Jalandhar–Jammu line

From Deep web, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Jalandhar–Jammu line
Overview
StatusOperational
LocalePunjab, Jammu & Kashmir
TerminiJalandhar City
Jammu Tawi
Operation
Opened1971
OwnerIndian Railway
Operator(s)Northern Railway
Technical
Track length222 km (138 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Electrificationcompleted
Operating speedup to 130 km/hr (Jalandhar–Pathankot section)
Highest elevationJalandhar Cantonment 239 m (784 ft), Pathankot Cantonment 328 m (1,076 ft), Jammu Tawi 337 m (1,106 ft)

The Jalandhar–Jammu line is a railway line connecting Jalandhar Cantonment and Jalandhar City in the Indian state of Punjab with Jammu Tawi in Jammu & Kashmir. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

History[edit]

The line from Jalandhar City to Mukerian was constructed in 1915.[1] The Mukerian–Pathankot line was built in 1952. The construction of the Pathankot–Jammu Tawi line was initiated in 1965, after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, and opened in 1971.[2]

Railway tracks between Jalandhar and Jammu Tawi have been doubled.[3] Electrification of railway track between Jalandhar and Jammu Tawi was completed in 2014.[4]

Speed limit[edit]

The Ambala Cantonment–Ludhiana–Jalandhar cantonment–Jalandhar city is classified as a "Group B" line and can take speeds up to 130 km/ h.[5]

Passenger movement[edit]

Jalandhar City and Jammu Tawi, on this line, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[6]

DMU shed[edit]

India’s first and largest DMU shed at Jalandhar holds 90 units placed in service in rural Punjab. It also houses two BEML built rail buses which operate on the Beas–Goindwal Sahib line.[7]

Loco sheds[edit]

Jammu has a trip shed for visiting locos where WDS-4 locos belonging to Shakurbasti shed are retained for long periods. Pathankot Cantonment (Chakki Bank) had a steam shed which has now been decommissioned.[7]

Railway reorganisation[edit]

Sind Railway (later reorganised as Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway) was formed a guaranteed railway in 1856. It constructed broad gauge railways from Delhi to Multan via Lahore, and from Karachi to Kotri. Multan and Kotri were connected by ferry service on the Indus River. In 1871-72, Indus Valley Railway was formed to connect Multan and Kotri. At the same time, Punjab Northern State Railway started constructing from Lahore towards Peshawar. In 1886, Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway was acquired by the state and amalgamated with Indus Valley Railway and Punjab Northern State Railway to form North-Western State Railway.[8]

With the partition of India in 1947, North Western Railway was split. While the western portion became Pakistan West Railway, and later Pakistan Railways, the eastern part became Eastern Punjab Railway.[9] In 1952, Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hoshiarpur – Punjab District Gazetteers". Chapter VII Communications – Railways. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  2. ^ "IR History: Part V (1970-1995)". IRFCA. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Jalandhar-Udhampur Railway Track to be Electrified". Jalandhar, Punjab, India. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Electric engine train on Pathankot-Jammu Tawi track from next month - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dnaindia.com. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". IRFCA. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Digital South Asia Library". Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 3, p. 398. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  9. ^ SM Imamul Haque. "Management of Indian Railways, 1989". Readings in Indian Railway Finance by KB Verma, P 136. Mittal Publications,A 1/8 Mohan Garden, New Delhi 110059. ISBN 81-7099-183-8. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 31 January 2014.

External links[edit]