Hanifi Rohingya script

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Hanifi Rohingya script
๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด‡๐ด๐ด•๐ดž๐ด‰๐ดž ๐ด“๐ด ๐ด‘๐ดค๐ด[1]
Type
Alphabet
LanguagesRohingya language
DirectionRight-to-left
ISO 15924Rohg, 167
Unicode alias
Hanifi Rohingya
U+10D00โ€“U+10D3F

The Hanifi Rohingya script is a unified script for the Rohingya language. Rohingya was first written in the 19th century with a version of the Perso-Arabic script. In 1975, an orthographic Arabic script was developed, based on the Urdu alphabet.

In the 1980s, Mohammad Hanif and his colleagues created the suitable phonetic script based on Arabic letters; it has been compared to the Nโ€™ko script. The script also includes a set of decimal numbers.[1][2]

Keyboard[edit]

Layout of the Rohingya virtual keyboard.

A virtual keyboard was developed by Google for the Rohingya language in 2019 and allows users to type directly in the Rohingya script. The Rohingya Unicode keyboard layout can be found here.

Character[edit]

Rohingya alphabets -29
๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ดก๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‰๐ดข[3]
๐ด… ๐ด„ ๐ดƒ ๐ด‚ ๐ด ๐ด€
๐ด‹ ๐ดŠ ๐ด‰ ๐ดˆ ๐ด‡ ๐ด†
๐ด‘ ๐ด ๐ด ๐ดŽ ๐ด ๐ดŒ
๐ด— ๐ด– ๐ด• ๐ด” ๐ด“ ๐ด’
๐ดœ ๐ด› ๐ดš ๐ด™ ๐ด˜
Rohingya vowels -7
๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด€๐ด๐ด‰๐ดก๐ดŒ ๐ด€๐ดž๐ด‰๐ดก๐ดŒ๐ดข[4]
๐ดข ๐ดก ๐ด  ๐ดŸ ๐ดž ๐ด
โ—Œ๐ดง โ—Œ๐ดฆ โ—Œ๐ดฅ โ—Œ๐ดค ๐ดฃ
Rohingya numerals
๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด“๐ดก๐ด”๐ด๐ดก๐ดŒ๐ดข[5]
๐ดฐ ๐ดฑ ๐ดฒ ๐ดณ ๐ดด ๐ดต ๐ดถ ๐ดท ๐ดธ ๐ดน

Pronunciation[edit]

Alphabet[edit]

Character Name Final Medial Pronunciation Unicode [6] [7]
๐ด€ A ๐ด€ /ษ”/, /ส”/ U+10D00
๐ด BA ๐ด๐ดข ู€๐ดู€ /b/ U+10D01
๐ด‚ PA ๐ด‚๐ดข ู€๐ด‚ู€ /p/ U+10D02
๐ดƒ TA ๐ดƒ๐ดข ู€๐ดƒู€ /t/ U+10D03
๐ด„ TTA ๐ด„๐ดข ู€๐ด„ู€ /สˆ/ U+10D04
๐ด… JA ๐ด… ู€๐ด…ู€ /ษŸ/ U+10D05
๐ด† CA ๐ด† ู€๐ด†ู€ /c/ U+10D06
๐ด‡ HA ๐ด‡๐ดข ู€๐ด‡ู€ /h/ U+10D07
๐ดˆ KHA ๐ดˆ๐ดข ู€๐ดˆู€ /x/ U+10D08
๐ด‰ FA ๐ด‰๐ดข ู€๐ด‰ู€ /f/ U+10D09
๐ดŠ DA ๐ดŠ๐ดข ู€๐ดŠู€ /d/ U+10D0A
๐ด‹ DDA ๐ด‹ ู€๐ด‹ู€ /ษ–/ U+10D0B
๐ดŒ RA ๐ดŒ ู€๐ดŒู€ /ษพ/ U+10D0C
๐ด RRA ๐ด ู€๐ดู€ /ษฝ/ U+10D0D
๐ดŽ ZA ๐ดŽ ู€๐ดŽู€ /z/ U+10D0E
๐ด SA ๐ด๐ดข ู€๐ดู€ /s/ U+10D0F
๐ด SHA ๐ด๐ดข ู€๐ดู€ /สƒ/ U+10D10
๐ด‘ KA ๐ด‘ ู€๐ด‘ู€ /k/ U+10D11
๐ด’ GA ๐ด’๐ดข ู€๐ด’ู€ /g/ U+10D12
๐ด“ LA ๐ด“๐ดข ู€๐ด“ู€ /l/ U+10D13
๐ด” MA ๐ด”๐ดข ู€๐ด”ู€ /m/ U+10D14
๐ด• NA ๐ด• ู€๐ด•ู€ /n/ U+10D15
๐ด– WA ๐ด–๐ดข ู€๐ด–ู€ /ส‹/, /v/ U+10D16
๐ด— KINNA WA ๐ด—๐ดข ู€๐ด—ู€ /u/ U+10D17
๐ด˜ YA ๐ด˜ ู€๐ด˜ู€ /j/ U+10D18
๐ด™ KINNA YA ๐ด™๐ดข ู€๐ด™ู€ /i/ U+10D19
๐ดš NGA = gan ๐ดš ู€๐ดšู€ /ล‹/ U+10D1A
๐ด› NYA = nayya ๐ด› ู€๐ด›ู€ /ษฒ/ U+10D1B
๐ดœ VA ๐ดœ๐ดข ู€๐ดœู€ /v/ U+10D1C

Vowels[edit]

Afor-Ifor
Character Name Transliteration Pronunciation Unicode Character Name Type IPA Unicode
๐ด aa-for A /a/ U+10D1D ๐ดข SAKIN Vowel silencer /s/ U+10D22
๐ดž i-for I /i/ U+10D1E ๐ดฃ NA KHONNA Nasalization mark /h/ U+10D23
๐ดŸ u-for U /u/ U+10D1F โ—Œ๐ดค HARBAHAY Tone signs: short high tone /hฤrbฤy/ U+10D24
๐ด  e-for E /e/ U+10D20 โ—Œ๐ดฅ TAHALA Tone signs: long falling tone /แนญelฤ/ U+10D25
๐ดก o-for O /o/ U+10D21 โ—Œ๐ดฆ TANA Tone signs: long rising tone /แนญฤnฤ/ U+10D26
โ—Œ๐ดง TASSI Germination sign /tassi/ U+10D27

Numerals[edit]

๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด“๐ดก๐ด”๐ด๐ดก๐ดŒ๐ดข
Name sifir ek dui tin sair faรฑs so haรฑt aรฑctho no
Digit ๐ดฐ ๐ดฑ ๐ดฒ ๐ดณ ๐ดด ๐ดต ๐ดถ ๐ดท ๐ดธ ๐ดน
Unicode U+10D30 U+10D31 U+10D32 U+10D33 U+10D34 U+10D35 U+10D36 U+10D37 U+10D38 U+10D39

Unicode[edit]

Proposals to include Hanifi Rohingya script in Unicode were written by linguist Anshuman Pandey.[8]

It was added to the Unicode Standard in June, 2018 with the release of version 11.0.

The Unicode block for Hanifi Rohingya is U+10D00โ€“U+10D3F and contains 50 characters:[9]

Hanifi Rohingya[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+10D0x 𐴀 𐴁 𐴂 𐴃 𐴄 𐴅 𐴆 𐴇 𐴈 𐴉 𐴊 𐴋 𐴌 𐴍 𐴎 𐴏
U+10D1x 𐴐 𐴑 𐴒 𐴓 𐴔 𐴕 𐴖 𐴗 𐴘 𐴙 𐴚 𐴛 𐴜 𐴝 𐴞 𐴟
U+10D2x 𐴠 𐴡 𐴢 𐴣 𐴤 𐴥 𐴦 𐴧
U+10D3x 𐴰 𐴱 𐴲 𐴳 𐴴 𐴵 𐴶 𐴷 𐴸 𐴹
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

Fonts[edit]

Google's Noto Sans has developed a Rohingya script font called Noto Sans Hanifi Rohingya. Download here: Noto Sans Rohingya

HTML code tables[edit]

Rohingya alphabets - ๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ดก๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‰๐ดข
๐ด… ๐ด„ ๐ดƒ ๐ด‚ ๐ด ๐ด€
𐴅 𐴄 𐴃 𐴂 𐴁 𐴀
๐ด‹ ๐ดŠ ๐ด‰ ๐ดˆ ๐ด‡ ๐ด†
𐴋 𐴊 𐴉 𐴈 𐴇 𐴆
๐ด‘ ๐ด ๐ด ๐ดŽ ๐ด ๐ดŒ
𐴑 𐴐 𐴏 𐴎 𐴍 𐴌
๐ด— ๐ด– ๐ด• ๐ด” ๐ด“ ๐ด’
𐴗 𐴖 𐴕 𐴔 𐴓 𐴒
๐ดœ ๐ด› ๐ดš ๐ด™ ๐ด˜
𐴜 𐴛 𐴚 𐴙 𐴘
Rohingya vowels - ๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด€๐ด๐ด‰๐ดก๐ดŒ ๐ด€๐ดž๐ด‰๐ดก๐ดŒ๐ดข
๐ดข ๐ดก ๐ด  ๐ดŸ ๐ดž ๐ด
𐴢 𐴡 𐴠 𐴟 𐴞 𐴝
โ—Œ๐ดง โ—Œ๐ดฆ โ—Œ๐ดฅ โ—Œ๐ดค ๐ดฃ
𐴧 𐴦 𐴥 𐴤 𐴣
Rohingya numerals - ๐ดŒ๐ดŸ๐ด‡๐ดฅ๐ด๐ดš๐ด’๐ด™๐ด ๐ด“๐ดก๐ด”๐ด๐ดก๐ดŒ๐ดข
๐ดฐ ๐ดฑ ๐ดฒ ๐ดณ ๐ดด ๐ดต ๐ดถ ๐ดท ๐ดธ ๐ดน
𐴰 𐴱 𐴲 𐴳 𐴴 𐴵 𐴶 𐴷 𐴸 𐴹

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rohingya alphabets, pronunciation and language". Omniglot. Simon Ager. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  2. ^ James, Ian (5 July 2012). "Hanifi alphabet for Rohingya". Sky Knowledge. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Rohingya Language Academy".
  4. ^ "Rohingya Zuban".
  5. ^ "Rohingya Zuban Academy".
  6. ^ "Rohingya Language".
  7. ^ "Unicode 11.0.0". Unicode Consortium.
  8. ^ Pandey, Anshuman (27 October 2015). "Proposal to encode the Hanifi Rohingya script in Unicode" (PDF). The Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Unicode 11.0.0". Unicode Consortium. June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 5, 2018.