Lorillard Snuff Mill

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Lorillard Snuff Mill
Lorillard Snuff Mill in New York Botanical Garden.jpg
Lorillard Snuff Mill in 2011
Lorillard Snuff Mill is located in New York City
Lorillard Snuff Mill
Lorillard Snuff Mill is located in New York
Lorillard Snuff Mill
Lorillard Snuff Mill is located in the United States
Lorillard Snuff Mill
LocationSnuff Mill Road, New York Botanical Gardens, Bronx, New York
Coordinates40°51′35″N 73°52′34″W / 40.859681°N 73.876174°W / 40.859681; -73.876174Coordinates: 40°51′35″N 73°52′34″W / 40.859681°N 73.876174°W / 40.859681; -73.876174
Area5 acres (2.0 ha)
Built1840 (1840)
ArchitectP. Lorillard Co.
Part ofNew York Botanical Garden (#67000009)
NRHP reference #77000935[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 22, 1977[1]
Designated NHLDecember 22, 1977[2]
Designated CPMay 28, 1967
Designated NYCLApril 19, 1966

The Lorillard Snuff Mill now known as the Lillian and Amy Goldman Stone Mill, is the oldest existing tobacco manufacturing building in the United States. It was built around 1840 next to the Bronx River to supplement an earlier building of the same function. The schist that makes up its walls was quarried locally. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977 and is located inside the New York Botanical Garden, itself an NHL.[2][3]

Snuff mill in 1936

The Lorillard firm was founded by Pierre Abraham Lorillard in 1760. His two sons, Peter and George, took over after he was killed during the American Revolutionary War, and they moved the manufacturing portion of the business to this location in the Bronx in 1792.[3] Peter Lorillard III built a forty-five room mansion, stone cottage and stables nearby. The mansion burned in 1923. The Lorillard company and family left the property in the Bronx in 1870 after relocating their business to Jersey City, NJ. The land was purchased by New York city in 1884 and was transferred to the New York Botanical Gardens in 1915. The Mill was retained by New York City Department of Parks and used for storage and shops until 1937 when it too was transferred to the Botanical Garden along with several other small parcels. The Mill was renovated in 1952-54 and a cafe and patio were installed on the lower side facing the Bronx River, and a meeting room was fashioned from the space that once held snuff-grinding equipment. The building had a $10.5 million restoration in 2010 and is now used for staff offices and a catering facility.[4][5]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "Lorillard Snuff Mill". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-15. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05.
  3. ^ a b George R. Adams (December 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Lorillard Snuff Mill" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires |journal= (help) and Accompanying photos, exterior, from 1976 and c.1902. (1.90 MB)
  4. ^ Kirsch, Abigail. "The Snuff Mill Gallery". Abigail Kirsch. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
  5. ^ Dunlap, David W. "From Tobacco Leaves to Wedding Bouquets, 169 Years in the Bronx". February 8, 2009. New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2012.

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