List of Serbian inventions and discoveries

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Serbian inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques invented or discovered by Serbian people.


Invention/discovery Inventor/discoverer
Hair clipper (and buzz cut)[1] Nikola Bizumić
Ćuk converter Slobodan Ćuk
Strawberry Tree (solar energy device) Strawberry Energy

Graph energy Matching polynomial

Ivan Gutman
Jovan Karamata
Kurepa tree Djuro Kurepa
Migma Bogdan Maglich

Milankovitch cycles Revised Julian calendar [2] (second most accurate calendar ever written)

Milutin Milankovitch
Tihomir Novakov
Loading coil [5] Mihajlo Pupin
Mihajlo Pupin Institute
Quantum discord (one of discoverers) Vlatko Vedral


Vladimir Vukićević

Powered exoskeleton[6] "The beginning of the development of humanoid robotics coincided with the beginning of the development of the world's first active exoskeletons at the Mihailo Pupin Institute in 1969, under the guidance of Prof. Vukobratovic. Legged locomotion systems were developed first. Also, the first theory of these systems was developed in the same institute, in the frame of active exoskeletons. Hence, it can be said that active exoskeletons were the predecessors of the modern high-performance humanoid robots. The present-day active exoskeletons are developed as the systems for enhancing capabilities of the natural human skeletal system. The most successful version of an active exoskeleton for rehabilitation of paraplegics and similar disabled persons, pneumatically powered and electronically programmed was realized and tested at Belgrade Orthopedic Clinic in 1972." Robot locomotion/Zero moment point[7]"The zero moment point is a very important concept in the motion planning for biped robots. Since they have only two points of contact with the floor and they are supposed to walk, "run" or "jump" (in the motion context), their motion has to be planned concerning the dynamical stability of their whole body. This is not an easy task, especially because the upper body of the robot (torso) has larger mass and inertia than the legs which are supposed to support and move the robot. This can be compared to the problem of balancing an inverted pendulum."

Miomir Vukobratovic
Nikola Tesla

Galaksija (computer)

Voja Antonić

Early plastics

Ognjeslav Kostović Stepanović

Karst and a number of geographical theories related to the Balkans

Jovan Cvijić

Apollo (spacecraft); A team of 7 Serb engineers and scientists (known as Serbo-7) largely contributed to the Apollo project.[12]


Absence of atmosphere on the moon Least absolute deviations

Roger Joseph Boscovich[dubious ][note 1]

Pioneer in the sociology of law and sociological jurisprudence.

Valtazar Bogišić

Pioneering work in hypothermia.

Ivan Đaja

Pioneering research in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic

Pioneering work in the field of systems theory.

Mihajlo D. Mesarovic

Inventor and constructor of the first railway air brake.

Dobrivoje Božić

Invented and built the first known mechanical public clock in Russia in 1404.

Lazar the Serb

Co-creator of Azithromycin.

Slobodan Đokić

Author of first mathematical models of the numerical weather prediction.[13]

Petar Gburčik

Research on interactions of neutrons in chemical physics of heavy elements. which turned out to be an important step in the discovery of nuclear fission.

Pavle Savić

Serbian Cyrillic alphabet

Vuk Karadžić

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Scali-Sheahan, Maura; Roste, Leslie; Linquest, Linnea; Burness, Amy; Mitchell, Dennis (2017). Milady Standard Barbering (6th ed.). New York City: Cenage Learning. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-3051-0055-8.
  2. ^ "Is There a Perfect Calendar?". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Tihomir Novakov, 1929-2015". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  4. ^ Hansen, Anthony D. A; Rosen, H; Novakov, Tihomir (1 January 1984). "The aethalometer: an instrument for the real-time measurement of optical absorption by aerosol particles". 36: 191–196. Retrieved 14 November 2016 – via Open WorldCat. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Tesla's 3-Phase 4-Pole AC Induction Motor — Why Nikola Tesla's 19th Century Induction Motor Is The Ideal Choice For The 21st Century Electric Car". 30 May 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  9. ^ "How Does a Plasma Ball Work?". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Violet Ray: A Handy Healing Device". Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  11. ^
  12. ^ Bilić, Meri. "Hjustone, imamo problem: jel' ono beše Mesec ili Mars". Politika Online. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  13. ^ Persson, Anders (2005). Early operational Numerical Weather Prediction outside the USA: an historical introduction: Part II: Twenty countries around the world. Meteorological Applications (2005), 12 : 269–289 Cambridge University Press.


  1. ^ Boscovich was born in the Republic of Ragusa into a Catholic family. His father had a Slavic background and his mother was an Italian. At that time in Dalmatia the local Catholic Croatian elite was fully integrated into the Venetian society, while the Orthodox Serbian aristocracy was converted in Islam and assimilated into the Ottoman military class and thus de facto had vanished. For more see: Stefano Bianchini, Liquid Nationalism and State Partitions in Europe, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, ISBN 1786436612, p. 26.