Florence Hall (Pulitzer Prize winner)
Florence Marion Howe Hall
|Born||August 25, 1845|
South Boston, Massachusetts
|Died||April 10, 1922|
High Bridge, New Jersey
|Occupation||Author, critic, lecturer|
Florence Marion Howe Hall (August 25, 1845 – April 10, 1922) was an American writer, critic, and lecturer about women's suffrage in the United States. Along with her two sisters, Laura Elizabeth Richards and Maude Howe Elliott, Hall received the first Pulitzer Prize for a biography, Julia Ward Howe.
Florence Marion Howe was born on August 25, 1845 in South Boston, Massachusetts. She was named Florence after Florence Nightingale, her godmother and friend of her parents, and Marion after her great--great-granduncle, General Francis Marion of the Revolutionary War fame. Florence was the second of six children born of the marriage of Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe, a prominent physician, abolitionist and founder of the Perkins Institution and Massachusetts School for the Blind, and Julia Ward Howe, a poet and author, best known for writing "The Battle Hymn of the Republic". Her elder sister was Julia Romana Howe; and her younger siblings included Henry Marion Howe, a metallurgist; Laura (née Howe) Richards and Maud (née Howe) Elliott, both authors; Her younger sister Maud married John Elliott, an English muralist and illustrator.
She was a writer, critic, and lecturer about women's suffrage in the United States, serving as president of the New Jersey State Woman Suffrage Association from 1893 to 1900.
Hall began her writing career with children's stories, but quickly moved on to memoirs and etiquette books. 
She was the author of Social Customs: Boys, Girls and Manners, The Correct Thing in Good Society, Social Usages at Washington, which she wrote with her sister Maud Elliot. In 1917, Hall received a Pulitzer prize for her biography of her mother, entitled Julia Ward Howe, the first Pulitzer Prize for a biography. Along with her sisters, she also wrote a biography of Laura Bridgeman, who was a student of their father's.
For eleven years, Hall served as president of the Plainfield, New Jersey branch of the National Alliance of Unitarian Women and, for several years, regent of the Continental Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
On November 15, 1871, she was married to David Prescott Hall (1845–1907). David, a lawyer, was the youngest son of six children born to David Priestley Hall, a Harvard educated lawyer, and Caroline (née Minturn) Hall, who spent their summers in Newport, Rhode Island. The couple met while Hall was in Newport and had four children:
- Samuel Prescott Hall (1872–1958), who married Sarah Thomson (1873–1940). He was a graduate of Harvard.
- Caroline Minturn Hall (1874–1972), who married the Rev. Hugh Birckhead (1876–1929), Rector of St. George's Church in Manhattan. Caroline studied painting for seven years in Paris.
- Henry Marion Hall (1877–1963), who married Alice Louise Haskell (1880–1977). He was a graduate of Harvard and Columbia University.
- John Howe Hall (1881–1953), who married Gertrude Earnshaw (1892–1964). He was a graduate of Harvard.
In New York City, they lived at 17 Livingston Place. In 1893, the Halls moved to Plainfield, New Jersey, where he died at his home on June 5, 1907. Florence died on April 10, 1922 in High Bridge, New Jersey. She was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- "MRS. FLORENCE H. HALL, AUTHOR-LECTURER, DIES; Late Julia Ward Howe's Daughter Was President of New Jersey Suffrage Association" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 April 1922. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- Hannan, Caryn (2008-01-01). New Jersey Biographical Dictionary. State History Publications. ISBN 9781878592453.
- Brennan, Elizabeth A.; Clarage, Elizabeth C. (1999). Who's who of Pulitzer Prize Winners. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9781573561112.
- "Mrs. Florence Howe Hall". The Homemaker: An Illustrated Monthly Mag. Vol. 9-10: 308. 1892. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- Richards, Laura (1915). Celebration of Women Writers. Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Hall, Florence Howe (21 July 1918). "Mrs. Stowe and Mrs. Howe". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- Ziegler, Valarie H. 'Diva Julia: The Public Romance and Private Agony of Julia Ward Howe, page 141. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2003
- Ziegler, Valarie H. 'Diva Julia: The Public Romance and Private Agony of Julia Ward Howe, page 11. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2003
- "Mrs. Richards Is 90. Daughter of Julia Ward Howe Honored in Maine" (PDF). New York Times. Associated Press. February 28, 1940. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
- Leonard, John William (1914). Woman's Who's who of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporary Women of the United States and Canada. American Commonwealth Company. p. 354. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- "Hall, Florence (Marion) Howe | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
- Lowell, Amy (4 May 1919). "THE SATURDAY CLUB; Miss Lowell Replies to Mrs. Florence Howe Hall THE SATURDAY CLUB THE SATURDAY CLUB THE SATURDAY CLUB" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- The Robinsons and Their Kin Folk. The Association. 1906. p. 32. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- "David Priestly Hall and David Prescott Hall papers". www.riamco.org. Rhode Island Archival and Manuscript Collections Online. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- Dole, Nathan Haskell (February 1910). "Julia Ward Howe and Her Talented Family". Munsey's Magazine. Frank A. Munsey Company. Vol. XLII, No. V: 618. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- Birckhead, Hugh (1937). The birds of the Sage West China Expedition. American Museum Novitates, No. 966. New York: American Museum of Natural History. p. 13.
- "Hall-Earnshaw Wedding" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 November 1915. Retrieved 25 October 2019.