Homelessness in Indonesia

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Homelessness in Indonesia is a significant issue, estimated to impact up to 3 million people in the country, over 28,000 in Jakarta alone.[1]

Homelessness in Indonesia is termed tunawisma and while by the 2000s the issue was recognised by government authorities, there is no generally accepted definition and no reliable data are available but according to the 2000 census, 1.6% of the country's population, about 3.2 million people do not have a permanent place to stay.[2]

Squatters and street homeless people are often targeted by police raids who cite the reason being the homeless people "disturb the attractiveness of the city".[2]

Another term for homelessness in Indonesia is gelandangan, meaning "tramp". The word is derived from gelandang meaning "to wander".[3]

Forced evictions[edit]

One cause of homelessness in Indonesia is forced evictions. According to researchers, between the years 2000 and 2005 over 92,000 people were forcefully evicted from their homes.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Homelessness statistics". homlessworldcup.org.
  2. ^ a b Levinson, David. Encyclopedia of homelessness. Vol. 1. Sage, 2004.
  3. ^ Tipple, Graham, and Suzanne Speak. "Attitudes to and interventions in Homelessness: Insights from an International Study." In paper delivered to International Conference Adequate and Affordable Housing for All, June, pp. 24-27. 2004.
  4. ^ Rahardjo, Tjahjono. "Forced eviction, homelessness and the right to housing in Indonesia." In conference on Homelessness: A Global Perspective, New Delhi, pp. 9-13. 2006.