New York Republican State Committee

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New York State Republican Committee
ChairpersonNick Langworthy
Assembly LeadershipBrian Kolb
(Minority Leader)
Senate LeadershipJohn J. Flanagan
(Minority Leader)
Founded1855; 164 years ago (1855)
Headquarters315 State Street
Albany, NY 12210
Youth wingThe New York Young Republican Club
IdeologyCentrism
Fiscal conservatism
Green conservatism
Political positionCenter to Center-right
National affiliationRepublican Party
Colors     Red
New York State Assembly
43 / 150
New York State Senate
23 / 63
Statewide Executive Offices
0 / 4
New York City Council
3 / 51
U.S. House of Representatives (New York)
5 / 27
U.S. Senate (New York)
0 / 2
Website
www.nygop.org

The New York Republican State Committee established 1855, is an affiliate of the United States Republican Party (GOP). Its headquarters are in Albany, New York.[1] The purpose of the committee is to nominate Republican candidates for election to New York state and federal political roles.[2] It also formulates Republican Party policy on New York State issues and assists its nominees in their election campaigns.

History[edit]

The New York Republican State Committee was established in 1855, one year after the founding of the "Republican Party" by William H. Seward and Thurlow Weed.[2] Initially, the committee met every three years to plan the Republican National Convention and it occasionally met during the election campaigning periods.

The establishment of the Republican Party in New York in the 1850s was a difficult task. At the time, the nativist American Party, (a party evolved from the Know Nothing Party) was active. However, the committee presented nominees from a party with well-recognized members, a defined set of principles, stable, powerful, well-known leaders and a well established structure. The committees nominees were first successful in 1856.[3] Around 1894, when immigration was at its peak, the New York State Constitution created a clause which caused Upstate New York to have reappointed districts so that there would be more votes per district, which gave native New Yorkers more votes than immigrants. It was not until 1974 that the Supreme Court of the United States deemed the clause to unconstitutional. That created a turmoil in the politics of New York because the Republican Party lost its hold on the state legislature.[2] Since 1959, Nelson Rockefeller (1959–73) and George Pataki (1995–2006) were the only two major Republican governors of New York.

Until 1911, the New York Republican State Committee nominated its candidates through a primary or caucus system, which meant the average voter had very little input as to who would be their choice for the state and federal offices. That system was taken out of practice after the passing of the Direct Primary Law in 1911, which allowed for more input from those present at the primary.[2]

Organization[edit]

Office Office-holder
Chairman Nick Langworthy
First Vice Chairman Bill Reilich
Secretary Rebecca Marino
Treasurer John Riedman
Chief of Staff Tony Casale
National Committeewoman Jennifer Saul
National Committeeman Lawrence Kadish

[1]

County committee[edit]

New York State has 62 counties. Every two years, in each county, Republicans elect a "Republican County Committee". The chair of each county committee is the face of the Republican Party in that county. New York also has 150 Assembly districts. Republicans elect one male and one female leader in each district. The district leaders form the executive committee of the respective county committee. The chair and the executive committee seek new party members; control local finances; find candidates to run for public office and choose the nominee (unless both candidates have petitioned enough signatures to trigger a primary).[2]

State committee[edit]

The New York State Republican State Committee is composed of one male and one female representative from each Assembly District. Before each statewide election, the committee organises a party convention and chooses candidates for offices of the state. 60% of the committee's vote is needed to win the party's nomination. If no candidate wins 60% of the committee's vote, the candidates with more than 25 percent of the committee's vote compete in a "primary" which is held in the month of September. A candidate with less than 25 percent of the committee's vote may compete in the "primary" if they have a petition of support of greater than 15000 voters.

The State Committee also elects one National Committeewoman and one National Committeeman to represent the state committee to the Republican National Committee in Washington, D.C. The current National Committee members are Jennifer Saul, a Republican fundraiser and former chairwoman of the New York County Republican Committee, and Lawrence Kadish, a real estate developer from downstate New York.

Current elected officials[edit]

The New York Republican Party holds 22 out of the 63 seats in the New York State Senate and 5 of the state's 27 U.S. House seats.

Members of Congress[edit]

U.S. Senate[edit]

  • None

Both of New York's U.S. Senate seats have been held by Democrats since 1998. Al D'Amato was the last Republican to represent New York in the U.S. Senate. First elected in 1980, D'Amato lost his bid for a fourth term in 1998 to Chuck Schumer who has held the seat since.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Out of the 27 seats New York is apportioned in the U.S. House of Representatives, 5 are held by Republicans:

Statewide offices[edit]

  • None

New York has not elected any GOP candidates to statewide office since 2002, when George Pataki was re-elected as governor. In 2006, Pataki opted not to seek re-election to a fourth term. Former state assemblyman John Faso ran as the Republican nominee in the 2006 election and was subsequently defeated by Democratic challenger Eliot Spitzer.

Notable Legislators[edit]

List of chairpersons[edit]

President Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885)
Chairpersons
Chair Tenure Hometown while serving
Edwin D. Morgan 1856–1858
1874–1875
Manhattan
James Kelly 1858–1860 Manhattan
Simeon Draper 1860–1862 Manhattan
Henry R. Low 1862–1863 Monticello
Charles Jones 1863–1865 Brooklyn
William R. Stewart 1865–1866 Manhattan
Hamilton Harris 1866–1870 Albany
Alonzo B. Cornell 1870–1874
1875–1877
1878–1879
Manhattan
John F. Smyth 1877–1878
1882–1883
Albany
Chester A. Arthur 1879–1881 Manhattan
B. Platt Carpenter 1881–1882 Stanford
James D. Warren 1883–1885 Buffalo
Chester S. Cole 1885–1887 Corning
Cornelius N. Bliss 1887–1889 Manhattan
John N. Knapp 1889–1891 Auburn
William H. Brookfield September 1891 – September 1894
Charles W. Hackett September 1894 – April 1898 Utica
Benjamin B. Odell Jr. May 1898 – November 1900
April 1904 – September 1906
Newburgh
George W. Dunn November 1900 – April 1904 Binghamton
Timothy L. Woodruff September 1906 – October 1910 Brooklyn
Ezra P. Prentice October 1910 – January 1911 Manhattan
William Barnes Jr. January 1911 – September 1914 Albany
Frederick C. Tanner October 1914 – January 1917 Manhattan
George A. Glynn January 1917 – September 1922 Watertown
George K. Morris September 1922 – August 1928 Amsterdam
H. Edmund Machold August 1928 – June 1929 Watertown
William J. Maier June 1929 – November 1930 Seneca Falls
W. Kingsland Macy December 1930 – September 1934 Islip
Melvin C. Eaton September 1934 – November 1936 Norwich
William S. Murray January 1937 – April 1940 Utica
Edwin F. Jaeckle April 1940 – November 1944 Buffalo
Glen R. Bedenkapp January 1945 – February 1949 Lewiston
William L. Pfeiffer 1949 – September 1953 Buffalo
Dean P. Taylor September 1953 – September 1954 Troy
L. Judson Morhouse September 1954 – January 1963 Ticonderoga
Fred A. Young April 1963 – January 1965 Lowville
Carl Spad February 1965 – May 1967 White Plains
Charles A. Schoeneck Jr. May 1967 – April 1969 Syracuse
Charles T. Lanigan 1969 – November 1972 Utica
Richard M. Rosenbaum November 1972 – June 1977 Rochester
Bernard M. Kilbourn June 1977 – 1981 Utica
George L. Clark Jr. March 1981 – July 1985 Brooklyn
Anthony J. Colavita September 19, 1985 – June 22, 1989 Westchester County
J. Patrick Barrett June 22, 1989 – January 14, 1991 Syracuse
William D. Powers January 14, 1991 – March 8, 2001 Rensselaer County
Alexander F. Treadwell March 8, 2001 – November 15, 2004 Westport
Stephen J. Minarik November 15, 2004 – November 15, 2006 Webster
Joseph N. Mondello November 15, 2006 – September 29, 2009 Hempstead
Edward F. Cox September 29, 2009 – July 1, 2019 Manhattan
Nick Langworthy July 1, 2019 – present Amherst

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1] Archived May 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e "New York Republican State Committee". Library.albany.edu. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  3. ^ Silbey, Joel (1985). The Partisan Imperative New York: Oxford University Press

External links[edit]