Amararama

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Amareshwara swami Temple
Main Structure of Amareswara Temple.jpg
Amareshwara Swamy temple
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictGuntur
DeityShiva
FestivalsMaha Shivaratri, Kartik Purnima
Location
LocationAmaravathi
StateAndhra Pradesh
CountryIndia
Amararama is located in Andhra Pradesh
Amararama
Location in Andhra Pradesh
Geographic coordinates16°34′52″N 80°21′32″E / 16.580990°N 80.358946°E / 16.580990; 80.358946Coordinates: 16°34′52″N 80°21′32″E / 16.580990°N 80.358946°E / 16.580990; 80.358946
Architecture
TypeDravidian architecture
Date establishedUnknown
Specifications
Temple(s)1
InscriptionsTelugu and Sanskrit
Elevation31.4 m (103 ft)

Amararama is one of the five Pancharama Kshetras that are sacred to the Hindu god Shiva. The temple is located in Amaravathi town of Guntur district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[1] Amareswara Swamy or Amaralingeswara Swamy refers to Lord Shiva in this temple. The temple is situated on the southern bank of Krishna River. The consort of Lord Amareswara Swamy is Bala Chamundika.[2] The Sivalinga at this place is installed and established by Lord Indra.

The Deity[edit]

The Sivalinga here is very tall that the archakas mount a pedestal platform, and perform the daily rituals as well as Abhisheka. The top of the Linga has a red stain on it. It is said that Sivalinga was growing up in size and to stop its growth, a nail has been hit onto the top of the Sivalinga. When the nail dug into the Linga, blood started to ooze from the Sivalinga it seems. The stain can be see even today.

History[edit]

Vasireddy Venkatadri Naidu, King of Chintapalli and later Dharanikota, was a great devotee of Amareshwara. He expanded and renovated the temple. The popular legend has it that once during the course of putting down a rebellion in his land the King had to have recourse to a massacre of the Chenchus, whereupon he lost his mental peace, which he regained only when he came to Amaravati. He shifted his place from Chintapalli to Amaravati in 1796, and devoted his entire life, time and revenues to building temples for Lord Siva. He renovated the Amareswaraswamy temple here, engaged nine learned archakas for the daily archana of the Lord, and provided them with all the needs of livelihood, including 12 acres (49,000 m2) of land to each. The temple as it stands owes much to him.[3]

As per Legend, the demon king named Tarakasura defeated the gods after being awarded a boon by Lord Shiva. Shiva vowed to kill the demons and hence the gods came to reside here and since then the place came to be called Amaravati. Lord Shiva is worshipped as Amareswara with his consort Bala Chamundika, who is considered as the fourth of the 18 goddesses.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Amaravati temple has also a wealth of inscriptions on its walls like those of the Kota chiefs of Amaravati and of Sri Krishandevaraya, the great Vijayanagara emperor. On a pillar in the Mukhamantapa the wife of Proli Nayudu, who was minister of Kota King Ketaraja, has left an inscription.[5]

Old gopuram of Amareshwara swami temple

Festivals[edit]

The main festivals in the temple are the Mahashivaratri, which comes in the Magha Bahula Dasami and the Navaratri and the Kalyana Utsavas. Amaravati is thus an important Kshetra situated at a particularly sacred spot of the holy river Krishna and is a consecrated place of worship, of importance to Hinduism.[6]

Transport[edit]

The temple is located at a distance of 40km from Guntur.[7] State run APS RTC runs bus services from Guntur, Vijayawada and Mangalagiri to this temple.[8][9]

Renovation[edit]

The Gopuram of the temple is renovated as it developed cracks in masonry due to the passage of Heavy equipment. It was rebuilt at a cost of Rs.1.56 crore. The former structure was renovated in 1796 by the local ruler Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu.[10] During this renovation ancient artifacts dating back 1800 years are found in the Foundation pits.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Five for peace". Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Trilinga Desa: The Telugu States' Tryst With The Divine". Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Trilinga Desa: The Telugu States Tryst With The Divine". Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Amaralingeswara Temple Amaravati". Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  5. ^ Inscriptions in Kakatiya period
  6. ^ "Maha Sivaratri celebrated with religious fervour". Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Amaravathi declared heritage city". Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Tourist Services in Guntur Region". Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  9. ^ "RTC to operate 300 buses to 'Siva Kshetrams". Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Ancient sculptures found in Amaravati". Retrieved 7 October 2017.

External links[edit]