Governor of Jakarta

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Governor of Jakarta
Coat of arms of Jakarta.svg
Seal of the Province
Gubernur Anies.jpg
Incumbent
Anies Baswedan

since 16 October 2017
ResidenceJalan Taman Suropati No. 7, Jakarta
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderSuwiryo
(as Mayor of Jakarta)
Formation1960
Websitewww.jakarta.go.id

Jakarta Special Capital Region is administratively equal to a province with special status as the capital of Indonesia. Executive head of Jakarta is a governor, instead of a mayor. The governor of Jakarta is an elected politician who, along with vice governor and 106 members of Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD), is accountable for the strategic government of Jakarta.

Background[edit]

Governing system of Jakarta has changed throughout its history. On March 5, 1942, Japanese occupied Batavia from the Dutch control and the city was named Jakarta (Jakarta Special City (ジャカルタ特別市, Jakaruta tokubetsu-shi), in accordance with the special status that was assigned to the city). After the collapse of Japan, Indonesian nationalists who declared independence on August 17, 1945, [1] the government of Jakarta City was changed from the Japanese into the Jakarta National Administration in September,1945. After the war, the Dutch name Batavia was internationally recognized until full Indonesian independence was achieved on December 27, 1949 and Jakarta was officially proclaimed the national capital of Indonesia. Based on the Act No. 5 of 1974 relating to the Fundamentals of Regional Government, Jakarta was confirmed as the capital of Indonesia and one of Indonesia's 26 provinces in 1974 at that time.[2]

Elections[edit]

This first government was held by a mayor until the end of 1960, when the office was changed to that of a governor. The last mayor of Jakarta was Sudiro, until he was replaced by Dr Sumarno as governor of the province. In August 2007, Jakarta held its first ever election to choose a governor, whereas previously the city's governors were elected by members of DPRD. The poll is part of a country-wide decentralisation drive, allowing for direct local elections in several areas.[3] Elections for governor and deputy governor are held for a fixed five-year term.

Most recent election[edit]

The most recent election was held in Jakarta on 15 February 2017. There were 3 contesting pairs in that election, but no one obtained 50% of the vote. As per law, a runoff election was held between the top two pairs on 19 April 2017. The official results of the election is Anies Baswedan - Sandiaga Uno won the election with 57.96% of vote defeating Basuki Tjahaja Purnama - Djarot Saiful Hidayat, who got 42.04% of the vote.[4][5][6][7]

List of governors[edit]

Below is a list of Mayors and Governors who have held office in the regional government district of Batavia in the Dutch East Indies until its transformation to Jakarta in Indonesia from the formation of the office in 1916.

Mayor of Special City of Jakarta (1942-1945)[edit]

After the Japanese occupied Jakarta on 8 March, the Japanese upgraded the status of Jakarta into a Tokubetsu Si (Special City), and appointed a Tokubetsu Shichō (Head of the Tokubetsu Si). The Japanese also appointed several zyokaku (deputies).

No Name[N. 1] Took office Left office Deputy
1
Tsukamoto
1942 1945
Suwirjo
Bagindo Dahlan Abdullah
2
Hasegawa

Republican Mayor of Jakarta (1945-1947)[edit]

After the Indonesian Independence was proclaimed on 17 August 1945, the power transfer of the city was handed over from Japan to Indonesia on 19 September 1945. Following the power transfer, President of Indonesia appointed Suwirjo as the Mayor of Jakarta on 23 September 1945. Suwirjo ended him term after being arrested by the Dutch forces on 21 July 1947, following the Operation Product that occupied the town.

No Image Name[8] Took office Left office Time in office
1 Suwiryo Jakarta.jpg
Suwiryo
23 September 1945[9]
21 July 1947[9]
1 year, 301 days

Dutch Mayors of Jakarta/Batavia (1946-1950)[edit]

Following the Dutch return to Jakarta in early 1946, the Dutch civil administration, NICA, appointed the Archibald Bogaardt as the acting mayor of Batavia. Bogaardt had been the mayor of Batavia previously in 1941, and lost his power to the Japanese in 1942. The Dutch appointed Bogaardt in a shadow government and referred the de facto major, Suwiryo, as republikeinse burgemeester. Bogaardt's successor, E. M. Stok, finally gained de facto control after the Dutch occupied the city in Operation Product on 21 July 1947.

There were four mayors of the city during this period, but only one was recognized as a definitive mayor, while the rest was referred as waarnemend burgemeester (acting mayor).

Note: Italic denotes acting mayor

No Image Name[8] Took office Left office Time in office
- Archibald Bogaardt (1964).jpg
Archibald Theodoor Bogaardt
1 November 1946[10]
28 June 1947
239 days
-
Elbert Marinus Stok
28 June 1947[11]
26 August 1948
1 year, 59 days
1
Robert Thomas Praaning
26 August 1948[12]
20 April 1949
237 days
- Sastromoeljono.jpg
Sastromoeljono
20 April 1949[13][14]
30 March 1950
344 days

Governor of the Federal Region of Batavia (1948-1950)[edit]

The formation of the Federal Region of Batavia was announced with the Staatsblad No. 63 on June 1948. The federal region was given an autonomous status in the territory of the State of Pasundan. The governor of the region, Hilman Djajadiningrat, was appointed on 2 November 1948.

No Image Name[8] Took office Left office Time in office
1 Hilman Djajadiningrat, Riwajat Singkat Terdirinja Negara Pasoendan (1948), p16 (cropped).jpg
Hilman Djajadiningrat
2 November 1948[15]
30 March 1950
1 year, 148 days

Mayor of Jakarta (1950-1958)[edit]

After the return of Jakarta to Indonesia, the Federal Territory of Batavia was abolished. Hilman Djajadiningrat, the former governor, and Sastromoeljono, the former mayor, handed over their mandate to Suwiryo on 30 March 1950.

No Image Name[8] Took office Left office Time in office
1
Suwiryo
30 March 1950[16]
2 May 1951
1 year, 33 days
2
Sjamsuridjal
29 June 1951[17]
8 December 1953
2 years, 162 days
3 Sudiro, Pekan Buku Indonesia 1954, p8.jpg
Sudiro
8 December 1953[18]
[N. 2]
29 January 1960
6 years, 52 days

Governor of Jakarta[edit]

Note: Italic denotes acting governor

No Image Name[8] Took office Left office Time in office Vice Governor(s) Nickname
1 Soemarno Sosroatmodjo as Governor of Jakarta.jpg
Soemarno Sosroatmodjo
29 January 1960
26 August 1964
4 years, 210 days
Henk Ngantung
 
2
Henk Ngantung
26 August 1964
15 July 1965
323 days
 
3 Soemarno Sosroatmodjo as Governor of Jakarta.jpg
Soemarno Sosroatmodjo[N. 3]
15 July 1965
28 April 1966
287 days
 
4
Ali Sadikin (1975).jpg
Ali Sadikin
28 April 1966
11 July 1977
11 years, 74 days
RHA Wiriadinata
Bang Ali
5 Tjokropranolo as Governor of Jakarta.jpg
Tjokropranolo
11 July 1977[20]
29 September 1982
5 years, 80 days
Bang Noli
6 Soeprapto as Governor of Jakarta.jpg
Soeprapto
29 September 1982[21]
6 October 1987
5 years, 7 days
(1) Eddie Marzuki Nalapraya
(2) Bunyamin Ramto
 
7 Wiyogo Atmodarminto as Governor of Jakarta.jpg
Wiyogo Atmodarminto
6 October 1987[22]
6 October 1992
5 years
(1) Basofi Sudirman
(2) Herbowo
Bang Wi
8 Soejadi Soedirdja as Governor of Jakarta.jpg
Soerjadi Soedirdja
6 October 1992
6 October 1997
5 years
(1) M. Idroes
(2) Tubagus Muhammad Rais
(3) RS Museno
 
9 Sutiyoso as Governor of Jakarta.jpg
Sutiyoso
6 October 1997
7 October 2007
10 years, 1 day
(1997–2002)
(1) Abdul Kahfi
(2) Boedihardjo Soekmadi
(3) Djailani
(4) Fauzi Alvi
Bang Yos
(2002–2007)
Fauzi Bowo
10 Fauzi Bowo.jpg
Fauzi Bowo
7 October 2007
7 October 2012
5 years
Prijanto
Foke
-
Fadjar Panjaitan
8 October 2012
15 October 2012
7 days
None
11 Gubernur DKI Jokowi.jpg
Joko Widodo[N. 4]
15 October 2012
16 October 2014
2 years, 1 day
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Jokowi
12 Gubernur DKI Basuki TP 鐘萬學.jpg
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
1 June 2014
22 July 2014
2 years, 197 days
None
Ahok
16 October 2014
19 November 2014
19 November 2014
9 May 2017[N. 5]
Djarot Saiful Hidayat
- Pj. Gubernur Sulsel Sumarsono.jpg
Soni Sumarsono
28 October 2016
11 February 2017
145 days
None
7 March 2017
15 April 2017
13 Governour DKI Jakarta Djarot Saiful Hidayat.jpg
Djarot Saiful Hidayat
9 May 2017
15 June 2017
159 days
15 June 2017
15 October 2017
-
Saefullah
15 October 2017
16 October 2017
1 day
Bang Ipul
14 Gubernur Anies.jpg
Anies Baswedan
16 October 2017
present
2 years, 117 days
Sandiaga Uno (until 2018)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There was no clear reference about the dates and the amount of mayor that took office during this era. According to Solichin 1992, p. 21, the first Tokubetsu Shichō was Tsukamoto and the last was Hasegawa. The book also mentioned the existence of three deputies, namely Suwiryo, Bagindo Dahlan, and a Japanese man. The latter's name is not mentioned.
  2. ^ Since 25 February 1958 as Regional Head (see Law No. 1 of 1957)[19]
  3. ^ In this second period, he also served as the Home Affairs Minister of Indonesia.
  4. ^ Resigned after being elected as the President of Indonesia.[23]
  5. ^ Dismissed after being sentenced to two years in prison for religious blasphemy.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Waworoentoe 2013.
  2. ^ Jakarta in Figures. Statistics DKI Jakarta Provincial Office, Jakarta. 2008.
  3. ^ "Jakarta holds historic election". BBC News. BBC. 8 August 2007.
  4. ^ Joe Cochrane (19 April 2017). "Jakarta Governor Concedes Defeat in Religiously Tinged Election". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Jakarta's 'Ahok' concedes heavy defeat in governor race". South China Morning Post.
  6. ^ "Indonesia has been mercifully resistant to extremism—until now". The Economist. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  7. ^ http://megapolitan.kompas.com/read/2017/04/20/21125081/hasil.final.real.count.kpu.anies-sandi.57.95.ahok-djarot.42.05.
  8. ^ a b c d e Jakarta in Figures. Statistics DKI Jakarta Provincial Office, Jakarta. 2008.
  9. ^ a b Suryana, Dede (28 June 2012). "Raden Suwiryo, Walikota Pertama Jakarta". Okezone (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  10. ^ "HUISVESTING BATAVIA". Het dagblad. 1 November 1946. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Nieuwe wnd. burgemeester van Batavia". Leeuwarder courant. 26 June 1947. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  12. ^ "NIEUWE BURGEMEESTER". Het dagblad. 26 August 1948. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  13. ^ Bastiaans, W. Ch. J. (1950). Personalia Van Staatkundige Eenheden (Regering en Volksvertegenwoordiging) in Indonesie (per 1 Sept. 1949) (PDF). Jakarta.
  14. ^ "Mr. Sastromoeljono neemt afscheid". Het dagblad. 20 April 1949. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  15. ^ "Raden Hilman Djajadiningrat wordt gouverneur van Batavia". De nieuwsgier. 2 November 1948. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  16. ^ "Burgemeester Suwirjo aanvaardt zijn taak". Java-bode. 30 March 1950. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  17. ^ Sedyawati, Edi; Rahardjo, Supratnikno; Johan, Irmawati Marwoto; Ohorella, G. A. Manilet- (1986). Sejarah Kota Jakarta 1950-1980 (in Indonesian). Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan. p. 139.
  18. ^ "Bestuursoverdracht te Djakarta". Het nieuwsblad voor Sumatra. 10 December 1953. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  19. ^ Notodidjojo, Soebagijo Ilham (1981). Sudiro, pejuang tanpa henti. Jakarta: Gunung Agung. pp. 279–280.
  20. ^ Yayasan Idayu (11 July 1977). "Serah terima Jabatan [gambar] : upacara serah terima jabatan Gubernur DKI Jaya Letjend Marinir H. Ali Sadikin kepada Letjend Nolly Tjokropranolo tanggal 11 Juli 1977 di gedung DPRD DKI Jakarta". Perpusnas. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  21. ^ Yayasan Idayu (29 September 1982). "Tanggal 29 Sept 1982 [gambar] : upacara serah terima jabatan Gubernur DKI dari Tjoropranolo kepada pengganti R. Soeprapto disaksikan Menteri dalam Negeri Amir Machmud di balai Sidang DKI". Perpusnas. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  22. ^ Yayasan Idayu (6 October 1987). "Mendagri Soepardjo Roestam hari selasa (6 Oktober 1987) di ruang sidang DPRD DKI Jaya melantik Wiyogo Atmodarminto menjadi Gubernur DKI Jaya periode 1987-1992 menggantikan R. Soeprapto, tampak Wiyogo ketika menandatangani naskah pelantikan disaksikan Mendagri". Perpusnas. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  23. ^ "Hari ini Jokowi Sudah bukan Gubernur DKI Jakarta Lagi". Suara Pembaruan (in Indonesian). Beritasatu.com. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  24. ^ "Ahok Diberhentikan dari Jabatan Gubernur" (in Indonesian). news.metrotvnews.com. 9 May 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.