Operation Pelikan

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Operation Pelikan
Part of the American Theater of World War II
Panama-Canal-rough-diagram-quick.jpg
A schematic of the Panama Canal, illustrating the sequence of locks and passages.
Location
Planned by Nazi Germany
ObjectiveSabotage of the Panama Canal
Date1943
OutcomeAborted

Operation Pelikan[1] (German: Unternehmen Pelikan), also known as Projekt 14, was a German plan for crippling the Panama Canal during World War II. In mid-late 1943 the Wehrmacht had completed preparations to haul two Ju 87 Stukas with folding wings on two U-boats to an unnamed Colombian island near the coast of Panama, reassemble the planes, arm them with "special bombs", and then send them to attack the Gatun Dam. After completing the mission, the pilots would fly to a neutral country and seek internment. However, Germany called off the plan, for unknown reasons, at the last minute. Rumors among the Germans who planned the sabotage were that it had been called off due to betrayal.

Most of these types of plans involved acts of sabotage using agents in place and/or landed by U-boat.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grayson, William C. (2005). Delaware's Ghost Towers: The Coast Artillery's Forgotten Last Stand During the Darkest Days of World War II. AuthorHouse. ISBN 1420847147.
  2. ^ Ladislas Farago's The Game of the Foxes: The Untold Story of German Espionage in the United States and Great Britain During World War II has a brief mention on the plan.
  3. ^ They Came to Destroy America: The FBI Goes to War Against Nazi Spies & Saboteurs During World War II (2003) by Stan Cohen, Don DeNevi, and Richard Gray