Doug Jones (politician)

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Doug Jones
Senator Doug Jones official photo.jpg
United States Senator
from Alabama
Assumed office
January 3, 2018
Serving with Richard Shelby
Preceded byLuther Strange
United States Attorney for the
Northern District of Alabama
In office
September 8, 1997 – January 20, 2001
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byClaude Harris Jr.
Succeeded byAlice Martin
Personal details
Born
Gordon Douglas Jones

(1954-05-04) May 4, 1954 (age 65)
Fairfield, Alabama, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Louise New (m. 1992)
Children3
EducationUniversity of Alabama (BS)
Samford University (JD)
Signature
WebsiteSenate website

Gordon Douglas Jones (born May 4, 1954) is an American attorney, former prosecutor and politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Alabama since 2018. A member of the Democratic Party, he was a United States Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama from 1997 to 2001.

Jones was born in Fairfield, Alabama, and is a graduate of the University of Alabama and Cumberland School of Law at Samford University. After law school, he worked as a congressional staffer and as a federal prosecutor before moving to private practice. In 1997 President Bill Clinton appointed Jones as U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama. Jones's most prominent cases were the successful prosecution of two Ku Klux Klan members for the 1963 Birmingham church bombing that killed four African-American girls and the indictment of domestic terrorist Eric Rudolph. He returned to private practice at the conclusion of Clinton's presidency in 2001.

Jones announced his candidacy for United States Senate in the 2017 special election following the resignation of Republican incumbent Jeff Sessions to become U.S. Attorney General. After winning the Democratic primary in August, he faced former Alabama Supreme Court Justice Roy Moore in the general election. Jones was considered a long-shot candidate in a deeply Republican state. A month before the election, Moore was alleged to have sexually assaulted and otherwise acted inappropriately with several women, including some who were minors at the time.[1] Jones won the special election by 22,000 votes, 50%–48%.[2]

Jones is the first Democrat to win statewide office in Alabama since Lucy Baxley was elected President of the Alabama Public Service Commission in 2008. Democrats had not represented Alabama in the U.S. Senate since 1997, when Howell Heflin left office. Richard Shelby was elected to the Senate as a Democrat in 1992 but switched to the Republican Party after the 1994 Republican Revolution, when the party won a majority of seats in both chambers of Congress;[3] Shelby was the last Democrat to win a statewide federal election in Alabama until Jones did.

Early life and education[edit]

Doug Jones was born in Fairfield, Alabama to Gordon and Gloria Jones.[4] His father worked at U.S. Steel and his mother was a homemaker.[5] Jones graduated from the University of Alabama with a Bachelor of Science in political science in 1976, and earned his Juris Doctor from Cumberland School of Law at Samford University in 1979. He is a member of Beta Theta Pi.[6]

Jones's political career began as staff counsel to the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee for Alabama Senator Howell Heflin.[7] Jones then worked as an Assistant U.S. Attorney from 1980 to 1984 before resigning to work at a private law firm in Birmingham, Alabama, from 1984 to 1997.[8]

U.S. Attorney[edit]

President Bill Clinton announced on August 18, 1997, his intent to appoint Jones as U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama,[9] and formally nominated Jones to the post on September 2, 1997.[10] On September 8, 1997, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama appointed Jones as interim U.S. Attorney. The Senate confirmed Jones's nomination on November 8, 1997,[10] by voice vote.[11]

In January 1998, Eric Rudolph bombed the New Woman All Women Health Care Center in Birmingham. Jones was responsible for coordinating the state and federal task force in the aftermath, and advocated that Rudolph be tried first in Birmingham before being extradited and tried in Georgia for his crimes in that state, such as the Centennial Olympic Park bombing.[12][13]

16th Street Baptist Church bombing case[edit]

Jones during the trial of Bobby Frank Cherry

Jones prosecuted Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr. and Bobby Frank Cherry, two members of the Ku Klux Klan, for their roles in the 1963 16th Street Baptist Church bombing. The case was reopened the year before Jones was appointed, but did not gain traction until his appointment. A federal grand jury was called in 1998, which caught the attention of Cherry's ex-wife, Willadean Cherry, and led her to call the FBI to give her testimony. Willadean then introduced Jones to family and friends, who reported their own experiences from the time of the bombing. A key piece of evidence was a tape from the time of the bombing in which Blanton said he had plotted with others to make the bomb. Jones was deputized to argue in state court and indicted Blanton and Cherry in 2000.[14][15] Blanton was found guilty in 2001 and Cherry in 2002. Both were sentenced to life in prison. Blanton was up for parole in 2016; Jones spoke against his release, and parole was denied. Cherry died in prison in 2004.[16][17]

External video
After Words interview with Jones on Bending Toward Justice, March 9, 2019, C-SPAN

Jones recounts the history of the bombings and his subsequent involvement in Blanton and Cherry's prosecution in his 2019 book Bending Toward Justice: The Birmingham Church Bombing that Changed the Course of Civil Rights.[18]

Later legal career[edit]

Jones left office in 2001 and returned to private practice. In 2004 he was court-appointed General Special Master in an environmental cleanup case involving Monsanto in Anniston, Alabama.[19][20][21] In 2007 the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute gave Jones its 15th Anniversary Civil Rights Distinguished Service Award.[22] Also in 2007, Jones testified before the United States House Committee on the Judiciary about the importance of reexamining crimes of the Civil Rights Era.[23][24] In 2013 he formed the Birmingham firm Jones & Hawley, PC with longtime friend Greg Hawley.[19] Jones was named one of B-Metro Magazine's Fusion Award winners in 2015.[25] In 2017 he received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Alabama chapter of the Young Democrats of America.[26]

U.S. Senate[edit]

2017 election[edit]

Jones campaign logo, 2017

On May 11, 2017, Jones announced his candidacy for that year's U.S. Senate special election, running for the seat left open when Jeff Sessions was appointed Attorney General. Sessions, a Republican, had held the seat since 1997, after Democrat Howell Heflin chose not to run for reelection.[27] Jones won the Democratic nomination in August,[28] and became the Senator-elect for Alabama after defeating former Alabama Supreme Court judge Roy Moore in the general election on December 12, which was also Jones's 25th wedding anniversary.[29][30]

Jones at a campaign rally in October 2017

Jones received 673,896 votes (50.0%) to Moore's 651,972 votes (48.3%) with 22,852 write-in votes (1.7%).[29] After the election, Moore refused to concede. He filed a lawsuit attempting to block the state from certifying the election and called for an investigation into voter fraud, as well as a new election.[31] On December 28, 2017, a judge dismissed his suit and state officials certified the election results, officially declaring Jones the winner.[32]

Tenure[edit]

Jones was sworn in on January 3, 2018, and his term runs through January 3, 2021, the balance of Sessions's term.[33][34] He is the first Democrat to represent the state in the U.S. Senate in 21 years, and the first elected in 25.[35][36] Jones was one of five Democratic senators who voted for the continuing resolution that failed to pass and consequently led to the United States federal government shutdown of 2018.[37] According to Morning Consult, which polls approval ratings of senators, as of October 17, 2019, Jones has a 41% approval rating, with 36% disapproving. This trails Jones's fellow Alabama senator, Republican Richard Shelby, who has a 45% approval rating, with 30% disapproving.[38]

On January 8, 2019, Jones was one of four Democrats to vote to advance a bill imposing sanctions against the Syrian government and furthering U.S. support for Israel and Jordan as Democratic members of the chamber employed tactics to end the United States federal government shutdown of 2018–2019.[39]

In September 2019, after the House launched an impeachment inquiry against President Trump, Jones urged caution on the part of the media and his colleagues because his experience with law had led him to believe that it was "very unlikely there’s going to be an absolute smoking gun on either side". He stated his support for "fact-finding" by the House, only after which he would make a decision about Trump's guilt.[40]

Committee assignments[edit]

Political positions[edit]

The editorial board of The Birmingham News has described Jones as a "moderate Democrat".[42] Former Alabama Democratic Party chair Giles Perkins described Jones as "a moderate, middle-of-the-road guy".[43] Describing his own views, Jones said: "If you look at the positions I've got on health care, if you look at the positions I got on jobs—you should look at the support I have from the business community—I think I'm pretty mainstream."[44] Jones's campaign has emphasized "kitchen-table" issues such as healthcare and the economy.[45][46][47] He has called for bipartisan solutions to those issues[48] and pledged to "find common ground" between both major parties.[49] Jones said that people should not "expect [him] to vote solidly for Republicans or Democrats".[50] During his campaign, he had supporters from both parties, including Republican Senator Jeff Flake of Arizona.[51][52] According to FiveThirtyEight, which tracks Congressional votes, Jones has voted with President Trump's position 35% of the time as of September 2019.[53]

A July 2018 NBC News editorial stated that Jones had voted with Trump more often than all but three of his fellow Democratic senators while also taking liberal positions more in line with his party, including LGBT rights.[54]

Social issues[edit]

Jones supports the reversal of mandatory three-strikes laws for nonviolent offenses to give judges flexibility in giving sentences.[46] He opposed both immigration bills proposed in the Senate since he took office.[55]

Abortion[edit]

Jones is pro-choice on abortion. In 2018, Planned Parenthood, which is pro-choice, gave him a 100% rating while the anti-abortion National Right to Life Committee gave him a 0% rating. Jones voted against the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, which prohibits abortion after 20 weeks except in cases of rape, incest or danger to the pregnant woman's health.[56] He also pledged to support Planned Parenthood as a senator.[57] In May 2019 he criticized the passage of an abortion ban in Alabama, calling it "shameful."[58]

In February 2019, Jones was one of three Senate Democrats to vote for the Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act, legislation requiring health care practitioners present at the time of a birth "exercise the same degree of professional skill, care, and diligence to preserve the life and health of the child as a reasonably diligent and conscientious health care practitioner would render to any other child born alive at the same gestational age."[59]

Agriculture[edit]

On December 11, 2018, Jones voted for the conference farm bill, which included his provisions for farmers, rural health, wastewater infrastructure, and high-speed internet.[60] In May 2019, he co-sponsored the Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act, a bipartisan bill introduced by Ben Sasse and Jon Tester intended to reform hours of service for livestock haulers by authorizing drivers to have the flexibility to rest at any point during their trip without it being counted against their hours of service and exempting loading and unloading times from the calculation of driving time.[61]

Broadband[edit]

In June 2019, Jones and Republican Senator Susan Collins cosponsored the American Broadband Buildout Act of 2019, a bill that requested $5 billion for a matching funds program that the Federal Communications Commission would administer to "give priority to qualifying projects" and mandated that at least 15% of funding go to high-cost and geographically challenged areas. The legislation also authorized recipients of the funding to form "public awareness" and "digital literacy" campaigns to further awareness of the "value and benefits of broadband internet access service" and served as a companion to the Broadband Data Improvement Act.[62]

Criminal justice reform[edit]

In December 2018, Jones voted for the First Step Act, legislation aimed at reducing recidivism rates among federal prisoners by expanding job training and other programs in addition to expanding early-release programs and modifying sentencing laws such as mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent drug offenders, "to more equitably punish drug offenders."[63]

Corporate disclosure[edit]

In June 2019, along with Democrat Mark Warner and Republicans Tom Cotton and Mike Rounds, Jones introduced the Improving Laundering Laws and Increasing Comprehensive Information Tracking of Criminal Activity in Shell Holdings (ILLICIT CASH) Act, a bill mandating that shell companies disclose their real owners to the United States Department of the Treasury and updating outdated federal anti-money laundering laws by bettering communications among law enforcement, regulatory agencies, the financial industry, and the industry and regulators of advanced technology. Jones said he was "all too familiar with criminals hiding behind shell corporations to enable their illegal behavior" from being an attorney.[64]

Gun control[edit]

Jones supports some gun control measures, including "tighter background checks for gun sales and to raise the age requirement to purchase a gun from 18 to 21",[65] but has said that he does not support an assault weapons ban and that such a ban could not pass Congress.[66] Jones himself is a gun owner.[67]

In March 2018, Jones was one of ten senators to sign a letter to Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander and ranking Democrat Patty Murray requesting they schedule a hearing on the causes and remedies of mass shootings in the wake of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting.[68]

In 2018, Jones co-sponsored the NICS Denial Notification Act,[69] legislation developed in the aftermath of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting that would require federal authorities to inform states within a day after a person failing the National Instant Criminal Background Check System attempts to buy a firearm.[70]

Immigration[edit]

In 2018, Jones participated in votes concerning immigration and Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). He voted in favor of the McCainCoons proposal to offer a pathway to citizenship to undocumented immigrants brought to the United States as children, known as Dreamers, which did not include funding for a border wall; voted against withholding federal funding from sanctuary cities; voted for Susan Collins's bipartisan bill to offer a pathway to citizenship and federal funding for border security; and voted against Trump's proposal to offer a pathway to citizenship while reducing overall legal immigration numbers and using federal funds for a border wall.[71] He has also proposed reassessing the current quota system.[72] He has agreed that improvements in border security are needed but does not believe it is a national emergency.[73]

LGBT rights[edit]

Jones supports same-sex marriage and said that his son Carson, who is gay, helped change his views.[74] In 2017, he was endorsed by the Human Rights Campaign, which supports LGBT rights.[75] Jones supports protections for transgender students and transgender troops.[76]

Defense[edit]

In March 2018, Jones voted against Bernie Sanders's and Chris Murphy's resolution to end U.S. support for the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.[77]

In an interview with The Birmingham News, Jones said he favored increasing defense spending, saying it would boost Alabama's local economy, particularly in the areas around NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the U.S. Army's Redstone Arsenal, and protect the United States from foreign threats.[78]

Jones voted to confirm Mike Pompeo as Secretary of State, joining with Republicans and five other Democratic senators. He opposed Gina Haspel's nomination as CIA director.[79]

In May 2019, Jones co-sponsored the South China Sea and East China Sea Sanctions Act, a bipartisan bill reintroduced by Marco Rubio and Ben Cardin intended to disrupt China's consolidation or expansion of its claims of jurisdiction over the sea and air space in disputed zones in the South China Sea.[80]

In August 2019, after Representatives Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar were denied entry into Israel due to their support for BDS, Jones said he was "concerned the relationship with Israel is beginning to see some cracks for political reasons" and that the US-Israel relationship was being "used as a political weapon to try to divide people for political gain" in both countries. He added that while he did not agree "with a lot of their views on Israel", Tlaib and Omar were entitled to them, and cited the necessity of having to defend other members of Congress when they are barred from "the right to go and visit with other members".[81]

In October 2019, Jones was one of six senators to sign a bipartisan letter to President Trump calling on him to "urge Turkey to end their offensive and find a way to a peaceful resolution while supporting our Kurdish partners to ensure regional stability" and arguing that to leave Syria without installing protections for American allies would endanger both them and the US.[82]

Economy[edit]

Newsweek has described Jones as an economic populist.[83] He was one of five Democrats to vote for the Republican budget deal in January 2018[84] and one of 17 Democrats to vote with Republicans in favor of a bill to ease banking regulations.[85] Jones opposes the tariffs imposed by the Trump administration.[86]

Education[edit]

In February 2019, Jones was one of 20 senators to sponsor the Employer Participation in Repayment Act, enabling employers to contribute up to $5,250 to the student loans of their employees.[87]

In July 2019, Jones and Tina Smith introduced the Addressing Teacher Shortages Act, a bill to allow school districts across the United States to apply for grants to aid the schools in attracting and retaining quality teachers. The bill also funded the Education Department's efforts to help smaller and under-resourced districts apply for grants.[88]

On September 19, 2019, Jones took to the Senate floor to request unanimous consent to pass legislation that would further the $255 million in federal funding for minority-serving colleges and universities ahead of its expiration date in weeks. The vote was shut down by Senate Education Committee Chairman Lamar Alexander, who instead called for support for the passage of "a long-term solution that will provide certainty to college presidents and their students" and "a few additional bipartisan higher education proposals."[89]

Environment[edit]

In March 2019, Jones was one of three Democrats to vote with all Senate Republicans against the Green New Deal when it came up for a procedural vote. All other Senate Democrats voted "present" on the legislation, a move anticipated as allowing them to avoid having a formal position.[90]

In June 2019, Jones was one of 44 senators to introduce the International Climate Accountability Act, legislation that would prevent Trump from using funds in an attempt to withdraw from the Paris Agreement and directing the Trump administration to instead develop a strategic plan for the United States that would allow it to meet its commitment under the Paris Agreement.[91]

Healthcare[edit]

Jones opposes the repeal of the Affordable Care Act, but he has called for changes to the U.S. health-care system, which he calls broken.[92] He supports the reauthorization of the Children's Health Insurance Program[92] and during his senatorial campaign repeatedly criticized his opponent for lacking a clear stance on the program.[92][93] Jones says he is open to the idea of a public option, but that he is "not there yet" on single-payer healthcare.[46] In January 2018, Jones was one of six Democrats to join most Republicans in voting to confirm Alex Azar, Trump's nominee for Secretary of Health and Human Services.[94]

In December 2018, Jones was one of 42 senators to sign a letter to Trump administration officials Alex Azar, Seema Verma, and Steve Mnuchin arguing that the administration was improperly using Section 1332 of the Affordable Care Act to authorize states to "increase health care costs for millions of consumers while weakening protections for individuals with preexisting conditions". The senators requested the administration withdraw the policy and "re-engage with stakeholders, states, and Congress".[95]

In January 2019, Jones was one of six senators to cosponsor the Health Insurance Tax Relief Act, delaying the Health Insurance Tax for two years.[96]

In January 2019, Jones was one of six Democratic senators to introduce the American Miners Act of 2019, a bill that would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to swap funds in excess of the amounts needed to meet existing obligations under the Abandoned Mine Land fund to the 1974 Pension Plan as part of an effort to prevent its insolvency as a result of coal company bankruptcies and the 2008 financial crisis. It also increased the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund tax and ensured that miners affected by the 2018 coal company bankruptcies would not lose their health care.[97]

In January 2019, during the 2018–19 United States federal government shutdown, Jones was one of 34 senators to sign a letter to Commissioner of Food and Drugs Scott Gottlieb recognizing the efforts of the FDA to address the effect of the government shutdown on public health and employees while remaining alarmed "that the continued shutdown will result in increasingly harmful effects on the agency's employees and the safety and security of the nation's food and medical products".[98]

In February 2019, Jones was one of 11 senators to sign a letter to insulin manufactures Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk, and Sanofi over increased insulin prices and charging that the price increases caused patients to lack "access to the life-saving medications they need".[99]

In September 2019, amid discussions to prevent a government shutdown, Jones was one of six Democratic senators to sign a letter to congressional leadership advocating the passage of legislation to permanently fund health care and pension benefits for retired coal miners as "families in Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming, Alabama, Colorado, North Dakota and New Mexico" would start to receive notifications of health care termination by the end of the following month.[100]

In October 2019 Jones was one of 27 senators to sign a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer advocating the passage of the Community Health Investment, Modernization, and Excellence (CHIME) Act, which was set to expire the following month. The senators warned that if the funding for the Community Health Center Fund (CHCF) was allowed to expire, it "would cause an estimated 2,400 site closures, 47,000 lost jobs, and threaten the health care of approximately 9 million Americans."[101]

United States Postal Service[edit]

In March 2019, Jones co-sponsored a bipartisan resolution led by Gary Peters and Jerry Moran that opposed privatization of the United States Postal Service (USPS), citing the USPS as a self-sustaining establishment and noting concerns that privatization could cause higher prices and reduced services for USPS customers, especially in rural communities.[102]

Taxes[edit]

Jones has not called for tax increases and has instead called for reductions in corporate taxes "to try to get reinvestment back into this country".[103] He opposed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, calling it fiscally irresponsible and skewed to benefit the wealthy while ignoring or hurting the middle class.[103]

In 2019, along with fellow Democrat Amy Klobuchar and Republicans Pat Toomey and Bill Cassidy, Jones was a lead sponsor of the Gold Star Family Tax Relief Act, a bill to undo a provision in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act that raised the tax on the benefit children receive from a parent's Department of Defense survivor benefits plan to 37% from an average of 12% to 15%. The bill passed in the Senate in May 2019.[104]

Trade[edit]

In 2018, along with Joni Ernst and Rob Portman, Jones introduced the Trade Security Act, a bill that would modify Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 to require that the Defense Department justify the national-security basis for new tariffs under Section 232 and implement an increase of congressional oversight of the process. Jones said the process currently led by the Commerce Department to investigate whether a trading partner is undermining U.S. national security had "been misused to target important job-creating industries in Alabama like auto manufacturing" and that the bill would refocus "efforts on punishing bad actors, rather than hurting American manufacturers, workers, and consumers."[105]

In December 2018, Jones stated that automakers and soybean farmers were fearful of the Trump administration's trade policy and added that his constituents in Alabama were questioning Trump's success.[106]

In February 2019, amid a report by the Commerce Department that ZTE had been caught illegally shipping goods of American origin to Iran and North Korea, Jones was one of seven senators to sponsor a bill reimposing sanctions on ZTE in the event that ZTE did not honor both American laws and its agreement with the Trump administration.[107]

In a July 2019 committee hearing, Jones predicted that tariffs would eventually directly hit the consumer and they would witness "tariffs that are going to cause a depletion in supply of things like Bibles and artificial fishing lures, which are fairly standard staples in Alabama."[108]

Addressing the North Alabama International Trade Association in September 2019, Jones said Alabama had a fairly robust economy that was also "pretty fragile and it could go completely bust if we don't get this trade war with China and other trade issues resolved and resolved soon", and that uncertainty about tariffs was affecting business confidence.[109]

Veterans[edit]

In December 2018, Jones was one of 21 senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs Robert Wilkie calling it "appalling that the VA is not conducting oversight of its own outreach efforts" in spite of suicide prevention being the VA's highest clinical priority and requesting that Wilkie "consult with experts with proven track records of successful public and mental health outreach campaigns with a particular emphasis on how those individuals measure success".[110]

Personal life[edit]

Doug and Louise Jones with Terri Sewell in January 2017

Jones married Louise New on December 12, 1992,[111] and they have three children.[112] He has been a member of the Canterbury United Methodist Church in Mountain Brook for more than 33 years.[113] Jones also serves on the Advisory Board of the Blackburn Institute, a leadership development and civic engagement program at The University of Alabama.[114]

Electoral history[edit]

Jones celebrating his U.S. Senate election victory

2017[edit]

United States Senate special primary election in Alabama, 2017[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Doug Jones 109,105 66.1
Democratic Robert Kennedy Jr. 29,215 17.7
Democratic Michael Hansen 11,105 6.7
Democratic Will Boyd 8,010 4.9
Democratic Jason Fisher 3,478 2.1
Democratic Brian McGee 1,450 0.9
Democratic Charles Nana 1,404 0.9
Democratic Vann Caldwell 1,239 0.8
Total votes 165,006 100.0%
General election results[115][116]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Doug Jones 673,896 50.0%
Republican Roy Moore 651,972 48.3%
Write-in Write-ins 22,852 1.7%
Total votes 1,348,720 100.0%
Democratic gain from Republican

References[edit]

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  58. ^ "Alabama Democratic Sen. Doug Jones calls state's new restrictive abortion law 'shameful'". USA TODAY. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  59. ^ "Dems block 'born alive' bill to provide medical care to infants who survive failed abortions". Fox News. February 25, 2019.
  60. ^ "Senator Doug Jones Champions Rural Alabama Priorities in Final Farm Bill Legislation". Jones.Senate.Gov. December 11, 2018.
  61. ^ Bechtel, Wyatt (May 1, 2019). "Senators Reintroduce Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act". dailyherd.com.
  62. ^ Arlen, Gary. "Senators Propose $5 Billion Plan for Rural Broadband Buildout". multichannel.com.
  63. ^ Fandos, Nicholas (December 18, 2018). "Senate Passes Bipartisan Criminal Justice Bill". New York Times. In one of this Congress's final acts, every Democrat and all but 12 Republicans voted in favor of the legislation — an outcome that looked highly unlikely this month amid skepticism from Republican leaders.
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  66. ^ Sanchez, Luis (April 1, 2018). "Democrat: A gun ban is not 'feasible right now'". The Hill. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  67. ^ "'It is time': Doug Jones calls on Senate to unite on stemming gun violence in floor speech". AL.com. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  68. ^ "Senate Dems request health panel hearing on school shootings". The Hill. March 26, 2018.
  69. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (March 5, 2018). "School safety bill introduced by bipartisan senators in response to Florida shooting". wfmynews2.com.
  70. ^ "Collins-backed push to keep criminals from guns progresses". seacoastonline.com. March 10, 2018.
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  77. ^ "Sen. Bill Nelson Votes to Continue Helping Saudi Arabia Kill Yemeni Citizens". Miami News Times. March 21, 2018.
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  82. ^ "Doug Jones joins bipartisan group of senators in urging Trump to rethink Syria policy". al.com. October 17, 2019.
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  88. ^ "Smith co-introduces bill to boost sagging teacher numbers across country". Brainerd Dispatch. July 31, 2019.
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  91. ^ "Oregon senators call on Trump to honor climate agreement". ktvz.com. June 10, 2019.
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  96. ^ "Shaheen introduces bill that would delay health insurance tax". mychamplainvalley.com. January 21, 2019.
  97. ^ Holdren, Wendy (January 4, 2019). "Legislation introduced to secure miners pensions and health care". The Register-Herald.
  98. ^ "Democratic Senators "Alarmed" by Shutdown's Potential Impact on Food Safety". foodsafetymagazine.com. January 15, 2019.
  99. ^ "Sen. Kaine calls on pharmaceutical companies to explain skyrocketing insulin prices". WVEC. February 5, 2019.
  100. ^ "Manchin, colleagues send letter urging permanent funding for miners health care, pensions". wvmetronews.com. September 16, 2019.
  101. ^ "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Working to Extend Long Term Funding for Community Health Centers". Urban Milwaukee. October 23, 2019.
  102. ^ "Peters, Moran reintroduce bipartisan resolution opposing privatization of USPS". uppermichiganssource.com. March 7, 2019.
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  104. ^ "Klobuchar bill protecting Gold Star families from Trump tax hike passes Senate". Brainerd Dispatch. May 23, 2019.
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  106. ^ "Doug Jones: Carmakers 'scared to death' over Trump tariffs". The Hill. December 13, 2018.
  107. ^ "U.S. lawmakers target China's ZTE with sanctions bill". Reuters. February 5, 2019.
  108. ^ Rosen, James (July 17, 2019). "Top Trump advisor: China is on the 'wrong side of history' if they reject trade deal". fox17.com.
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  110. ^ "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Presses VA for Answers on Misuse Of Suicide Prevention Funds". urbanmilwaukee.com. January 4, 2019.
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  114. ^ "Advisory Board". Blackburn Institute. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
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  116. ^ "Who got the most write-in votes in Alabama's Senate race? Nick Saban makes top 7". Al.com. Retrieved January 3, 2018.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Claude Harris Jr.
United States Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama
1997–2001
Succeeded by
Alice Martin
Party political offices
Vacant
Title last held by
Vivian Davis Figures
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Alabama
(Class 2)

2017
Most recent
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Luther Strange
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Alabama
2018–present
Served alongside: Richard Shelby
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Tina Smith
United States Senators by seniority
90th
Succeeded by
Cindy Hyde-Smith