Amaravati

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Amaravati
Dhyana Buddha at Amaravati.jpg
Front view of Amaravati Gopuram.jpg
I love Amaravati at Tadepalli (2018).jpg
High Court of Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati (May 2019) 2.jpg
Group D officer's quarters under construction in Amaravati (March 2019) 05.jpg
Amaravati 1.jpg
Discription plate, Amaravati stupa. at Amaravati. A (12).JPG
Amaravati Stupa in AP W IMG 8075.jpg
Amaravati is located in Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati
Amaravati
Location of Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh, India
Amaravati is located in India
Amaravati
Amaravati
Amaravati (India)
Amaravati is located in Asia
Amaravati
Amaravati
Amaravati (Asia)
Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515
CountryIndia India
State Andhra Pradesh
RegionCoromandel
DistrictGuntur
Government
 • TypePlanning agencies
 • BodyAPCRDA
Area
 • Capital City of Andhra Pradesh217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi)
 • Metro8,352.69 km2 (3,224.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Capital City of Andhra Pradesh103,000
 • Metro5,800,000
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)
520 XXX, 521 XXX, 522 XXX
Vehicle registrationAP-7, AP-8, AP-39[5]
Official languagesTelugu
WebsiteAmaravati official website
  1. ^ The Amaravati metropolitan area also includes portions of Amaravathi, Guntur, Vijayawada, Tenali, Gudivada, Tadepalle, Jaggayyapeta, Mangalagiri, Mopidevi, Nuzvid, Ponnur, Sattenapalle, Challapalle, Nandigama, Ghantasala, Vuyyuru adjoining the APCR.

Amaravati is a proposed and planned capital city as the geographical center of location for the Andhra Pradesh state, India[6][7] It has been allotted space to be built on the southern banks of the Krishna river in Guntur district, within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[8] It is being built on a 217 sq km riverfront designed to have 51% of green spaces and 10% of water bodies.[1][9] In 2019, with only state government allocated budget of ₹500 crore, the Amaravati project has substantially slowed down with no deadline in sight.[10] The word "Amaravati" derives from the historical Amaravathi village, the ancient capital of the Satavahana dynasty.[11] The foundation stone was laid at Uddandarayunipalem area by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and 13th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Nara Chandrababu Naidu on 22 October 2015.[12] The metropolitan area of Guntur and Vijayawada and the area of City Tenali are the major conurbations of Amaravati.[13]

Amaravati is being constructed to serve as the new capital city of Andhra Pradesh, after Telangana was split off as a separate state in 2014. The former capital city, Hyderabad, is now located inside Telangana. A new capital city had to be either assigned or constructed on the remaining territory of Andhra Pradesh and Amaravati was finally chosen as that.

As of October 2016, the majority of departments and officials of the Andhra Pradesh State Government are now functioning from interim facilities located in the Velagapudi area of Amaravati, with only a skeleton staff remaining behind in Hyderabad.[14] Since April 2016, the office of the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh started its operations from Velagapudi. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature remained in Hyderabad until March 2017, when it relocated to newly constructed interim legislative buildings in Velagapudi.[15]

Etymology[edit]

The word Amaravati translates as 'the place for immortals'. It was formerly called Dhanyakataka ('where Shakyamuni Buddha taught the Heart Essence form of the Kalachakra Dharma to the Shambala kings')

History[edit]

Southern India, Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati, Satavahana Period - Veneration of the Buddha as a Fiery Piller - 1943.72 - Cleveland Museum of Art
Southern India, Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati, Satavahana Period - Veneration of the Buddha as a Fiery Piller - 100 BC - c. AD 200 - Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio, United States

The present capital area has its historical significance of having recorded its first-ever legislation 2,200 years ago.[16] The present-day capital region includes the ancient Amaravati. The area has been ruled by the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Vishnukundina, Pallavas, Cholas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Musunuri Nayaks, Bahmani Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Sultanate of Golconda and Mughal Empire successively before the founding of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1724. It was ceded to France in 1750 but was captured by the British in 1759. Guntur returned to the Nizamate in 1768 but was ceded to Britain again in 1788. It was briefly occupied by Hyder Ali. It was then ruled by Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu. It was part of Madras Presidency during the British colonial period.

As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period not exceeding ten years. Hence, Amaravati is being built to serve as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.[17]

The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi; the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Nara Chandrababu Naidu; the Vice President of India and the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu; then Governor E. S. L. Narasimhan; the Japanese minister for economy trade and industry, Yosuke Takagi; and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry, S. Iswaran, laid the foundation for the city.[12][18]

Vision[edit]

Amaravati 3D Sketch Map at APCRDA Office.

The 13th chief minister of Andhra Pradesh Nara Chandrababu Naidu stated that his vision was to see Amaravati as the happiest city in the world.[19] Among the innovative features on the drawing board are navigation canals[20] around the city and connecting an island in the river Krishna and moreover government has envisaged an investment needed[21] of USD 2–4 billion for the development of the greenfield capital city[22]

Amaravati city is being designed to have 51% of green spaces and 10% of water bodies, with a plan to house some of the most iconic buildings there. The city is being modeled on Singapore, with the master plan being prepared by two Singapore government-appointed consultants. Other international consultants and architects will then be roped in to give it an international flavor.[23]

City Planning[edit]

The city is planned to spread over 217 km2 area with a total cost of ₹ 553.43 billions to the Capital Region Development Authority (CRDA) out of which state government contribution is only ₹ 126 billion (equity ₹ 66.29 billion and supporting grant ₹ 59.71 billion) spread over a period of 8 years from April 2018 to March 2026 (₹ 5 billion in 2018-19, ₹ 18 billion per year for later six years and ₹ 13 billion in 2025-26).[24] The contribution from the government is to be repaid by the CRDA after the year 2037. Ultimately state or union governments are not incurring any expenditure to construct the city but wholly financed by the income accrued from the sale of land for various development schemes (₹ 171.51 billion), loans and the local taxes (₹ 146.41 billion by 2037) to the CRDA. The state and union governments are expected to earn ₹ 120 billion per annum out of which state goods and services tax (State GST) alone is ₹ 60 billion per annum.[24] The entire city construction is planned by self-financing from loans and land selling with the state government's moral support. CRDA is expecting a net surplus income of ₹ 333 billion by 2037 after meeting the total expenditure on the city. Amaravati government complex which is intended to provide world-class facilities needed for the state government and its employees' accommodation is also part of CRDA project.[25] The bus rapid transit system (BRTS) in Amaravati to connect with the adjacent Vijayawada and Guntur cities by world-class road network is also part of the CRDA project.[26] Both Amaravati government complex and BRTS are planned with an expenditure of ₹ 140 billion.[24]

Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA)
City area details: Land utilization
Roads, public utilities, parks, natural streams, water bodies 27,885 acres
Plots for residential area allotted to the Land contributors(Farmers) 11,826 acres
For the needs of other developments presently owned by the CRDA 14,037 acres
Total area under the jurisdiction of CRDA 53,748 acres

Geography[edit]

The city is being built in Guntur district, on the banks of the Krishna River. The city will be 40 kilometres (25 mi) south-west of Vijayawada, 32 kilometres (20 mi) north of Guntur, 70 kilometres (43 mi) south-east of Tenali surrounding the Coromandel Coast of Coastal Andhra region in Andhra Pradesh, India.[27]

Government and politics[edit]

Map showing Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, spread across Guntur and Krishna districts

Administration[edit]

Amaravati is an Urban Notified Area and its urban development and planning activities are undertaken by the Amaravati Development Corporation Limited[28] and Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA).[29] The Andhra Pradesh Secretariat at Velagapudi is the administrative block for the employees of the state government.[30]

The APCRDA has its jurisdiction over the city and is the conurbation covering Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[31] The capital city is spread over an area of 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi),[32] and will comprise villages (including some hamlets) from three mandals viz., Mangalagiri, Thullur and Tadepalle.[33] The seed capital is spread over an area of 16.94 km2 (6.54 sq mi).[34]

The table below lists the identified villages and hamlets under their respective mandals, which became a part of the capital city.[1]

Mandal Settlements
Thullur mandal Abbarajupalem, Ainavolu, Ananthavaram, Borupalem, Dondapadu, Kondarajupalem (de-populated), Lingayapalem (including Modugulankapalem hamlets), Malkapuram, Mandadam (Tallayapalem hamlets), Nekkallu, Nelapadu, Pitchikalapalem, Rayapudi, Sakhamuru, Thulluru, Uddandarayunipalem, Velagapudi, Venkatapalem
Mangalagiri mandal Krishnayapalem, Nidamarru, Kuragallu (including Nerukonda hamlets), Nowlur (including Yerrabalem & Bethapudi hamlets)
Tadepalle mandal Penumaka, Tadepalle (M) (Part) (Nulakapet, Dolas Nagar etc.), Undavalli

Notes:

  • M – municipality
  • The names in brackets are the hamlet villages of the respective settlement.

Language and religion[edit]

The residents of Amaravati are Telugu-speaking people. Telugu is the official language of the city. Hindus form a very large majority.[35] There are also Muslim, Christian, and Buddhist communities. There is the iconic Amaralingeswara Swamy Temple, and the Amaravati Mahachaitya in the Amaravati heritage complex.[36][37][38]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The State government has initiated the Singapore-based Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium for the capital city construction. The new capital city’s infrastructure will be developed in 7–8 years in phases, at an estimated cost of ₹33,000 crore. ₹7,500 crore from Hudco, $500 million from the World Bank and ₹2,500 crore from the Indian Government, of which ₹1,500 crore has been granted.[39]

As of July 2019, World bank has dropped funding of Amaravati.[40] As of September 2019, Singapore-based Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium have also withdrawn from the Amaravati project.[41] With only state government allocated budget of ₹500 crore in 2019, the Amravati project has substantially slowed down, with no deadline in sight.[10]

Nine themed cities consisting of Finance, Justice, Health, Sports, Media, and Electronics; including Government buildings designed by Norman Foster, Hafeez Contractor, Reliance Group, and NRDC-India will be built within the city.[42][43][44] Pi Data Centre, 4th largest of its kind in Asia, with an investment of 600 crore (US$84 million) and Pi Care Services, a healthcare BPO were inaugurated at Mangalagiri IT park.[45][46] HCL Technologies, an IT firm would set up one of its centres in Amaravati.[47][48]

BRS Medicity with an investment of $1.8 billion to come up in Amaravati.[49][50] Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics produced in Mangalagiri mandal,[51] a part of the state capital, were registered as one of the geographical indications from Andhra Pradesh.[52]

Education[edit]

Acharya Nagarjuna University
Acharya Nagarjuna University

Colleges and universities

There are public funded universities within the city limits:

Private and autonomous colleges in the city include:

The Private institutes like Amrita University, Amity University and Indo-UK Institute of Health (IUIH) in collaboration with the King’s College, London are among the others to set up their respective campus in Amaravati.[53][54][55][56] Amaravati's first management institute, Xavier School of Management (XLRI) was under construction near Ainavolu.[57]

Tourist Spots[edit]

Night view of Prakasam Barrage
Night view of Prakasam Barrage

Located on the banks of Krishna river and nestled in between nature getaways and places of heritage, the city is boasts of several touristic attractions:

Transport[edit]

APSRTC Amaravati bus
APSRTC Amaravati Bus

The buses operated by APSRTC from Pandit Nehru Bus Station and NTR bus station, Tenali bus station connects the city with Vijayawada and Tenali, Guntur respectively. The government, however, is asked to explore other means of mass transport like ‘mono rail’, Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) and tramways.

[58][59] Two new depots, North and South of APSRTC are proposed to be constructed in the city.[60] Auto rickshaws also operate for shorter distances in the capital city area.[61]

Roadways[edit]

The Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway, supported by Kurnool and Kadapa Feeder Roads is an ongoing greenfield expressway project, which would provide faster road access from the districts of Anantapur, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool and Prakasam to Amaravati.[62][63] The Amaravati seed capital road is an arterial road under construction to access the core capital area from National Highway 16.[64] The Vijayawada-Amaravati road connects the city with Vijayawada.[65]

Railways[edit]

A proposed Amaravati highspeed circular railway line would connect the city with the nearby cities of Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali,[66] extending up to a length of 105 km (65 mi) with an estimated cost of 10,000 crore (US$1.4 billion).And a metro rail project is proposed between the cities of Tenali, Guntur, Vijayawada of 100km circular corridor. [67]

Sports[edit]

ACA International Cricket Stadium[edit]

ACA cricket stadium at Mangalagiri (April 2019)
ACA cricket stadium at Mangalagiri (April 2019)

ACA International Cricket Stadium (often called as, Andhra Cricket Association International Cricket Stadium) is a cricket stadium under construction at Mangalagiri in Amaravati. It is situated in Guntur district and will be spread over 24 acres. The stadium will be owned by Andhra Cricket Association and has a seating capacity of 40,000.[68][69]

Amaravati International Sports Complex[edit]

The complex has been under construction at Vidyadharapuram in 8.9 acres of land which consists of two swimming pools with the size of 50×20 metres and 20×20 metres, outdoor synthetic track, multipurpose indoor hall, and a Ground+2 clubhouse where this complex will be the new headquaters for Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (SAAP)[70]

Events[edit]

First National Women’s Parliament in Amaravati[edit]

Buddhist spiritual leader the Dalai Lama participated in the First National Women’s Parliament in Amaravati on Feb 10, 2017, as he said making Amaravati, the capital of new Andhra Pradesh is a welcome move and I wish it develops well on all fronts. This heritage city has undergone a lot of change over the years where the "economy would flourish where there is peace".[71][72]

Happy Cities Summit[edit]

The Happy Cities Summit Amaravati 2019 backed by APCRDA aims to build on the success and momentum of the inaugural summit to establish Amaravati at the forefront of the discourse on urban innovation with a focus on citizen happiness.[73] The Government of Andhra Pradesh has also successfully hosted the inaugural Happy Cities Summit in Amaravati in April 2018. The summit saw the participation of 1,500+ delegates from 15+ countries, including eminent city leaders and urban experts.[74]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]