List of states and union territories of India by sex ratio

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Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. In India, it is especially significant because the ratio is skewed towards men. In 2011-2013, it was revealed through a population census with the Sample Registration System (SRS) that the sex ratio of India was 909 females per 1000 of males [1]. Presently, it has skewed downwards from then, recording a 900 females per 1000 of males in 2013-2015 [2]. Furthermore, that survey conducted with the SRS also showed Chhattisgarh as the highest sex ratio at 961, while Haryana was recorded the lowest at 831 [3].

The male-skew in India's sex ratio has increased significantly since the early 20th century. In 1901 there were 3.2 million fewer women than men in India, but by the 2001 Census the disparity had increased by more than a factor of 10, to 35 million.[4] This increase has been variously attributed to female infanticide, selective abortions (aided by increasing access to prenatal sex discernment procedures), and female child neglect.[4] It has been suggested that the motivation for this selection against female children is due to the lower status and perceived usefulness of women in India's patriarchal society.[5]

Ranking of States and Union Territories - Population Census 2001–2011[edit]

The following data is based on the population census of 2001 and 2011.[citation needed] .

At the time of the census, Jammu and Kashmir was a state but from 31st October 2019, it has been split into two Union Territories, namely Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.

Telangana was declared as a separate state on 2nd June, 2014.

"Child sex ratio" is the ratio of girls to boys in the age group of 0–6 years. A ratio above 1, means that there are more males than females and vice versa.

2011 Census 2001 Census 2011 Census 2001 Census
Rank State Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio
Kerala 1084 964 1058 960 0.92 1.04 0.95 1.04
UT1 Puducherry 1037 967 1001 967 0.96 1.03 1 1.03
Tamil Nadu 996 943 987 942 1.00 1.06 1.01 1.06
Andhra Pradesh 993 939 978 961 1.01 1.06 1.01 1.03
Chhattisgarh 991 969 989 975 1.01 1.04 1.01 1.03
Meghalaya 989 970 972 973 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03
Manipur 987 930 974 957 1.01 1.08 1.03 1.04
Telangana 985 1.015
Odisha 979 941 972 953 1.02 1.06 1.03 1.05
Mizoram 976 970 935 964 1.02 1.03 1.07 1.04
Goa 973 942 961 938 1.03 1.06 1.04 1.07
Karnataka 973 948 900 940 1.03 1.05 1.04 1.07
Himachal Pradesh 972 909 968 896 1.03 1.1 1.03 1.12
Uttarakhand 963 890 962 908 1.04 1.12 1.04 1.10
Tripura 960 957 948 966 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.04
Assam 958 962 935 965 1.04 1.04 1.07 1.04
West Bengal 950 956 934 960 1.05 1.05 1.07 1.04
Jharkhand 948 948 941 965 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.04
UT2 Lakshadweep 946 911 948 959 1.06 1.10 1.05 1.04
Arunachal Pradesh 938 972 893 964 1.07 1.03 1.12 1.04
Nagaland 931 943 900 964 1.07 1.06 1.11 1.04
Madhya Pradesh 931 918 919 932 1.07 1.09 1.09 1.07
Maharashtra 929 894 922 913 1.08 1.12 1.08 1.10
Rajasthan 928 888 921 909 1.08 1.13 1.09 1.10
Gujarat 919 890 920 883 1.09 1.12 1.09 1.13
Bihar 918 935 919 942 1.09 1.07 1.09 1.06
Uttar Pradesh 912 902 898 916 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.09
Punjab 895 846 876 798 1.12 1.18 1.14 1.25
Sikkim 890 957 875 963 1.12 1.04 1.14 1.04
Jammu and Kashmir 889 862 892 941 1.12 1.16 1.12 1.06
Haryana 879 834 861 819 1.14 1.2 1.16 1.22
UT3 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 876 968 846 957 1.14 1.03 1.18 1.04
NCT Delhi 868 871 821 868 1.15 1.15 1.22 1.15
UT4 Chandigarh 818 880 777 845 1.22 1.14 1.29 1.18
UT5 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 774 926 812 979 1.29 1.08 1.23 1.02
UT6 Daman and Diu 618 904 710 926 1.62 1.11 1.41 1.08

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sex Ratio (Females/ 1000 Males)".
  2. ^ "Sex Ratio (Females/ 1000 Males)". NITI Aayog.
  3. ^ "Sex Ratio (Females/ 1000 Males)". NITI Aayog.
  4. ^ a b "Declining sex-ratios – a matter of concern | UNICEF". www.unicef.in. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  5. ^ Jones, Adam (1999–2000). "Case Study: Female Infanticide". Gendercide Watch.CS1 maint: date format (link)