Politics of Anguilla

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Politics of Anguilla takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the Premier is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Anguilla, the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles, is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom. The United Nations Committee on Decolonization includes Anguilla on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. The territory's constitution is Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982 (amended 1990 and 2019). Executive power is exercised by the Premier and the Executive Council. Legislative power is vested in both the Executive Council and the House of Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Military defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom.

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
Monarch Elizabeth II 6 February 1952
Governor Tim Foy August 2017
Premier Victor Banks AUF 14 May 2019
Other government party


The Premier appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly. His cabinet, the Executive Council, is appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly.

Legislative branch[edit]

Anguilla elects on territorial level a legislature. The House of Assembly has 11 members, 7 members elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies, 2 ex officio members and 2 nominated members. The suffrage is from 18 years. Anguilla has a multi-party system.

Political parties and elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 15 February 2010 House of Assembly of Anguilla election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Anguilla United Front 2,781 39.37 2
Anguilla United Movement 2,308 32.68 4
Anguilla Progressive Party 1,039 14.71 1
Independents 935 13.24
Appointed members 4
Total (turnout 81.5%) 7,063 100 11
Source: Elections Anguilla

Judicial branch[edit]

The courts of Anguilla are:

The ECSC High Court Judge based in Anguilla is The Hon. Louise Blenman.[2]

International relations[edit]

Anguilla is a member of CARICOM (associate), CDB, International Criminal Police Organization - Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate) and ECLAC (associate).

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Anguillan criminal court system". Association of Commonwealth Criminal Lawyers. Archived from the original on 2014-03-31. Retrieved 2010-12-25.
  2. ^ The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court page for Anguilla Archived March 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine