List of extreme points of India

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The extreme points of India include the coordinates that are further north, south, east or west than any other location in India; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northernmost point claimed by India is in territory disputed between India and Pakistan. With the exception of Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin), the southern-most location of mainland India, all other extreme locations are uninhabited.

The latitude and longitude are expressed in decimal degree notation, in which a positive latitude value refers to the northern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the southern hemisphere. Similarly, a positive longitude value refers to the eastern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the western hemisphere. The coordinates used in this article are sourced from Google Earth, which makes use of the WGS84 geodetic reference system. Additionally, a negative altitude value refers to land below sea level.

Extreme points[edit]

The northernmost point that India claims lies in the territory now occupied by Pakistan as part of Gilgit-Baltistan and therefore claimed by India as part of the Union Territory of Ladakh (erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir). The northernmost point administered by India lies in Ladakh. India's claim to the whole of Kashmir is disputed by Pakistan and China, with the territory currently partitioned into the region of Gilgit-Baltistan and '''PAK OCCUPIED''' Kashmir in Pakistan, the Chinese region of Aksai Chin and the Indian-administered Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.[1] This list provides the northernmost point as claimed by India; the northern-most disputed point that is administered by India; and the northern-most undisputed point in India. This case also applies to the highest elevated regions.

India's eastern-most state is Arunachal Pradesh. Part of the state is claimed by China as "South Tibet", though administered by India, The easternmost of Indian-administered territory is located in this disputed region.[2] Consequently, this list mentions both the disputed and undisputed eastern-most points in India.

Heading Location Administrative entity Bordering entity Coordinates[nb 1] Ref(s)
(disputed, administered)
Near Indira Col, Siachen Glacier Ladakh Xinjiang, China 35°40′28″N 76°50′43″E / 35.674520°N 76.845245°E / 35.674520; 76.845245 (Near Indira Col (Northernmost — disputed, administered)) [3]
(disputed, claimed)
Next to Kilik Pass in the Karakorum Mountains on Xinjiang-Gilgit-Baltistan border Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan Xinjiang, China 37°05′09″N 74°42′10″E / 37.08586°N 74.70291°E / 37.08586; 74.70291 (Xinjian-Gilgit-Baltistan border) [4]
Next to Kang La pass at the head of Miyar Valley, Lahaul and Spiti district Himachal Pradesh Ladakh 33°15′22″N 76°47′56″E / 33.25615°N 76.79877°E / 33.25615; 76.79877 (Near Kangla (Northernmost — undisputed)) [5]
South Indira Point in the Nicobar Islands Andaman and Nicobar Islands Indian Ocean 6°44′48″N 93°50′33″E / 6.74678°N 93.84260°E / 6.74678; 93.84260 (Indira Point (Southernmost)) [6][7]
South (mainland) Cape Comorin near Kanyakumari Tamil Nadu Indian Ocean 8°04′08″N 77°33′08″E / 8.06890°N 77.55230°E / 8.06890; 77.55230 (Cape Comorin (Southernmost — mainland) [6][8]
(disputed, administered)
Near Kibithu in Anjaw district Arunachal Pradesh Kachin State, Myanmar 28°00′42″N 97°23′44″E / 28.01168°N 97.39564°E / 28.01168; 97.39564 (near Kibithu (Easternmost — disputed, administered)) [6][9]
East (undisputed) Near Vijaynagar, in the Changlang district Arunachal Pradesh Kachin State, Myanmar 27°08′10″N 97°09′57″E / 27.13611°N 97.16575°E / 27.13611; 97.16575 (Near Vijaynagar (Easternmost — undisputed)) [10]
West Sir Creek in Kutch, near the Guhar Moti Gujarat Indus River Delta, Sindh, Pakistan 23°37′34″N 68°11′39″E / 23.6261°N 68.1941°E / 23.6261; 68.1941 (Ghuar Mota (Westernmost)) [11]


Extremity Name Altitude Location State Coordinates Ref(s)
Highest (undisputed) Kangchenjunga 8,586 m (28,169 ft) North Sikkim on the India-Nepal border Sikkim 27°42′09″N 88°08′54″E / 27.70250°N 88.14833°E / 27.70250; 88.14833 (West Sikkim (Highest — undisputed)) [6]
Highest (disputed) K2 8,611 m (28,251 ft) Border between Gilgit-Baltistan (administered by Pakistan) and Xinjiang (administered by China) Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan 35°52′57″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88250°N 76.51333°E / 35.88250; 76.51333 (Border between Kashmir and Xinjiang (Highest — disputed)) [6]
(undisputed and entirely within India)
Nanda Devi 7,816 m (25,643 ft) Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand 30°22′36″N 79°58′15″E / 30.37667°N 79.97083°E / 30.37667; 79.97083 (Uttarakhand (Highest completely within India)) [6]
Lowest Kuttanad −2.2 m (−7.2 ft) Alappuzha district Kerala 9°09′13″N 76°28′23″E / 9.15360°N 76.47300°E / 9.15360; 76.47300 (Kuttanad (Lowest)) [12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Coordinates obtained from Google Earth. Google Earth makes use of the WGS84 geodetic reference system.


  1. ^ "Q&A: Kashmir dispute". BBC News. BBC. 2002-11-25. Archived from the original on 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  2. ^ "Why China claims Arunachal Pradesh". 2006-11-16. Archived from the original on 2008-06-17. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  3. ^ "Google Maps (Jammu and Kashmir)". Google. Archived from the original on 2014-06-14. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
  4. ^ "Google Maps (Gilgit-Baltistan)". Google. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  5. ^ "Google Maps (Himachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Thomas (2003). Manorama Yearbook 2003. Malayala Manorama Co. Ltd. p. 649. ISBN 81-900461-8-7.
  7. ^ "Google Maps (Kashmir)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  8. ^ "Google Maps (Tamil Nadu)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  9. ^ "Google Maps (Arunachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  10. ^ "Google Maps (Arunachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  11. ^ "Google Maps (Gujarat)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  12. ^ Suchitra, M (2003-08-13). "Thirst below sea level". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2019-09-22. Retrieved 2014-05-11.