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Location of Doda district in Jammu and Kashmir
|Coordinates (Doda): Coordinates:|
|Union territory||Jammu and Kashmir|
|Tehsils||1. Thathri |
11. Bharth Bagla
13. Chilli Pingal
|• Total||2,625 km2 (1,014 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (400/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||919|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 244|
Doda is a district in eastern part of Jammu Division of the Indian Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The district consists of 17 Tehsils: Thathri, Bhaderwah, Doda, Mahalla, Bhagwa, Assar, Bhalla, Gundana, Marmat, Kahara, Gandoh (Bhalessa), Bhella, Bharth Bagla, Chiralla, Chilli Pingal, Phagsoo(Fagsu) and Kashtigarh.
The demography of district Doda is complex as compared to its neighbouring districts primarily because of the wide diversity in its population. In the past, Doda was largely inhabited by Sarazi population before people started settling here from kashmir and other adjoining areas. The reasons for kashmiri population settling here in the past in 17th and 18th century is matter of ambiguity between historians. However Sumantra Bose says it was repression by feudal class that drew people to the district of Doda, Ramban and kishtwar.
The Doda district consists of areas drawn from the ancient principalities of Kishtwar and Bhadarwah, both of which became part of a district by the name of 'Udhampur' in the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.
In 1948, the erstwhile Udhampur district was partitioned into the present Udhampur district, containing the Udhampur and Ramanagar tehsils, and a 'Doda' district containing the Ramban, Bhadarwah and Kishtwar tehsils.
In 2006, Ramban was made into an independent district and the hilly area to the east of the present Doda district was separated as the Kishtwar district. The remaining areas include the Doda tehsil carved out of Kishtwar and the original Bhadarwah, now divided into three tehsils.
According to the 2011 census Doda district has a population of 409,936, roughly equal to the nation of Malta. This gives it a ranking of 556th in India(out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 79 inhabitants per square kilometre (200/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 27.89%.
Doda has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.97%. The district has a Muslim majority 53.82%, with Hindus constituting 45.94% of the population and the remainder consisting of Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains. The Islamic faith had entered in this region as a spiritual and moral force when Hazarat Shah Freed-Ud-Din came via Dingbattle in 1650AD in Doda. He stayed at Doda for about 14 years and preached the thoughts of Islam, then he left for Kishtwar.
Prominent Scholar Sumantra Bose states that the majority of Doda Muslims are Kashmiri-speaking.A study conducted in 2014 identified 40% of the population as Kashmiri-speaking. A section of population also speaks a dialect named Sarazi.
Doda's society therefore is a mixed one with Hindus and Muslims being two major communities. The population ratio between the Muslims and the Hindus in Doda region as per the census report of 2011 is around 60:40. Muslims of Doda are mostly ethnic Kashmiris and are culturally and linguistically connected to the people of Kashmir. Doda's Muslim society shares close social, cultural and political affinity with the Muslims of the Valley. Historical records say that most Muslims of the region are migrants from the Valley who left Kashmir on various occasions due to the fear of being persecuted by tyrant rulers or due to natural calamities like famine and floods.[circular reference]
Kashmiri, therefore, is one of the major languages spoken in the region.The Muslims of the area mostly speak Kashmiri while Hindus use other languages—for instance, Sirazi in Doda and Bhaderwahi in Bhaderwah. However, most of the people are well-versed with all the languages spoken in the area.
Administratively, the district has 406 villages. Doda District has been divided into three subdivisions viz., Doda, Bhaderwah and Bhalessa(Gandoh) . It has twelve tehsils. There are eight Rural Development Blocks comprising Bhaderwah, Ghat(Doda), Thathri, Gandoh, Bhagwah, Assar, Marmat and Gundana. The number of Panchyats is 232.
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Malta 408,333 July 2011 est.
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