Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum and Boyhood Home
|Dwight Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum and Boyhood Home|
The Eisenhower Library
|Location||Abilene, Kansas, USA|
|Named for||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Eisenhower Library, Museum and Boyhood Home|
World War II
President of the United States
The Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum and Boyhood Home is the presidential library and museum of Dwight David Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961), located in his hometown of Abilene, Kansas. The museum also includes his boyhood home, where he lived from 1898 until being appointed to West Point in 1911, and his final resting place. It is one of the thirteen presidential libraries under the auspices of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
Admission to the Visitor Center, Place of Meditation (gravesite), and the archives is free. Admission to the museum is $20 for adults and includes a tour of the Boyhood Home. The complex is open every day except New Year's Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas.
The Eisenhower Presidential complex is only one of two whose creation preceded the close of a presidency, and while this is obviously the case with his boyhood home, construction of the library itself began in 1958, and the museum portion before he even took office, coinciding with the then-General's announcement of his presidential candidacy in June 1952.
As World War II came to an end, local admirers of the Supreme Commander of Allied forces in Europe decided to honor him with a museum. In 1945, a non-profit foundation in his name was created to purchase his boyhood home and build the museum on the same property. It was to house artifacts from veterans, and the honors of Eisenhower in particular. At the time, the General's mother Ida was still alive and refused to sell the property. When she died in 1946, another purchase attempt was made. However, the fund-raising tactics of the foundation offended Eisenhower, and this almost scuttled the project. New fundraising rules were established for the Foundation after its discussion with Ike's youngest brother Milton, and agreement by all the Eisenhower brothers. They ultimately donated the house to the Foundation, and the entire site, in south Abilene, later became the Eisenhower Presidential Center.
Construction of the Museum
Mrs. Eisenhower's home opened to the public as a museum on June 22, 1947. and the cornerstone of an Eisenhower/World War II museum was laid in June 1952 by the General himself, just before he accepted the draft and formally announced his candidacy for President.
The museum was completed in 1954, and the President was in attendance when it was formally opened on November 11 of that year. He was impressed by the results, and told the leadership of the foundation that if they could raise the money to build a facility, he would donate his papers and other materials to it.
A fundraising campaign launched in 2015 seeks to refresh and expand the museum's exhibits in 2018. If plans remain the same, the museum would be closed for about a year while the remainder of the site would remain open as usual.
Construction and dedication of the library
With the fundraising constraints on the foundation still in place in 1954, the Kansas Legislature took up the slack, authorizing a separate "Eisenhower Presidential Library Commission," and over the next five years enough money was raised to begin construction. Again, President Eisenhower was present when ground was broken on October 13, 1959. The project took three years to complete, and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson joined the retired President Eisenhower at the dedication on May 1, 1962.
Operation of the site was turned over to the NARA in 1966, when it became the fourth library in the system.
- The Library
- The Museum, restored and rededicated in 1971.
- Visitors Center, containing a gift shop and theater where a short film on the President is shown several times daily.
- Boyhood Home
- A chapel, known as "The Place of Meditation;" the final resting place of the president, the First Lady, and their first-born son, Doud Eisenhower.
Also on the site:
- A statue of General Eisenhower by Robert L. Dean, Jr., presented to the campus by the Harry and Edith Darby Foundation.
- Five pylons inscribed with phrases commemorating Eisenhower's life from birth through the Presidency.
- Tanner, Beccy (December 9, 2015). "Abilene Site Celebrates Eisenhower's Life". Pantagraph.com. The Pantagraph. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- "Hours and Admissions". Eisenhower Presidential Library. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- Pusey, Merlo J. (1956). Eisenhower: The President. New York: The MacMillan Company. ISBN 9780758190826.
- Weissenbach, Karl (2016). "Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum, and Boyhood Home". White House History. White House Historical Association (40): 45–49. ISSN 0748-8114.
- Clotworthy, William G. (May 2008). Homes and Libraries of the Presidents (3rd ed.). Blacksburg, Virginia: The McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company. pp. 258–9. ISBN 0-939923-34-3.
- Tanner, Beccy (August 23, 2015). "Eisenhower Foundation Launches Fundraising Campaign to Update Abilene Exhibits". The Wichita Eagle. Abilene, Kansas. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
- Stokes, Keith (2016). "The Eisenhower Presidential Library & Museum". KansasTravel.org. Keith Stokes. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Olsen, Karen Torme (June 17, 2016). "After a Visit to Abilene, I Like Ike". Chicago Tribune. Abilene, Kansas. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- Official site of the Eisenhower Library, Museum and Boyhood Home
- The Eisenhower Foundation (Kansas) website
- "Life Portrait of Dwight D. Eisenhower", from C-SPAN's American Presidents: Life Portraits, broadcast from the Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum and Boyhood Home, October 25, 1999