Salpiglossis sinuata

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Salpiglossis sinuata
Salpiglossis bloom at Allan Gardens, Toronto.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Salpiglossis
Species:
S. sinuata
Binomial name
Salpiglossis sinuata
Synonyms[1]
  • Phyteuma tricolor Molina
  • Salpiglossis atropurpurea R. Graham
  • Salpiglossis barclayana Sweet
  • Salpiglossis coccinea Lindl. & Paxton
  • Salpiglossis fulva Court.
  • Salpiglossis picta Sweet
  • Salpiglossis purpurea Miers
  • Salpiglossis straminea Hook.
Interior of ruminant's paunch / rumen ( Spanish : panza ) showing net-like patterns similar to those of flower of Salpiglossis sinuata - whence Spanish common name panza de burro ( "donkey's paunch" ) - also a name given to a blanket of low cloud similarly patterned.

Salpiglossis sinuata, the painted tongue,[2] scalloped tube tongue, velvet trumpet flower, palito amargo ( Spanish : bitter little stick - from the extreme bitterness of its leaves[3]) or panza de burro ( Spanish : donkey's paunch ), is a flowering plant belonging to the subfamily Cestroideae of the nightshade family Solanaceae, native to southern Chile.[4][5]

Description[edit]

Salpiglossis sinuata is an annual or short-lived perennial herbaceous plant growing to 60 cm (2.0 ft) tall, rarely up to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall. The leaves are 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 in) long, elliptic to lanceolate, with a wavy, lobed or toothed margin.

The flowers have a five-lobed funnel-shaped corolla, up to 7 cm (2.8 in) long and 5.5 cm (2.2 in) diameter, each lobe with a notched apex, velvety in texture, either violet or orange, and have contrasting darker stripes along each petal.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Of the two species in its genus, Salpiglossis sinuata is the more commonly grown as an ornamental plant for gardens. It was introduced to the northern hemisphere in the 1820s.

A number of cultivars have been selected for different flower colours. It is grown in full sunlight.[6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All plant Species".
  2. ^ "Salpiglossis sinuata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  3. ^ https://www.chilecollector.com/archwebfila03/archwebstamp1300/stampset1302_17.html Retrieved 18.02 on 11/3/19
  4. ^ The Biology and Taxonomy of the Solanaceae edited by Hawkes, J.G., Lester, R.N. and Skelding, A.D. (Linnean Society Symposium Series Number 7) Published for the Linnean Society of London by Academic Press 1979 ISBN 0-12-333150-1
  5. ^ Armando T. Hunziker: The Genera of Solanaceae, A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell, Liechtenstein 2001. ISBN 3-904144-77-4
  6. ^ RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants pub. Dorling Kindersley 2008 ISBN 1405332964.