John Broome (politician)
John Broome as depicted in 1895's Makers of New York.
|Lieutenant Governor of New York|
July 1804 – August 8, 1810
|Governor||Morgan Lewis (1804–1807)|
Daniel D. Tompkins (1807–1810)
|Preceded by||Jeremiah Van Rensselaer|
|Succeeded by||John Tayler|
|Member of the New York Provincial Congress|
|Born||July 19, 1738|
Staten Island, Province of New York, British America
|Died||August 8, 1810|
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
(m. 1769; her death 1800)
(m. 1806; his death 1810)
|Relations||John L. Broome (grandson)|
|Branch/service||New York State Militia|
John Broome (July 19, 1738 – August 8, 1810) was an American merchant and politician who was Lieutenant Governor of New York, from 1804 to 1810.
Broome was born on Staten Island in the Province of New York on July 19, 1738. He was the youngest of four children born to Samuel Broome (1685/93–1771), a staunch Presbyterian, and Marie (née LaTourette) Broome (1693–1774). His maternal grandparents were Jean LaTourette and Marie Mercereau, who were French Huguenots.
Broome studied law with William Livingston, but about 1762 abandoned a legal career to join his brother Samuel in a partnership to import British goods.
He was an Alderman in 1783-84 and 1785–86, and New York City Treasurer in 1784. He was the president of the New York City Chamber of Commerce from 1785 to 1794, and was engaged in the trade with India and China at that time. He is said to have launched the importation of tea from China with an initial shipment of 2 million pounds.
In August 1795, during an outbreak of yellow fever, he was the chairman of the city's Health Committee, appointed by Governor George Clinton the previous year, and kept on by Clinton's rival John Jay despite Broome's prominence at a partisan rally to oppose the treaty Jay had just negotiated with the British, since health was not considered a partisan issue. The health committee denied there was an epidemic and played down the number of deaths, attributing them to other causes.
Broome twice ran unsuccessfully for U.S. Congress; first in March 1789 against Federalist candidate John Laurance, and then again in April 1802 against Federalist candidate Joshua Sands. Broome was a member from New York County of the New York State Assembly in 1800-01 and 1802, and a member of the New York State Senate in 1804.
Lieutenant Governor of New York
Broome was elected Lieutenant Governor of New York three times, serving from July 1804 until his death in office in August 1810. He initially defeated Oliver Phelps in 1804, and then won re-election over Thomas Storm in 1807 and Nicholas Fish in 1810. He served under two Governors of New York—first under Morgan Lewis (1804–1807), and then under Daniel D. Tompkins (1807–1810). Broome's death occurred a month into his third term, so that at first the President pro tempore of the State Senate John Tayler became acting lieutenant governor, and in April 1811 DeWitt Clinton won a special election to serve for the remainder of the term.
On October 19, 1769, he married Rebecca Lloyd (1747–1800) and they had several children, including:
- John Lloyd Broome (d. 1836), who was the father of U.S. Navy officer John L. Broome (1824–1898).
- Julia Adel Broome (1776–1844), who married John Walter Livingston (1778–1860), great-grandson of Philip Livingston.
- Caroline Matilda Broome (1783–1861), who married Darby Noon (1783–1823)
On July 9, 1806, Broome married Ruth Hunter (c.1757–1840), the widow of auctioneer Robert Hunter (c.1735–1800) and mother of State Senator John Hunter (1778–1852).
Broome's remains were initially buried in the churchyard of the First Presbyterian Church in New York on Wall Street in New York City. However, they were moved in the 1840s when the church relocated to Fifth Avenue between 11th and 12th Streets in Greenwich Village in Manhattan.
Through his daughter Julia, he was the grandfather of Adele Caroline Livingston (1810/3–1841), who married New York merchant Joseph Sampson (1793–1872), themselves the grandparents of Adele Livingston "Daisy" Stevens (1864–1939), who was married to Frederick Hobbes Allen (1858–1937), a prominent international lawyer who was the son of Elisha Hunt Allen (1804–1883), former U.S. Representative from Maine and the United States Minister to the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1856 until his death in 1883, and the grandson of Samuel Clesson Allen (1772–1842), a Senator from Massachusetts.
- Semans, Barbara Broome; Broom, Letitia (2013). BROOME, LATOURETTE, AND MERCEREAU FAMILIES OF NEW YORK AND CONNECTICUT: 17th to 19th Centuries. Xlibris Corporation. pp. 83–85. ISBN 9781479773022. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- New York: A Guide to the Metropolis, by Gerard R. Wolfe, p. 185.
- Broom, Letitia; Semans, Barbara Broome (2009). John Broome and Rebecca Lloyd: Their Descendants and Related Families 18th to 21st Centuries. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781462811120. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "COL. F. H. ALLEN, 79, DEAD AT NEWPORT; Former Pelham Manor Mayor Honored by Many Nations for World War Work LAWYER AND ECONOMIST Member of Group Organizing Lafayette Escadrille--Served With Colonel House Once in Diplomatic Service Received Honors Abroad". The New York Times. 4 December 1937. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- "ALLEN, Elisha Hunt - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- "ALLEN, Samuel Clesson - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- New York yellow fever epidemic in 1795 at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2009)
- First Presbyterian Church in New York City
- The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections, 1788-1790 by Merrill Jensen, Robert A. Becker & Gordon DenBoer (University of Wisconsin Press, 1976, ISBN 0-299-10650-0, ISBN 978-0-299-10650-8 ; page 558)
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (pages 32, 139 and 261; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)
- The Old Merchants of New York City by Joseph Alfred Scoville (Carleton, 1865; pages 208ff)
Jeremiah Van Rensselaer
| Lieutenant Governor of New York