Doda district

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Doda district
Location of Doda district in Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Doda district in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates (Doda): 33°08′45″N 75°32′52″E / 33.145733°N 75.547817°E / 33.145733; 75.547817Coordinates: 33°08′45″N 75°32′52″E / 33.145733°N 75.547817°E / 33.145733; 75.547817
CountryIndia
StateJammu and Kashmir
DivisionJammu Division
HeadquartersDoda
Tehsils1. Bhaderwah
2. Doda
3. Gondoh
4. Thathri[1]
Area
 • Total2,625 km2 (1,014 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total409,936
 • Density160/km2 (400/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy64.68%
 • Sex ratio919
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-06
Major highwaysNH 244
Websitehttp://doda.gov.in
View of Doda city in Jammu

Doda is a district in eastern part of Jammu Division of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The district consists of 8 Tehsils: Bhagwa, Assar, Doda, Gundana, Marmat, Bhaderwah, Gandoh (Bhalessa), and Thathri.[2]

History[edit]

The demography of district Doda is complex as compared to its neighbouring districts primarily because of the wide diversity in its population.In the past, Doda was largely inhabited by Sarazi population before people started settling here from kashmir and other adjoining areas.[3][4]The reasons for kashmiri population settling here in the past in 17th and 18th century is matter of ambiguity between historians.[5]However Sumantra Bose says it was repression by feudal class that drew people to the district of Doda, Ramban and kishtwar.[6][7]

The Doda district consists of areas drawn from the ancient principalities of Kishtwar and Bhadarwah, both of which became part of a district by the name of 'Udhampur' in the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.[8]

In 1948, the erstwhile Udhampur district was partitioned into the present Udhampur district, containing the Udhampur and Ramanagar tehsils, and a 'Doda' district containing the Ramban, Bhadarwah and Kishtwar tehsils.[9][10][11]

In 2006, Ramban was made into an independent district and the hilly area to the east of the present Doda district was separated as the Kishtwar district. The remaining areas include the Doda tehsil carved out of Kishtwar and the original Bhadarwah, now divided into three tehsils.[9][12]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Doda district (2011)[13]

  Islam (53.82%)
  Hinduism (45.77%)
  Christianity (0.12%)
  Sikhism (0.10%)
  Others (0.03%)
  Atheist (0.18%)

According to the 2011 census Doda district has a population of 409,936,[14] roughly equal to the nation of Malta.[15] This gives it a ranking of 556th in India(out of a total of 640).[14] The district has a population density of 79 inhabitants per square kilometre (200/sq mi) .[14] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.89%.[14]

Doda has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males,[14] and a literacy rate of 65.97%.[14] The district has a Muslim majority 53.82%, with Hindus constituting 45.94% of the population and the remainder consisting of Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains.[16] The Islamic faith had entered in this region as a spiritual and moral force when Hazarat Shah Freed-Ud-Din came via Dingbattle in 1650AD in Doda. He stayed at Doda for about 14 years and preached the thoughts of Islam, then he left for Kishtwar.[17][18]

Languages[edit]

Prominent Scholar Sumantra Bose states that the majority of Doda Muslims are Kashmiri-speaking.[19][20][circular reference][21]A study conducted in 2014 identified 40% of the population as Kashmiri-speaking.[22] A section of population also speaks a dialect named Sarazi.[23]

Other vernaculars include Bhadrawahi, a Western Pahari dialect spoken by about 53 000 people in Doda district, written in both the Arabic and Devanagari scripts.[24]

Doda’s population comprises different communities and though people follow different religions and speak different languages, they have an essential unity.

Doda’s society therefore is a mixed one with Hindus and Muslims being two major communities. The population ratio between the Muslims and the Hindus in Doda region as per the census report of 2011 is around 60:40. Muslims of Doda are mostly ethnic Kashmiris and are culturally and linguistically connected to the people of Kashmir.[25]Doda’s Muslim society shares close social, cultural and political affinity with the Muslims of the Valley.[26][27]Historical records says that most muslims of the region are migrants from the Valley who left Kashmir on various occasions due to the fear of being persecuted by tyrant rulers or due to natural calamities like famine and floods.[28][circular reference][29]

[30]Kashmiri, therefore, is one of the major languages spoken in the region.The Muslims of the area mostly speak Kashmiri while Hindus use other languages—for instance, Sirazi in Doda and Bhaderwahi in Bhaderwah. However, most of the people are well-versed with all the languages spoken in the area.[31][32]

Administration[edit]

Administratively, the district has 406 villages. Doda District has been divided into three subdivisions viz., Doda, Bhaderwah and Bhalessa(Gandoh) . It has twelve tehsils.[33] There are eight Rural Development Blocks comprising Bhaderwah, Ghat(Doda), Thathri, Gandoh, Bhagwah, Assar, Marmat and Gundana. The number of Panchyats is 232.[34]

Politics[edit]

Doda District has two assembly constituencies: Bhaderwah and Doda.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tehsils in Doda district, Jammu and Kashmir - Census 2011".
  2. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts Archived 10 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  3. ^ https://www.sahapedia.org/sarazi-endangered-language-of-the-chenab-valley
  4. ^ "Story of Doda misunderstood by Kashmir". Greater Kashmir. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Mini Kashmir". Kashmir Life. 11 January 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  6. ^ Snedden, Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris 2015, p. 23.
  7. ^ "Sarazi: Endangered Language of the Chenab Valley". Sahapedia. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  8. ^ "About Doda District". Jammu Redefining. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016.
  9. ^ a b District profile, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Doda, retrieved 23 October 2016.
  10. ^ Snedden, Christopher (2015), Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris, Oxford University Press, p. xxi, ISBN 978-1-84904-342-7
  11. ^ Behera, Navnita Chadha (2007), Demystifying Kashmir, Pearson Education India, p. 28, ISBN 8131708462
  12. ^ 8 New Districts in JK, 13 New Tehsils, Greater Kashmir, 7 July 2006.
  13. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". Census. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  15. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Malta 408,333 July 2011 est.
  16. ^ District Census Handbook: Doda, Directorate of Census Operations, Jammu & Kashmir, 2017.
  17. ^ [www.dailyexcelsior.com "The past,present of Doda"] Check |url= value (help). Dailyxcelsior.
  18. ^ Excelsior, Daily (6 February 2016). "Past, present of Doda". Jammu Kashmir Latest News | Tourism | Breaking News J&K. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  19. ^ Sumantra Bose, Geography, Politics and the Fighters of Kashmir Archived 16 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine London School of Economics
  20. ^ "Kashmiris - Deep web". en.m.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  21. ^ "Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace". 28 January 2009. ISSN 0015-7120. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  22. ^ Shujaat Bukhari, Nearly 35% People Speak Kashmiri In Erstwhile J&K: Study, Rising Kashmir, 29 June 2014.
  23. ^ https://www.sahapedia.org/saraz-and-sarazi-situating-language-and-linguistic-zone-jammu-and-kashmir
  24. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhadrawahi: A language of Pakistan". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  25. ^ [9] Snedden, Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris 2015, p. 23.
  26. ^ "Mini Kashmir". Kashmir Life. 11 January 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  27. ^ fathom.lse.ac.uk http://fathom.lse.ac.uk/Seminars/10701013/10701013_session3.html. Retrieved 6 September 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashmiris#CITEREFSnedden,_Understanding_Kashmir_and_Kashmiris2015
  29. ^ "The distribution of Language". Greater Kashmir. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Nearly 35% people speak Kashmiri in erstwhile J&K: Study". Rising Kashmir. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  31. ^ "Saraz and Sarazi: Situating a Language and Linguistic Zone in Jammu and Kashmir". Sahapedia. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  32. ^ "Story of Doda misunderstood by Kashmir". Greater Kashmir. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  33. ^ Creation of new Administrative Units in the State, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, 16 July 2014.
  34. ^ "Official webportal of Doda district". NIC Doda. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  35. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]