Castelsardo

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Castelsardo

Castheddu  (Sassarese)
Comune di Castelsardo
Castelsardo, panorama (01).jpg
Location of Castelsardo
Castelsardo is located in Italy
Castelsardo
Castelsardo
Location of Castelsardo in Sardinia
Castelsardo is located in Sardinia
Castelsardo
Castelsardo
Castelsardo (Sardinia)
Coordinates: 40°55′N 8°43′E / 40.917°N 8.717°E / 40.917; 8.717
CountryItaly
RegionSardinia
ProvinceSassari (SS)
FrazioniLu Bagnu, Multeddu, San Giovanni, Terra Bianca
Government
 • MayorAntonio Maria Capula
Area
 • Total43.34 km2 (16.73 sq mi)
Elevation
114 m (374 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total5,990
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Castellanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
07031
Dialing code079
WebsiteOfficial website

Castelsardo (Sassarese: Castheddu; Sardinian: Casteddu Sardu) is a town and comune in Sardinia, Italy, located in the northwest of the island within the Province of Sassari, at the east end of the Gulf of Asinara.

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations have showed the human presence in the area of Castelsardo since pre-Nuragic and Nuragic times, as well as during the Roman domination in Sardinia.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the monastery of Nostra Signora di Tergu was founded nearby, but the current town originates from the castle built here, in 1102 (or 1270), by the Doria family of Genoa. The castle and the village which gradually formed round it where the seat of the Doria's fiefdom in the island called Castel Doria or Castelgenovese, until it was conquered by the Aragonese in the 15th century (1448), and named Castillo Aragonés (Castel Aragonese). Except for the Maddalena archipelago, it was the last city in the island to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.

Castelsardo, now part of the Savoy's Kingdom of Sardinia, obtained its current name by will of King Charles Emmanuel III.

Main sights[edit]

  • Elephant's Rock, one of the symbols of Sardinia
  • Megalithic walls, from pre-Nuragic times
  • Nuraghe Paddaju and others
  • Doria Castle (1102)
  • Co-Cathedral, entitled to St. Anthony the Abbot. The crypts house the Museum "Maestro di Castelsardo";
  • Church of St. Mary, with a wooden Black Christ
  • Doria Palace
  • La Loggia Palace, town hall since 1111
  • Palace of Eleonora of Arborea
  • Sea walls

References[edit]

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ampurias