Battle of Changsha (1942)
|Battle of Changsha (1942)|
|Part of the Second Sino-Japanese War of World War II|
A Chinese soldier mounts his ZB vz. 26 light machine gun at Changsha, January 1942.
|Republic of China||Empire of Japan|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Xue Yue||Korechika Anami|
|National Revolutionary Army||
Imperial Japanese Army|
Imperial Japanese Navy
600 pieces of artillery
|Casualties and losses|
American and Chinese claim:
The offensive was originally intended to prevent Chinese forces from reinforcing the British Commonwealth forces engaged in Hong Kong. With the capture of Hong Kong on 25 December, however, it was decided to continue the offensive against Changsha in order to maximize the blow against the Chinese government.
The offensive resulted in failure for the Japanese, as Chinese forces were able to lure them into a trap and encircle them. After suffering heavy casualties, Japanese forces were forced to carry out a general retreat.
- Hsiung, James Chieh; Levine, Steven I. China's Bitter Victory: The War with Japan, 1937–1945, p. 158
- Senshi Shoso, "Hong Kong and Changsha" pp. 665
- Japanese Monograph No. 71, Army Operations in China pp. 76.