Political party strength in Mississippi

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Mississippi:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:   Anti-Jacksonian (AJ),   Democratic (D),   Federalist (F),   Military (M),   provisional (P),   Republican (R),   Union Democratic (UD),   Unionist (U),   Whig (W),   Southern Rights/Dixiecrat (SR/Dix), and   a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Comm. of Ag. and Comm. Comm. of Ins. Land Comm. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
1798 Winthrop Sargent (F)[1] John Steele
1799 Lyman Harding
William C. C. Claiborne (DR)[1]
1803 Cato West George Poindexter
1805 Thomas Hill Williams
Robert Williams (DR)[1]
1806 Cowles Mead
1807 Thomas Hill Williams
David Holmes (DR)[1]
1810 Henry Dangerfield
1815 Nathaniel A. Ware
Mississippi admitted to the Union on December 10, 1817
1817 David Holmes (DR)[2] Duncan Stewart (DR) Daniel Williams Lyman Harding John R. Girault Samuel Brooks no such office no such office no such office unknown Walter Leake (DR) Thomas Hill Williams (DR) George Poindexter (DR)
1818 Peter Schuyler
1819 Christopher Rankin (DR)
1820 George Poindexter (DR) James Patton (DR) Edward Turner James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)
David Holmes (DR)
1821 John A. Grimball Thomas Buck Reed (DR) John Richards Samuel C. Wooldridge
1822 Walter Leake (DR)[3] David Dickson (DR) Hiram Runnels
1824 Gerard Brandon (DR) Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (DR)
1825 Richard Stockton David Holmes (J) Thomas Hill Williams (J) Christopher Rankin (J)
Gerard Brandon (D)[4] vacant Powhatan Ellis (J)
1826 David Holmes (D)[5] Gerard Brandon (D) Thomas Buck Reed (J)
Gerard Brandon (D) vacant William Haile (J)
1827 Powhatan Ellis (J)
1828 Abram M. Scott (NR) George Adams James Phillips, Jr. Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (D)
1829 Robert H. Buckner Thomas Buck Reed (J) Thomas Hinds (J)
1830 R. M. Gaines Thomas B. J. Hadley Robert H. Adams (J)
George Poindexter (J, Anti-J)
1831 Franklin E. Plummer (J)
1832 Abram M. Scott (NR)[3] Fountain Winston Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren (D)
1833 no such office[6] D. C. Dickson John H. Mallory John Black (J, Anti-J, W) 2J
Charles Lynch (NR)[7]
1834 Hiram Runnels (D) M. D. Patton
1835 Barry W. Benson Robert J. Walker (D) 1J, 1Anti-J
John A. Quitman (W)[7]
1836 Charles Lynch (W) Charles C. Mayson Martin Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson (D)
1837 David Dickson T. F. Collins A. B. Saunders 2D
1838 Alexander McNutt (D) James Phillips, Jr. 17D, 13W 53D, 36W, 1? James F. Trotter (D) 2W
J. A. Vanhoesen Thomas Hickman Williams (D)
1839 T. B. Woodward Silas Brown John Henderson (W) 2D
S. Craig
James G. Williams
1840 Joshua S. Curtis 18D, 12W 54D, 36W, 1? William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (W)
1841 L. G. Galloway John D. Freeman Richard S. Graves
1842 Tilghman Tucker (D) J. E. Matthews 21D, 11W 60D, 38W
1843 Wilson Hemingway William Clark 4D
1844 Albert G. Brown (D) 20D, 12W 66D, 32W, 1? James K. Polk and George M. Dallas (D)
1845 Jesse Speight (D) Joseph W. Chalmers (D)
1846 23D, 9W 70D, 29W
1847 Samuel Stamps George T. Swann Richard Griffith Henry S. Foote (D) 3D, 1W
Jefferson Davis (D)
1848 Joseph W. Matthews (D) 25D, 7W 73D, 25W, 1? Lewis Cass and William O. Butler (D)
1849 4D
1850 John A. Quitman (D)[8] Joseph Bell 20D, 10W, 2? 62D, 36W, 1?
1851 John Isaac Guion (D)[9] Daniel R. Russell William Clark 3U, 1D
James Whitfield (D)[10]
1852 Henry S. Foote (UD)[11] James A. Horne 21 Southern Rights, 11 Union 63 Southern Rights, 35 Union, 1? John J. McRae (D) Walker Brooke (W) Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)
Stephen Adams (D)
1853 D. C. Glenn 5D
1854 John J. Pettus (D)[10] William H. Muse Shields L. Hussey 20D, 10W, 1 Union Dem. 97D, 19W, 8 Union Dem., 2? Albert G. Brown (D)
John J. McRae (D)
1855 A. B. Dilworth Madison McAfee 4D, 1K-N
1856 James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge (D)
1857 T. J. Wharton Jefferson Davis (D) 5D
William McWillie (D)
1858 85D, 19 Opp.
1859 Erasmus R. Burt
John J. Pettus (D)
1860 B. R. Webb M. D. Haynes 27D, 4 Opp. 86D, 14 Opp. John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (SD)
1861 C. A. Brougher A. B. Dilworth American Civil War/Reconstruction Era
1862 A. J. Gillespie
Charles Clark (D)[12]
1865 A. Warner Charles E. Hooker (D) Thomas T. Swann W. B. Weaver
William L. Sharkey (P)[13]
Benjamin G. Humphreys (D)[14] John H. Echols
1866 17W, 13D, 1? 52W, 39D, 7 Other
Adelbert Ames (M)[13][15] Jasper Myers
1869 Henry Musgrove Henry Musgrove William H. Vassar
1870 James D. Lynch (R) Joshua S. Morris 26R, 7D 82R, 25D Adelbert Ames (R) Hiram Rhodes Revels (R) 5R
James L. Alcorn (R)[16] Ridgley C. Powers (R)
1872 Ridgley C. Powers (R)[17] Alexander K. Davis (R) Hiram Rhodes Revels (R) 23R, 14D 65R, 50D James L. Alcorn (R) Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (D)
1873 H. C. Carter 5R, 1D
M. M. McLeod
1874 Adelbert Ames (R)[18] James Hill George E. Harris (R) William H. Gibbs G. H. Holland 68R, 44D, 3 vac. Henry R. Pease (R)
1875 M. L. Holland Blanche Bruce (R) 4D, 2R
1876 William L. Hemingway 25D, 11R, 1IR 97D, 19R Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks (D)
John Marshall Stone (D)[19] vacant
1877 John M. Smylie Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II (D) 6D
1878 William H. Sims (D) Kinloch Falconer Thomas C. Catchings (D) Sylvester Gwin 36D, 2R 109D, 8R, 3 Fus.
D. P. Porter
1879 Henry C. Myers
1880 35D, 2G, 1R 101D, 14G, 5R Winfield Scott Hancock and William Hayden English (D)
1881 James Z. George (D)
1882 Robert Lowry (D) G. D. Shands (D) 35D, 2R 100D, 15R, 3ID, 2G 5D, 1R
1883 5D, 1R, 1I
1884 P. M. Doherty 33D, 3R, 1I 100D, 13R, 4G, 3I Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D)
1885 Thomas S. Ford Edward C. Walthall (D) 7D
1886 George M. Govan T. Marshall Miller W. W. Stone John R. Enochs 39D, 1R 119D, 9R, 2I
1888 J. W. McMaster 40D 111D, 7R, 2I Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D)
1890 John Marshall Stone (D) M. M. Evans (D) J. J. Evans Edgar S. Wilson 113D, 7R
1892 45D 129D, 3R, 1I Grover Cleveland and Adlai Stevenson I (D)
1893 Frank Johnston
1894 Anselm J. McLaurin (D)
1895 Edward C. Walthall (D)
1896 Anselm J. McLaurin (D) J. H. Jones (D) John Logan Power Wiley N. Nash W. D. Holder A. Q. May John M. Simonton 131D, 2R William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D)
1897 Hernando D. Money (D)
1898 Edwin Hargrove Nall
William V. Sullivan (D)
1900 Andrew H. Longino (D) James T. Harrison (D) Monroe McClurg William Qualls Cole J. R. Stowers 131D, 2R William Jennings Bryan and Adlai Stevenson I (D)
1901 Joseph Withers Power George W. Carlisle Anselm J. McLaurin (D)
1902 Thad B. Lampton William Qualls Cole
1903 William Williams 8D
1904 James K. Vardaman (D) John Prentiss Carter (D) T. M. Henry William Jones Miller 133D Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis (D)
1906 Henry Edward Blakeslee
1907 Robert Virgil Fletcher
1908 Edmond Noel (D) Luther Manship (D) J. Bowman Sterling Elias Jefferson Smith George Robert Edwards Thomas Monroe Henry William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D)
1909 James Lewis Gillespie
1910 Shepherd Spencer Hudson James Gordon (D)
LeRoy Percy (D)
1911 John Sharp Williams (D)
1912 Earl L. Brewer (D) Theodore G. Bilbo (D) Ross A. Collins (D) Duncan Lafayette Thompson Peter Simpson Stovall Mark Anthony Brown Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)
1913 James K. Vardaman (D)
1916 Theodore G. Bilbo (D) Lee M. Russell (D) Robert A. Wilson John Peroutt Taylor Peter Parley Garner
1919 Pat Harrison (D)
1920 Lee M. Russell (D) Homer H. Casteel (D) Frank Roberson W. J. Miller Larkin Seymour Rodgers 49D 140D James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)
1921 William Moseley Murry R. D. Moore
1923 C. D. Potter Hubert D. Stephens (D)
1924 Henry L. Whitfield (D)[3] Dennis Murphree (D) Rush Hightower Knox George Dumah Riley Ben Shem Lowry John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D)
1926 Walker Wood
Dennis Murphree (D)[17] vacant
1928 Theodore G. Bilbo (D) Clayton B. Adams (D) George T. Mitchell C. C. White Webb Walley J. C. Holton Ben Shem Lowry Al Smith and Joseph T. Robinson (D)
1932 Martin Sennet Conner (D) Dennis Murphree (D) Greek L. Rice (D) Joe S. Price Lewis S. May George D. Riley Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)
1933 7D
1935 Theodore G. Bilbo (D)
1936 Hugh L. White (D) Jacob Buehler Snider (D) Carl N. Craig Newton James J. S. Williams
1940 Paul B. Johnson, Sr. (D)[3] Dennis Murphree (D) J. M. Causey Lewis S. May Silas Edward Corley Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)
1941 Guy McCullen James Eastland (D)
Wall Doxey (D)
1943 James Eastland (D)
Dennis Murphree (D)[17] vacant
1944 Thomas L. Bailey (D)[3] Fielding L. Wright (D) Bert J. Barnett Newton James Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)
Fielding L. Wright (D)[20] vacant
1947 John C. Stennis (D)
1948 Sam Lumpkin (D) Heber Austin Ladner (D) Carl N. Craig R. W. May Jesse L. White W. L. McGahey Strom Thurmond and Fielding L. Wright (Dix)
1952 Hugh L. White (D) Carroll Gartin (D) James P. Coleman (D) William Donelson Neal Newton James Walter Dell Davis Adlai Stevenson II and John Sparkman (D)
1953 6D
1956 James P. Coleman (D) Joseph Turner Patterson (D) E. Boyd Golding Robert D. Morrow, Sr. Robert Earl Graham Adlai Stevenson II and Estes Kefauver (D)
1960 Ross Barnett (D) Paul B. Johnson, Jr. (D) William Donelson Neal Evelyn Gandy (D) Harry F. Byrd and Strom Thurmond (D)
1963 139D, 1R[21] 5D
1964 Paul B. Johnson, Jr. (D) Carroll Gartin (D) Hamp King (D) William Winter (D) 51D, 1R[22] 120D, 2R[23] Barry Goldwater and William E. Miller (R)
1965 4D, 1R
1966 vacant
1967 5D
1968 John Bell Williams (D) Charles L. Sullivan (D) Evelyn Gandy (D) Jim Buck Ross (D) Watt Carter 52D 122D George Wallace and Curtis LeMay (I)
1969 Albioun Fernando Summer (D)
1972 Bill Waller (D) William Winter (D) Brad Dye (D) Evelyn Gandy (D) 50D, 2R 119D, 3R Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)
1973 3D, 2R
1976 Cliff Finch (D) Evelyn Gandy (D) Ed Pittman (D) George Dale (D) John Ed Ainsworth (D) 118D, 4R Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)
1978 Thad Cochran (R)[24]
1980 William Winter (D) Brad Dye (D) Ed Pittman (D) William Allain (D) John L. Dale (D) office abolished[25] 48D, 4R 116D, 6R Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)
1981 Bill Cole (D)
4D, 1R
1983 3D, 2R
1984 William Allain (D) Dick Molpus (D) Ed Pittman (D) Ray Mabus (D) 49D, 3R
1987 4D, 1R
1988 Ray Mabus (D) Mike Moore (D) Pete Johnson (D) Marshall Bennett (D) 45D, 7R 113D, 9R George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R)
1989 Pete Johnson (R)[26] Trent Lott (R)
1990 5D
1992 Kirk Fordice (R) Eddie Briggs (R) Steve Patterson (D) 43D, 9R 98D, 24R
1993 39D, 13R[27] 93D, 29R[28]
1995 4D, 1R
1996 Ronnie Musgrove (D) Eric Clark (D) Lester Spell (D) 34D, 18R 86D, 33R, 3I 3D, 2R Bob Dole and Jack Kemp (R)
Phil Bryant (R)[29]
1997 3R, 2D
1999 3D, 2R
2000 Ronnie Musgrove (D) Amy Tuck (D) George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R)
Amy Tuck (R)[30]
2003 Peyton Prospere (D)[31] 29D, 23R[32] 81D, 38R, 3I[33] 2D, 2R
2004 Haley Barbour (R) Jim Hood (D) Tate Reeves (R) 76D, 46R
2005 28D, 24R[34] 75D, 47R[35]
Lester Spell (R)[36]
2007 27R, 25D[37]
2008 Phil Bryant (R) Delbert Hosemann (R) Stacey Pickering (R) Mike Chaney (R) 27D, 25R[38] Roger Wicker (R)[39] 3D, 1R John McCain and Sarah Palin (R)
74D, 48R[40]
2009 73D, 49R[41]
2011 27R, 25D[42] 68D, 54R[43] 3R, 1D
2012 Phil Bryant (R) Tate Reeves (R) Lynn Fitch (R) Cindy Hyde-Smith (R) 31R, 21D[44] 64R, 58D[45] Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (R)
2013 32R, 20D[46] 65R, 57D[47]
2014 66R, 56D[48]
2015 66R, 55D, 1 vac.[49]
67R, 55D[50]
2016 74R, 48D[51] Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R)
2017 33R, 19D[52]
Andy Gipson (R)[53] Cindy Hyde-Smith (R)[54]
Shad White


2019 74R, 45D, 2I, 1 vac.[55][56]
2020 Tate Reeves (R) Delbert Hosemann (R) Michael Watson (R) Lynn Fitch (R) David McRae (R) 36R, 16D 75R, 44D, 3I[57] [to be determined]
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Comm. of Ag. and Comm. Comm. of Ins. Land Comm. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress


  1. ^ a b c d Governor of Mississippi Territory.
  2. ^ Inaugurated as the first state governor on October 7, 1817, but Mississippi did not officially become a state until December 10, 1817.
  3. ^ a b c d e Died in office.
  4. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled term until next election.
  5. ^ Resigned due to illness.
  6. ^ The office was abolished by the Constitution of 1832, and the duties of president of the Senate were incorporated into a separate office. The Constitution of 1869 re-established the office of lieutenant governor, which also re-assumed the duties of the presidency of the Senate.
  7. ^ a b As president of the state Senate, filled term until next election.
  8. ^ Resigned following an arrest for violating neutrality laws by assisting with the liberation of Cuba. He was found not guilty, but the political fallout led to his resignation.
  9. ^ As president of the Senate, filled term until his Senate term expired.
  10. ^ a b As president of the Senate, filled unexpired term.
  11. ^ Resigned due to political tension over secession.
  12. ^ Term effectively ended when he was arrested by Union forces.
  13. ^ a b Appointed by President Andrew Johnson following the end of the American Civil War.
  14. ^ Forced to resign and physically removed from office by federal forces after his government failed to comply with Reconstruction.
  15. ^ Left office as Reconstruction ended.
  16. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; Alcorn's senate term began March 4, 1871 but he delayed taking it, preferring to continue as governor.
  17. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  18. ^ Impeached; made a deal with the state legislature to resign, and all charges were dropped.
  19. ^ Since both the Governor and Lieutenant Governor had been impeached, the former resigning and the latter being removed from office, Stone, as president of the Senate, was next in line for the governorship. Filled unexpired term and was later elected in his own right.
  20. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  21. ^ Lewis McAllister won a special election became the first Republican to win a seat in the Mississippi House of Representatives in the 20th Century.
  22. ^ Seelig Wise became the first Republican to win a seat in the Mississippi Senate in the 20th Century during the 1963 general election.
  23. ^ Rep. McAllister was joined by a second Republican, Charles K. Pringle, in the House during the 1963 general election.
  24. ^ Elected in November 1978 then appointed by Governor to vacancy caused by resignation of his successor.
  25. ^ The office of Land Commissioner was abolished by the Legislature in 1980, and its duties were assumed by the Secretary of State's Office.
  26. ^ Johnson switched parties from Democratic to Republican in 1989.
  27. ^ Due to pre-clearance issues with the Department of Justice over the Voting Rights Act with unconstitutional redistricting, federal courts forced a second election for the whole legislature in 1992 for a three-year term.
  28. ^ Due to pre-clearance issues with the Department of Justice over the Voting Rights Act with unconstitutional redistricting, federal courts forced a second election for the whole legislature in 1992 for a three-year term.
  29. ^ Initially appointed to fill vacancy; later elected.
  30. ^ Tuck switched parties from Democratic to Republican in 2002.
  31. ^ Appointed to fill vacancy.
  32. ^ Four senators, Terry Burton, Videt Carmichael, George "Tommy" Dickerson, and Travis Little, switched parties from Democrat to Republican before the 2003 session. A special election, brought on by the resignation of Democrat John White, flipped another seat when Republican Charles Walden won to succeed him before the session.
  33. ^ Five representatives, Larry Baker, Jim Barnett, Herb Frierson, Frank Hamilton, and John Read, switched parties from Democrat to Republican.
  34. ^ Senator Ralph Doxey switched parties from Democrat to Republican.
  35. ^ Representative Bobby Moody resigned and was succeeded by Carl Gregory, flipping his seat from Democrat to Republican between the 2004 and 2005 sessions. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2007-07-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ Spell switched parties from Democratic to Republican in 2005.
  37. ^ Rep. Joey Fillingane succeeded the late Sen. Billy B. Harvey in a special election, flipping the seat from Democrat to Republican. Shortly thereafter, Senators James Walley and Tommy Gollott switched parties from Democrat to Republican, flipping control of the chamber.
  38. ^ Senator Nolan Mettetal switched parties from Democrat to Republican at the beginning of the legislative session.
  39. ^ Appointed; took office December 31, 2007.
  40. ^ Rep. Sid Bondurant switched parties from Democratic to Republican. [1]
  41. ^ Billy Nicholson switched parties from Democrat to Republican before the start of the 2009 session.
  42. ^ Senators Cindy Hyde-Smith and Ezell Lee switched parties from Democrat to Republican.
  43. ^ Four representatives, C. Scott Bounds, Bobby Shows, Russ Nowell, and Margaret Rogers, switched parties from Democrat to Republican between the 2010 and 2011 sessions of the legislature. After the session, Rep. Jeff Smith switched parties from the Democrat to the Republican Party to run in the general election.
  44. ^ Two days after the election in November 2011, Sen. Gray Tollison switched from Democrat to Republican.
  45. ^ Rep. Donnie Bell switched parties from Democrat to Republican right after the general election.
  46. ^ Sen. Nickey Browning switched from Democrat to Republican.
  47. ^ Rep. Jason White switched parties from Democrat to Republican.
  48. ^ Rep. Randall Patterson switched parties from Democrat to Republican.
  49. ^ Rep. Bennett Malone (D-45) retired after months of health problems near the start of session. [2]
  50. ^ Jay Malone, a Republican, succeeded Bennett in his seat, after session was over. [3]
  51. ^ Just after the election, Rep. Jody Steverson switched from Democrat to Republican. After a contest of election at the start of the new legislative session, Mark Tullos was seated in District 79 over incumbent Bo Eaton, giving the GOP a 3/5 majority. [4]
  52. ^ On November 28, 2017, Republican Neil Whaley was elected in a non-partisan election to Senate District 10 replacing Democrat Bill Stone.
  53. ^ a b Appointed to fill vacancy.
  54. ^ Appointed.
  55. ^ At the filing deadline for the general election, Rep. Nick Bain (District 2) switched parties to the Republicans, and Reps. Steve Holland (District 16) and Angela Cockerham (District 96) switched to become Independents. [5]
  56. ^ Rep. Cory T. Wilson (R-73) resigned after appointment to the Mississippi Court of Appeals. His seat will remain vacant until the general election in November. [6]
  57. ^ After the 2019 election, two Democratic representatives left the party and registered as Independents.

See also[edit]