Political party strength in Maryland
The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:
For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.
The parties are as follows: American (A), Anti-Administration (AA), Conservative (C), Democratic (D), Democratic-Republican (DR), Federalist (F), Green, Independent (I), (N), no partyNational Republican (NR), National Union (NU), (PA), Pro-AdministrationRepublican (R), Whig (W), and . a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials
|Year||Executive offices||General Assembly||United States Congress||Electoral College votes|
|Governor||Lieutenant Governor||Attorney General||Comptroller||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House|
|1777||Thomas Johnson (N)|||||
|1780||Thomas Sim Lee (F)|
|1783||William Paca (N)|
|1786||William Smallwood (N)|
|1789||John Eager Howard (F)||unknown||unknown||Charles Carroll (PA)||John Henry (PA)||4AA, 2PA||George Washington (N)|
|George Plater (N)|
|James Brice (F)|
|Thomas Sim Lee (F)|
|1793||Richard Potts (PA)||4AA, 4PA|
|1795||John Hoskins Stone (F)||4DR, 4F|
|1796||John Adams (F)|
|1797||John Eager Howard (F)||6F, 2DR|
|1798||John Henry (DR)||James Lloyd (F)|
|1799||Benjamin Ogle (F)||5F, 3DR|
|1800||Thomas Jefferson (DR) and John Adams (F)|
|1801||47DR, 33F||William Hindman (F)||6DR, 2F|
|1802||John Francis Mercer (DR)||15DR||53DR, 27F||Robert Wright (DR)|
|1803||47DR, 33F||Samuel Smith (DR)||7DR, 2F|
|1804||Robert Bowie (DR)||Thomas Jefferson (DR)|
|1805||William Pinkney (DR)||52DR, 28F|
|John Thomson Mason|
|John Johnson, Sr.|
|1807||Robert Wright (DR)||54DR, 25F, 1 vac.||Philip Reed (DR)||6DR, 3F|
|1808||51DR, 29F||James Madison (DR)|
|Edward Lloyd (DR)|
|1811||John Montgomery (DR)||48DR, 32F|
|1812||Robert Bowie (DR)||44DR, 36F|
|1813||Levin Winder (F)||54F, 26DR||Robert Henry Goldsborough (F)|
|1815||59F, 21DR||vacant||5F, 4DR|
|1816||Charles Carnan Ridgely (F)||48F, 32DR||Robert Goodloe Harper (F)||James Monroe (DR)|
|1817||15F||56F, 24DR||Alexander Contee Hanson (F)||5DR, 4F|
|1818||Luther Martin (F)||45DR, 35F|
|1819||Charles Goldsborough (F)||45DR, 35F||Edward Lloyd (DR)||7DR, 2F|
|1820||Samuel Sprigg (D)||50DR, 30F||William Pinkney (DR)|
|1821||49DR, 31F||6DR, 3F|
|1822||Thomas Beale Dorsey||15DR||63DR, 17F||vacant|
|1823||Samuel Stevens, Jr. (D)||67DR, 13F||Samuel Smith (DR)||4NR, 3F, 2DR|
|1824||Thomas Kell||63DR, 17F||Andrew Jackson (DR) N|
|1826||Joseph Kent (DR)||Ezekiel F. Chambers (NR)||5NR, 4DR|
|1827||Roger B. Taney (D)||unknown||6NR, 3DR|
|1828||49NR, 31D||John Quincy Adams and Richard Rush (NR) N|
|1829||Daniel Martin (NR)||48NR, 31D, 1 tie||Samuel Smith (D)||6D, 3NR|
|1830||Thomas King Carroll (D)||41NR, 39D|
|1831||Daniel Martin (NR)||Josiah Bayly||64NR, 16D||5NR, 4D|
|George Howard (NR)|
|1832||15NR||59NR, 21D||Henry Clay and John Sergeant (NR) N|
|1833||James Thomas (W)||54NR, 26D||Joseph Kent (NR)||6D, 2NR|
|1834||42NR, 36D, 2 Work.|
|1835||62W, 18D||Robert Henry Goldsborough (NR)||4D, 4NR|
|1836||Thomas Veazey (W)||55W, 25D||William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (W) N|
|1837||15W||60W, 20D||John S. Spence (W)||5W, 3D|
|1839||William Grason (D)||12W, 9D||42W, 37D||William Duhurst Merrick (W)||5D, 3W|
|1840||46D, 33W||William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (W)|
|1841||15W, 6D||60W, 19D||John Leeds Kerr (W)||6W, 2D|
|1842||Francis Thomas (D)||44D, 35W|
|1843||13W, 8D||47D, 35W||6W|
|1844||47W, 35D||Henry Clay and Theodore Frelinghuysen (W) N|
|1845||Thomas Pratt (W)||15W, 6D||61W, 21D||Reverdy Johnson (W)||4D, 2W|
|1846||George R. Richardson||43W, 39D|
|1847||13W, 8D||53W, 29D||4W, 2R|
|1848||Philip Francis Thomas (D)||54W, 28D||Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore (W)|
|1849||14W, 7D||vacant||James Pearce (W)||3W, 3D|
|David Stewart (W)|
|1851||Enoch Louis Lowe (D)||Robert J. Brent (W)||12W, 9D||Thomas Pratt (W)||4W, 2D|
|1852||Philip Francis Thomas (D)||11W, 11D||44D, 30W||Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)|
|Henry E. Bateman (D)|
|1854||Thomas Watkins Ligon (D)||William Pinkney Whyte (D)||14W, 8D||34W, 30D, 10 Temp.|
|1856||William Henry Purnell (A)||9W, 8KN, 5D||54KN, 14D, 6W||Millard Fillmore and Andrew Jackson Donelson (A)|
|1857||Anthony Kennedy (A)||3A, 3D|
|1858||Thomas Holliday Hicks (A)||15KN, 7D||44KN, 30D|
|1860||12D, 10KN||45D, 29KN||John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (D) N|
|Dennis Claude (D)|
|Abram Lingan Jarrett (D)|
|1862||Augustus Bradford (NU)||Samuel Snowden Maffit (NU)||13NU, 9D||68NU, 6D||James Pearce (D)|
|1863||Reverdy Johnson (NU)||Thomas Holliday Hicks (NU)||3NU, 1D, 1R|
|1864||Alexander Randall (W)||Henry Holliday Goldsborough (NU)||19NU, 3D||56NU, 18D||Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU)|
|1865||Christopher C. Cox (NU)||Robert John Jump (NU)||12D, 12NU||54NU, 26D||John Creswell (NU)||3NU, 2D|
|1866||Thomas Swann (D)|
|1867||Isaac Dashiell Jones (W)||William James Leonard (D)||16D, 8R||59D, 21R||vacant||3D, 1C, 1R|
|1868||||25D, 0R||86D, 0R||George Vickers (D)||Horatio Seymour and Francis Preston Blair, Jr. (D) N|
|William Pinkney Whyte (D)|
|1869||Oden Bowie (D)||William Thomas Hamilton (D)||5D|
|1870||Levin Woolford (D)|
|1871||Andrew K. Syester (W)||5D|
|1872||William Pinkney Whyte (D)||24D, 1R||70D, 12R||Thomas A. Hendricks and B. Gratz Brown (D) N|
|1873||George R. Dennis (D)||4D, 2R|
|1874||James Black Groome (D)||23D, 3R||64D, 20R|
|1875||Charles J. M. Gwinn (D)||William Pinkney Whyte (D)||6D|
|1876||John Lee Carroll (D)||19D, 7R||58D, 26R||Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) N|
|1878||Thomas James Keating (D)||18D, 5R, 2ID, 1 Ref.||65D, 19R|
|1879||James Black Groome (D)||5D, 1R|
|1880||William T. Hamilton (D)||19D, 7R||63D, 21R||Winfield Scott Hancock and William Hayden English (D) N|
|1882||16D, 10R||60D, 31R|
|1883||Charles Boyle Roberts (D)||4D, 1R|
|1884||Robert Milligan McLane (D)||J. Frank Turner (D)||14D, 12R||63D, 28R||Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D)|
|1885||Henry Lloyd (D)||Ephraim King Wilson II (D)||5D, 1R|
|1886||22D, 4R||80D, 10R, 1 Fus.|
|1887||William Pinkney Whyte (D)||Arthur Pue Gorman (D)|
|1888||Elihu Emory Jackson (D)||L. Victor Baughman (D)||71D, 20R||Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) N|
|1890||18D, 8R||59D, 32R||3D, 3R|
|1891||John Prentiss Poe (D)||vacant||6D|
|1892||Frank Brown (D)||Marion deKalb Smith (D)||22D, 4R||81D, 7R, 3 Fus.||Charles Hopper Gibson (D)||Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D)|
|1894||21D, 5R||68D, 23R||5D, 1R|
|1895||Harry M. Clabaugh (R)||3D, 3R|
|1896||Lloyd Lowndes, Jr. (R)||Robert Patterson Graham (R)||14D, 12R||70R, 21D||William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R)|
|1897||George L. Wellington (R)||6R|
|1898||Phillips Lee Goldsborough (R)||18R, 8D||49R, 42D|
|1899||George Gaither, Jr. (R)||Louis E. McComas (R)||4R, 2D|
|Isador Rayner (D)|
|1900||John Walter Smith (D)||Joshua W. Hering (D)||15D, 11R||65D, 26R||5R, 1D||William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R)|
|1902||17D, 9R||51D, 44R|
|1903||William Shepard Bryan, Jr. (D)||Arthur Pue Gorman (D)||4R, 2D|
|1904||Edwin Warfield (D)||Gordon T. Atkinson (D)||19D, 8R||71D, 30R||Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)|
|1905||Isador Rayner (D)||3R, 3D|
|1906||18D, 8R, 1I||51D, 46R, 3I, 1 Fus.|
|William Pinkney Whyte (D)|
|1907||Isaac Lobe Straus (D)|
|1908||Austin Lane Crothers (D)||Joshua W. Hering (D)||17D, 9R, 1I||71D, 30R||William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) N|
|1909||John Walter Smith (D)|
|1910||21D, 6R||70D, 31R|
|William B. Clagett (D)|
|1911||Edgar Allan Poe (D)||5D, 1R|
|Charles H. Stanley (D)|
|1912||Phillips Lee Goldsborough (R)||Emerson Harrington (D)||19D, 8R||60D, 41R||Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)|
|1913||William Purnell Jackson (R)||6D|
|1914||18D, 9R||79D, 23R||Blair Lee I (D)|
|1915||Albert Ritchie (D)||5D, 1R|
|1916||Emerson Harrington (D)||Hugh McMullen (D)||16D, 11R||56D, 44R, 2 Peop.|
|1917||Joseph I. France (R)||4D, 2R|
|1918||14D, 13R||55R, 47D|
|1919||Alexander Armstrong (R)||3D, 3R|
|1920||Albert Ritchie (D)||E. Brooke Lee (D)||15D, 12R||56D, 46R||Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)|
|1921||Ovington Weller (R)||4R, 2D|
|1922||William S. Gordy, Jr. (D)||21D, 6R||73D, 33R|
|1923||Thomas H. Robinson (D)||William Cabell Bruce (D)||3R, 3D|
|1924||22D, 7R||93D, 25R||Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)|
|1927||21D, 8R||82D, 36R||5D, 1R|
|1928||Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)|
|1929||Phillips Lee Goldsborough (R)||4D, 2R|
|1930||William Preston Lane, Jr. (D)|
|1931||23D, 6R||91D, 27R||6D|
|1932||Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)|
|1933||Millard Tydings (D)|
|1934||Herbert O'Conor (D)|
|1935||Harry Nice (R)||18D, 11R||94D, 34R, 2 Fus.||George L. P. Radcliffe (D)|
|1938||William C. Walsh (D)|
|1939||Herbert O'Conor (D)||J. Millard Tawes (D)||23D, 6R||104D, 16R|
|1940||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)|
|1943||20D, 9R||101D, 22R||4D, 2R|
|1944||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)|
|1945||William Curran (D)||5D, 1R|
|1946||Hall Hammond (D)|
|1947||William Preston Lane, Jr. (D)||James J. Lacy (D)||18D, 11R||87D, 36R||Herbert O'Conor (D)||4D, 2R|
|1948||Thomas E. Dewey and Earl Warren (R) N|
|J. Millard Tawes (D)|
|1951||Theodore R. McKeldin (R)||88D, 35R||John Marshall Butler (R)||3D, 3R|
|1952||Edward D. E. Rollins (R)||Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)|
|1953||James Glenn Beall (R)||4R, 3D|
|1954||C. Ferdinand Sybert (D)|
|1955||21D, 8R||98D, 25R||4D, 3R|
|1959||J. Millard Tawes (D)||Louis L. Goldstein (D)||26D, 3R||116D, 7R||7D|
|1960||John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)|
|1961||Thomas B. Finan (D)||6D, 1R|
|1963||22D, 7R||117D, 25R||Daniel B. Brewster (D)||6D, 2R|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)|
|1965||Joseph Tydings (D)||5D, 3R|
|1966||Robert C. Murphy (D)|
|1967||Spiro Agnew (R)||Francis B. Burch (D)||35D, 8R|
|1968||Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D) N|
|1969||Marvin Mandel (D)||4D, 4R|
|1971||Blair Lee, III (D)||33D, 10R||121D, 21R||John Glenn Beall (R)||5D, 3R|
|1972||Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)|
|1975||39D, 8R||126D, 15R||Charles Mathias, Jr. (R)||5D, 3R|
|1976||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)|
|1979||Harry Hughes (D)||Samuel W. Bogley (D)||Stephen H. Sachs (D)||40D, 7R||125D, 16R||6D, 2R|
|1980||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) N|
|1983||J. Joseph Curran, Jr. (D)||41D, 6R||124D, 17R|
|1984||Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)|
|1987||William Donald Schaefer (D)||Melvin Steinberg (D)||J. Joseph Curran, Jr. (D)||40D, 7R|
|1988||George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R)|
|1989||Paul Sarbanes (D)|
|1991||117D, 24R||5D, 3R|
|1992||Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)|
|1995||Parris Glendening (D)||Kathleen Kennedy Townsend (D)||32D, 15R||100D, 41R|
|1998||Robert L. Swann (D)|
|1999||William Donald Schaefer (D)||106D, 35R||Barbara Mikulski (D)|
|2000||33D, 14R||Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D) N|
|2003||Robert Ehrlich (R)||Michael Steele (R)||98D, 43R||6D, 2R|
|2004||John Kerry and John Edwards (D) N|
|2007||Martin O'Malley (D)||Anthony G. Brown (D)||Doug Gansler (D)||Peter Franchot (D)||104D, 37R|
|2008||Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)|
|104D, 36R, 1I|
|2011||35D, 12R||98D, 43R||6D, 2R|
|2013||Ben Cardin (D)||7D, 1R|
|2015||Larry Hogan (R)||Boyd Rutherford (R)||Brian Frosh (D)||33D, 14R||91D, 50R|
|2016||Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine (D) N|
|2017||Chris Van Hollen (D)|
|91D, 49R, 1G|
|2019||32D, 15R||99D, 42R|
|Year||Governor||Lieutenant Governor||Attorney General||Comptroller||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House||Electoral College votes|
|Executive offices||General Assembly||United States Congress|
- The office of Lieutenant Governor was created originally by the Constitution of 1864.
- The office of Comptroller of the Treasury was created by the Constitution of 1851.
- Died in office.
- As senior member of the Governor's Council, was appointed by state legislature to fill term until replacement elected.
- Maryland gained two representatives, bringing the total to eight during this period.
- Maryland gained one representative, bringing the total to nine during this period. The fifth district had two representatives, except after 1833: one from Baltimore City, and the other from Baltimore County, Maryland.
- Maryland lost one representative, bringing the total to eight during this period. The fourth district had two representatives from 1835–1843.
- Maryland lost two representatives, bringing the total to six during this period.
- Appointed to fill position and served until a successor was elected.
- The office of attorney general was abolished by the Constitution of 1851 but was reestablished by the Constitution of 1864 (Art. 5, sec. 1).
- 6th congressional district abolished after 1860 census.
- The state's present constitution, adopted in 1867, abolished the lieutenant governorship. However, the position was re-established by a constitutional amendment ratified on November 4, 1970.
- 6th congressional district established after 1870 census.
- Resigned to take post as Minister to France.
- Appointed by the legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
- Josiah Kerr elected to fill vacancy upon Smith's resignation upon election as governor.
- Appointed by Gov. Crothers; died in office.
- Appointed by Gov. Crothers.
- After 3-year terms in 1923, every seat in both chambers of the General Assembly has been elected to 4-year terms, starting with the 1926 elections.
- Appointed to fill position initially, then elected.
- 7th congressional district was abolished after the 1840 census and reinstated after the 1950 census.
- Maryland's 8th congressional district was abolished after the 1830 census, and reinstated after the 1960 census; until its boundaries were established in 1967, an at-large district seat was filled from 1963–1967.
- Lt. Gov. position created in 1970.
- Jon F. Oster and George A. Nilson each served a day as Attorney General on January 1 and January 2, 1979, respectively.
- Sen. Robert R. Neall switched parties from Republican to Democrat.
- In September 2008, incumbent Republican Richard B. Weldon, Jr. switched his party affiliation to unaffiliated.
- In October 2018, Republican Meagan Simonaire switched her party affiliation to Democrat.
- In November 2018, Democrat Shane Robinson switched his party affiliation to Green.