Imphal

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Imphal
Capital City
Skyline of Imphal
Skyline of Imphal
Imphal is located in Manipur
Imphal
Imphal
Location of Imphal in Manipur
Imphal is located in India
Imphal
Imphal
Imphal (India)
Coordinates: 24°48′27″N 93°56′18″E / 24.8074°N 93.9384°E / 24.8074; 93.9384Coordinates: 24°48′27″N 93°56′18″E / 24.8074°N 93.9384°E / 24.8074; 93.9384
CountryIndia India
State Manipur
DistrictImphal East, Imphal West
Government
 • BodyImphal Municipal Corporation
 • MayorL. Lokeshwor Singh
Elevation
786 m (2,579 ft)
Population
 (2016 census)
 • Total2,68,243
Languages
 • OfficialMeeteilon (Manipuri) and English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
795001
Telephone code3852
Vehicle registrationMN-01
Websitewww.imphalwest.nic.in

Imphal (About this sound[ɪmˈfɑl] ), is the capital city of the Indian state of Manipur. Ruins of the Palace of Kangla, the royal seat of the former Kingdom of Manipur, are in the city metropolitan centre, surrounded by a moat.

History[edit]

The Battle of Imphal took place between March and July 1944, during World War II.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2016 the population within Imphal's city limits was 2,68,243[clarification needed] or 4,77,196[clarification needed] including out growths. The average literacy rate in the town was over 90%, male literacy at 95% exceed the female literacy rate of 87%. Nearly 70% of the inhabitants were Hindu, 10% were Christian,3.8℅ Sanamahist, 3.7% Muslim, 0.54% Buddhist, 0.45% Jain, 0.18% Sikh.[2]

The Imphal East & Imphal West districts together had a population of 918,739, which includes Imphal Municipality and the towns and suburbs of Bijoy Govinda, Chingangbam Leikai, Khongman, Khurai Sajor Leikai, Kiyamgei, Kongkham Leikai (portion), Laipham Siphai, Lairikyengbam Leikai, Lamjaotongba, Lamshang, Langjing, Langthabal Kunja, Langthabal Mantrikhong (portion), Lilong (Imphal West), Lilong (Thoubal), Naorem Leikai, Naoria Pakhanglakpa, Oinam Thingel, Porompat, Porompat Plan Area, Pangei, Sagolband (portion), Takyel Mapal, Thongju and Torban (Khetri Leikai).[2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Imphal
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
12
 
 
22
4
 
 
31
 
 
23
7
 
 
92
 
 
27
12
 
 
133
 
 
28
16
 
 
159
 
 
29
18
 
 
225
 
 
29
21
 
 
223
 
 
29
22
 
 
195
 
 
29
21
 
 
147
 
 
29
20
 
 
112
 
 
28
17
 
 
46
 
 
25
11
 
 
15
 
 
22
5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD[3]

Imphal is located at 24°48′27″N 93°56′18″E / 24.8074°N 93.9384°E / 24.8074; 93.9384 in extreme eastern India,[4] with an average elevation of 786 metres (2,579 ft). It has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa)[5] with mild, dry winters and a hot monsoon season. July temperatures average about 29 °C (84 °F); January is the coldest month, with average lows near 4 °C (39 °F). The city receives about 1,320 mm (52 in) of rain, with June the wettest month. The highest recorded temperature was 35.6 °C (96.1 °F), on 22 May 2009, and the lowest temperature was −2.7 °C (27.1 °F) on 10 January 1970.[3][6]

Climate data for Imphal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
31.5
(88.7)
35.0
(95.0)
34.4
(93.9)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
35.7
(96.3)
34.0
(93.2)
34.4
(93.9)
33.5
(92.3)
30.7
(87.3)
28.9
(84.0)
35.7
(96.3)
Average high °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
23.4
(74.1)
26.9
(80.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.9
(84.0)
29.4
(84.9)
29.0
(84.2)
29.2
(84.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.4
(83.1)
25.4
(77.7)
22.4
(72.3)
26.9
(80.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
16.3
(61.3)
20.0
(68.0)
22.7
(72.9)
24.1
(75.4)
24.6
(76.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.6
(76.3)
24.4
(75.9)
22.8
(73.0)
19.0
(66.2)
15.6
(60.1)
21.1
(70.0)
Average low °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
7.2
(45.0)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
18.4
(65.1)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
21.3
(70.3)
20.1
(68.2)
16.6
(61.9)
11.0
(51.8)
5.3
(41.5)
14.6
(58.3)
Record low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.4
(36.3)
6.2
(43.2)
11.1
(52.0)
14.7
(58.5)
15.4
(59.7)
14.6
(58.3)
14.3
(57.7)
7.8
(46.0)
1.5
(34.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.7
(0.46)
30.8
(1.21)
91.6
(3.61)
132.7
(5.22)
158.6
(6.24)
224.9
(8.85)
222.8
(8.77)
194.8
(7.67)
147.3
(5.80)
111.5
(4.39)
46.0
(1.81)
15.1
(0.59)
1,387.7
(54.63)
Average precipitation days 1.2 3.3 6.6 9.8 11.5 15.3 15.7 13.0 9.9 6.8 3.1 1.0 97.2
Source: IMD (period: 1971–2000, record low and high up to 2010)[3][6]

|source 2 = Climate-Data.org for mean temperatures (altitude: 779m)[5]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Kangla[edit]

A pair of Kangla Sha dragons at Kangla Fort
Bamboo huts in Kangla Fort complex
Kangla Fort Complex
Ruins of Kangla Fort
Kangla Museum houses

Kangla Fort is on the banks of the Imphal River, and is also known as the Palace of Kangla. Kangla means "dry land" in the Meitei language. The fort was the palace of King Pakhangba, and also has religious significance. In the fort are a number of temples, and it is surrounded on three sides by a lake.[citation needed]See more

Bihu Loukon[edit]

Bihu Loukon is an ancient star shaped fort made up of mud. It is situated in Maklang, Imphal West District. See more

Bihu Loukon aerial view

Hiyangthang Lairembi Temple Complex[edit]

A religious site and a tourist attraction, the temple complex is noted for its annual Durga Puja festival in September or October.See more

India Peace Memorial (Red Hill)[edit]

The Red Hill is a historical hillock located 17 km south of Imphal City, on Tiddim Road. The place was the scene of action and the theater of the battle that took place between Allied Forces and Japanese Forces fighting alongside the Indian National Army (INA) in World War II. Red Hill has now become a tourist attraction since the Japanese war veterans constructed a monument at the foot of this hill.See more

Imphal War Cemetery[edit]

Cemetery with trees and monuments at ground level
Imphal War Cemetery

This cemetery remembers British and Indian soldiers who fought and died in the Second World War (1944). See more

Women's Market or Ima Keithel Women's Market (Ima Keithel)[edit]

The market stalls are all run by women, and it is reportedly the only such market in the world.[7]

Market, seen from above, with colourful textiles
Women's Market (Ima Keithel)

Three Mothers Art Gallery is one of the hidden tourist attractions in the city of Imphal. Located at Thangapat Road, Palace Compound, It is situated at a distance of a mere 4. 3 km from Imphal, Manipur. It is a renowned museum housing a special and unique form of art.See More

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Green buildings with pyramid-shaped roofs
Bir Tikendrajit International Airport

Tulihal International Airport is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the city which connects direct flights to New Delhi, Kolkata, Aizawl, Guwahati, Hyderabad and Bengaluru, Agartala.[8]

Road[edit]

Dark highway, with oncoming headlights
National Highway 150 in Imphal

Imphal is connected through National Highway which connects major cities like Guwahati, Kohima, Agartala, Shillong, Dimapur, Aizawl, Silchar and many more and also connects its neighbour states.

Railway[edit]

In October 2012, India's Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure approved an extension of the Jiribam-Silchar railway to Imphal. The extension is expected to reach the city by Q4 of 2019.[9][10]

The total length of the Jiribam-Tupul railway line is 110.62 km and the total revised estimated cost is Rs 9658 crore. So far, Rs 4927.65 crore has been spent. The Ministry has set a target of sanctioning Rs 1000 crore within the current financial year in order to speed up the railway construction work.

Sports[edit]

Khuman Lampak Main Stadium is the multi-purpose stadium in Imphal, India. It is used mostly for football and athletics. The stadium holds 30,000 people and was built in 1999. This stadium lies inside the Khuman Lampak Sports Complex. The professional football club NEROCA FC of I League is based in Imphal and they use Khuman Lampak Main Stadium as their home ground.

E-connectivity[edit]

Mobile networks[edit]

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Yellow-and-green buildings forming a narrow archway
Manipur University main gate

Technical colleges[edit]

Medical colleges[edit]

Rectangular pink building with glass front
City Convention Centre

Schools[edit]

There are many schools in Imphal affiliated from C.B.S.E and ICSE Board, as well as state government schools.

  • Areca school, Ragailong
  • Comet School, Changangei
  • Dav public school, Chingmeirong
  • Don Bosco school Imphal, Chingmeirong
  • Guru nanak public school
  • Herbert school
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya including Khumbong (Imphal west), Imphal east, Bishnupur, CCpur, Ukrul, Thoubal, Tamenglong and Senapati
  • Johnstone higher secondary public school
  • Maria International Montessori School, Koirengei
  • Kendriya vidyalaya No 1 Imphal, Lamphelpat
  • Kendriya vidyalaya No 2 Imphal, Langjing
  • Little flower school
  • Lodestar public school
  • Manipur public school
  • Sainik International School & College Imphal
  • St. Anthony's English School & College Imphal
  • St. John English High School, Nambol, Bishnupur District
  • St. Joseph school
  • St. Paul's English School
  • Sanfort International School & College Imphal
  • Sangai higher secondary public school.

Healthcare[edit]

Imphal is facilitated with many private and government hospitals which are open 24 hours and provide all required facilities.

Advanced Hospital and Catholic Medical Centre and Maipakpi Maternity and Child Hospital and Iboyaima Hospital and City Hospital

Notable people[edit]

  • M. K. Binodini Devi was an Indian novelist, short story writer, playwright and a member of royal family of Manipur.
  • Yumlembam Gambhini Devi, a recipient of the 1988 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the 2005 fourth highest civilian honour, the Padma Shri for her contributions to Manipuri dance and music
  • Ngairangbam Bijoy Singh (born 1946), doctor and politician
  • Ratan Thiyam, notable theatre director and chairman of the Chorus theatre Imphal,former chairman at National School of drama.
  • Neelamani Devi is an Indian craftswoman and master potter from Manipur who was awarded the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2007, for her contributions to the art of pottery making by the Indian Government.
  • Mary Kom, boxer and nationally representative of India at world class sport events.
  • Dingko Singh (born 1 January 1979) is an Indian boxer who won the gold medal at 1998 Asian Games in Bangkok and was awarded the Padma Shri by Government of India in 2013.
  • Binalakshmi Nepram is a humanitarian, author, and female activist for the advocacy of gender rights and women-led disarmament movements for her home state of Manipur in particular and northeast India in general.
  • Irom Chanu Sharmila (born 14 March 1972),also known as the "Iron Lady" or "Mengoubi" ("the fair one") is a civil rights activist, political activist, and poet from the Indian state of Manipur
  • Robert Naorem, notable designer representative of indigenous designs of Manipur and eminent beyond Manipur with involvement in the Hindi film industry.
  • Dheeraj Singh Moirangthem, prominent footballer from Manipur.
  • Bombayla Devi Laishram (born 22 February 1985) is an Indian archer who was awarded the Arjuna Award in 2012 and the Padma Shri in 2019 by the Government of India for her contributions to sports.
  • Armstrong Pame, IAS from Tamenglong.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Imphal and Kohima". Britain's Greatest Battles. National Army Museum. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Imphal City Population, Manipur". www.census2011.co.in. Census 2011. 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Imphal, India". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Imphal, India". Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Climate: Imphal - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Ever Recorded Maximum Temperature, Minimum Temperature and 24 Hours Heaviest Rainfall upto 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Ima Keithel – A market by women". She. msn. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  8. ^ "Imphal". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  9. ^ "Govt approves rail link to Imphal". The Indian Express. 26 October 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  10. ^ "NFR – Jiribam-Imphal Rail Line – Manipur". Construction Intelligence Centre. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Manipur University". Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Welcome To NIT Manipur". Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  13. ^ "MTU". mtu.ac.in. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  14. ^ "Regional Institute of Medical Sciences". Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  15. ^ "JNIMS". Archived from the original on 22 November 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2014.

External links[edit]