Fury (1936 film)
French Theatrical Film Poster
|Directed by||Fritz Lang|
|Produced by||Joseph L. Mankiewicz|
|Written by||Bartlett Cormack|
|Music by||Franz Waxman|
|Edited by||Frank Sullivan|
|Box office||$1.3 million (rentals)|
Fury is a 1936 American drama film directed by Fritz Lang which tells the story of an innocent man (Spencer Tracy) who narrowly escapes being lynched and the revenge he seeks. The picture was released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and stars Sylvia Sidney and Tracy, with a supporting cast featuring Walter Abel, Bruce Cabot, Edward Ellis and Walter Brennan. Loosely based on the events surrounding the Brooke Hart murder in San Jose, California, the movie was adapted by Bartlett Cormack and Lang from the story Mob Rule by Norman Krasna. Fury was Lang's first American film.
En route to meet his fiancée, Katherine Grant (Sylvia Sidney), gas station owner Joe Wilson (Spencer Tracy) is arrested on flimsy circumstantial evidence for the kidnapping of a child. Gossip soon travels around the small town, growing more distorted through each retelling, until a mob gathers at the jail. When the resolute sheriff (Edward Ellis) refuses to give up his prisoner, the enraged townspeople burn down the building, two of them also throwing dynamite into the flames as they flee the scene. Unknown to anyone else there, the blast frees Joe, but kills his little dog Rainbow, who had run in to comfort him in the cell.
The district attorney (Walter Abel) brings the main perpetrators to trial for murder, but nobody is willing to identify the guilty, and several provide false alibis. The case seems hopeless, but then the prosecutor produces hard evidence: newsreel footage of twenty-two people caught in the act.
However, Katherine is troubled by one piece of evidence. The defense attorney had tried to get his clients off by claiming that there was no proof Joe was killed, but an anonymous letter writer had returned a partially melted ring belonging to Joe. Katherine notices that a word is misspelled just as Joe used to spell it.
She discovers that Joe escaped the fire and that Joe's brothers are helping him get his revenge by concealing his survival and framing the defendants for his murder. She goes to see Joe and pleads with him to stop the charade, but he is determined to make his would-be killers pay. However, his conscience starts preying on him and, in the end, just as the verdicts are being read, he walks into the courtroom and sets things straight.
- Sylvia Sidney as Katherine Grant
- Spencer Tracy as Joe Wilson
- Bruce Cabot as Kirby Dawson
- Walter Abel as District Attorney
- Edward Ellis as Sheriff
- Walter Brennan as "Bugs" Meyers
- Frank Albertson as Charlie
- George Walcott as Tom
- Arthur Stone as Durkin
- Morgan Wallace as Fred Garrett
- Gwen Lee as Mrs. Fred Garrett
- George Chandler as Milton Jackson
- Roger Gray as Stranger
- Edwin Maxwell as Vickery
- Howard C. Hickman as Governor
- Jonathan Hale as Defense Attorney
- Leila Bennett as Edna Hooper
- Esther Dale as Mrs. Whipple
- Helen Flint as Franchette
- Frederick Burton as Judge Daniel Hopkins
Norman Krasna was inspired to write the story after reading about a lynching in The Nation. He pitched the idea to Samuel Marx and Joseph Mankiewicz at MGM who were attracted to it. Krasna says he never actually wrote the story down, he verbally pitched it to Mankiewicz who then dictated it. A number of changes were made from Krasna's story to the final script.
Fury was Lang's first American film, and is considered by critics to have been compromised by the studio, which forced Lang to tack on a reconciliation between Tracy's character and his girlfriend at the end. The film was a major departure for MGM, which at the time was known for lavish musicals and glitzy dramas – the expensive production features expansive and stylised sets to create its gritty world and its style is more in keeping with the social issue films associated with Warner Brothers, such as I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang.
Lang originally wanted to make a movie about a black victim of a lynching. However, this was not allowed by MGM. The kiss scene at the end – a typical Hollywood "happy ending" – was appended because the production manager insisted. Lang never liked this scene.
The film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Writing, Original Story. Frank Nugent, in a review for the New York Times praised it as "[a] mature, sober and penetrating investigation of a national blight." Writing for The Spectator in 1936, Graham Greene strongly praised the film, describing it as "the only film I know to which I have wanted to attach the epithet of 'great'". Expressing his view that the film completely conveyed the "sense of spiritual integrity [...] by sound and image better than by any other medium", Greene drew particular attention to the contributions of Sylvia Sidney. Of Sidney's performance Greene noted that "she has never more deeply conveyed the pain and inarticulacy of tenderness", and of Lang he noted that "no other director has got so completely the measure of his medium, is so consistently awake to the counterpoint of sound and image."
- Herald May 30, 1936
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- James Curtis, Spencer Tracy: A Biography, Alfred Knopf, 2011 p292.
- Stecher, Raquel. "Fury" (PDF). Library of Congress. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
- *McGilligan, Patrick, "Norman Krasna: The Woolworth's Touch", Backstory: Interviews with Screenwriters of Hollywood's Golden Age, University of California Press,1986 p218-219
- Hollywood By Sidney Skolsky. The Washington Post (1923-1954) [Washington, D.C] 08 June 1936: 14.
- Peter Bogdanovich, audio commentary for Fury, Warners Home Video, 2005.
- Nugent, Frank S. (6 June 1936). "'Fury,' a Dramatic Indictment of Lynch Law, Opens at the Capitol -- Other New Pictures". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- Greene, Graham (3 July 1936). "Fury/The Story of Louis Pasteur". The Spectator. (reprinted in: Taylor, John Russell, ed. (1980). The Pleasure Dome. pp. 84–85. ISBN 0192812866.)
- Scott Eyman, Lion of Hollywood: The Life and Legend of Louis B. Mayer, Robson, 2005 p 219
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