Larsen & Toubro

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Larsen & Toubro
Traded asNSELT
BSE SENSEX Constituent
Founded07 February 1938; 82 years ago (07 February 1938)
Mumbai, India
FoundersHenning Holck-Larsen,
Søren Kristian Toubro
HeadquartersL&T House, Ballard Estate, ,
Area served
Key people
A.M. Naik
(Group Chairman)
S.N. Subrahmanyan
(MD & CEO)
Revenue141,007 crore (US$20 billion) (2019)[2]
16,325 crore (US$2.3 billion) (2019)[2]
8,905 crore (US$1.2 billion) (2019)[2]
Total assets279,134 crore (US$39 billion) (2019)[2]
Total equity62,374 crore (US$8.7 billion) (2019)[2]
Number of employees
44,761 (2019[2])
DivisionsReal Estate (Realty), Technology, Engineering, Construction, Manufacturing
SubsidiariesL&T Infotech, L&T Technology Services, L&T Hydrocarbon Engineering, L&T Mutual Fund, Mindtree, L&T Finance Holdings

Larsen & Toubro Limited, commonly known as L&T Limited is an Indian multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.[3] It was founded by two Danish engineers taking refuge in India.[4] The company has business interests in basic and heavy engineering, construction, realty, manufacturing of capital goods, information technology, and financial services. As at March 31, 2018, L&T Group comprises 93 subsidiaries, 8 associates, 34 joint-venture and 33 joint operations companies.[5]


Larsen & Toubro originated from a company founded in 1938 in Mumbai by two Danish engineers, Henning Holck-Larsen and Søren Kristian Toubro. The company began as a representative of Danish manufacturers of dairy equipment. However, with the start of the Second World War in 1939 and the resulting restriction on imports, the partners started a small workshop to undertake jobs and provide service facilities. Germany's invasion of Denmark in 1940 stopped supplies of Danish products. The war-time need to repair and refit ships offered L&T an opportunity, and led to the formation of a new company, Hilda Ltd, to handle these operations. L&T also started to repair and fabricate ships signalling the expansion of the company. The sudden internment of German engineers in British India (due to suspicions caused by the Second World War), who were to put up a soda ash plant for the Tata's, gave L&T a chance to enter the field of installation.[6]

In 1944, ECC (Engineering Construction & Contracts) was incorporated by the partners; the company at this time was focused on construction projects (Presently, ECC is the construction division of L&T). L&T began several foreign collaborations. By 1945, the company represented British manufacturers of equipment used to manufacture products such as hydrogenated oils, biscuits, soaps and glass. In 1945, the company signed an agreement with Caterpillar Tractor Company, USA, for marketing earth moving equipment. At the end of the war, large numbers of war-surplus Caterpillar equipments were available at attractive prices, but the finances required were beyond the capacity of the partners. This prompted them to raise additional equity capital, and on 7 February 1946, Larsen & Toubro Private Limited was incorporated.[6]

After India's independence in 1947, L&T set up offices in Calcutta (now Kolkata), Madras (now Chennai) and New Delhi. In 1948, 55 acres of undeveloped marsh and jungle was acquired in Powai, Mumbai. A previously uninhabitable swamp subsequently became the site of its main manufacturing hub. In December 1950, L&T became a public company with a paid-up capital of 20 lakh (US$28,000). The sales turnover in that year was 1.09 crore (US$150,000). In 1956, a major part of the company's Mumbai office moved to ICI House in Ballard Estate, which would later be purchased by the company and renamed as L&T House, its present headquarters.[6]

During the 1960s, ventures included UTMAL (set up in 1960), Audco India Limited (1961), Eutectic Welding Alloys (1962) and TENGL (1963).[6] Largest Indian Engineering Service company.

Operating divisions[edit]

L&T formed a joint venture with SapuraCrest Petroleum Berhad, Malaysia for providing services to the offshore construction industry.[7] The joint venture owns and operates the LTS 3000, a crane vessel for heavy lifting and pipe-laying.

L&T Power has set up an organisation focused on coal-based, gas-based and nuclear power projects.[8] L&T has formed two joint ventures with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Japan to manufacture super critical boilers and steam turbine generators.[9]

L&T is among the largest five fabrication companies in the world.[10] L&T has a shipyard capable of constructing vessels of up to 150 metre long and displacement of 20,000 tons[11] at its heavy engineering complex at Hazira, Gujarat. The shipyard constructs specialised heavy-lift ships, CNG carriers, chemical tankers, defence & para-military vessels, submarines and other role-specific vessels.

The design wing of L&T ECC is EDRC (Engineering Design and Research Centre), which provides consultancy, design, and services. It carries out the basic and detailed design for both residential and commercial projects.

L&T Realty[edit]

L&T Realty is the real estate development arm of Larsen & Toubro.[12][13] The company operates in Western and Southern India, constructing residential, corporate office, retail, leisure and entertainment properties with 35 million sq ft under various stages of development.[14]

L&T Technology Services[edit]

L&T Technology Services.., a subsidiary of Larsen & Toubro, is an engineering services company that operates in the global Engineering, Research and Development (“ER&D”) space. L&T Technology Services offers design, development and testing services for the industrial products, medical devices, transportation, aerospace, telecom and process industries. The company serves customers across the product engineering life cycle from product conceptualization to implementation. Services include consulting, design, development, testing, maintenance, and to-market integration services.L&T Technology hits the Indian Capital Markets with its IPO offering 10.4 million shares at a price band of Rs.850 to Rs.860[15]

L&T Solar[edit]

L&T Solar, a subsidiary of Larsen & Toubro, undertakes solar energy projects. In April 2012, L&T commissioned India's largest solar photovoltaic power plant (40 MWp) owned by Reliance Power at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan from concept to commissioning in 129 days.[16] In 2011, L&T entered into a partnership with Sharp for EPC (engineering, procurement and construction) in megawatt solar project and plan to construct about 100 MW in the next 12 months in most of the metros.[17] L&T Infra Finance, promoted by the parent L&T Ltd, is also active in the funding of solar projects in India.[18][19] It is governed by Rebel Enterprises

Electrical and automation[edit]

L&T is an international manufacturer of electrical and electronic products and systems. The company also manufactures custom-engineered switchboards for industrial sectors like power, refineries, petrochemicals and cement.[20] In the electronic segment, L&T offers a range of metres and provides control and automation systems for industries.

Medical equipment and systems[edit]

L&T used to operate multiple facilities in Mysore as part of its medical equipment and systems business unit. In November 2012, L&T sold it to Skanray Technologies Pvt Ltd. Currently, L&T Mysore division manufactures Single-phase and Three-phase static solid-state Electricity Meters to various utilities pan India. The range of meters varies from Residential, Industrial, Prepayment and Smart Meters. There are both Whole current and CT operated meters. It also houses a relay servicing unit.

Larsen & Toubro Infotech (LTI)[edit]

Larsen & Toubro Infotech Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of L&T, offers information technology, software and services with a focus on manufacturing, BFSI and communications and embedded systems. It also provides services for embedded intelligence and engineering.

Machinery and industrial products[edit]

L&T manufactures, markets and provides service support for construction and mining machinery, including surface miners, hydraulic excavators, aggregate crushers, loader backhoes and vibratory compactors; supplies rubber processing machinery and manufactures and markets industrial valves and allied products along with application-engineered welding alloys.[citation needed]

EWAC Alloys Limited[edit]

EWAC Alloys Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of Larsen & Toubro, India. The company is engaged in design & development, manufacture and supply of special welding electrodes, gas brazing rods and fluxes, welding torches and accessories, atomised metal powder alloys, flux cored continuous wires & wire feeders, polymer compounds & wear-resistant plates.

Prof Wasserman, founder of Eutectic Castolin, and Henning Hock Larsen, founder of Larsen & Toubro, founded the Eutectic Division in India in the year 1962. Eutectic Castolin was later merged into the Messer Group of companies, Germany and referred as Messer Eutectic Castolin (MEC). In 2010, Larsen & Toubro Limited, bought the entire stake from Messer to become the wholly owned subsidiary of it. The current headquarters is in Ankleshwar, Gujarat (India), and the products are sold under the name EWAC.

In line with its strategy to divest non-core businesses, L&T is planning on selling its entire stake in unlisted subsidiary EWAC Alloys to UK-registered ESAB Holdings for a total consideration of Rs 522 crore. The share purchase agreement has been executed on October 11, 2017. The acquirer ESAB offers products for welding and cutting process. In 2012, ESAB was acquired by Colfax Corp., a diversified industrial manufacturing company based in the US.

About L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad Limited[edit]

Larsen and Toubro Limited was awarded the Hyderabad Metro Rail Project by Government of Andhra Pradesh. L&T incorporated a Special Purpose Vehicle - L&T Metro Rail (Hyderabad) Limited ("The Company") to implement the Project on Design, Built, Finance Operate and Transfer (DBFOT) basis.[21]

The company has signed the Concession Agreement with Government of Andhra Pradesh on 4 September 2010 and completed the financial closure for the Project on 1 March 2011 in record six months. A consortium of 10 banks led by the State Bank of India has sanctioned the entire debt requirement of the project. This is the largest fund tie-up in India for a non-power infrastructure Public Private Partnership (PPP) project.

The company is a subsidiary of L&T Infrastructure Development Projects Ltd., an infrastructure development arm of Larsen of Toubro Ltd.

The company will develop 18.6 million s.ft. of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) and is expected to trigger robust economic activity in and around the city of Hyderabad and will generate substantial employment.[citation needed]

Larsen and Toubro Limited was awarded, and has commenced work on the Rs. 5,273 Crore Mumbai Metro Line 3 project. The project consists of two packages: Package 1(Cuffe Parade-VidhanBhavan-Churchgate-Hutatma Chowk) and Package 7 (Marol Naka-MIDC-SEEPZ).[22]

The company is also in the process of building major metro rail projects in the Middle-East.[23]

Major subsidiaries and joint ventures[edit]

Larsen & Toubro Office at Faridabad, Delhi NCR.

As of March 2018, L&T has 93 subsidiaries, 8 associate companies, 34 joint ventures, and 33 joint operation companies.

  • L&T Infrastructure Engineering Ltd. is one of India's engineering consulting firms offering technical services in transport infrastructure. The company has experience both in India and Globally, delivering single point ‘Concept to Commissioning’ consulting services for infrastructure projects like airports, roads, bridges, ports and maritime structure including environment, transport planning and other related services. Established in 1990 as L&T-Rambøll Consulting Engineers Limited, the company became the wholly owned subsidiary of L&T in September 2014. Today, L&T Infra Engineering is an independent corporate entity managed by a Board of Directors. The company enjoys complete freedom to set and pursue its goals, drawing, as and when required, on the technical and managerial resources of L&T Infrastructure Engineering Limited.[citation needed]
  • L&T Kobelco Machinery Private Limited: this is a joint venture of L&T and Kobe Steel of Japan, to manufacture internal mixers and twin screw roller-head extruder's for the tyre industry. The company has a factory at Karai Village, Kanchipuram, that manufactures internal mixers and twin-screw roller head extruder's for the tyre industry, which commenced commercial operations on 1 December 2012.
  • L&T – Construction Equipment Limited: having its registered office at Mumbai, India and focusing on construction equipment and mining equipment, L&T-Komatsu Limited[24] was a joint-venture of Larsen and Toubro, and Komatsu Asia Pacific Pte Limited, Singapore, a wholly owned subsidiary of Komatsu Limited, Japan. Komatsu is the world's second largest manufacturer of hydraulic excavators and has manufacturing and marketing facilities.[25] The plant was started in 1975 by L&T to manufacture hydraulic excavators for the first time in India. In 1998, it became a joint-venture. The Bengaluru works comprise machinery and hydraulics works, with a manufacturing facility for design, manufacture, and servicing of earth moving equipment. The hydraulics works have a precision machine shop, manufacturing high-pressure hydraulic components and systems, and designing, developing, manufacturing and servicing hydraulic pumps, motors, cylinders, turning joints, hose assemblies, valve blocks, hydraulic systems, and power drives as well as allied gearboxes. In April 2013, L&T bought the 50% stake held by Komatsu Asia & Pacific. The company's name was changed to L&T Construction Equipment Limited.[26][27]
    • L&T-John Deere: In 1992, L&T established a 50-50 joint venture with John Deere to manufacture tractors in India, called L&T - John Deere. L&T sold their interest to John Deere in 2005.[28]
    • L&T Case: In 1992, L&T established L&T-Case Construction with CNH Global as a 50-50 joint venture to build backhoes. In 2011, L&T decided to exit this joint venture and sold its share to CNH, and the company was renamed Case New Holland Construction Equipment India.

They also have a joint venture with Qatari company albalagh group which they jointly are the main contractors for alrayyan stadium, the 2022 FIFA World Cup stadium which will host matches up to the quarter-final.[29]

  • L&T Finance: Larsen & Toubro Financial Services is a subsidiary which was incorporated as a non-banking financial company in November 1994.[30] The subsidiary has financial products and services for corporate, construction equipments etc. This became a division in 2011 after the company declared its restructuring[31] A partnership between L&T Finance and Sonalika Group farm equipment maker International Tractors Ltd in April 2014 provided credit and financing to customers of Sonalika Group in India.[32]
  • L&T Mutual Fund is the mutual fund company of the L&T Group. Its average assets under management (AuM) as of May 2019 is 73,936.68 crore.[33]
  • Larsen & Toubro Infrastructure Finance: this wholly owned subsidiary commenced business in January 2007 upon obtaining Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) license from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). As of 31 March 2008, L&T Infrastructure Finance had approved financing of more than US$1 billion to select projects in the infrastructure sector.[citation needed] It received the status of "Infrastructure Finance Company" from the RBI within the overall classification of "Non-Banking Financial Company".
  • L&T Technology Services, a subsidiary of Larsen & Toubro, is a global engineering services company headquartered out of Vadodara, Gujarat, India. It offers design, development, and testing solutions across the product and plant engineering value chain, for various domains including Industrial Products, Transportation, Aerospace, Telecom & Hi-tech, and the Process Industries. As of 2016, L&T Technology Services employs over 10,000 workers and has operations in 35 locations around the world. Its clientele includes a large number of Fortune 500 companies globally.[34]
  • L&T Valves business group markets valves manufactured by L&T's Valve Manufacturing Unit and L&T's joint-ventures, Audco India Limited, India and Larsen & Toubro Valves Manufacturing Unit, Coimbatore as well as allied products other manufacturers. The group's manufacturing unit in Coimbatore manufactures industrial valves for the power industry, along with flow control valves for the oil and gas, refining, petrochemical, chemical and power industries, industrial valves and customised products for refinery, LNG, GTL, petrochemical and power projects. L&T Valves Business Group has offices in the US, South Africa, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, India and China, and alliances with valve distributors and agents in these countries.
  • L&T-MHPS Boilers is a joint venture between L&T and Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems. The group specialises in engineering, manufacturing, erecting and commissioning of supercritical steam generators used in power plants. It is mainly headquartered in Faridabad with a manufacturing facility in Hazira and an engineering centre in Chennai and Faridabad. Currently, the group is engaged in projects for JVPL, MAHAGENCO, Nabha Power & RRVUNL.
  • L&T MHPS Turbine Generators Pvt Ltd: in 2007, Larsen & Toubro and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries set up a joint-venture manufacturing agreement to supply a supercritical steam turbine and generator facility in Hazira. This followed a technology licensing and technical assistance agreement for the manufacture of supercritical turbines and generators between L&T, MHI, and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO), headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. In February 2014, MHI and Hitachi Ltd integrated the business centred on thermal power generation systems (gas turbines, steam turbines, coal gasification generating equipment, boilers, thermal power control systems, generators, fuel cells, environmental equipment and so on) and started a new company as Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems (MHPS) Ltd, headquartered in Yokohama, Japan.
  • L&T Howden Pvt Ltd is a joint venture between L&T and Howden to manufacture axial fans and air pre-heaters in the range of 120-1200 MW to thermal power stations. L&T Howden is an ISO 9001 and ISO 5001 certified organisation, with a plant located in Surat Hazira and a marketing office in Faridabad.
  • L&T Special Steels and Heavy Forgings Pvt Ltd. is a joint venture between L&T and NPCIL, headquartered at Hazira. It is the largest integrated steel plant and heavy forging unit in India, capable of producing forgings weighing 120 MT each. LTSSHF currently is engaged in projects from the nuclear, hydrocarbon, power and oil and gas sectors.[35]
  • L&T-Sargent & Lundy Limited (L&T-S&L), established in 1995, is a premier Engineering & Consultancy firm in the Power Sector, born out of shared vision of two renowned organizations - Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T), India's largest engineering and construction company and Sargent & Lundy L.L.C. - USA, a global Consulting firm in Power industry since 1891[36][37]
  • L&T General Insurance
  • In 2015, the company began developing commercial, retail and office space around the Hyderabad Metro Rail project.[38][39][40][41][42][43]
  • In June 2019, the company acquired a controlling stake in IT services company Mindtree Ltd[44]

Corporate re-structuring[edit]

In January 2011, Chairman announced that the company would be restructured into nine independent virtual companies.[45] with a CEO, CFO and HR head, its own profit and loss account, and board with at least three independent directors. Each board does not have any legal or statutory standing,[46] but merely advises management.

The original nine virtual companies which operated in different segments,[47] were subsequently increased to 12, and they are:[48]

  1. Building and Factories,
  2. Transportation & Infrastructure,
  3. Metallurgical & Material Handling,
  4. Heavy Civil Engineering
  5. Engineering Services,
  6. Power Transmission and Distribution,
  7. Power,
  8. Water,
  9. Geo-Structure,
  10. Smart World & Communication,
  11. Infotech,
  12. Finance,
  13. Hydrocarbon and Chemicals. This later became a real company, with independent standings and stocks.

Listing and shareholding[edit]

The equity shares of the company are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE). The company's shares constitute a part of BSE 30 Index of the BSE Limited as well as NIFTY Index of the NSE.[49] Its global depository receipts (GDR) are listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange and London Stock Exchange.[49] As on 31 March 2013, Financial institutions held around 30.5% equity shares in L&T. Over 8.5 lakh individual shareholders hold approx 24% of its shares.[49][50] Foreign Institutional Investors held approx 16.6% shares. Others held approx 29% of the shares. Life Insurance Corporation of India is the largest shareholder in the company with 16.03% shareholding.[51]

Shareholders (as on 31 March 2013) Shareholding[49][50]
Financial Institutions 30.54%
General Public 24.05%
Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) 16.58%
L&T Employees Welfare Foundation 12.09%
Bodies Corporate 07.17%
Mutual Funds 05.56%
GDRs 03.58%
Directors & Relatives 00.43%
Total 100.0%


As on 31 March 2018, the company had 42,464 permanent employees, out of which 2,248 were women (5.29%) and 43 were employees with disabilities (0.1012%). At the same period company had 264,589 employees on contract basis which makes it a total of 307,053. During the FY 2012-13, the company incurred 4,436 crore for employee benefit, including salaries.[49] As per the news article in November 2016, it had around 109,000 employees after mass firing of 14,000 across all sectors.[52]

Awards and recognition[edit]

  • In 1997, the Bengaluru Works division was awarded the "Best of all" Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award[53]
  • In 2014 Larsen & Toubro ranked 500 on Forbes list of 2000 world's largest and most powerful public companies based on revenues, profits, assets and market value. 54 Indian companies made it to the prestigious list, and L&T is the highest-ranked company in the engineering and construction section and 10th among all Indian public and private sectors.[54]

41544254;PLP[OHOPOSTUI0IU PB3809AU PJU 09* According to the Brand Trust Report 2012 published by Trust Research Advisory, a brand analytic's company, L&T was positioned 47th among India's most trusted brands.[55] Subsequently, in Brand Trust Report 2013, L&T was ranked 127th among the most trusted brands in India while according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, L&T was elevated to the 38th position among India's most trusted brands.[56][57]

  • In 2013, L&T Power received 'Golden Peacock National Quality Award – 2012' at the 23rd World Congress on 'Leadership & Quality of Governance'.[58][59]
  • In 2012, Forbes ranked L&T as 9th most innovative company in the world.[60][61] L&T was also featured in the Forbes Asia's annual 'Fabulous 50' list in 2010, for the fifth time in a row.[62]
  • In 2012, L&T was ranked 4th by Newsweek in the global list of green companies in the industrial sector.[63]
  • In 2013 the Harvard Business Review named L&T's Executive Chairman, A M Naik, as the 32nd Best Performing CEO in the world.[64][65]

See also[edit]



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