Badin

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Badin

بدين
District Headquarter
Badin is located in Sindh
Badin
Badin
Badin is located in Pakistan
Badin
Badin
Coordinates: 24°39′26″N 68°50′26″E / 24.65722°N 68.84056°E / 24.65722; 68.84056Coordinates: 24°39′26″N 68°50′26″E / 24.65722°N 68.84056°E / 24.65722; 68.84056
CountryPakistan
ProvinceSindh
DistrictBadin District
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total61,302
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

Badin (Sindhi: بدينUrdu: بدین‎) is the main city and capital of Badin District in Sindh, Pakistan. It lies east of the Indus River. The region is swampy, fertile, and suitable for growing rice. Some oil fields are located near the town. Badin is the main town of Badin District. The population of the city in 1998 was 61,302.[1] Badin is often called 'Sugar State' due to its production of sugar.[2]

Badin District was established in the year 1975, It comprises five Talukas Viz: Badin, Matli, Shaheed Fazal Rahu, Talhar and Tando bago and 46 Union Councils with 14 revenue circles, 111 Tapas and 535 dehs. This District is bordered by Hyderabad & Mirpukhas District in the North. Tharparkar & Mirpurkhas in the East, Hyderabad & Thatta District in the west & Kutch district of India in the South, which also forms the international boundary with India.[3]

Climate[edit]

Badin has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). The climate of the district taken as a whole is moderate and is tempered by the sea breeze which blows for eight months of the year from March to October, making the hot weather somewhat cooler than for other parts of Pakistan. During the monsoon period, the sky is cloudy, but there is very little precipitation. The climate in summer is generally moist and humid. The cold weather in Badin starts from the beginning of November when a sudden change from the moist sea breeze to the dry and cold north-east wind brings about, as a natural consequence, an immediate fall in temperature.cyclones and floods are hit because of sea.

Climate data for Badin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.1
(97.0)
37.2
(99.0)
42.8
(109.0)
45.6
(114.1)
49.4
(120.9)
46.7
(116.1)
43.3
(109.9)
41.1
(106.0)
42.2
(108.0)
41.7
(107.1)
38.3
(100.9)
35.6
(96.1)
49.4
(120.9)
Average high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
28.6
(83.5)
34.0
(93.2)
38.4
(101.1)
39.8
(103.6)
38.0
(100.4)
35.1
(95.2)
33.6
(92.5)
34.4
(93.9)
35.8
(96.4)
31.9
(89.4)
26.7
(80.1)
33.5
(92.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.2
(63.0)
20.1
(68.2)
25.4
(77.7)
30.1
(86.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91.0)
31.1
(88.0)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
23.9
(75.0)
18.4
(65.1)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.6
(52.9)
16.8
(62.2)
21.8
(71.2)
25.5
(77.9)
27.5
(81.5)
27.0
(80.6)
26.1
(79.0)
24.9
(76.8)
21.7
(71.1)
15.9
(60.6)
10.1
(50.2)
19.8
(67.6)
Record low °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41.0)
13.0
(55.4)
17.5
(63.5)
21.1
(70.0)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
20.6
(69.1)
12.0
(53.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.0
(0.04)
3.6
(0.14)
2.3
(0.09)
2.5
(0.10)
0.7
(0.03)
10.8
(0.43)
70.5
(2.78)
89.9
(3.54)
34.4
(1.35)
3.7
(0.15)
1.7
(0.07)
1.1
(0.04)
222.2
(8.76)
Source: NOAA (1961–1990) [4]

Education[edit]

The University of Sindh established a campus in the region of Badin city, called 'Laar', to provide citizens in these areas with access to education. Sindh University's Laar Campus, Badin (S.U.L.C) was established in order to provide the inhabitants of Laar region, particularly girls, with the higher education in their local area.[5]

The campus provides facilities including a library and a computer laboratory with an Internet connection. The College offers 4-year bachelor's degree programs in Business Administration, Commerce and Computer Science, postgraduate diploma in Computer Science and B.Ed., M.Ed. & M.A. (Education).[5]

As of 2013 government owned institutions of education consisted of 209 schools for boys, 102 schools for girls, 691 primary schools, 428 co-educational schools, and 15 high and higher schools.[6]

Culture[edit]

The city was once the centre of Sufi culture in the region. Badin's "Gyarvi Sharif Mela", or "Giyarwee Shareef Mela" (the Festival of Abdul-Qadir Gilani) was one of the famous festivals of Sindh that started around 1569 and ended around 1969 due to lack of support from government, and spread of Wahhabism, an orthodox version of Islam, which sees Sufism and Sufi Festivals as "threat to Islamic principles". It was the festival that use to attract more than fifty thousand people on each celebration.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Badīn". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  2. ^ Gandhara, Trails. "Badin city history". Gandhara Trails. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  3. ^ "Web Portal of Population Welfare Department Government of Sindh". pwdsindh.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 10 October 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Badin Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  5. ^ a b Sindh, University of. "Laar Campus UoS Badin". Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  6. ^ Schools, Badin. "Government owned schools in Badin". SchoolingLog. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  7. ^ Giyarwee Shareef, Badin. "Festivals of Pakistan". Dawn newspaper. Retrieved 11 December 2017.