List of proposed national monuments of the United States
The President of the United States can establish a national monument by presidential proclamation, and the United States Congress can by legislation. The Antiquities Act of 1906 authorized the president to proclaim "historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest" as national monuments.
Interior Department memorandum
In a 2010 "Not for Release" memorandum by the United States Department of the Interior, 14 areas were listed in the "Prospective Conservation Designation" attachment as "good candidates for National Monument designation under the Antiquities Act". Those areas are included in the lists below, shaded bluish-green.
In subsequent attachments in the same draft, "areas worthy of protection that are ineligible for Monument Designation and unlikely to receive legislative protection in the near term" and "cost estimates" of "high priority land-rationalization efforts" were listed.
Proposed national monuments
|Proposed name||Photo||Location||Area [note 1]||Status||External information|
|Birthplace of Rivers||West Virginia
|122,000 acres (49,000 ha)||Petition by Keen||BirthplaceofRivers.org |
West Virginia Rivers Coalition
Video by Pew & This American Land
|Greater Canyonlands[note 2]||Upper Comb Wash
in Greater Canyonlands
|1,800,000 acres (730,000 ha)||see also Bears Ears[note 3]||Greater Canyonlands Coalition |
Utah Public Lands Initiative with ArcGIS map
|Greater Grand Canyon Heritage ||Arizona
|1,700,000 acres (690,000 ha)||Pending legislation||Greater Grand Canyon Watershed |
Grand Canyon Waters, at the Abyss (New York Times)
|Heart of the Great Basin||Nevada|
|Lesser Prairie Chicken Preserve||New Mexico||58,000 acres (23,000 ha)||February 2010as of|
|Montana's Northern Prairie||Montana||2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha)|
|Northwest Sonoran Desert||Arizona||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||April 2012as of|
|Otero Mesa||New Mexico||1,200,000 acres (490,000 ha)||February 2010as of|
|Owyhee Canyonlands[note 2]||Oregon||2,100,000 acres (850,000 ha)||Oregon Natural Desert Association|
|Range of Light||California||Approximately 1,427,750 acres||Unite the Parks
Range of Light Video featuring Frank Helling as the voice of John Muir
|San Rafael Swell||Utah||2013as of||Utah Public Lands Initiative with ArcGIS map|
|The Modoc Plateau||California||3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha)||Video by Los Angeles Times|
Formerly proposed national monuments
Some areas have been proposed as a national monument earlier, but are no longer listed above, because they are now designated as national monuments or are protected via a different designation, e.g. as a national park or wilderness area in the National Wilderness Preservation System. Some reasons for keeping them in the following list might be:
- The proposed area is now included in another, larger area which is protected. (Symbol: )
- A smaller part of the originally proposed area is now protected. (Symbol: )
- The area was officially proposed for monument designation by a federal or state agency or department, e.g. in the memorandum mentioned above, and was subsequently protected. Those entries are shaded with a bluish-green background. (Symbol: - marks all monuments protected, including some after proposals from non-governmental organizations)
- Area according to the memorandum if included there, otherwise according to the campaign website or the official area if the national monument has been established meanwhile.
- Links to the protected area which will be extended
- The Bears Ears National Monument includes most of the proposed Cedar Mesa National Monument and the southern part of the proposed Greater Canyonlands National Monument.
- A smaller area than the proposed national monument was designated as wilderness in August 2015
- The smaller "Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument" was designated as national monument in August 2016.
- Instead of a national monument designation the "Rocky Mountain Front Conservation Management Area" was established and 67,112 acres of land were designated as additions to existing components of the "National Wilderness Preservation System" in the Lewis and Clark National Forest.
- 16 U.S.C. § 431 § 432, and § 433. U.S. Code collection. Cornell University Law School. Retrieved on 11 February 2009.
- "Prospective Conservation Designation: National Monument designation under the Antiquities Act" (PDF). Congressman Rob Bishop's House.gov website. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Graham Averill (9 September 2013). "Will Birthplace of Rivers Be West Virginia's First National Monument?". Blueridgeoutdoors.com. Retrieved March 19, 2016.
- Wuerthner, Georg (6 June 2014). "A Tentative List of Potential National Monuments". The Wildlife News. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- Clark, Roger (14 October 2015). "3 Things about the New Grand Canyon National Monument". Grand Canyon Trust. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- Grijalva, Raul (3 November 2015). "Greater Grand Canyon Heritage National Monument Act". congress.gov.
- Wuerthner, George (19 February 2010). "Wuerthner re: Obama's New National Monuments - Native Forest Council". Native Forest Council. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- Burr, Thomas (30 July 2014). "12 most likely places Obama may make a national monument". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
- "Joint press statement from members of the Coalition to Protect the Rocky Mountain Front on passage of the Rocky Mountain Front Heritage Act". Save the Front. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Monuments of the United States.|