Gadsar Lake

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Gadsar Lake
The valley of flowers
Gadsar lake1.jpg
Gadsar Lake
LocationGanderbal, Kashmir valley
Coordinates34°25′18″N 75°03′26″E / 34.421669°N 75.057274°E / 34.421669; 75.057274Coordinates: 34°25′18″N 75°03′26″E / 34.421669°N 75.057274°E / 34.421669; 75.057274
Typeoligotrophic lake
Primary inflowsMelting of snow
Primary outflowsA stream tributary of Neelum River
Basin countriesIndia
Max. length0.85 kilometres (0.53 mi)
Max. width0.76 kilometres (0.47 mi)
Surface area0.7421 km2 (0.2865 sq mi)
Surface elevation3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
FrozenDecember to April

The Gadsar Lake or the Yemsar Lake[1] also called as the valley of flowers is a picturesque, alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake[2] in Ganderbal district[3] of Kashmir valley at an elevation of 3600 metres. It has a max. length of 0.85 kilometres and max. width of 0.76 kilometres.

Etymology, geography[edit]

Gadsar Lake from the Gadsar Pass at mount Vishnu

Gadsar in Kashmiri means the lake of fishes, a natural habitat of trout and other types of fishes[4] among of which is the brown trout.[5] The lake freezes in the month of November to April and is mostly covered by snow during these months, the floating ice bergs are seen even in summer. It is surrounded by alpine meadows full of various kinds of wild alpine flowers, therefore the lake is also called as the valley of flowers.[6] The lake is mainly fed by melting of glaciers. The Gadsar Lake outflows through a stream flows north westwards and joins Neelum River at Tulail.

Access[edit]

The Gadsar Lake is situated 108 kilometres northeast from Srinagar city. From Naranag a 28 km alpine track leads to the lake. Another track of 41 km northwest from Shitkadi Sonamarg via Vishansar Lake and Krishansar Lake leads to the Gadsar Lake crossing two mountain passes of Nichnai and Gadsar of more than 4100 meters above sea level.[7][8] The best time to visit is from the month of June to September.

Gadsar, the lake of death[edit]

The Gadsar Lake is also named as Yemsar which means the lake of demon and is referred as the lake of death.[9] A myth still unresolved. Shepherds grazing their flocks in the outskirts of Gadsar lake during summers believe that, there lives a Lake Monster, a freshwater Octopus which drags the creatures from shores by its tentacles into the water. There is an uncertainty in the minds of visitors, a kind of threat which prevents them going near the shores. The shepherds also chose otherwise grazing their flocks at the shores of the lake. The fishes are being caught outside the lake in a stream from which it flows out.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sir Charles Metcalfe MacGregor, Charles Ellison Bates (1995). Central Asia: section 1. A gazetteer of Kashmír. Barbican Publishing Company, 1995. pp. 188, 496–. ISBN 9781900056854. Retrieved 31 July 2012.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Raina, HS; KK Vass (May–June 2006). "Some biological features of a freshwater fairy shrimp, Branchinecta schantzi, Mackin, 1952 in the Northwestern Himalayas, India" (PDF). J. Indian Inst. Sci. 86: 287–291. Retrieved 21 February 2012.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Gangabal in Ganderbal". kashmirparadise.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Fishes and Fisheries in high altitude lakes, Vishansar, Gadsar, Gangabal, Krishansar". Fao.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  5. ^ Petr, ed. by T. (1999). Fish and fisheries at higher altitudes : Asia. Rome: FAO. p. 72. ISBN 92-5-104309-4.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Gadsar the valley of flowers". aazadkashmir.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Sonamarg - Vishansar - Naranag Trek". KashmirTreks.in. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Go to Kashmir". go2kashmir.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  9. ^ A. P. Agarwala (1977). Holiday resorts of Jammu & Kashmir: a travellers' guide. Nest & Wings (India), 1977. p. 116-. Retrieved 1 August 2012.

External links[edit]