Daman and Diu

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Daman and Diu
Former union territory
Pic of beach ( daman).jpg
Devka Beach in Daman
IN-DD.svg
Map of Daman and Diu
CapitalDaman
Area 
• 
112 km2 (43 sq mi)
Population 
• 
242,911
Government
Administrator 
• 1987 (first)
Gopal Singh
• 2019 (last)
Praful Khoda Patel
History 
• Established
30 May 1987
Political subdivisions2 districts
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Goa, Daman and Diu
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Daman and Diu /dəˈmɑːn ...ˈd/ (About this soundlocally ) was a union territory in western India. With an area of 112 km2 (43 sq mi), it was the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. The territory comprised two distinct regions—Daman and Diu—that are geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat. The state of Gujarat and the Arabian Sea border the territory. A Portuguese colony since the 1500s, the territories were annexed by India in 1961. Daman and Diu were administered as part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu between 1961 and 1987, when they became a separate union territory. In 2019, the union territory of Daman and Diu was merged with a neighbouring union territory, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, to form the new union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. [1] It has also been ruled by Kolis.[2][3]

History[edit]

Portuguese-era map of Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Portuguese-era map of Diu
St. Paul's Church in Diu

For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman (Portuguese: Damão) and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961, by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until the Carnation Revolution of 1974.

The territory of Goa, Daman and Diu was administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constituted one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 650 kilometres away from each other by road.

In December 2019, the Parliament of India passed legislation to merge Daman and Diu with the nearby union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to create a new union territory to be known as Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.[4] [5] [6]

Demographics[edit]

Literacy[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Daman and Diu had a literacy rate of 87.1%, higher than the national average of 74.04%.[7] Male and female literacy rates are 91.5 and 79.5 percent respectively.

Literacy rates in Daman and Diu
Male
91.5%
Female
79.5%
Total
87.1%

Sex ratio[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the lowest female-to-male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu.[8] The Daman district, with a female-to-male ratio of .533, is among the lowest of all the districts.

Religion[edit]

Hinduism was by far the most common religion in Daman and Diu. Muslims were the second-largest religious group in the territory, followed by Christians.

Religion in Daman and Diu[9]
Hinduism
90.50%
Islam
7.92%
Christianity
1.16%
Others
0.41%

The Catholic Christians of Daman and Diu are pastorally served by the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman, which has its see in Goa, the primatial see of India.

Languages[edit]

Languages of Daman and Diu (2011)[10]

  Gujarati (50.83%)
  Hindi (36.31%)
  Marathi (4.53%)
  Bengali (2.15%)
  Odia (1.82%)
  Nepali (0.58%)
  Malayalam (0.51%)
  Assamese (0.49%)
  Others (2.78%)

Gujarati was the mother tongue of most of the territory's population, as they belong to the Gujarati-speaking Damaniya sub-caste. Along with Gujarati, Hindi and English are also widely used. Daman and Diu were once part of a combined union territory along with Goa (a Konkani-speaking region), before Goa became a state in 1987.

The use of Portuguese, which was the territory's official language during the colonial period, is in decline and relegated to home use. It is also used as a liturgical language by the territory's Catholics. Standard Portuguese exists in a post-creole continuum while Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10,000–12,000 people in Daman.

The languages taught in schools in Daman and Diu under the three-language formula were:[11]

First language: Gujarati
Second language: Hindi
Third language: English

Population growth 
CensusPop.
195149,000
196137,000−24.5%
197163,00070.3%
198179,00025.4%
1991102,00029.1%
2001158,00054.9%
Source:Census of India[12]


Administration[edit]

Diu Beach

According to the Constitution of India, the dministration of Daman and Diu was carried out by an Administrator, appointed by the President of India as an agent of the President, not a head of state/government or a governor. He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty. Currently, this post is held by Praful Khoda Patel.

Districts[edit]

The union territory of Daman and Diu had two districts:

  • Diu District, an area of 40 km2 (15 sq mi). The main settlement is the town of Diu.
  • Daman District, an area of 28 sq mi or 72 km2 (28 sq mi). The main settlement is the city of Daman.

Media and communications[edit]

Print media[edit]

Gujarati:

English:

Marathi:

Hindi:

Telecommunications[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff, The ID (4 December 2019). "Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu UTs merge for 'better admin efficiency, service': MoS Home". Indus Dictum. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  2. ^ Ward (1998). Gujarat–Daman–Diu: A Travel Guide. Orient Longman Limited. ISBN 9788125013839.
  3. ^ Singh, K. S.; Solanki, B. R.; Sinha, N. K.; Pereira, Jaime F. (1994). Daman and Diu. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 9788171547616.
  4. ^ Dutta, Amrita Nayak (10 July 2019). "There will be one UT less as Modi govt plans to merge Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu". The Print. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Govt plans to merge 2 UTs -- Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli".
  6. ^ http://164.100.47.4/BillsTexts/LSBillTexts/Asintroduced/366_2019_LS_Eng.pdf
  7. ^ census 2011
  8. ^ "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001" (PDF). Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  9. ^ "Daman and Diu". Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Language – India, States and Union Territories" (PDF). Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General. pp. 13–14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  11. ^ "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. 15 July 2015. p. 125. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  12. ^ "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2008.

External links[edit]