Mosholu Parkway

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Mosholu Parkway marker

Mosholu Parkway
Mosholu Parkway highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYCDOT
Length3.03 mi[1] (4.88 km)
RestrictionsNo trucks, trailers, or buses.
Major junctions
South endBronx Park East in Bronx Park
  Bronx River Parkway in Bronx Park
I-87 in Van Cortlandt Park
North end Henry Hudson Parkway / Saw Mill River Parkway in Van Cortlandt Park
Location
CountiesBronx
Highway system

Mosholu Parkway is a hybrid freeway-standard parkway and grade-level roadway in the New York City borough of the Bronx, constructed from 1935 to 1937 as part of the roadway network created under Robert Moses. The roadway extends for 3.0 miles (4.8 km) between the New York Botanical Garden (where its southeast end meets the Bronx River Parkway) and Van Cortlandt Park (where its northwest end meets the Henry Hudson Parkway). The New York City Department of Transportation is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the roadway while the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation is responsible for the surrounding rights-of-way. The parkway is designated as New York State Route 908F (NY 908F), an unsigned reference route, by the New York State Department of Transportation.

Route description[edit]

Mosholu Parkway, seen from the Mosholu Parkway station on the IRT Jerome Avenue Line.

Mosholu Parkway begins at exit 8E of the Bronx River Parkway. It heads northward as an arterial boulevard through the northern parts of the Bronx. The highway crosses through Bedford Park, passing Bainbridge Avenue. It intersects with the Grand Concourse afterwards, with Jerome Avenue, Sedgwick Avenue and West Gun Hill Road soon after. Within Van Cortlandt Park, the parkway becomes a limited-access freeway, with exits for the southbound Major Deegan Expressway (Interstate 87) and the Henry Hudson Parkway near its northern terminus at the Westchester County line (where it turns into the Saw Mill River Parkway).[2]

A bikeway, part of the East Coast Greenway, runs along the northeast side of the parkway from Bronx Park to Van Cortlandt Park, connecting through the park to other trails and playing fields and to Broadway.[2]

History[edit]

"Mosholu" is an Algonquin word meaning "smooth stones" or "small stones", and was first applied to the nearby creek now known as Tibbetts Brook. The southern end of the parkway was once home to another creek called Schuil Brook, running under what is now Middlebrook Road, which supplied water to a British fort located on old Van Cortlandt Avenue East during the American Revolutionary War.[3][4]

The original Mosholu Parkway was constructed pursuant to the New Parks Act of 1884 to link two parks also recommended by that act, Van Cortlandt Park and Bronx Park.[5] The road was reconstructed between 1935 and 1937, including widening the entire parkway, making the section from the Saw Mill to Gun Hill Road, replacing the intersection at Jerome Avenue with an overpass, and installing a wide median between Marion Avenue and Grand Concourse.[6] It was originally going to be rebuilt as a limited access freeway, connecting the Saw Mill and Bronx River Parkways, but local opposition halted the project past Gun Hill Road. The idea to make the was brought up again in the 1960s by Robert Moses to make the Mosholu limited access past Gun Hill Road to connect to the Bronx River Parkway and join up with a proposed limited access upgrade of the Pelham Parkway to connect to I-95 and a proposed I-895 in Baychester. This and the Pelham Parkway upgrade never happened, neither did the building of I-895 (the Sheridan Expressway) beyond a short connection between the Bruckner and Cross Bronx Expressways. There has been talk over making the rest of the parkway to the Bronx River, but no proposals have been made since the 1960s.

Exit list[edit]

The entire route is in the New York City borough of the Bronx. All exits are unnumbered.

Locationmi[1][7]kmDestinationsNotes
Bronx Park0.000.00Bronx Park East / Allerton AvenueContinuation eastward. Northern terminus of Southern Boulevard; southern terminus of NY 908F (an unsigned reference route).
Located near the Allerton Avenue "2" train"5" train subway station
0.03–
0.40
0.048–
0.64
Bronx River Parkway – White Plains, RFK Bridge, Queens, Bronx ZooCloverleaf interchange
Exit 8 on the Bronx River Parkway
0.530.85Southern Boulevard south – Fordham Road, Botanical GardenSignalized at-grade intersection, except for northbound entrance from Southern Blvd southbound; NY 908F (an unsigned reference route) transitions between Southern Boulevard and Mosholu Parkway
Located near the Botanical Garden Metro-North station
Norwood0.751.21Marion AvenueSignalized at-grade intersection
0.851.37Bainbridge AvenueSignalized at-grade intersection
1.201.93Van Cortlandt AvenueSignalized at-grade intersection
Bedford Park1.382.22Grand Concourse southSouthbound exit and signalized at-grade northbound/southbound entrance; no northbound exit
Located near the Bedford Park Boulevard "B" train"D" train subway station
1.502.41Paul Avenue to Jerome Avenue – Lehman CollegeSignalized at-grade intersection
Located near the Mosholu Parkway "4" train subway station
1.702.74Sedgwick Avenue to I-87 (Major Deegan Expressway)Signalized at-grade intersection
1.802.90Gun Hill RoadSignalized at-grade intersection, except for northbound entrance from Gun Hill Road westbound
Southern terminus of limited-access section
1.903.06Goulden AvenueSouthbound exit, only
Van Cortlandt Park2.303.70 I-87 south (Major Deegan Expressway) – RFK Bridge, QueensSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Exit 12 on I-87
3.505.63 Henry Hudson Parkway south to NY 9A / US 9 – Manhattan, George Washington Bridge, RiverdaleNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Exit 24 on the Henry Hudson Parkway
Saw Mill River Parkway north to Cross County Parkway – Yonkers, Katonah, New EnglandNorthbound exit and southbound entrance, same interchange as previous
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 25, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 12, 2012. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
  2. ^ a b Google (June 6, 2008). "overview map of Mosholu Parkway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
  3. ^ "Mosholu Parkway". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. March 9, 2001. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  4. ^ McNamara, John (1984). History in asphalt : the origin of Bronx street and place names, Borough of the Bronx, New York City. Bronx, N.Y: Bronx County Historical Society. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-941980-16-6. OCLC 10696584.
  5. ^ "The City of New York, Department of Parks, Annual Report, 1914" (PDF). pp. 161–163. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Draft Final Report Van Cortlandt Park Pedestrian Bridge Feasibility Study" (PDF). pp. 1–2. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  7. ^ Google (January 5, 2016). "Mosholu Parkway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 5, 2016.

External links[edit]

KML is from Wikidata