Lynching of Jay Lynch

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Lynching of Jay Lynch
Man hanging by the neck from a tree
The body of Jay Lynch after being lynched for murder of Sheriff Harlow and his son. Fifteen years earlier the tree had been planted by Sheriff Harlow.[1]
DateMay 28, 1919 (1919-05-28)
TimeAround 3:00 PM
LocationLamar, Missouri, US
Coordinates37°29′42″N 94°16′35″W / 37.49497°N 94.27627°W / 37.49497; -94.27627Coordinates: 37°29′42″N 94°16′35″W / 37.49497°N 94.27627°W / 37.49497; -94.27627
MotiveAnger towards the murderer of Sheriff John Harlow and the sheriff's son
TargetJay Lynch
ParticipantsMob
OutcomeJay Lynch hanged
Deaths1

The lynching of Jay Lynch, age 28, took place in Lamar, Missouri, on May 28, 1919. The year 1919 saw 83 lynchings in the United States, but Lynch was one of only four white men lynched that year.[1]

Jay Lynch[edit]

Jay Lynch had a long list of crimes that he had been arrested for, including burglary and robbery. In Oklahoma City he stole a car and in Kansas City he stole $300 worth of women's silks.[2] For almost a decade he was in and out of jail and escaped from prison almost as many times as he was caught. In 1918, he was actually hired as a private detective of the Wabash Railroad in St. Louis. While working for the railway he was arrested for robbing a train.[3] He skipped bail and was arrested near his sister's house near Lamar.[2]

Murder[edit]

Lynch was being held in Lamar in connection with the Wabash Railroad boxcar robbery in St. Louis. On March 3, 1919, Lynch asked to use the phone and Sheriff John Marion Harlow Jr. of Barton County opened his cell. Lynch had earlier had a gun smuggled into the county jail and when the cell door was opened he shot Harlow, killing him. Harlow's son, Dick Harlow[A 1], heard the commotion and ran to save his father, but was also mortally wounded by Lynch; he died a few days later.[4] After shooting the sheriff and his son, Lynch fled the state and drove across the country. He was denied entry into Mexico and, heading back east, was arrested in La Junta, Colorado, on May 13, 1919, and sent back to Missouri.[5]

Lynch pleaded guilty to murder. As there was no death penalty in Missouri, he was sentenced to life in prison.[4][6]

Lynching[edit]

Fearing violence from the packed courthouse, presiding judge B. G. Thurman had the prisoner taken into his private office after the verdict to say goodbye to Lynch's family. In his office were the judge; Lynch's wife, baby, mother, and sister; and several deputies assigned to guard the prisoner. While Lynch was holding his child, 24 people burst into the office and overpowered the armed guards. The men put a noose around Lynch's neck and dragged him out of the courthouse. The noose's rope was thrown over a tree branch, but when he was strung up, it broke under the weight. Another, sturdier branch was chosen, and Lynch was hanged in front of a cheering crowd.[7]

Aftermath[edit]

The coroner's report listed the cause of Lynch's death as "at the hands of parties unknown". Prosecuting attorney H. W. Timmonds and sheriff W. A. Sewell of Barton County started an investigation into the lynching, but no charges were ever filed as no one was willing to identify the perpetrators.[8]

The State of Missouri had abolished capital punishment in 1917.[9] In large part due to the events surrounding Lynch's lynching, as well as the representative of Barton County, H. C. Chancellor, giving an impassioned speech calling for the death penalty, the bill was quickly restored for seven crimes: treason, perjury, subornation of perjury, first-degree murder, rape, kidnapping, and train robbery.[10] It was signed into law by Governor Frederick D. Gardner.[10]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources list the son's name as Walter Forrest Harlow

Citations[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Daily Ardmoreite (May 30, 1919). "Slayer of Sheriff and Son Hanged By Mob In Courtyard". The Daily Ardmoreite. Ardmore, Carter, Oklahoma: John F. Easley. pp. 1–12. ISSN 1065-7894. OCLC 12101538. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  • Arizona Republican (2019). "Missourians Take White Man Out Of Court-Lynch Him". Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona: Republican Pub. Co. pp. 1–16. ISSN 2157-135X. OCLC 2612512. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  • Frazier, Harriet C. (2009). Lynchings in Missouri, 1803–1981. McFarland & Compan. ISBN 9780786436682. - Total pages: 228
  • Herald Democrat (May 29, 1919). "Mob Hangs Murderer". Herald Democrat. Leadville, Lake, Colorado: C.C. Davis & Co. pp. 1–6. OCLC 22412900. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  • The New York Times (May 29, 1919). "Mob Enters Court and Hangs a Life Convict Sentenced Under Law Barring Death Penalty". The New York Times. New York, NY: Adolph Ochs. ISSN 1553-8095. OCLC 1645522. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  • Stebbins, Chad (1998). All the News is Fit to Print: Profile of a Country Editor. University of Missouri Press. ISBN 9780826211637. - Total pages: 184

External links[edit]