costa Rica.[37]

Province Canton Cases Deaths Recovered
Conf. Acc Conf. Acc Conf. Acc
 San José Bandera de San José (Costa Rica).svg San José 23 103 0 0 2[21] 2
Bandera de Escazú.png Escazú 13 0 0
Bandera Muni Desamparados.png Desamparados 8 0 0
Bandera de Aserrí.png Aserrí 2 0 0
Bandera de Goicoechea.svg Goicoechea 8 0 0
Bandera de Santa Ana.png Santa Ana 16 0 0
Bandera de Vásquez de Coronado.svg Vásquez de Coronado 2 0 0
Bandera de Tibás.png Tibás 12 0 0
Bandera de Moravia.png Moravia 6 0 0
Bandera de Montes de Oca.svg Montes de Oca 5 0 0
Bandera de Curridabat.svg Curridabat 5 0 0
Bandera Canton Perez Zeledon.png Pérez Zeledón 3 0 0
 Alajuela Alajuela flag.png Alajuela 45 71 2[17][20] 2 0 0
Bandera de Grecia (Costa Rica).svg Grecia 9 0 0
Bandera Atenas.png Atenas 2 0 0
Bandera de Palmares.svg Palmares 1 0 0
Bandera de Poás.svg Poás 5 0 0
Orotina 1 0 0
Bandera de Santa Cruz (Costa Rica).svg San Carlos 6 0 0
Sarchí 2 0 0
 Cartago Bandera de Cartago (Costa Rica).svg Cartago 5 18 0 0 0 0
Bandera La Unión Cartago Costa Rica.gif La Unión 6 0 0
Jiménez 2 0 0
Bandera de Alvarado (Costa Rica).svg Alvarado 1 0 0
Oreamuno 2 0 0
El Guarco 2 0 0
 Heredia Bandera de la Provincia de Heredia.svg Heredia 9 22 0 0 0 0
Bandera de Barva.png Barva 1 0 0
Bandera de Santo Domingo (Costa Rica).svg Santo Domingo 2 0 0
Bandera de Santa Bárbara (Costa Rica).svg Santa Bárbara 2 0 0
Bandera de San Rafael (Costa Rica).svg San Rafael 2 0 0
Bandera de Belén (Costa Rica).svg Belén 1 0 0
Flores 1 0 0
San Pablo 4 0 0
 Guanacaste Bandera de Liberia (Costa Rica).svg Liberia 1 7 0 0 0 0
Bandera de Nicoya.svg Nicoya 3 0 0
Bandera de Santa Cruz (Costa Rica).svg Santa Cruz 2 0 0
Tilarán 1 0 0
 Puntarenas Bandera de la Provincia de Puntarenas.svg Puntarenas 3 8 0 0 0 0
Bandera Montes de Oro.png Montes de Oro 1 0 0
Bandera de Coto Brus.svg Coto Brus 2 0 0
Bandera de Garabito.svg Garabito 2 0 0
 Limón Bandera de la Provincia de Limón.svg Limón 1 1 0 0 0 0
Total 231 2 2

References

  1. ^ a b "Costa Rica reporta primer caso de coronavirus en Centroamérica en una turista estadounidense". AméricaEconomía. 7 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  2. ^ González, Melissa (7 March 2020). "Segundo caso sospechoso de coronavirus está grave en hospital público". Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Costa Rica confirms four new coronavirus cases". Tico Times. 7 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020 – via ticotimes.net.
  4. ^ "Salud estudia primer caso sospechoso por coronavirus en Costa Rica". www.larepublica.net (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  5. ^ Repretel. "Volvió la tranquilidad a Pococí tras descartarse caso de coronavirus". Repretel (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Because of Covid-19 cases CNE and Ministry of Health raise the sanitary alert level to yellow". Ministerio de Salud de Costa Rica. 8 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020 – via ministeriodesalud.go.cr.
  7. ^ "Costa Rica reporta 22 casos confirmados de COVID-19". crhoy.com (in Spanish). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  8. ^ Nine cantons with confirmed cases of coronavirus La República, 11 March 2020
  9. ^ a b "Costa Rica announces new measures to slow spread of coronavirus". Tico Times. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020 – via ticotimes.net.
  10. ^ a b "Costa Rica up to 26 confirmed coronavirus cases: Updates from Friday". Tico Times. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020 – via ticotimes.net.
  11. ^ 35 cases of coronavirus are confirmed in Costa Rica elmundo.cr, 15 March 2020
  12. ^ Llegan a 35 los casos confirmados de coronavirus larepublica.net, 15 March 2020
  13. ^ COVID-19 in Costa Rica: 35 confirmed cases, 450 discarded La República, 15 March 2020
  14. ^ a b González, Karla Pérez (16 March 2020). "Se confirman 41 casos de coronavirus en Costa Rica". El Mundo CR (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  15. ^ Canales, Danny (17 March 2020). "Estos son los 19 cantones con casos positivos de coronavirus". El Mundo CR (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  16. ^ González, Karla Pérez (18 March 2020). "Se confirman 69 casos de coronavirus en Costa Rica". El Mundo CR (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  17. ^ a b "Confirman primera muerte por COVID-19 en Costa Rica | Crhoy.com". CRHoy.com | Periodico Digital | Costa Rica Noticias 24/7 (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  18. ^ González, Karla Pérez (19 March 2020). "Se confirman 87 casos de coronavirus en Costa Rica". El Mundo CR (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Coronavirus: Salud confirma dos casos más, el total sube a 89 | Teletica". www.teletica.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  20. ^ a b González, Karla Pérez (20 March 2020). "Se confirma segundo fallecido por coronavirus en Costa Rica". El Mundo CR (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  21. ^ a b "Costa Rica reporta 113 casos de Covid-19 | Teletica". www.teletica.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Cuatro nuevos casos de COVID-19 en Costa Rica; total sube a 117". delfino.cr. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  23. ^ "17 nuevos casos de COVID-19 en Costa Rica; total sube a 134". delfino.cr. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Actualización: 158 casos confirmados de coronavirus en Costa Rica, se cierran playas y templos". www.larepublica.net (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Día 19 de emergencia por nuevo coronavirus en Costa Rica: Gobierno suspende aumento salarial; 177 casos confirmados". La Nación, Grupo Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Coronavirus en Costa Rica: cifra total supera los 200 casos confirmados". www.larepublica.net (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Nuevo coronavirus en Costa Rica: 231 enfermos dispersos en más de la mitad de los cantones". La Nación, Grupo Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Neurocirujanos del Hospital México están aislados por COVID-19". CRHoy.com (in Spanish).
  29. ^ "Confirmed: UCR orders teachers to teach virtual classes". La República. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020 – via larepublica.net.
  30. ^ Central America agrees to regional plan vs. coronavirus; Costa Rican film festival suspended AFP and The Tico Times, 13 March 2020
  31. ^ "Confirmed: Ministry of Education lists 317 educational centers that suspend lessons". La República. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020 – via larepublica.net.
  32. ^ Ministerio de Salud anuncia cierre de todos los bares, discotecas y casinos elmundo.cr, 15 March 2020
  33. ^ Gobierno anuncia medidas laborales en el sector público para combatir el COVID-19 Health Ministry, 24 March 2020
  34. ^ Gudiño, Ronny (25 March 2020). "El 3% de empresas ha reducido su personal". Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  35. ^ Gudiño, Ronny (25 March 2020). ""Sector se encuentra en estado de emergencia total": Instituto Costarricense de Turismo". Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  36. ^ Solano, Johel (26 March 2020). "109 mil ticos despedidos tras el cierre de 8 mil bares y restaurantes". Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  37. ^ "Mapa del coronavirus en Costa Rica: casos por cantón". Ministerio de Salud Pública. 2020.