Hugh Lennox Bond

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Hugh Lennox Bond
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
In office
June 16, 1891 – October 24, 1893
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 26 Stat. 826
Succeeded byCharles Henry Simonton
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit
In office
July 13, 1870 – October 24, 1893
Appointed byUlysses S. Grant
Preceded bySeat established by 16 Stat. 44
Succeeded byCharles Henry Simonton
Personal details
Born
Hugh Lennox Bond

(1828-12-16)December 16, 1828
Baltimore, Maryland
DiedOctober 24, 1893(1893-10-24) (aged 64)
Baltimore, Maryland
EducationNew York University
read law

Hugh Lennox Bond (December 16, 1828 – October 24, 1893) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit.

Education and career[edit]

Born in Baltimore, Maryland,[1] Bond graduated from the University of the City of New York (now New York University) in 1848 and read law to enter the bar in 1851.[1] He was in private practice in Baltimore from 1851 to 1860,[1] and was a leader of the local Know-Nothing party in the 1850s.[2][3] He was a Judge of the Baltimore City Criminal Court from 1860 to 1867, thereafter returning to private practice in Baltimore until 1870.[1] In 1867, Bond lost the Maryland gubernatorial election against Oden Bowie.[4]

Letter advocating recruitment of slaves[edit]

During the Civil War, Bond’s letter of August 15, 1863, to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton was published in newspapers.[5][6][7] Bond had been an abolitionist since before the Civil War; in his letter, he advocated the enlistment of slaves in the state of Maryland, even though they were not freed by the Emancipation Proclamation, which limited freedom to areas of rebellion. His advocacy soon became a reality.

Federal judicial service[edit]

Bond was nominated by President Ulysses S. Grant on April 6, 1870, to the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 16 Stat. 44.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 13, 1870, and received his commission the same day.[1] Bond was assigned by operation of law to additional and concurrent service on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on June 16, 1891, to a new seat authorized by 26 Stat. 826 (Evarts Act).[1] His service terminated on October 24, 1893, due to his death in Baltimore.[1]

Notable cases[edit]

Bond and George S. Bryan presided over the trial of Ku Klux Klan members in Columbia, South Carolina during December 1871.[8] The defendants were sentenced to five to three months incarceration with fines.[9]

In 1876, Bond decided the South Carolina Presidential Electoral case.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Hugh Lennox Bond at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ "Mayor renames Mount Royal Avenue 'Orioles Way'". The Baltimore Sun. October 10, 2014.
  3. ^ Vile, John R. (2003). Great American Judges: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 102. ISBN 9781576079898.
  4. ^ Maryland State Archives. Gubernatorial Elections in Maryland 1838-2010. November 5, 1867. http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/speccol/sc2600/sc2685/html/govelect.html (accessed December 5, 2012).
  5. ^ Bond, Hugh Lennox. "Enlisting Blacks in Maryland." New York Daily Tribune, September 5, 1863: 2.
  6. ^ Cleveland Morning Leader. "The Government's Claim upon Slaves." September 9, 1863: 1.
  7. ^ The Nashville Daily Union. "The Enlistment of Slaves." September 12, 1863: 1.
  8. ^ p. 5, United States Circuit Court (4th Circuit). Proceedings in the Ku Klux Trials at Columbia, S.C. in the United States Circuit Court. Edited by Benn Pitman and Louis Freeland Post. Columbia, SC: Republican Printing Company, 1872.
  9. ^ The New York Times. "Kuklux Trials - Sentence of the Prisoners." December 29, 1871.
  10. ^ The New York Times. "Obituary Judge Hugh L. Bond." October 25, 1893.

Sources[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 16 Stat. 44
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit
1870–1893
Succeeded by
Charles Henry Simonton
Preceded by
Seat established by 26 Stat. 826
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
1891–1893
Succeeded by
Charles Henry Simonton