Fred Rochelle (c. 1885 – May 29, 1901) was an African-American teenager from Bartow, Florida, who was lynched and burned to death on May 29, 1901, following the alleged rape and murder of a white woman, Rena Smith Taggart, the previous day. He was said to have been seen near where Taggart's body was found. Newspapers misreported the 16-year-old boy as "35 years of age". A mob of over 100 men as well as bloodhounds from Mulberry and Pebble was assembled to search for him but a local paper mentioned a possible lynching before any evidence was recovered or he was charged.
Rochelle was captured two days later by two black men, who evaded the mob and turned Rochelle over to the Sheriff of Polk County in Lakeland, Florida. Ten minutes later, Rochelle was turned over to a mob. The mob took Rochelle back to Bartow. A special train was arranged from Lakeland so that a large crowd of spectators could attend a "barbecue" in Bartow where Rochelle was to be the "chief actor." He was taken to the site of the Taggart murder, where he was chained to a barrel and doused with quantities of kerosene oil. At 6:00 PM the match was struck. He was burned alive for 15 minutes, and the crowd dispersed by 8:30 that evening.
Ossian Sweet, an African-American doctor in Detroit who was tried for defending his house from a mob in 1925, testified at his trial that he had witnessed Rochelle being lynched as a five-year-old child in Bartow.
- Bair, Cinnamon (11 April 2010). "Black Lynched After Murder". The Ledger. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- "Was Made A Living Torch". Boston Post. 30 May 1901. p. 1. Retrieved 18 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Negro Murderer Burned at Stake by Mob of Avengers in Florida". San Francisco Call. 30 May 1901. Retrieved 16 December 2017 – via US Library of Congress.
- "Awful Crime at Bartow". Ocala Evening Star. 29 May 1901.
- Green, Lewis (June 1901). "Texas Town Burned by Robbers". The Hocking Sentinel. Retrieved 16 December 2017 – via US Library of Congress.
- The Lynching of Fred Rochelle: Bartow, Florida, 28 May 1901, blog, February 2011
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