List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

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World map representing the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index categories (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).[1]
  0.800 – 1.000 (very high)
  0.700 – 0.799 (high)
  0.555 – 0.699 (medium)
  0.350 – 0.554 (low)
  Data unavailable
World map of all countries by the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350-0.399
  0.300-0.349
  0.250-0.299
  ≤ 0.250
  Data unavailable

This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP in its 2018 Human Development Report. According to the 2016 Report, "The IHDI can be interpreted as the level of human development when inequality is accounted for," whereas the Human Development Index itself is "an index of potential human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)."[2][3]

The HDI, from which the IHDI derives, is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. The HDI was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, and is anchored in the Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen’s work on human capabilities. It is often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme. Though insightful, the index does not reckon several factors, such as the net wealth per capita, the relative quality of goods, CO
2
emissions
, crime rate or risk of insolvency in a country. This situation tends to lower the rank for some of the most advanced countries, such as the G7 members and others.[4]

Methodology[edit]

The index captures the HDI of the average person in society, which is less than the aggregate HDI when there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. Under perfect equality, the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality.

The IHDI, estimated for 151 countries, captures the losses in human development due to inequality in health, education and income. Losses in all three dimensions vary across countries, ranging from just a few percent (Czech Republic, Slovenia) up to over 40% (Comoros, Central African Republic). Overall loss takes into account all three dimensions.[5]

List[edit]

The table below ranks countries according to their inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI). Data is based on 2019 estimates.

2018 inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) (2019 report)[1][edit]

Rank Country 2018 estimates (2019 report)
IHDI HDI Overall loss (%)
1  Norway 0.889 0.954 6.8
2  Iceland 0.885 0.938 5.7
3  Japan 0.882 0.915 3.6
3   Switzerland 0.882 0.946 6.8
5  Finland 0.876 0.925 5.3
6  Sweden 0.874 0.937 6.7
7  Denmark 0.873 0.930 6.1
8  Netherlands 0.870 0.933 6.8
9  Ireland 0.865 0.942 8.2
10  Australia 0.862 0.938 8.1
11  Germany 0.861 0.939 8.3
12  Slovenia 0.858 0.902 4.8
13  Czech Republic 0.850 0.891 4.6
14  Belgium 0.849 0.919 7.6
15  United Kingdom 0.845 0.920 8.2
16  Austria 0.843 0.914 7.7
17  Canada 0.841 0.922 8.8
18  New Zealand 0.836 0.921 9.2
19  Luxembourg 0.822 0.909 9.5
20  Estonia 0.818 0.882 7.2
21  Hong Kong 0.815 0.939 13.2
21  Malta 0.815 0.885 8
23  Singapore 0.810 0.935 13.3
24  France 0.809 0.891 9.2
24  Israel 0.809 0.906 10.8
26  Slovakia 0.804 0.857 6.2
27  Poland 0.801 0.872 8.1
28  United States 0.797 0.920 13.4
29  Cyprus 0.788 0.873 9.7
30  South Korea 0.777 0.906 14.3
30  Hungary 0.777 0.845 8
32  Italy 0.776 0.883 12.1
32  Latvia 0.776 0.854 9.1
34  Lithuania 0.775 0.869 10.9
35  Croatia 0.768 0.837 8.3
36  Greece 0.766 0.872 12.2
37  Belarus 0.765 0.817 6.4
37  Spain 0.765 0.893 14.3
39  Kazakhstan 0.759 0.817 7.1
40  Montenegro 0.746 0.816 8.6
41  Russia 0.743 0.824 9.9
42  Portugal 0.742 0.850 12.7
43  Oman 0.725 0.834 13.1
43  Romania 0.725 0.816 11.1
45  Argentina 0.714 0.830 14
45  Bulgaria 0.714 0.816 12.5
47  Iran 0.706 0.797 11.5
48  Albania 0.705 0.791 10.9
49  Uruguay 0.703 0.808 13
50  Ukraine 0.701 0.750 6.4
51  Chile 0.696 0.847 17.8
52  Georgia 0.692 0.786 12
53  Mauritius 0.688 0.796 13.7
54  Sri Lanka 0.686 0.780 12.1
55  Armenia 0.685 0.760 9.9
55  Serbia 0.685 0.799 14
57  Azerbaijan 0.683 0.754 9.4
58  Barbados 0.675 0.813 17
58  Turkey 0.675 0.806 16.2
60  North Macedonia 0.660 0.759 13.1
61  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.658 0.769 14.4
60  Costa Rica 0.645 0.794 18.7
63  Moldova 0.638 0.711 10.4
64  China 0.636 0.758 16.1
65  Mongolia 0.635 0.735 13.6
65  Thailand 0.635 0.765 16.9
67  Panama 0.626 0.795 21.2
68  Jordan 0.617 0.723 14.7
68  Saint Lucia 0.617 0.745 17.2
70  Peru 0.612 0.759 19.4
71  Kyrgyzstan 0.610 0.674 9.5
72  Ecuador 0.607 0.758 19.9
73  Algeria 0.604 0.759 20.4
73  Jamaica 0.604 0.726 16.7
75  Venezuela 0.600 0.726 17.3
76  Palestine 0.597 0.690 13.5
77  Mexico 0.595 0.767 22.5
78  Colombia 0.585 0.761 23.1
78  Tunisia 0.585 0.739 20.8
United Nations World 0.584 0.731 20.2
80  Dominican Republic 0.584 0.745 21.5
80  Indonesia 0.584 0.707 17.4
82  Philippines 0.582 0.712 18.2
83  Vietnam 0.580 0.693 16.3
84  Turkmenistan 0.579 0.710 18.5
85  Brazil 0.574 0.761 24.5
85  Tajikistan 0.574 0.656 12.5
87  Maldives 0.568 0.719 21
88  Belize 0.558 0.720 22.6
89  Suriname 0.557 0.720 22.7
90  Iraq 0.552 0.689 19.8
91  Guyana 0.546 0.670 18.5
92  Paraguay 0.545 0.724 24.7
93  Gabon 0.544 0.702 24.5
94  Bolivia 0.533 0.703 24.2
95  El Salvador 0.521 0.667 21.9
96  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.507 0.609 16.3
97  Nicaragua 0.501 0.651 23
98  Egypt 0.492 0.700 29.7
99  India 0.477 0.647 26.3
100  Guatemala 0.472 0.651 27.4
101  Bangladesh 0.465 0.614 24.3
101  Cambodia 0.465 0.581 20.1
103  Honduras 0.464 0.623 25.5
104  South Africa 0.463 0.705 34.4
105  Rep. of the Congo 0.456 0.608 25
106  Laos 0.454 0.604 24.9
107  Bhutan 0.450 0.617 27.1
107  Timor-Leste 0.450 0.626 28
109  Myanmar 0.448 0.584 23.2
110  Zimbabwe 0.434 0.563 22.8
111  Eswatini 0.430 0.608 29.3
111    Nepal 0.430 0.579 26.8
113  Ghana 0.427 0.596 28.3
114  Kenya 0.426 0.579 26.3
115  Namibia 0.417 0.645 35.3
116  Tanzania 0.397 0.528 24.9
117  Zambia 0.394 0.591 33.4
118  Angola 0.392 0.574 31.8
119  Uganda 0.387 0.528 26.7
120  Madagascar 0.386 0.521 25.8
120  Pakistan 0.386 0.560 31.1
122  Rwanda 0.382 0.536 28.7
123  Cameroon 0.371 0.563 34.1
124  Mauritania 0.358 0.528 32.1
125  Togo 0.350 0.513 31.7
126  Nigeria 0.349 0.534 34.6
127  Senegal 0.347 0.514 32.5
128  Malawi 0.346 0.485 28.7
129  Ethiopia 0.337 0.470 28.7
130  Sudan 0.332 0.507 34.6
131  Côte d'Ivoire 0.331 0.516 35.8
132  Benin 0.327 0.520 37.1
133  Lesotho 0.318 0.518 32.5
134  Dem. Rep. of the Congo 0.316 0.459 31
134  Yemen 0.316 0.463 31.8
136  Liberia 0.314 0.465 32.3
137  Guinea 0.310 0.466 37.4
138  Mozambique 0.309 0.446 30.7
139  Burkina Faso 0.303 0.434 30.1
140  Haiti 0.299 0.503 40.5
141  Burundi 0.296 0.423 30.1
142  Comoros 0.294 0.538 45.3
142  Mali 0.294 0.427 31.2
144  Gambia 0.293 0.466 37.2
145  Guinea-Bissau 0.288 0.461 37.5
146  Sierra Leone 0.282 0.438 35.7
147  Niger 0.272 0.377 27.9
148  South Sudan 0.264 0.413 36.1
149  Chad 0.250 0.401 37.7
150  Central African Republic 0.222 0.381 41.6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Human Development Report 2019 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  2. ^ Human Development Reports, Composite indices — HDI and beyond (2015) 87
  3. ^ "Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
  4. ^ The Courier. Commission of the European Communities. 1994.
  5. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions - Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". United Nations.

External links[edit]