79th United States Congress

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79th United States Congress
78th ←
→ 80th
USCapitol1956.jpg
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1947
Senate PresidentHenry A. Wallace (D)
until January 20, 1945
Harry S. Truman (D)
Jan 20–Apr 12, 1945
Vacant
from April 12, 1945
Senate President pro temKenneth McKellar (D)
House SpeakerSam Rayburn (D)
Members96 senators
435 members of the House
4 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityDemocratic
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: January 3, 1945 – December 21, 1945
2nd: January 14, 1946 – August 2, 1946

The seventy-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1947, during the last months of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, and the first two years of Harry Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

President Truman signs the Atomic Energy Act on August 1, 1946.

Treaties ratified[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Progressive
(P)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 56 1 39 96 0
Begin 57 1 38 96 0
End 53 42
Final voting share 55.2% 1.0% 43.8%
Beginning of next congress 45 0 51 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–
Labor

(FL)
American
Labor

(AL)
Progressive
(P)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 212 1 1 2 210 426 9
Begin 242 0 1 1 190 434 1
End 236 191 4296
Final voting share 55.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.2% 44.5%
Beginning of next congress 187 0 1 0 245 433 2

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1946; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1948; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1950.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Washington
(1)
Monrad Wallgren (D) Resigned January 9, 1945, after being elected Governor of Washington.
Successor was appointed to serve until the next election.
Hugh Mitchell (D) January 10, 1945
Connecticut
(1)
Francis T. Maloney (D) Died January 16, 1945.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Thomas C. Hart (R) February 15, 1945
Missouri
(1)
Harry S. Truman (D) Resigned January 17, 1945, after being elected Vice President of the United States.
Successor was appointed to serve until the next election.
Frank P. Briggs (D) January 18, 1945
North Dakota
(3)
John Moses (D) Died March 3, 1945.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won.
Milton Young (R) March 12, 1945
Nevada
(1)
James G. Scrugham (D) Died June 23, 1945.
Successor was appointed to serve until the next election.
Edward P. Carville (D) July 25, 1945
California
(1)
Hiram Johnson (R) Died August 6, 1945.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won.
William F. Knowland (R) August 26, 1945
Ohio
(1)
Harold H. Burton (R) Resigned September 30, 1945, after being appointed an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
James W. Huffman (D) October 8, 1945
Kentucky
(2)
Happy Chandler (D) Resigned November 1, 1945, after becoming Commissioner of Major League Baseball.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
William A. Stanfill (R) November 19, 1945
Idaho
(2)
John W. Thomas (R) Died November 10, 1945.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently lost.
Charles C. Gossett (D) November 17, 1945
Virginia
(2)
Carter Glass (D) Died May 28, 1946.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Thomas G. Burch (D) May 31, 1946
Alabama
(2)
John H. Bankhead II (D) Died June 12, 1946.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
George R. Swift (D) June 15, 1946
Vermont
(1)
Warren Austin (R) Resigned August 2, 1946, after being appointed United States representative on the United Nations Security Council.
Successor was appointed to serve until the next election.
Ralph Flanders (R) November 1, 1946
Florida
(1)
Charles O. Andrews (D) Died September 18, 1946.
Successor was elected to finish term.
Spessard Holland (D) September 25, 1946
Alabama
(2)
George R. Swift (D) Resigned November 5, 1946.
Successor was elected to finish term.
John Sparkman (D) November 6, 1946
Connecticut
(1)
Thomas C. Hart (R) Resigned November 5, 1946.
Successor was elected to finish term.
Raymond E. Baldwin (R) December 27, 1946
Kentucky
(2)
William A. Stanfill (R) Resigned November 5, 1946. Successor was elected to finish term John S. Cooper (R) November 6, 1946
Ohio
(1)
James W. Huffman (D) Resigned November 5, 1946. Successor was elected to finish term. Kingsley A. Taft (R) November 6, 1946
Virginia
(2)
Thomas G. Burch (D) Resigned November 5, 1946.
Successor was elected to finish term.
Absalom W. Robertson (D) November 6, 1946
Idaho
(2)
Charles C. Gossett (D) Resigned November 6, 1946.
Successor was elected to finish term.
Henry Dworshak (R) November 6, 1946
North Carolina
(2)
Josiah Bailey (D) Died December 15, 1946.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently lost.
William B. Umstead (D) December 18, 1946
Washington
(1)
Hugh Mitchell (D) Resigned December 25, 1946. Successor was appointed to finish the term already having to be elected the next term. Harry P. Cain (R) December 26, 1946

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
•Rhode Island 2nd Vacant John E. Fogarty resigned during the previous Congress. John E. Fogarty (D) February 7, 1945
•Montana 2nd James F. O'Connor (D) Died January 15, 1945 Wesley A. D'Ewart (R) June 5, 1945
•Virginia 3rd Dave E. Satterfield Jr. (D) Resigned February 15, 1945, to become general counsel and executive director of the Life Insurance Association of America J. Vaughan Gary (D) March 6, 1945
•Illinois 24th James V. Heidinger (R) Died March 22, 1945 Roy Clippinger (R) November 6, 1945
•New Mexico At-large Clinton P. Anderson (D) Resigned June 30, 1945, after being appointed Secretary of Agriculture Vacant Not filled this term
•New Jersey 4th D. Lane Powers (R) Resigned August 30, 1945, to become a member of the Public Utilities Commission of New Jersey Frank A. Mathews Jr. (R) November 6, 1945
•Oregon 1st James W. Mott (R) Died November 12, 1945 A. Walter Norblad (R) January 18, 1946
•North Carolina 10th Joseph W. Ervin (D) Died December 25, 1945 Sam Ervin (D) January 22, 1946
•New York 19th Samuel Dickstein (D) Resigned December 30, 1945 Arthur G. Klein (D) February 19, 1946
•Virginia 6th Clifton A. Woodrum (D) Resigned December 31, 1945, to become president of the American Plant Food Council, Inc. J. Lindsay Almond Jr. (D) January 22, 1946
•Georgia 5th Robert Ramspeck (D) Resigned December 31, 1945, to become executive vice-president of the Air Transport Association Helen D. Mankin (D) February 12, 1946
•Pennsylvania 33rd Samuel A. Weiss (D) Resigned January 7, 1946, after being elected judge of Common Pleas in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Frank Buchanan (D) May 21, 1946
•Pennsylvania 23rd J. Buell Snyder (D) Died February 24, 1946 Carl H. Hoffman (R) May 21, 1946
•North Carolina 8th William O. Burgin (D) Died April 11, 1946 Eliza Jane Pratt (D) May 25, 1946
•Virginia 5th Thomas G. Burch (D) Resigned May 31, 1946, after being appointed to the U.S. Senate Thomas B. Stanley (D) November 5, 1946
•Texas 6th Luther A. Johnson (D) Resigned July 17, 1946, after becoming judge of the United States Tax Court Olin E. Teague (D) August 24, 1946
•Pennsylvania 10th John W. Murphy (D) Resigned July 17, 1946, to become judge of the US District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania James P. Scoblick (R) November 5, 1946
•Minnesota 3rd William Gallagher (DFL) Died August 13, 1946 Vacant Not filled this term
•Puerto Rico At-large Jesús T. Piñero (PPD) Resigned September 2, 1946, after being appointed Governor of Puerto Rico Antonio Fernós-Isern (PPD) September 11, 1946
•New York 4th William B. Barry (D) Died October 20, 1946 Vacant Not filled this term
•Alabama 8th John Sparkman (D) Resigned November 6, 1946, after being elected to the U.S. Senate Vacant Not filled this term
•Idaho 2nd Henry Dworshak (R) Resigned November 5, 1946, after being elected to the U.S. Senate Vacant Not filled this term
•Virginia 7th Absalom W. Robertson (D) Resigned November 5, 1946, after being elected to the U.S. Senate Burr Harrison (D) November 5, 1946
•Wisconsin 2nd Robert K. Henry (R) Died November 20, 1946 Vacant Not filled this term

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Joint committees[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Employees[edit]

Legislative branch agency directors[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Senate archive on the Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack". Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  2. ^ Jamison, Dennis (December 7, 2014). "The blame and victory of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor".