needs additional citations for verification
( August 2018)
1909 cartoon in
shows (clockwise) US, Germany, Britain, France and Japan engaged in naval race in a "no limit" game.
national personification is an anthropomorphic personification of a nation or its people. It may appear in political cartoons and propaganda. As a personification it cannot be a real person, of the Father of the Nation type, or one from ancient history who is believed to have been real.
Some early personifications in the Western world tended to be national manifestations of the majestic wisdom and war goddess
Minerva/ Athena, and often took the Latin name of the ancient Roman province. Examples of this type include Britannia, Germania, Hibernia, Helvetia and Polonia. Examples of personifications of the Goddess of Liberty include Marianne, the Statue of Liberty ( Liberty Enlightening the World), and many examples of United States coinage. Another ancient model was Roma, a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state, and who was revived in the 20th Century as the personification of Mussolini's " New Roman Empire". Examples of representations of the everyman or citizenry in addition to the nation itself are Deutscher Michel, John Bull and Uncle Sam.
Personifications by country or territory [ edit ]
Animal used for the same purpose
Mother Albania ( Nëna Shqipëria)
Personification of the Americas
Effigy of the Republic/Liberty/Progress/Fatherland, Gaucho
Mother Armenia ( Mayr Hayastan; lit. "Mother Hayastan")
Little Boy from Manly
Bangamata (lit. Mother Bengal);
( Joy Bangla Bengali: জয় বাংলা; meaning "Victory to Bengal") was the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
 Bengal tiger.
La Belgique or Belgica.
; the Efígie da República (only in Bandeirante São Paulo State); the Candango (in Brasília); the
Gaúcho (in Rio Grande do Sul)
Preah Thong and Neang Neak
Mountie,  Johnny Canuck,  Le Vieux de '37 (French Canada), Canada Bereft also known as Mother Canada (at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial)
Roto, El Huaso, La Carmela, Doña Juanita (an average Chilean woman from the countryside), Moya (a common surname used as N.N.)
China and Taiwan
Čechie, Czech Vašek, Svejk.
double-tailed Czech lion
Holger Danske, Mor Danmark
Mother of the World (
Om El Donia)
Monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo
Europa regina Zeus as a white bull
Finnish Maiden ( Suomi-neito)
"Mother of a Georgian" ( Kartvlis Deda)
Germania, Deutscher Michel
Bavaria, Berlin: Berolina, Brunswick: Brunonia, Franconia: Franconia, Hamburg: Hammonia, Prussia: Borussia, Palatinate: Palatia, Saxony: Saxonia
Ezili Dantor, Katrin (based on the real life Haitian hero, Catherine Flon)
Lady of Hungaria
Lady of the Mountains ( Fjallkonan)
Bharat Mata ("Mother India"), Rama
Indian tiger, Indian elephant
Lion and Sun
Ériu, Banba, Fódla, Kathleen Ni Houlihan, Hibernia, The Old Woman of Beare
Italia Turrita, Roma (under Mussolini)
Samurai, Emperor Jimmu
Green Pheasant, Koi
Korea ( North Korea and South Korea)
Dangun, Ungnyeo, Yangban
Korean Tiger, Chollima
Pak Belang. Malay for "Uncle Stripes" in the form of Malayan Tiger, used to represent courage and bravery.
 Malayan tiger
Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana ( es), La China Poblana
Lovćen, Mother Montenegro
Dutch Republic Lion
Mother Macedonia 
Mother Norway, stereotyp. Ola Nordmann & Kari Nordmann, hist. Nór
chalán, La Madre Patria
Ináng Bayan, Filipinas,
Juan dela Cruz
Polonia, Polandball (online political cartoons)
, Zé Povinho (National Self), Eu nacional Republic effigy, Guardian Angel of Portugal
Mother Russia/Mother Motherland
Mother Serbia, Kosovo Maiden
Kranjski Janez ("John from Carniola", an average man from Slovenia's central region), Peter Klepec
Sri Lanka Matha
Mama Sranan ( Mother Suriname), a 1965 sculpture by Jozeph Klas in the center of Paramaribo, of a mother figure holding five children representing Suriname's ethnic groups in her arms.
Mother Svea, Svenne Svensson
Siam Devadhiraj (พระสยามเทวาธิราช "The guardian angel of Siam"), Thailand
Britannia (United Kingdom), John Bull ( England), Dame Wales ( Wales)
The Lion and the Unicorn (England and Scotland), Welsh dragon (Wales)
Uncle Sam (government personification), Lady Liberty, Columbia, Johnny Rebel ( The South, obsolete), Billy Yank ( The North, obsolete), Brother Jonathan ( New England, obsolete)
Bald Eagle, Timber rattlesnake (American Revolution, obsolete)
Personification of Uruguay
The Four Immortals
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Eric Hobsbawm, "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914," in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds.,
The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, 1983), 263-307.
Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). . APH Publishing. p. 310. Bangladesh: Past and Present ISBN 8176484695 . Retrieved . July 11, 2012
"NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism.
McGill, Robert (2017). . McGill-Queen's Press. p. 37. War Is Here: The Vietnam War and Canadian Literature ISBN 9780773551589 . Retrieved . 17 May 2019
Barber, Katherine (2007). . Oxford University Press Canada. p. 70. Only in Canada You Say: A Treasury of Canadian Language ISBN . 9780195427073
^ O'Rourke Murphy, M. & MacKillop, J. (2006).
An Irish Literature Reader: Poetry, Prose, Drama.
Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. Greenwood. p. 101. ISBN . 978-0313344961
"A Manifesto from the Provisional Government of Macedonia". 1881. Our mother Macedonia became now as a widow, lonely and deserted by her sons. She does not fly the banner of the victorious Macedonian army
Bulgarian graphic representation of Bulgaria, East Rumelia and North Macedonia
Further reading [ edit ]
Lionel Gossman. "Making of a Romantic Icon: The Religious Context of Friedrich Overbeck's 'Italia und Germania.'" American Philosophical Society, 2007. ISBN 0-87169-975-3. 
External links [ edit ]