New York State Pavilion

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New York State Pavilion
New York State Pavilion 2.jpg
New York State Pavilion is located in New York City
New York State Pavilion
New York State Pavilion is located in New York
New York State Pavilion
New York State Pavilion is located in the United States
New York State Pavilion
LocationFlushing Meadows–Corona Park, Flushing, New York
Coordinates40°44′38.5″N 73°50′39.9″W / 40.744028°N 73.844417°W / 40.744028; -73.844417Coordinates: 40°44′38.5″N 73°50′39.9″W / 40.744028°N 73.844417°W / 40.744028; -73.844417
Arealess than one acre
ArchitectPhilip Johnson and Richard Foster, structural engineer Lev Zetlin
NRHP reference #09000942[1]
Added to NRHPNovember 20, 2009

The New York State Pavilion is a historic world's fair pavilion at Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in Flushing, Queens, New York. The New York State Pavilion was designed in 1962 for the 1964 New York World's Fair by architects Philip Johnson and Richard Foster, with structural engineer Lev Zetlin.


Attractions and Geographical Features of Flushing Meadows–Corona Park

Attractions and geographical features of Flushing Meadows–Corona Park:
Citi Field
Flushing Meadows Carousel
Flushing Meadows Natatorium
Flushing River and Creek
Meadow Lake
Mets–Willets Point (LIRR and subway stations)
National Tennis Center
New York Hall of Science
New York State Pavilion, Queens Theatre and Queens Zoo
Queens Botanical Garden
Queens Museum
Willow Lake
World's Fair station (demolished)

The pavilion consists of three components of reinforced concrete and steel construction: the "Tent of Tomorrow", Observation Towers, and "Theaterama".[2]

The Tent of Tomorrow is elliptical in plan, and its sixteen 100-foot reinforced concrete piers once supported the largest cable suspension roof in the world. The main floor of the Tent was a large scale design of a Texaco highway map of New York State, made of terrazzo. An idea floated after the fair to use the floor for the World Trade Center didn't materialize.

The Observation Towers are three concrete towers, with the tallest at 226 feet (69 metres) high. The towers have observation platforms which were once accessed by two (now-removed)[3] "Sky Streak capsule" elevators attached to the tallest (western) tower. The southern tower has a platform height of 85 feet (26 metres) and the northern tower is at 160 feet (49 metres).[2]

The Queens Theatre, occupying the former Theaterama (obscured behind the glass structure)

Theaterama was originally a single drum-shaped volume of reinforced concrete. Additions to the original structure were made from 1992 to 1993 and from 2008 to 2009. The Theaterama is home to the Queens Theatre, a performing arts center which produces and presents theatre and dance, as well as children's and cultural programming.[2]

After the fair[edit]

The shadow of a commercial jetliner crosses the pavilion in 1981

The New York State Pavilion was one of two pavilions retained for future use; the other one was the United States Pavilion building. No reuse was ever found for the U.S. Pavilion however, and it became severely deteriorated and vandalized; it was ultimately demolished in 1977.

The New York State Pavilion was used for TV and movie sets, such as an episode of McCloud; for The Wiz; part of the setting (and the plot) for Men in Black; and the centerpiece for the Stark Expo in Iron Man 2. It was also the venue for rock concerts, as part of the Singer Bowl Festival in 1969, which included Led Zeppelin, the Grateful Dead, James Brown, Joe Cocker, Santana and other headline groups of the era (see [4] for poster ads). It was also the filming location in 1987 for the video clip for the debut single by They Might Be Giants, Don't Let's Start.

The pavilion in 2009, viewed from the south

In the decades after the fair closed, it was an abandoned and badly neglected relic, with its roof gone and the once bright floors and walls almost faded away. Once the red ceiling tiles were removed from the pavilion in the late 1970s, for safety reasons, the terrazzo floor was subject to the elements and was ruined.[2] In 1994, the Queens Theatre took over the Circarama adjacent to the towers, and continues to operate there, using the ruined state pavilion as a storage depot.

For the 50th anniversary of the World's Fair, on Tuesday morning, April 22, 2014, the long-shuttered New York State Pavilion was opened to the public for three hours. Because of the pavilion's state of decay, visitors were required to wear hardhats.[5] The event was hosted by the New York State Pavilion Paint Project and NYC Parks. A larger than expected crowd turned out, upwards of five thousand people, to get the rare glimpse inside the Tent of Tomorrow. That same day, the National Trust for Historic Preservation also named the Pavilion as one of its National Treasures.[6]

Restoration plans[edit]

Some conservation and restoration efforts were demonstrated in 2008 by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, and a handful of local groups are advocating to raise funds to complete the restoration of the terrazzo floor. The pavilion was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009.[1]

In late 2013, the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation announced plans to restore the pavilion with new landscaped paths and event spaces at an estimated cost of $73 million, as opposed to the $14 million cost to demolish the structure.[5] Renewed interest was shown in the pavilion's restoration in early 2014, the 50th anniversary of its opening.[7] In July 2014, the pavilion received about $5.8 million for restoration.[8] The New York Mets also donated some money for the preservation effort.[9] However, the pavilion was damaged the same month by arsonists.[10]

The interior of the main structure in 2015, after repainting

In May 2015, the New York Structural Steel Painting Contractors Association, in conjunction with the New York City Parks Department and members of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades (District Council 9, Local 806), announced a project to repaint the rusty steel framework of the Tent of Tomorrow. After testing paint chips, the color "American Cheese Yellow" was selected as the best match for the original color. The majority of the labor was done by union trainees, and materials were supplied by the contractors, constituting a $3 million donation.[11] All work was completed by August 2015.

Two proposed designs for the New York State Pavilion's restoration won New York City's 2018 Annual Awards for Excellence in Design. As of June 2018, the New York City government planned to award contracts for the pavilion's restoration, set to be worth $14.25 million, in May 2019. The restoration was planned to take up to one and a half years.[12][13]

In media[edit]

The observation towers in 2009

The 1997 film Men In Black had the circular observation decks as actually being flying saucers, with the 1964 World's Fair set up in Queens as a cover to allow extraterrestrials to land on Earth. The exterior of Men in Black: Alien Attack, a ride at Universal Studios Florida, contains a replica of the two observation decks.

The Pavilion is the subject of a documentary film titled Modern Ruin: A World's Fair Pavilion produced by filmmaker and teacher Matthew Silva.[11][14] The documentary premiered on May 22, 2015, in the Queens Theatre which was formerly the theaterama, the third component of the New York State Pavilion.[15]

In March 2016, People For the Pavilion and the National Trust for Historic Preservation launched an international ideas competition[16] to allow the public to reimagine possibilities for what the pavilion could become.

The site was featured in the 2008 video game Grand Theft Auto IV and Its episodes.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. June 25, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d "Cultural Resource Information System (CRIS)" (Searchable database). New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2016-03-01. Note: This includes Emily T. Cooperman (July 2009). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: 1964-1965 New York World's Fair New York State Pavilion" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-02-01. and Accompanying 23 photographs
  3. ^ Hirshon, Nicholas. "City begins stripping Sky Streak's two rotting '64 World's Fair elevators". New York Daily News. NY Daily News. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b "Long-Shuttered N.Y. State Pavilion In Queens To Reopen For 3 Hours Next Month". 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  6. ^ Foderaro, Lisa W. (2014-04-22). "World's Fair Relic Deemed a 'Treasure'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-10-20.
  7. ^ "In Queens, the Fate of a Towering Relic From the 1964 World's Fair Is Debated". The New York Times. 2014-02-17. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  8. ^ "New York State Pavilion Receives $5.8 Million for Restoration". New York Times. July 8, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
  9. ^ Jeremiah Budin (2014-07-29). "Mets Will Donate Money to Help Save New York State Pavilion". Curbed. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
  10. ^ "Vandals break into the historic New York State Pavilion and set fire to a stolen van, damaging the 50-year-old terrazzo map". NY Daily News. 2014-07-23. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
  11. ^ a b Colangelo, Lisa L. (May 5, 2015). "Iconic New York State Pavilion in Flushing Meadows Corona Park getting $3 million facelift - FOR FREE". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
  12. ^ Haynes, Daniel C. (2018-06-02). "FMCP projects win design awards". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  13. ^ "New York State Pavilion Observation Towers Reconstruction : NYC Parks". Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  14. ^ Silva, Matthew. "[Homepage]". Aquarela Pictures. Aquarela Pictures. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
  15. ^ "Modern Ruin: Filmmaker Matthew Silva on the New York State Pavilion". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-03-29.
  16. ^ "New York State Pavilion might get radically re-imagined with this open call for ideas -". Retrieved 2016-03-29.

External links[edit]