Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm

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Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm
Map showing the location of Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm
Map of the United States
Map showing the location of Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm
Map showing the location of Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm
Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm (Maryland)
LocationPrince George's County, Maryland, USA
Nearest cityOxon Hill, Maryland
Coordinates38°48′17″N 77°00′43″W / 38.8046°N 77.01182°W / 38.8046; -77.01182Coordinates: 38°48′17″N 77°00′43″W / 38.8046°N 77.01182°W / 38.8046; -77.01182
Governing bodyNational Park Service
Oxon Cove Park
Oxon Hill Farm General View Dec 10.JPG
Oxon Hill Farm, December 2010
LocationGovernment Farm Rd., Oxon Hill, Maryland
Area289 acres (117 ha)
Architectural styleItalianate, et al.
NRHP reference #03000869[1]
Added to NRHPSeptember 02, 2003

Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Cove Farm is a national historic district that includes a living farm museum operated by the National Park Service, and located at Oxon Hill, Prince George's County, Maryland. It is part of National Capital Parks-East. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[1]

The park provides an excellent resource for environmental studies, wildlife observing, fishing, and other recreational activities made possible by easy access to the Potomac River. Fourteen buildings and two structures are located in the historic district and associated with the property's sequential development as a plantation, an institutional agricultural complex, and a farm museum.

Oxon Hill Farm[edit]

The Oxon Hill Farm includes the Mount Welby home, Farm Museum, barns, a stable, feed building, livestock buildings and a visitor activity barn. Farm animals include cows, horses and chickens. Visitors can view the animals up close daily and learn about the workings of a farm. The Farm Museum building displays historical farm equipment dating from the late 19th century.

The district also includes a hexagonal frame outbuilding; c. 1830 brick root cellar; c. 1973 frame hog house; c. 1890 frame horse and pony barn; c. 1991 frame chicken house; c. 1970 steel-frame implement shed; c. 1980 frame visitor barn; c. 1970 steel-frame windmill; c. 1940 frame hay barn; c. 1890 frame feed building; c. 1830 brick stable; c. 1970 frame tool shed; c. 1980 frame "sorghum sirip" shed; and a c. 1980 frame dairy barn, and c. 1940 tile silo. From the 1890s to 1950s, under the ownership of St. Elizabeth's Hospital, the site was used as a therapeutic treatment center for the mentally ill known as Godding Croft. The Oxon Cove Farm historic district is located on the crest of a ridge overlooking the Potomac River, north of I-95 and very close to National Harbor.[2]

Mount Welby[edit]

The principal dwelling, known as "Mount Welby," is a c. 1807-1811 two-story three-bay brick structure laid in Flemish bond with Italianate detailing and sheltered by a shed roof, and visible to motorists crossing the interstate Woodrow Wilson Bridge. The house was built by Irish immigrant Dr. Samuel DeButts. It was entrusted to the National Park Service in 1959 in order to protect its resources from increased development.[3] From 1891 to 1950, the property was used as a therapeutic farm by St. Elizabeths Hospital, and was known as Godding Croft.

The house is operated as a historic house museum, with exhibits about period life in the early 19th century for the owners and slaves on the plantation. Other exhibits focus on the home's role at Godding Croft.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ Kathryn Kuranda; Hugh McAloon & Michelle Moran (September 1994). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Oxon Cove Farm" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
  3. ^ Oxon Cove Park: History & Culture

External links[edit]