Senate (Haiti)

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Senate

Sénat · Sena
50th Haitian legislature
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
National seal of Haiti
Type
Type
Term limits
No limits
History
FoundedDecember 1806[1]
New session started
14 January 2020
Leadership
President
Pierre François Sildor[2]
since 14 January 2020
Structure
Seats30
Length of term
Six years
Elections
Absolute majority
Last election
2016–17
Next election
2019
Meeting place
Port-au-Prince
Website
[1]
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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The Senate (French: Sénat, Haitian Creole: Sena) is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the department of Nippes in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.

After the elections of 2000, twenty-six of the then twenty-seven seats were held by Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party. The Senate was not in session following the overthrow of Aristide's government in February 2004. An interim government was put in place following the rebellion, and the remaining Senators were not recognised during that time. The Senate was re-established and elections were held on 21 April 2006. The next elections were scheduled to occur in 2008, when one-third of the Senate seats was opened.

In 2015, the Senate was reduced to only 10 members and the chamber of deputies was closed because the elections to replace one-third of the senators and all of the deputies in 2013 were delayed indefinitely causing senators and deputies to finish their term in January 2015 without any replacement. This led to a dysfunctional National assembly. In the 2015 parliamentary elections these two-thirds were to be filled with new elected members, completing the 30 senators.[3]

Latest election[edit]

Haitian parliamentary elections, 2015

Party Senators
1st Round 2nd Round Total
Truth (VERITE) 0 3 3
Konvansyon Inite Demokratik (KID) 0 3 3
Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK) 0 6 6
Struggling People's Organization (OPL) 0 1 1
Fanmi Lavalas (FL) 0 1 1
Haiti in Action (AAA) 1 0 1
Pont 0 1 1
Platfom Pitit Desalin 0 1 1
Ligue Dessalinienne (LIDE) 1 0 1
Total 2 12 14
Seats not awarded yet 9
Seats not up in 2015 elections 9
Total seats 30
Sources: [2], [3], [4]

List of Senate Presidents[edit]

Le Président du Sénat

Name Took office Left office Party
César Télémaque[4] 31 December 1806 February 1807
Jean-Louis Barlatier March 1807 April 1807
Louis-Auguste Daumec April 1807 May 1807
Théodat Trichet June 1807 1807
Guy Joseph Bonnet 1808 4 March 1808
Gabriel David Troy 4 March 1808 April 1808
Jean-Louis Larose May 1808 June 1808
Pierre Charles Lys July 1808 August 1808
Philippe Bourjolly-Modé September 1808 18 November 1808
Louis-Auguste Daumec 18 November 1808 ?
Jean-Louis Larose ? April 1811
Louis Leroux May 1811 1811
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1812 1812
Jean-Louis Larose 1812 ?
Pierre Charles Lys 1813 1813
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1813 ?
Jean-Louis Larose 1814 1814
Louis Leroux 1814 July 1814
Jean-Louis Larose August 1814 1814
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1814 December 1814
Jean-Louis Larose December 1814 1815
Pierre Charles Lys 1815 1815
Joseph Neptune 1815 January 1816
Casimir Célestin Panayoty January 1816 1816
Jean-Baptiste Bayard 1816 ?
Pierre Simon 1817 August 1817
Jean-Louis Larose August 1817 ?
Hilaire[5] ? - 1820 1820 - ?
Amédé Gayot 1821 ?
Noël Viallet[6] ? - October 1821 October 1821 -?
Antoine Lerebours[7] ? - October 1822 October 1822 -?
Noël Viallet[8] ? - July 1824 February 1825 -?
Louis-Auguste Daumec ? - April 1825 April 1825 - ?
Noël Viallet[9] ? - January 1826 April 1826
Pierre-Prosper Rouanez[10] April 1826 May 1826 - ?
François Sambour[11] 1827 1827 - ?
Fonroë Dubreuil[11] ? - 1828 1828
Jean-François Lespinasse[11] 1828 1828
Louis Gabriel Audigé[11] 1828 1828
François Sambour[11][12] 1828 1829
Jean-François Lespinasse[11] 1829 1830
Antoine Martinez Valdès[11] 1830 1830
Eustache Frémont[11] 1830 1831
Louis Gabriel Audigé[11] 1831 1831 - ?
Joseph Georges[11] ? - 1832 1832
Louis Gabriel Audigé[11] 1832 1832 - ?
Jean Béchet[11] ? - 1833 1833 - ?
Jean-François Lespinasse[13] ? - August 1833 August 1833 - ?
Jean-Baptiste Bayard ? 1834
Joseph Georges June 1834 July 1834
Noël Viallet July 1834 1835
Charles T. Cupidon[14] 1835 June 1835
Pierre André July 1835 ?
Louis D. Gilles 1836 August 1836
Eustache Frémont September 1836 October 1836
Jean-Pierre Oriol November 1836 ?
Jose Joachim Del Monte 1837 1837
Beaubrun Ardouin 1837 ?
Amédé Gayot 1838 1838
Charles Bazelais 1838 1838
Beaubrun Ardouin[15] 1838 1839
David Troy ? - March 1846 March 1846 - ?
Pierre Louis Bouzi[5] ? - 1848 1848 - ?
André Jean Simon[16] ? - September 1849 September 1849 -?
Larouchel du Bas-de-Sainte-Anne[17] ? ?
Désormes Ls. Lafontant[5] ? - 1852 1852 - ?
Hilaire-Jean Pierre[5] ? - 1859 1859 - ?
P.-L. Cariès[5] ? - 1860 1860 - ?
François Lacruz[18] ? - September 1860 September 1860 - ?
José Ignacio Mendoza[5] ? - December 1860 December 1860 - ?
Saladin Lamour[19] ? - August 1862 August 1862 - ?
Antoine Laforest[5] ? - 1864 1864 - ?
Michel Dupont[5] ? - 1870 7 June 1874
Dasny Labonté 1875 ?
Louis Audain 1876 ?
Aristide Flambert[20] 1877 ?
François Hippolyte 1878 July 1878
Darius Denis July 1878 1878
Brunis Maignan[5] September 1878 1878 - ?
Morin Montasse 1879 ?
Innocent Michel-Pierre[21] 1880 ?
Morin Montasse[5][22] ? - October 1881 1884
Brunis Maignan[23] 1885 1888
Néré Numa 1889 ?
Massillon A. Aubry 1890 ?
Charles Archin[24] 1891 1891
Dulciné Jean-Louis 1891 ?
Brunis Maignan[25] 1892 December 1893 - ?
Alexis Dérac[26] ? - August 1894 September 1894 - ?
Pierre-Antoine Stewart[27] 1895 1896
Cadestin Robert[28] ? - August 1897 August 1897 - ?
Vaillant Guillaume[29][30] 1898 1900
Guillaume[31] ? - 1901 1901 - ?
Pétion Pierre-André[32] ? - February 1904 September 1904 - ?
T. A. Dupiton ? - 1906 1907 - ?
François Paulinus Paulin[31] 1909 1911
Davilmar Theodore 1911 1912
Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave 1913 1914 - ?
Stephen Archer 1915 ?
Paul Laraque 1916 1916
Abolished 1916 1918
Antoine Dubost 1918 1918 - ?
Stephen Archer ? - 1919 1920 - ?
Fouchard Martineau[31][33] ? - 1931 1934 - ?
Louis S. Zéphirin[34] 1935 1940 - ?
Alfred Nemours Auguste[35] 1943 1946
Jean Bélizaire[36] 1946 1949 - ?
Charles Fombrun[37] ? - 1951 1955 - ?
Charles Fombrun 9 April 1956 7 February 1957
Emile Saint-Lot 1957 1957
Hugues Bourjolly[38] 1957 1958 - ?
Antoine Marthold[39] 1959 1961[40]
Abolished 1961[40] January 1988
Louis J. Noisin January 1988 June 1988
No legislature June 1988 February 1991[41]
Endrice Raymond[42] 1991 1991 FNCD
Déjean Bélizaire[43] ? - August 1991 31 January 1993 MNP 28
Firmin Jean-Louis[44] and Thomas Eddy Dupiton 31 January 1993 4 February 1994 FNCD
Bernard Sansaricq 4 February 1994 October 1994
Firmin Jean-Louis[44] October 1994 13 October 1995 FNCD
Edgard Leblanc[45] 13 October 1995 March 2000 - ? OPL
Yvon Neptune[46] 28 August 2000 14 March 2002 Fanmi Lavalas
Fourel Célestin[47] 27 March 2002 August 2003 Fanmi Lavalas
Yvon Feuillé ? January 2004
No legislature January 2004 May 2006
Joseph Lambert 11 May 2006 2006 Lespwa
Kely Bastien January 2008 2011 Lespwa
Jean Rodolphe Joazile 24 January 2011 9 January 2012 PONT
Simon Dieuseul Desras 9 January 2012 12 January 2015 Lavni
Riché Andris 12 January 2015 14 January 2016 Alternative
Jocelerme Privert 14 January 2016 14 February 2016 INITE
Ronald Larêche 14 February 2016 13 January 2017 VÉRITÉ
Youri Latortue 13 January 2017 9 January 2018 AAA
Joseph Lambert 9 January 2018 17 January 2019 KONA
Carl Murat Cantave 17 January 2019 14 January 2020 KID
Pierre François Sildor 14 January 2020 Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Histoire". deepweb.to/?. 3 April 2015.
  2. ^ https://data.ipu.org/content/haiti?chamber_id=13413
  3. ^ "Haiti-Référence » 2210.- Le Sénat de la République".
  4. ^ "L'Union. Recueil commercial et littéraire". Gallica. 14 December 1837.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Lhérisson, L.-C. Auteur du texte (8 November 1895). "La Législation de l'instruction publique de la république d'Haïti (1804-1895). ... par Sténio Vincent,... L.-C. Lhérisson,..." – via gallica.bnf.fr.
  6. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/016_18210116.pdf
  7. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/018_18221025.pdf
  8. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/016_18210116.pdf
  9. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/336_18260209.pdf
  10. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/420_18260506.pdf
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Recueil général des lois & actes du gouvernement d'Haiti". ufdc.ufl.edu.
  12. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/009_18280915.pdf
  13. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/358_18330910.pdf
  14. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/343_18350608.pdf
  15. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/379_18391118.pdf
  16. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/296_18470919.pdf
  17. ^ https://archive.org/stream/histoiredhatid01magl/histoiredhatid01magl_djvu.txt
  18. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/242_18600926.pdf
  19. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/388_18620812.pdf
  20. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/077_18770824.pdf
  21. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/431_18801007.pdf
  22. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/763_18700708.pdf
  23. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/366_18851007.pdf
  24. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/134_18910625.pdf
  25. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/957_18920930.pdf
  26. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/061_18940907.pdf
  27. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/900_18950924.pdf
  28. ^ "Recueil de lois relatives aux biens du domaine national". ufdc.ufl.edu.
  29. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/143_18980706.pdf
  30. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/950_19000730.pdf
  31. ^ a b c Calixte, Nyll F. (19 June 1974). "La Représentation parlementaire de Fort-Liberté (Haïti) de 1930 à 1972". Éditions de l'École – via Google Books.
  32. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/155_19040303.pdf
  33. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/bulletindesloise10hait.pdf
  34. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/719_19400315.pdf
  35. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/237_19450210.pdf
  36. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/049_19470914.pdf
  37. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/341_19550614.pdf
  38. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/056_19580917.pdf
  39. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/108_19591112.pdf
  40. ^ a b Hilton, Ronald (19 June 1963). "Hispanic American Report". Stanford University, Hispanic American Studies – via Google Books.
  41. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: HAITI (Sénat), election archives". archive.ipu.org.
  42. ^ https://books.google.fi/books?id=gKEXAAAAYAAJ
  43. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/264_19911212.pdf
  44. ^ a b Pezzullo, Ralph (19 June 2019). "Plunging Into Haiti: Clinton, Aristide, and the Defeat of Diplomacy". Univ. Press of Mississippi – via Google Books.
  45. ^ http://www.haiti.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/loi_modernisation.pdf
  46. ^ https://www.oas.org/juridico/mla/fr/hti/fr_traites-drogue-hti-usa1997.pdf
  47. ^ https://books.google.fi/books?id=SSwMAQAAMAAJ

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

  • "Haiti". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 14 November 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 167. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.