|President pro tempore of the United States Senate|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Orrin Hatch|
|Chair of the Senate Finance Committee|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Orrin Hatch|
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Max Baucus|
|Succeeded by||Max Baucus|
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
|Preceded by||Max Baucus|
|Succeeded by||Max Baucus|
|Chair of the Senate Narcotics Caucus|
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Dianne Feinstein|
|Succeeded by||John Cornyn|
|Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee|
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Patrick Leahy|
|Succeeded by||Lindsey Graham|
|Chair of the Senate Aging Committee|
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||William Cohen|
|Succeeded by||John Breaux|
|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 1981
Serving with Joni Ernst
|Preceded by||John Culver|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Iowa's 3rd district
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981
|Preceded by||H. R. Gross|
|Succeeded by||Cooper Evans|
|Member of the Iowa House of Representatives|
January 12, 1959 – January 3, 1975
|Preceded by||Wayne Ballhagen|
|Succeeded by||Raymond Lageschulte|
|Constituency||73rd district (1959–1971)|
10th district (1971–1973)
37th district (1973–1975)
Charles Ernest Grassley
September 17, 1933
New Hartford, Iowa, U.S.
Barbara Speicher (m. 1954)
|Education||University of Northern Iowa (BA, MA)|
University of Iowa
Charles Ernest Grassley (born September 17, 1933) is an American politician serving as the president pro tempore of the United States Senate, and the senior United States senator from Iowa. He is currently in his seventh term in the Senate, having first been elected in 1980.
A member of the Republican Party, Grassley previously served eight terms in the Iowa House of Representatives (1959–1975) and three terms in the United States House of Representatives (1975–1981). He has served three stints as Senate Finance Committee chairman during periods of Republican Senate majority. When Orrin Hatch's Senate term ended on January 3, 2019, Grassley became the most senior Republican in the Senate. He was appointed president pro tempore of the Senate for the 116th United States Congress, making him third in the presidential line of succession after the vice president and speaker of the House.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 United States Senate
- 2.1 Committee assignments
- 2.2 Tenure
- 2.3 Political positions
- 3 Investigations
- 4 Political campaigns
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 Personal life
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Early life and career
Grassley was born in New Hartford, Iowa, the son of Ruth (née Corwin) and Louis Arthur Grassley, and raised on a farm. He graduated from the town high school. At Iowa State Teachers College (now the University of Northern Iowa), he earned a B.A. in 1955 and an M.A. in political science in 1956. During his time as a student, Grassley joined the social-professional Alpha Gamma Rho Fraternity. Also during the 1950s, Grassley farmed and worked in factories in Iowa, first as a sheet metal shearer and then as an assembly line worker. He pursued a Ph.D. in political science at the University of Iowa, but ultimately did not complete the degree. From 1967–1968, Grassley taught at Charles City College.
United States Senate
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- Committee on Finance (Chairman)
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Committee on the Budget
- Caucus on International Narcotics Control
- Joint Committee on Taxation
In August 1982, while the Reagan administration tried persuading senators to approve legislation authorizing the creation of a radio station for broadcasting to Cuba, Grassley joined fellow Iowa senator Roger Jepsen and Edward Zorinsky in seeking an amendment to the bill so the Reagan administration would be barred from operating Radio Marti on that frequency or other commercial frequencies under the AM band.
In October 1983, Grassley voted against establishing a legal holiday to commemorate the birthday of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
On November 1, 1984, Grassley signed a one-page citation of contempt of Congress against Attorney General William French Smith due to the latter not turning over files on an investigation into Navy shipbuilding. Assistant Attorney General Stephen S. Trott called the citation "out of place" since Grassley was not acting at a session of the Judiciary panel that he led.
In May 1987, the Senate Appropriations Committee defeated an attempt by Grassley to hasten payments of corn and other feed grain subsidies ahead of the scheduled payment taking place after October 1. The Grassley measure was also designed to unravel an accounting device lawmakers used previously to make it appear as though they were reducing spending for the incoming fiscal year. In October, during a press briefing, Grassley accused President Reagan of being "asleep at the switch" and botching the handling of Robert Bork's Supreme Court nomination, adding that the Bork nomination had convinced him the Reagan administration "has been terribly lucky for the last seven years" in other matters including the economy and foreign policy. Later that month, Grassley likened the groups lobbying against Bork's nomination with the era of McCarthyism during the 1950s: "The big lie is standard operating procedure for some of these groups. All you have to do is repeat the same outrageous charges, and repeat them so often that people believe they are true." In November, as party leaders of the Senate Judiciary Committee met on the Supreme Court nomination of Douglas H. Ginsburg, Grassley released the text of a letter he intended to send to the American Bar Association suggesting the association was dragging its feet in its review of Ginsburg's record. After Ginsburg admitted to previously smoking marijuana, Grassley said, "You like to think people who are appointed to the Supreme Court respect the law." Grassley joined Jesse Helms in resisting the nomination of Anthony Kennedy, President Reagan's next choice for the Supreme Court, admitting that he would have preferred another candidate such as appeals court justices Pasco Bowman or J. Clifford Wallace. Grassley stated his distaste for "the people who are committed to changing the judiciary" taking "the path of least resistance."
In January 1989, as the Senate voted to schedule a vote within the following month on the pay increase, Grassley questioned how senators would decline federal program increases "come March and April if the first thing out of the box is a pay raise?" In February, Grassley was one of six senators to testify against the 50% pay increase scheduled to take effect the following week. In October, Grassley was one of nine senators to vote against legislation intended to outlaw flag burning and other forms of flag defacement and joined Bob Dole and Orrin Hatch, the other two Republicans to vote against the bill, in voicing a preference for a constitutional amendment.
In August 1991, Grassley became one of six Republicans on the Select Senate Committee on POW-MIA Affairs that would investigate the number of Americans still missing in the aftermath of the Vietnam War following renewed interest.
In July 1998, President Clinton listed Grassley among the members of Congress who had made it possible "for me to sign into law today the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act."
In May 2001, Grassley met with Democratic senator Max Baucus over the allocation of finances in tax cuts and both reported they were making progress in reaching a bipartisan deal, Grassley adding that the bill would contain all four of the main elements proposed by the Bush administration and the Senate Finance Committee would modify the components of the Bush proposal.
In August 2002, Grassley sent a letter to president and chief executive of the United Way of America Brian Gallagher requesting a detailed explanation on the overseeing of both finances and management of the organization's affiliates. Grassley also wrote to chief executive of the United Way of the National Capital Area Norman O. Taylor in regards to allegations of affiliates misappropriating money as well as withholding information the board needed to allow its conducting of oversight.
As a senior member of the Senate Finance Committee, Grassley has spearheaded many probes into alleged misuse and lack of accountability of federal money. In July 2007, a Grassley-commissioned report was released claiming that more than US$1 billion in farm subsidies were sent to deceased individuals. Grassley was called a "Taxpayer Super Hero" in 2014 by the Council for Citizens Against Government Waste, for his efforts to protect taxpayers. He received a 100 percent rating from the group that year and has a lifetime rating of 78 percent. Grassley was ranked the 5th most bipartisan Senator of the 114th United States Congress and the 7th most bipartisan Senator in the first session of the 115th Congress by the Bipartisan Index, a metric created by the Lugar Center for the Lugar Center and Georgetown's McCourt School of Public Policy to rank members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship.
In February 2004, Grassley released an internal report composed by the FBI in 2000 that examined 107 instances of either serious or criminal misconduct by its agents over a 16-year period. In a letter to the FBI, Grassley called the report "a laundry list of horrors with examples of agents who committed rape, sexual crimes against children, other sexual deviance and misconduct, attempted murder of a spouse, and narcotics violations, among many others" and added that the report's findings raised questions about whether the FBI handled agents "soon enough and rigorously enough".
On June 28, 2006, Grassley proposed legislation intended to curb sex trafficking and sex slavery in the United States by means of strict enforcement of tax laws, for example by requiring a W-2 form be filed for each prostitute managed by a pimp or other employer.
Since 1976, Grassley has repeatedly introduced measures that increase the level of taxation on American citizens living abroad, including retroactive tax hikes. Grassley was eventually able to attach an amendment to a piece of legislation that went into effect in 2006, which increased taxes on Americans abroad by targeting housing and living incentives paid by foreign employers and held them accountable for federal taxes, even though they did not currently reside in the United States. Critics of the amendment felt that the move hurt Americans competing for jobs abroad by putting an unnecessary tax burden on foreign employers. Others felt that the move was only to offset the revenue deficit caused by domestic tax cuts of the Bush Administration.
In March 2009, amid a scandal that involved AIG executives receiving large salary bonuses from the taxpayer-funded bailout of AIG, Grassley suggested that those AIG employees receiving large bonuses should follow the so-called 'Japanese example', resign immediately or commit suicide. After some criticism, he dismissed the comments as rhetoric.
When President Barack Obama and the Democratic Party proposed a health reform bill featuring mandated health insurance, Grassley opposed the health insurance mandate, saying that it was a deal breaker. In response to an audience question at an August 12, 2009, meeting in Iowa, about the end-of-life counseling provisions in the House health care bill, H.R. 3200, Grassley said people were right to fear that the government would "pull the plug on grandma." Grassley had previously supported covering end-of-life counseling, having voted for the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, which stated: "The covered services are: evaluating the beneficiary's need for pain and symptom management, including the individual's need for hospice care; counseling the beneficiary with respect to end-of-life issues and care options, and advising the beneficiary regarding advanced care planning." In December 2009, he voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly called ObamaCare or the Affordable Care Act).
Grassley opposed the Manchin-Toomey gun control amendment, and instead proposed alternative legislation to increase prosecutions of gun violence and increase reporting of mental health data in background checks.
In January 2010, Grassley was one of seven Senate Republicans to sign a letter warning the White House about their serious reservations with Director of the Transportation Security Administration nominee Erroll Southers due to conflicting accounts Southers gave the Senate about his previous tapping of databases for information about his ex-wife's boyfriend in the late 1980s.
In December 2010, Grassley was one of twenty-six senators who voted against the ratification of New START, a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and Russian Federation obliging both countries to have no more than 1,550 strategic warheads as well as 700 launchers deployed during the next seven years along with providing a continuation of on-site inspections that halted when START I expired the previous year. It was the first arms treaty with Russia in eight years.
As of December 2013, Grassley had cast 6,806 consecutive roll call votes, placing him second behind the all-time consecutive vote record holder, Senator William Proxmire (D-Wis). Grassley has not missed a roll call vote since 1993, when he was touring Iowa with President Bill Clinton to survey flood damage. He has, as of July 2012, cast almost 11,000 votes and had at that time only missed 35 votes in his Senate career.
In June 2015, Grassley introduced legislation to help protect taxpayers from alleged abuses by the Internal Revenue Service. The legislation was proposed in response to recent events involving alleged inappropriate conduct by employees at the IRS but was opposed by Democrats.
Since first taking office in 1981, Grassley has held public meetings in all of Iowa's 99 counties each year, even after losing honorarium payments for them in 1994. This has led to the coinage of the term "full Grassley," to describe when a United States presidential candidate visits all 99 counties of Iowa before the Iowa caucuses.
In July 2018, after President Trump nominated Brett Kavanaugh for Associate Justice, Grassley lauded Kavanaugh as "one of the most qualified Supreme Court nominees to come before the Senate", and said that critics of Kavanaugh should lessen their confidence in how he would vote given past surprises in voting by members of the Court.
Grassley has stated that he considers himself to be pro-life and has expressed concern regarding the potential for abortions to be paid for with federal funds. In December 1981, Grassley voted for a proposed constitutional amendment by Orrin Hatch that would allow both Congress and the states to ban or regulate abortion. In 2019, he co-sponsored reintroducing the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act.
In April 2019, Grassley was one of seven senators to sign a letter led by Debbie Stabenow and Joni Ernst to United States secretary of agriculture Sonny Perdue urging the Agriculture Department to implement conservation measures in the 2018 Farm Bill "through a department-wide National Water Quality Initiative, which would build off the existing initiative housed at the Natural Resource Conservation Service."
Energy and environment
In September 2015, Grassley received the Dr. Harold D. Prior "Friend of Iowa Wind Energy" award from the Iowa Wind Energy Association for his commitment to supporting wind energy development in Iowa. Also in 1992, Grassley authored the federal wind energy tax credit. Grassley supports federal ethanol subsidies.
|“||I think not having the estate tax recognizes the people that are investing, as opposed to those that are just spending every darn penny they have, whether it’s on booze or women or movies.||”|
|— Chuck Grassley, The Hill|
Grassley is in favor of repealing the estate tax, which is a tax on inherited assets above $5.5 million for individuals and $11 million for couples. Grassley has argued that the estate is potentially ruinous for farmers and small business owners. According to the Des Moines Register, Grassley's argument does not "match the reality found in federal tax data – particularly for Iowa. The estate tax applies to around 5,000 taxpayers across the entire country each year, and very few of them come from Iowa. Of the Iowans subject to the tax, only a fraction are actually farmers, and a vanishingly small number of them face a tax bill requiring them to sell off farmland or other assets... The number of small businesses impacted by the estate tax is similarly small... about 94 estates annually that hold half or more of their assets in a small business that heirs will continue to operate after the owners die. And fewer than half of these don’t have the cash on hand to pay the tax."
Grassley is a staunch believer that gun laws will not prevent gun deaths or gun-related violence without improved mental health care.
In 2016, one month after the Orlando nightclub shooting, Grassley proposed legislation to expand state-to-state access to background check data and to make it illegal for government officials to sell criminals guns as part of sting operations. Both proposals were rejected by the Senate. Additionally, he voted against the Democrats' Feinstein Amendment, which would make it illegal to sell guns to individuals on the terror watchlist and a Republican-sponsored bill that expanded funding for background checks.
In early 2017, Grassley sponsored legislation that expanded access to mentally disabled individuals, claiming that the previous ban against mentally ill individuals purchasing guns "mistreats disabled Americans."
Grassley has been critical of the Affordable Care Act but does not believe the law can be completely repealed. He believes some degree of bipartisanship will be necessary to make changes to the law. He believes a solution will likely involve removing unpopular aspects of the law, like the individual mandate, while keeping popular aspects of it that deal with pre-existing conditions and the ability for children to remain on their parents' plans longer. Grassley believes that the Senate's version of the AHCA (the repeal of the ACA passed by the House), will provide health insurers certainty. Asked if not passing legislation would also provide certainty, he replied that it would, but at higher premiums. He said that with the proposed legislation premiums "maybe wouldn't go up or would go up a heck of a lot less than they would without a bill."
In July 2017, Grassley stated that Senate Republicans should be ashamed for not having passed their healthcare bill and this could translate to a loss of their majority in the 2018 elections.
In August 2018, Grassley was one of ten Republican senators to cosponsor legislation intended to protect ObamaCare provisions for people with pre-existing conditions. Health experts said that the bill did not prevent insurers from excluding coverage for individuals with preexisting conditions.
In 2015, Grassley voiced his opposition to a bipartisan senate bill, the Compassionate Access, Research Expansion, and Respect States Act, that would move cannabis from Schedule I to Schedule II. This bill would allow states with medical cannabis laws to legally prescribe it and allow for much easier research into its medical efficacy.
Israel Anti-Boycott Act
In April 2017, Grassley co-sponsored the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (s. 720), which would make it a federal crime for Americans to encourage or participate in boycotts against Israel and Israeli settlements in the West Bank if protesting actions by the Israeli government.
Russian interference in 2016 elections
In February 2017, Grassley said that while Russian interference in U.S. elections was "bothersome", the United States did not have clean hands and had, for instance, interfered with the 1948 Italian election. In May 2017 after Trump fired FBI director James Comey, Grassley advised people suspicious of the Trump administration to "Suck it up and move on." On October 31, 2017, while a group of Republicans were facing questions from reporters concerning recent indictments, Grassley ignored the questions and left the room.
In January 2018, and in the first known congressional criminal referral in the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election, Grassley, along with Lindsey Graham, recommended charges against Christopher Steele, one of the people who sought to expose Russian interference. Grassley and Graham said that they had reason to believe that Steele had lied to federal authorities. According to The New York Times, "It was not clear why, if a crime is apparent in the F.B.I. reports that were reviewed by the Judiciary Committee, the Justice Department had not moved to charge Mr. Steele already. The circumstances under which Mr. Steele is alleged to have lied were unclear, as much of the referral was classified."
In January 2018, when Grassley and Judiciary Committee Republicans were refusing to release the full transcript of an August 2017 ten-hour interview that the Judiciary Committee had conducted with Glenn Simpson, Senator Dianne Feinstein, the top Democrat on the Senate Judiciary Committee, released the full transcript unilaterally. Simpson is the co-founder of the political opposition research firm Fusion GPS, which produced the so-called Steele Dossier on alleged connections between Trump and Russia. Grassley condemned Feinstein, saying that her decision was "confounding" and that it deterred future witnesses in the Russia 2016 investigation. Simpson himself had requested that the full transcript of his interview be released, saying that Republicans had selectively leaked portions of the testimony to conservative media outlets in order to portray Simpson in a negative light and discredit the Steele dossier.
In January 2018, Grassley was one of thirty-six Republican senators to sign a letter to President Trump requesting he preserve the North American Free Trade Agreement by modernizing it for the economy of the 21st Century.
The author of the Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989, Grassley has campaigned to increase protection and provide support for "whistleblowers". He has supported a number of FBI whistleblowers, including Coleen Rowley, Sibel Edmonds, and Jane Turner, although not supporting Department of Defense whistleblower Noel Koch.
Grassley received a lifetime achievement award on May 17, 2007 from the National Whistleblower Center. In April 2014, Grassley announced plans to create a caucus in the Senate dedicated to strengthening whistleblower protections.
Grassley defended the whistleblower in the Trump–Ukraine scandal, breaking up with his party line when he declared on October 1, 2019 that "the whistleblower protection laws and ought to be heard out and protected".
In 2018, Grassley suggested that no women were serving on the Senate Judiciary Committee because of the heavy workload. The following week, Grassley added that he would "'welcome more women'" to serve on the Committee "'because women as a whole are smarter than most male senators. And they work real hard, too.'"
On November 5, 2007, Grassley announced an investigation into the tax-exempt status of six ministries under the leadership of Benny Hinn, Paula White, Eddie L. Long, Joyce Meyer, Creflo Dollar, and Kenneth Copeland by the United States Senate Committee on Finance. In letters to each ministry, Grassley asked for the ministries to divulge specific financial information to the committee to determine whether or not funds collected by each organization were inappropriately utilized by ministry heads. By the December 6, 2007 deadline, only three of the ministries had shown compliance with the Finance Committee's request. On March 11, 2008, Grassley and Finance chairman Max Baucus sent follow-up letters to Kenneth Copeland, Creflo Dollar and Eddie Long, explaining that the Senate reserved the right to investigate the finances of their organizations under federal tax laws.
Grassley also began an investigation about unreported payments to physicians by pharmaceutical companies. Grassley led a 2008 Congressional Investigation which found that well-known university psychiatrists, who had promoted psychoactive drugs, had violated federal and university regulations by secretly receiving large sums of money from the pharmaceutical companies which made the drugs. The New York Times reported that Joseph Biederman of Harvard University had failed to report over a million dollars of income that he had received from pharmaceutical companies. Weeks later, Business Week reported that Grassley alleged that Alan Schatzberg, chair of psychiatry at Stanford University, had underreported his investments in Corcept Therapeutics, a company he founded. Schatzberg had reported only $100,000 investments in Corcept, but Grassley stated that his investments actually totalled over $6 million. Schatzberg later stepped down from his grant which is funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Similarly, Charles Nemeroff resigned as chair of the psychiatry department at Emory University after failing to report a third of the $2.8 million in consulting fees he received from GlaxoSmithKline. At the time he received these fees, Nemeroff had been principal investigator of a $3.9 million NIH grant evaluating five medications for depression manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline.
In 2008, for the first time, Grassley asked the American Psychiatric Association to disclose how much of its annual budget came from drug industry funds. The APA said that industry contributed 28% of its budget ($14 million at that time), mainly through paid advertising in APA journals and funds for continuing medical education.
Grassley was elected to his Senate seat in 1980, defeating the Democratic incumbent, John Culver. He was reelected in 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010 and 2016; he is the longest-serving senator in Iowa history. In 1992, he won a third term with 69 percent of the vote even as Bill Clinton carried the state in the presidential election.
Grassley was unopposed in the Republican primary, although some conservatives said he has drifted "too far to the left". Among those is conservative activist Bill Salier, who said "Grassley was the dominant force and had an enormous amount of loyalty. That has so eroded out from underneath him" during an interview on WHO-AM radio.
Grassley was reelected with 64.5% of the vote, Roxanne Conlin getting 33.2% of the vote. He carried every county in the state except Johnson County, which hosts the University of Iowa. He is only the second Iowan to serve six terms in the Senate; the other being Iowa's longest-serving senator, William B. Allison.
Grassley sought a seventh term in the 2016 election. Distinct from 2010, he was expected to face a strong challenge from former Democratic lieutenant governor Patty Judge, but he won his seventh term with over 60% of the vote as the Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump won the state with over 51% of the vote.
According to the nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics in 2010, the industries that have been the largest contributors to Grassley during his political career are health professionals ($1 million in contributions), insurance industry ($997,674), lawyers/law firms ($625,543) and pharmaceuticals/health products ($538,680). His largest corporate donors have been Blue Cross Blue Shield insurance, Amgen biotech company and Wells Fargo bank.
|Republican||Chuck Grassley (inc.)||926,007||60.09%||-4.26%|
|Republican||Chuck Grassley (inc.)||718,215||64.35%||-5.83%|
|Republican||Chuck Grassley (inc.)||1,038,175||70.18%||+1.77%|
|Libertarian||Christy Ann Welty||15,218||1.03%||N/A|
|Green||Daryl A. Northrop||11,121||0.75%||N/A|
|Socialist Workers||Edwin Fruit||1,874||0.13%||-0.14%|
|Republican||Chuck Grassley (inc.)||648,480||68.41%||-1.20%|
|Natural Law||Susan Marcus||7,561||0.80%||-0.47%|
|Socialist Workers||Margaret Trowe||2,542||0.27%||+0.16%|
|Republican||Chuck Grassley (inc.)||899,761||69.61%||+3.58%|
|Democratic||Jean Hall Lloyd-Jones||351,561||27.20%||-6.37%|
|Natural Law||Stuart Zimmerman||16,403||1.27%||N/A|
|Grassroots||Carl Eric Olsen||3,404||0.26%||N/A|
|Independent||Richard O'Dell Hughes||2,918||0.23%||N/A|
|Socialist Workers||Cleve Andrew Pulley||1,370||0.11%||N/A|
|Republican||Chuck Grassley (inc.)||588,880||66.04%||+12.55%|
|Democratic||John P. Roehrick||299,406||33.57%||-11.97%|
|Democratic||John Culver (inc.)||581,545||45.54%||-4.48%|
|Independent||Garry De Young||5,858||0.46%||N/A|
|Libertarian||Robert V. Hengerer||4,233||0.33%||N/A|
|Independent||John Ingram Henderson||2,336||0.18%||N/A|
|Republican gain from Democratic||Swing|
|United States Senate Republican Primary election in Iowa, 1980|
1978 Iowa 3rd District United States Congressional Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 74.8%|
|John Knudson (D) 25.2%|
1976 Iowa 3rd District United States Congressional Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 56%|
|Stephen Rapp 44%|
1974 Iowa 3rd District United States Congressional Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) 50.8%|
|Stephen Rapp (D) 49.2%|
1974 Iowa 3rd District United States Congressional Republican Primary Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) 42%|
|Robert Case (R) 28.2%|
|Charlene Conklin (R) 18.8%|
|Bart Schwieger (R) 6.6%|
|John Williams (R) 4.4%|
1972 Iowa House of Representatives 37th District Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 86.3%|
|Tim Youngblood (D) 13.7%|
1970 Iowa House of Representatives 10th District Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 62.7%|
|Rollin Howell (D) 36.2%|
|Colene Eliason (AI) 1.1%|
1966 Iowa House of Representatives Butler District Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 69.2%|
|Floyd Ramker (D) 30.8%|
1964 Iowa House of Representatives Butler District Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 60.9%|
|Beverly Moffitt (D) 39.1%|
1962 Iowa House of Representatives Butler District Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 64.3%|
|Vernon Garner (D) 35.7%|
1960 Iowa House of Representatives Butler District Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 69.1%|
|Vernon Garner (D) 30.9%|
1958 Iowa House of Representatives Butler District Election
|Chuck Grassley (R) 64.1%|
|Travis Moffitt (D) 35.9%|
Chuck Grassley and Barbara Ann Speicher married on August 22, 1954. They have five children: Lee, Wendy, Robin, Michele, and Jay. Grassley is a member of the Family, the organization that organizes the National Prayer Breakfast. His grandson Pat Grassley is a member of the Iowa House of Representatives. Grassley is also known for his widely reported and long-running "feud" with the History Channel over its perceived lack of actual history programming.
In 2009, Grassley received the Health Policy Hero award from the National Center for Health Research for his 2004 oversight of legislative reforms and accountability of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Grassley was also named the hardest working member of Congress by The Hill newspaper in June 2010, tied with Max Baucus.
- Breuninger, Kevin. "Sen. Chuck Grassley opts for Finance Committee chairman, setting up Sen. Lindsey Graham to lead Judiciary Committee". CNBC. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- Bolton, Alexander. "Trump set to have close ally Graham in powerful chairmanship". The Hill. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- KCRG-TV9, Ellyn Felton. "Grassley set to become Senate pro tempore". www.kcrg.com. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- "Chuck Grassley to be third in line for the Presidency". KIMT News. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- Ancestors of Charles Ernest Grassley Archived May 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. rootsweb.com.
- "Greeks in the 113th Congress". North-American Interfraternity Conference. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "Charles Grassley". www.legis.iowa.gov. Archived from the original on December 13, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
- "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress - Grassley, Charles Ernest - Biographical Information". Office of Art and Archives and Office of the Historian, The United States Congress. Archived from the original on March 10, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
- "32 G.O.P. SENATORS PRAISE STOCKMAN; OTHERS SKEPTICAL". New York Times. November 14, 1981.
- Miller, Judith (August 20, 1982). "QUARREL IN SENATE OVER RADIO MARTI". New York Times.
- "SENATE'S ROLL-CALL VOTE ON KING HOLIDAY". New York Times. October 20, 1983. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
- "CONTEMPT CITATION IN DYNAMICS CASE". New York Times. November 1, 1984.
- "Government suspends farm price support payments". UPI. May 1, 1987.
- "Sen. Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, a leading conservative supporter of..." UPI. October 8, 1987.
- "Supporters of Robert Bork's Supreme Court nomination renewed their..." UPI. October 22, 1987.
- Lauter, David (November 5, 1987). "Senate Panel Refuses to Rush Hearings on Ginsburg". Los Angeles Times.
- "Ginsburg Admits Smoking Marijuana in '60s and '70s". Los Angeles Times. November 6, 1987.
- Thomas, Helen (November 10, 1987). "President Reagan nominates Judge Anthony Kennedy to Supreme Court". UPI.
- "Senate Leaders, Reacting to Criticism, Agree to Vote on Rejecting a Raise". New York Times. January 5, 1989.
- "Tempers and Patience Short In Pay-Conscious Congress". New York Times. February 2, 1989.
- "FLAG-BURNING BAN IS VOTED BY SENATE". New York Times. October 6, 1989.
- "Senate creates POW-MIA panel". UPI. August 2, 1991.
- Clinton, Bill (July 22, 1998). "Remarks on Signing the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998". Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018.
And in particular, let me thank Senator Kerrey and Congressman Portman, Senator Roth, Senator Moynihan, Senator Grassley, Congressman Archer, Congressman Rangel, Congressman Cardin for their leading work that makes it possible for me to sign into law today the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act.
- "Panel Reaches Deal on Budget Framework". New York Times. May 9, 2001.
- Storm, Stephanie (August 22, 2002). "Senator Questions Finances of United Way". New York Times.
- "Dead farmers got subsidies". The Seattle Times. July 24, 2007. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
- "CCAGW Honors Sen. Chuck Grassley for Being a "Taxpayer Super Hero"". MarketWatch. July 30, 2015. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
- The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index (PDF), The Lugar Center, March 7, 2016, archived (PDF) from the original on June 21, 2017, retrieved April 30, 2017
- "The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: The Lugar Center. April 24, 2018. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
- Lichtblau, Eric (February 19, 2004). "Senator Says Report Chronicling Misconduct by F.B.I. Agents Is a 'List of Horrors'". New York Times.
- "Senator seeks tax on pimps, prostitutes (cnn.com)". CNN. Archived from the original on August 21, 2006. Retrieved August 17, 2006.
- "Grassley Press Release on the "Pimp Tax"". Archived from the original on June 28, 2006. Retrieved August 17, 2006.
- Bradsher, Keith (May 30, 2006). "Americans Living Abroad Get a Nasty Tax Surprise". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Bilefsky, Dan (May 12, 2006). "Americans abroad face higher United States tax bills". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on June 19, 2006.
- Senator Charles Grassley’s Letter of October 3rd 2007 in the Wall Street Journal Provokes Vivid Response. Archived February 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Pressure grows on AIG to return bonuses". NBC News. Associated Press. March 18, 2009.
- Montanaro, Domenico (March 17, 2009). "Grassley dismisses suicide talk as rhetoric". MSNBC. Archived from the original on March 20, 2009.
- Phillips, Kate (March 17, 2009). "Grassley: A.I.G. Must Take Its Medicine (Not Hemlock)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 19, 2009.
- Hancock, Jason (May 8, 2009). "Grassley cosponsors flag-burning amendment". IowaIndependent.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "Grassleys opposition to individual insurance mandate comes under fire". Iowa Independent. October 8, 2009. Archived from the original on October 11, 2009.
- Stein, Sam (September 12, 2009). "Grassley Endorses "Death Panel" Rumor: "You Have Every Right To Fear"". HuffingtonPost.com. Archived from the original on December 16, 2009. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Hancock, Jason (August 12, 2009). "Grassley: Government shouldn't 'decide when to pull the plug on grandma'". IowaIndependent.com. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Hancock, Jason (August 12, 2009). "Grassley repeats euthanasia claim". IowaIndependent.com. Archived from the original on August 15, 2009. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "Sen. Deather". The Rachel Maddow Show. NBC News. August 13, 2009. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Grassley was for 'death panels' before he was against them Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, iowaindependent.com; accessed March 5, 2017.
- Ed Tibbetts (April 17, 2013). "Grassley proposes alternative gun bill". Quad-City Times. Archived from the original on April 21, 2013.
- Nicholas, Peter (January 7, 2010). "GOP senators voice reservations about TSA nominee Erroll Southers". New York Times.
- Mark Memmott (December 22, 2010). "Senate Ratifies START". npr.org. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
- Baker, Peter (December 22, 2010). "Senate Passes Arms Control Treaty With Russia, 71-26". New York Times.
- "Senate Deal Sets Up Friday Christmas Exit, Pushes Yellen Confirmation to 2014 (Updated)". Roll Call. December 19, 2013. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- O'Keefe, Ed. "Susan Collins casts her 5,000th consecutive vote". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Matt Kelley (June 16, 2015). "Senator Grassley introduces bill to protect taxpayers from IRS". RadioIowa. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015.
- "Sen. Chuck Grassley (R)". National Journal Almanac. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
- Glueck, Katie. "Cruz's bid for a 'full Grassley' succeeds at the wire". Politico. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Landler, Mark; Haberman, Maggie (July 9, 2018). "Brett Kavanaugh Is Trump's Pick for Supreme Court". The New York Times.
- Pfannenstiel, Brianne (July 9, 2018). "Chuck Grassley: Trump's Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh a 'superb' choice". Des Moines Register.
- Gruber-Miller, Stephen (July 11, 2018). "Grassley: 'How are you going to know' how Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh will rule?". Des Moines Register.
- "North Iowans ask Grassley questions on health care reform". GlobeGazette.com. April 1, 2010. Archived from the original on November 15, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
- "ANTI-ABORTION BILL VOTED, 4-0". New York Times. December 17, 1981.
- "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
- "Senators Urge Department-Wide USDA Initiative to Prioritize Farm Bill Water Quality Improvements". hoosieragtoday.com. April 17, 2019.
- "Grassley wants to meet with EPA over agriculture rules". The Des Moines Register. May 23, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
- "Grassley named a Friend of Iowa Wind Energy". KMA Land. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
- "Grassley's ethanol challenge". The Washington Post. November 24, 2010. Archived from the original on November 15, 2016.
- Des Moines Register, quoted by Brett Saumuels (December 3, 2017). "Grassley: Ending estate tax 'recognizes people that are investing,' not 'spending every darn penny'". The Hill. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Samuels, Brett (December 3, 2017). "Grassley: Ending estate tax 'recognizes people that are investing,' not 'spending every darn penny'". TheHill. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- "Despite lawmakers' warnings, few Iowa farmers face estate tax". Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Archived from the original on October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Shabad, Rebecca (September 18, 2013). "Grassley: Gun control ineffective until mental issues are addressed". TheHill. Archived from the original on October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Lejeune, Tristan (June 20, 2016). "Senate rejects gun control background check measures". TheHill. Archived from the original on October 4, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Ernst, Grassley vote with GOP on gun control". Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Benen, Steve. "Senate Republicans vote to expand gun access for mentally impaired". MSNBC. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Noble, Jason. "Grassley: Las Vegas shooting unlikely to move Congress on gun control". Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- CNN, Sarah Mucha. "Grassley: Gov't needs to do better on mental health and guns". CNN. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- "Grassley eyes Obamacare cure". thonline.com. August 29, 2015. Archived from the original on September 1, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
- Golshan, Tara; Scott, Dylan; Stein, Jeff (June 16, 2017). "We asked 8 Senate Republicans to explain what their health bill is trying to do". Vox. Archived from the original on June 16, 2017. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- "Grassley: GOP will lose Senate majority without healthcare reform". The Hill. July 8, 2017.
- "GOP senators introduce bill to preserve ObamaCare's pre-existing conditions protections". The Hill. August 24, 2018.
- Leys, Tony. "Grassley opposes medical marijuana rescheduling". Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Cosponsors - S.720 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Israel Anti-Boycott Act". www.congress.gov. March 23, 2017.
- Levitz, Eric (July 19, 2017). "43 Senators Want to Make It a Federal Crime to Boycott Israeli Settlements". Intelligencer.
- Tibbetts, Ed. "Grassley: U.S. hands aren't clean". The Quad-City Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Fox & friends (foxandfriends). [email protected]'s message to those calling Comey's firing 'Nixonian': 'Suck it up and move on.'" Archived November 9, 2017, at the Wayback Machine 10 May 2017, 5:12 a.m. Tweet.
- Barrett, Ted. "Top Republicans (literally) dodge questions on Trump aide indictments". CNN. CNN. Archived from the original on October 31, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- Fandos, Nicholas; Rosenberg, Matthew (2018). "Republican Senators Recommend Charges Against Author of Trump Dossier". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- "'Human source' in Trump orbit contacted FBI, Fusion GPS co-founder told senators". POLITICO. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- Breuninger, Kevin (January 9, 2018). "Senate Democrats just released the full testimony on the Trump-Russia dossier. Here's what's in it". CNBC. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- Needham, Vicki (January 30, 2018). "Senate Republicans call on Trump to preserve NAFTA". The Hill.
- "1983: Neoconservative Arrives at Pentagon, Allegedly Acts as Israeli Agent within Defense Department". Counterpunch. February 24, 2004. Archived from the original on November 15, 2016.
- Hicks, Josh. "Sen. Charles Grassley plans new whistleblower-protection caucus". Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
- [email protected], CHRISTINIA CRIPPES. "Grassley grilled on Snowden views at whistleblower talk". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- Gregorian, Dareh. "Chuck Grassley defends Ukraine whistleblower, breaking with GOP and Trump". NBC News. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
- Everett, Burgess. "Grassley breaks with Trump over protecting whistleblower". Politico. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
- "Grassley suggests absence of women on Judiciary due to committee's heavy workload". The Washington Post. October 5, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
- Leys, Tony (October 8, 2018). "Chuck Grassley: Judiciary should have more women, because they 'are smarter than most male senators'". Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
- Lohr, Kathy (December 4, 2007). "Senator Probes Megachurches' Finances". NPR.org. Archived from the original on December 6, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
- "Televangelists Living Like Kings?". CBS News. November 6, 2007. Archived from the original on November 9, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2007.
- "Grassley, Baucus Urge Four Ministries to Cooperate". Planned Giving Design Center. March 12, 2008. Archived from the original on January 26, 2009. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
- Kirk, Stuart A. (2013). Mad Science: Psychiatric Coercion, Diagnosis, and Drugs. Transaction Publishers. p. 21.
- Harris, Gardiner; Carey, Benedict (June 8, 2008). "Researchers Fail to Reveal Full Drug Pay". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008.
- Weintraub, Arlene (June 26, 2008). "Drug Makers and College Labs: Too Cozy?". Business Week. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011.
- "Stanford Researcher, Accused of Conflicts, Steps Down as NIH Principal Investigator". The Chronicle of Higher Education. August 1, 2008. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009.
- Gellene, Denise; Maugh II, Thomas H. (October 4, 2008). "Doctor Accused in Congress' Probe". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009.
- Kirk, Stuart A. (2013). Mad Science: Psychiatric Coercion, Diagnosis, and Drugs. Transaction Publishers. p. 217.
- Hancock, Jason (April 10, 2009). "Salier: Grassley could be primaried". IowaIndependent.com. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Hancock, Jason (August 7, 2009). "Salier renews threat of Grassley primary". IowaIndependent.com. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "County Results - Election Center 2010 - Elections & Politics from CNN.com". CNN. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012.
- "Charles Grassley Faces Formidable Challenger in Iowa Senate Race". NY Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
- "Iowa Presidential Race Results: Donald J. Trump Wins". The New York Times. August 1, 2017. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
- "Chuck Grassley: Campaign Finance/Money – Industries". Center for Responsive Politics. Archived from the original on August 21, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- "2016 Senatorial General Election Results" (PDF). Uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 2, 2010" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "MICROCOMP output file" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 3, 1998" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 3, 1992" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 4, 1986" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 4, 1980" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "Barbara Grassley". Iowa State University Plaza of Heroines. February 26, 2015. Archived from the original on August 26, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
- Sharlet, Jeff (July 21, 2009). "Sex and power inside "the C Street House"". Salon.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "Representative Pat Grassley". Iowa Legislature. Archived from the original on February 12, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- Carter, Brandon (December 9, 2017). "Grassley renews feud with History Channel over lack of history programming". Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- "Previous Foremothers and Health Policy Heroes". National Research Center for Women & Families. 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "Grassley recognized for work to increase accountability in health care system". Press Release. grassley.senate.gov. May 8, 2009. Archived from the original on October 7, 2009.
- Victoria, Lauren (June 9, 2010). "The 25 hardest working lawmakers". TheHill.com. Archived from the original on June 16, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
- Senator Chuck Grassley official United States Senate site
- Grassley For Senate
- Chuck Grassley at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|Iowa House of Representatives|
| Member of the Iowa House of Representatives
from the 73rd district
| Member of the Iowa House of Representatives
from the 10th district
| Member of the Iowa House of Representatives
from the 37th district
|U.S. House of Representatives|
H. R. Gross
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 3rd congressional district
T. Cooper Evans
|Party political offices|
David M. Stanley
| Republican nominee for U.S. senator from Iowa
1980, 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010, 2016
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Iowa
Served alongside: Roger Jepsen, Tom Harkin, Joni Ernst
| Chair of the Senate Aging Committee
| Ranking Member of the Senate Finance Committee
| Chair of the Senate Finance Committee|
| Ranking Member of the Senate Finance Committee|
| Chair of the Senate Finance Committee|
| Chair of the Senate Narcotics Caucus
| Chair of the Joint Taxation Committee
| Chair of the Joint Taxation Committee
| Ranking Member of the Senate Narcotics Caucus
| Ranking Member of the Senate Finance Committee
| Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee
| Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee
| Chair of the Senate Narcotics Caucus
| Chair of the Senate Finance Committee
| President pro tempore of the United States Senate
| Most Senior Republican in the United States Senate
|Order of precedence|
| United States senators by seniority
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
| Order of Precedence of the United States
as President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate
as Senate Majority Leader
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
| 3rd in line
as President pro tempore of the Senate
as Secretary of State