Amarnath Peak

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Amarnath Peak
Amarnath Peak is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Amarnath Peak
Amarnath Peak
Amarnath on a map of Jammu and Kashmir
Highest point
Elevation5,186 m (17,014 ft)
Coordinates34°13′30″N 75°29′30″E / 34.22500°N 75.49167°E / 34.22500; 75.49167Coordinates: 34°13′30″N 75°29′30″E / 34.22500°N 75.49167°E / 34.22500; 75.49167
Geography
LocationKashmir Valley
Parent rangeHimalayas
Climbing
First ascentNever been climbed
Easiest routeZojila side North face

Amarnath Peak is a mountain with a peak elevation of 5,186 metres (17,014 ft), in Ganderbal district of Kashmir, in the vicinity of Sonamarg. Amarnath Peak is part of the Himalayas, and is located south of Zojila and west of Machoi Glacier. It lies 117 km northeast from Srinagar, 13 km from Baltal in the southeast. It lies 6 km south of Zojila. The melt waters form a major tributary of the Sind River at Baltal.[1]

Amarnath mountain is considered as a sacred mountain, it has a cave at its south face at an elevation of 3,800 metres (12,470 ft) known as Amarnath cave. The cave is believed to be the ancient and among most sacred places[2] for pilgrimage in Hinduism. It is the centre for Hindu pilgrims during summer.

Climbing history and routes[edit]

Due to its religious importance, Amarnath Peak is not climbed. It was first surveyed in 1912 by a British medical team headed by Ernest Neve, who surveyed most of the peaks of this Himalayan range.[3] The Scottish Colonel N. N. L. Watts also went through the tracks of this peak and discovered an easy route to ascend the peak in 1933,[4] which leads from Zojila down to the south and a glacial ascent to the summit of Amarnath Peak.

Apart from the Zojila side, Amarnath Peak can be reached leaving the cave on the left side and climbing through the east face. The route as discovered by Watts is from the north face which is accessible from Srinagar 112 km (70 mi) by road NH 1D, 12 km (7.5 mi) from Sonamarg and 4 km (2.5 mi) climb to the glacier of the peak.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geography of Kashmir". kousa.org. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  2. ^ "Amarnath yatra the most sacred and ancient". amarnathyatra.org. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  3. ^ Comins, Dave (1990–91). Sondheimer, Ernst (ed.). "Schoolboys on Kolahoi" (PDF). Alpine Journal. 95. ISSN 0065-6569. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Mountaineering in the Kashmir Himalaya". himalayaclub.org. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  5. ^ "The charm of Kashmir". archive.org. Retrieved 1 May 2012.