2019 Belarusian parliamentary election
All 110 seats in the House of Representatives
Parliamentary elections were required to be held no later than 6 September 2020. However, in his annual address to the nation on 19 April 2019, President Alexander Lukashenko announced that they would be held in 2019. Lukashenko suggested Sunday 7 November or October Revolution Day as possible dates, however the election was ultimately scheduled for 17 November 2019.
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
|Party||Leader||Ideology||Stance toward President Lukashenko||Number of participating
|Communist Party of Belarus (KPB)||Igor Karpenko||Marxism–Leninism||Pro-government||54||7.4%|
8 / 110
|Liberal Democratic Party (LDPB)||Sergei Gaidukevich||Pan-Slavism||Constructive opposition (self-proclaimed)
Pro-government (de facto)
1 / 110
|Republican Party of Labour and Justice (RPTS)||Vasil Zadnyaprany||Social democracy||Pro-government||43||2.9%|
3 / 110
|United Civic Party of Belarus (UCP)||Anatoly Lebedko||Liberal conservatism||Opposition||56||2.2%|
1 / 110
|Belarusian Patriotic Party (BPP)||Nikolai Ulakhovich||Socialism||Pro-government||16||2.2%|
3 / 110
|BPF Party (BPF)||Ryhor Kastusiou||Belarusian nationalism||Opposition||38||1.7%|
0 / 110
|Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"||Sergey Kalyakin||Democratic socialism||Opposition||33||1.4%|
0 / 110
|Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly) (BSDP)||Irina Veshtard||Social democracy||Opposition||43||1.3%|
0 / 110
|Belarusian Party "The Greens" (BPS)||Aleh Novikaŭ||Green politics||Opposition||7||0.2%|
0 / 110
|Belarusian Social Democratic Assembly (BSDH)||Stanislav Shushkevich||Social democracy||Opposition||20||N/A|
|Republican Party (RP)||Uladzimir Belazor||Eurasianism||Pro-government||6|
|Agrarian Party (AP)||Mikhail Shimansky||Agrarian socialism||Pro-Government||1|
|Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party (BSSP)||Vladimir Alexandrovich||Social democracy||Pro-government||1|
|Date||Polling firm||KPB||LDPB||RPTS||UCP||BPP||BPF||A Just World||BSDP||BPS||BSSP||BSDH||AP[a]||KCP-BPF[a]||SDPNS[a]||RP||Independents/
|July–August 2017||Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences||2.6||1.9||2.6||2.2||1.5||0.7||1.5||1.6||2.3||1.7||1.6||1.1||1.1||0.9||0.7||76.0||Tie|
|11 September 2016||2016 Parliamentary elections||7.4||4.2||2.9||2.2||2.2||1.7||1.4||1.3||0.2||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||67.0+9.6||2.0|
Most opposition parties decided to contest the election but not all candidates were registered. The Conservative Christian Party and the Belarusian Social-Democratic Assembly decided to boycott the elections.
On 13 November, during preliminary voting, an observer in Brest published a video showing alleged ballot stuffing. Lidia Yermoshina, chief of the Central Election Commission of Belarus, denied fraud had taken place and stated that the observer's accreditation should be withdrawn as they were not allowed to film in a room with ballot boxes. On 15 November, the observer's accreditation was withdrawn by the local electoral commission. Another objection by the same observer concerning the number of preliminary votes was accepted.
Students from some universities claimed that they had been forced to participate in preliminary voting, or encouraged to do so by being allowed absences from classes on Saturday and Monday. The universities denied the claims. On 15 November Belarusian State Economic University students openly protested near the campus for similar reasons, citing the recently published video with one of their instructors (curators) demanding people participate in the preliminary voting.
Election observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe said that “fundamental freedoms were disregarded and the integrity of the election process was not adequately safeguarded". A statement from the OSCE team cited concerns including what they described as the exclusion of many opposition candidates, limited opportunity for public campaigning and shortcomings during vote counting. OSCE observer Margaret Cederfeldt said the election had demonstrated "an overall lack of respect for democratic commitments". 
Election observers from the Commonwealth of Independent States described the elections as "competitive, open, free [and] transparent", adding that they considered them to be held in line with the country's Constitution and Electoral Code.
Only 21 of the 110 elected deputies were members of political parties, with all belonging to pro-government parties; the Communist Party of Belarus emerged as the largest party in the House of Representatives with 11 MPs, the Republican Party of Labour and Justice came second with six seats, the Belarusian Patriotic Party won two and the Agrarian Party and Liberal Democratic Party won a seat each.
Unlike in the previous elections in 2016, in which two opposition candidates were elected, the opposition did not win a single seat; the opposition United Civic Party lost its sole seat and the only pro-opposition independent MP failed to be re-elected. All 110 elected representatives were described as "loyal" to President Alexander Lukashenko.
44 of the 110 elected MPs were women, two were under the age of 30 and thirty were members of the previous parliament.
|Communist Party of Belarus||559,537||10.62||11||+3|
|Republican Party of Labour and Justice||355,971||6.75||6||+3|
|Liberal Democratic Party||280,683||5.36||1||0|
|Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly)||84,790||1.61||0||0|
|Belarusian Patriotic Party||75,283||1.43||2||–1|
|United Civic Party||72,192||1.37||0||–1|
|Belarusian Agrarian Party||46,785||0.89||1||+1|
|Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"||37,861||0.72||0||0|
|Belarusian Social Democratic Assembly||23,164||0.44||0||New|
|Belarusian Green Party||10,592||0.20||0||0|
|Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party||7,905||0.15||0||New|
|Source: CEC (party affiliations), CEC (votes)|
|Communist Party of Belarus||106,669||34,210||40,418||161,392||22,743||111,414||82,691|
|Liberal Democratic Party||83,042||18,785||23,063||48,239||49,814||41,701||16,039|
|Republican Party of Labour and Justice||75,525||104,281||13,917||103,572||4,036||42,614||12,026|
|United Civic Party||15,170||3,869||5,275||15,596||14,229||5,579||12,474|
|Belarusian Patriotic Party||29,136||41,256||0||0||0||3,430||1,461|
|Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"||9,398||9,202||3,610||6,862||5,399||2,886||504|
|Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly)||23,031||34,677||3,723||2,218||7,901||5,989||7,251|
|Belarusian Green Party||3,500||0||0||0||2,568||4,524||0|
|Belarusian Social Democratic Assembly||14,561||909||0||0||1,105||6,336||253|
|Belarusian Agrarian Party||0||0||0||0||0||46,785||0|
|Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party||7,905||0||0||0||0||0||0|
In its report following the elections, the OSCE stated that the legal framework in Belarus "does not adequately guarantee the conduct of elections in line with OSCE commitments and other international standards and obligations". As to the voting, the OSCE stated that " the lack of safeguards in election day and early voting procedures negatively impacted the integrity of the process." It also highlighted that "over 1,000 complaints and applications were filed with the election commissions, local authorities and courts, mostly related to appointment of commission members and candidate registration and deregistration".
The US State Department made a statement, referring to the decision by the OSCE: "The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Parliamentary Assembly, and the Council of Europe’s conclusions and observations about these elections are deeply troubling. We regret that alternative voices will not be represented in parliament."
The European Union noted that the election "took place in an overall calm atmosphere" but stated that "there was an overall disregard for fundamental freedoms of assembly, association and expression".
- These parties do not compete in the election.
- Lukashenka Calls Belarus's Next Presidential Election For 2020 RFE/RL, 19 April 2019
- Александр Лукашенко назначил досрочные выборы в парламент Белоруссии Meduza, 19 April 2019
- Belarus IDEA
- "З выбараў сабраліся зьняць трох кандыдатаў «Эўрапейскай Беларусі»". Радыё Свабода (in Belarusian). Retrieved 2019-11-10.
- "Belarus's 2019 parliamentary election: consequential or not? | BelarusDigest". Retrieved 2019-11-10.
- Ермошина о «вбросе» бюллетеней в Бресте: Наблюдателя надо лишить аккредитации
- В Бресте лишили аккредитации наблюдателя, который обвинил девушку в попытке вброса бюллетеней
- «У мяне таксама абвастрылася хвароба». Назіральніка, які зняў на відэа спробу ўкіду бюлетэняў, наведалі назіральнікі АБСЕ
- Студенты утверждают, что за досрочное голосование их освободят от занятий. В университетах это отрицают
- Белорусские студенты протестуют: их принуждают досрочно голосовать на выборах в парламент
- AP, Yuras Karmanau |. "Belarus election results: An opposition-free parliament". Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
- "Elections in Belarus hailed as competitive, open". eng.belta.by. 2019-11-18. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
- "СВЕДЕНИЯ об избранных депутатах" (PDF). CEC Belarus. 18 November 2019.
- Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Belarus election: No seats for opposition as Lukashenko maintains power | DW | 18.11.2019". DW.COM. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
- Belarus, Early Parliamentary Elections, 17 November 2019: Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, 18 November 2019]
- Belarus Parliamentary Elections - Press Statement, Michael R. Pompeo, Secretary of State, November 20, 2019]
- Statement by the Spokesperson on the parliamentary elections in Belarus, 18 November 2019