Senate of Iraq

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The Senate of Iraq (Majlis al-A`yan) was the unelected upper house of the bicameral parliament established by the Mandatory Iraq's 1925 constitution. There were around twenty Senators, appointed for eight years by the King of Iraq.[1] The Senate remained in existence until the 1958 revolution.

Presidents of the Senate[edit]

Name Took office Left office Notes
Yusuf al-Suwaydi July 1925 2 November 1929 [2][3][4][5]
Mohammad Al-Sadr 2 November 1929 February 1937 [6][7][8][9][10]
Muhammed Ridha al-Shabibi 27 February 1937 August 1937 [11][8][12]
Mohammad Al-Sadr December 1937 December 1943 [9][13]
Jamil Al-Madfai December 1943 December 1944 [14][15]
Salih Bashayan ? ?
Nuri Al-Said July 1945 21 November 1946 [16]
Mohammad Al-Sadr June 1948 1948 [9]
Nuri Al-Said 1948 6 January 1949 [14]
Jamil Al-Madfai ? - 1952 January 1953 [14][15][17]
Jamil Al-Madfai September 1953 1957 - ? [14][18]
Abdul Hadi Chalabi ? - 1958 14 July 1958 [19]

Members[edit]

Members of the Iraqi Senate included:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orit Bashkin (2008). The Other Iraq: Pluralism and Culture in Hashemite Iraq. Stanford University Press. p. 285. ISBN 978-0-8047-7415-4.
  2. ^ "Report by His Britannic Majesty's Government to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of Iraq 1925". HathiTrust.
  3. ^ "Report by His Britannic Majesty's Government to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of Iraq 1927-28". HathiTrust.
  4. ^ Lukitz, Liora (July 5, 2005). "Iraq: The Search for National Identity". Routledge – via Google Books.
  5. ^ "Report by His Britannic Majesty's Government to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of Iraq 1927-28". HathiTrust.
  6. ^ "Report by His Britannic Majesty's Government to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of Iraq 1929". HathiTrust.
  7. ^ "Report by His Britannic Majesty's Government to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of Iraq 1931". HathiTrust.
  8. ^ a b "British Documents on Foreign Affairs--reports and Papers from the Foreign Office Confidential Print: Eastern Affairs, April 1945-December 1945". University Publications of America. January 5, 1997 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ a b c Ghareeb, Edmund A.; Dougherty, Beth (March 18, 2004). "Historical Dictionary of Iraq". Scarecrow Press – via Google Books.
  10. ^ http://www.imarawatijara.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Whos-Who-Iraq-Directory-1936.pdf
  11. ^ "'File 11/44 Leading Personalities in Iraq, Iran & Saudi Arabia' [‎30r] (59/96)". Qatar Digital Library. September 10, 2018.
  12. ^ "مجموعة ١٧/ ١٧ "تقارير سنوية لوزارة الخارجية، ١٩٣٢-١٩٣٨، ١٩٤٧. استعراض سنوي للأحداث ١٩٣٩-١٩٤٢. استعراض سياسي ١٩٤٣-١٩٤٤" [و‎‎٦‎٤] (٤٨٣/١٢٧)". مكتبة قطر الرقمية. September 19, 2017.
  13. ^ "'File 11/44 Leading Personalities in Iraq, Iran & Saudi Arabia' [‎30v] (60/96)". Qatar Digital Library. September 10, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d Al-Marayati, Abid A. (January 5, 1961). "A diplomatic history of modern Iraq". New York,.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  15. ^ a b "The Petroleum Times". Petroleum Times. January 5, 1952 – via Google Books.
  16. ^ "'File 11/44 Leading Personalities in Iraq, Iran & Saudi Arabia' [‎32v] (64/96)". Qatar Digital Library. September 10, 2018.
  17. ^ https://books.google.fi/books?lr=&hl=fi&id=3CtXAAAAMAAJ&dq=editions%3AH6ZXTS_J-mgC&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22Senate+president%3A%22
  18. ^ https://books.google.fi/books?lr=&hl=fi&id=RwYfAQAAMAAJ&dq=editions%3AH6ZXTS_J-mgC&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Madfai
  19. ^ Blattner, Elwyn James; Blattner, James Elwyn (January 5, 1958). "Who's who in U.A.R and the Near East". Paul Barbey Press – via Google Books.
  20. ^ "Daniel, Menahem Salih | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com.
  21. ^ a b T. Morad; D. Shasha (2008). Iraq’s Last Jews: Stories of Daily Life, Upheaval, and Escape from Modern Babylon. Palgrave Macmillan US. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-230-61623-3.
  22. ^ Beth K. Dougherty; Edmund A. Ghareeb, ed. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 433. ISBN 978-0-8108-7942-3.
  23. ^ Beth K. Dougherty; Edmund A. Ghareeb, ed. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 521. ISBN 978-0-8108-7942-3.
  24. ^ Kristian Girling (2017). The Chaldean Catholic Church: Modern History, Ecclesiology and Church-State Relations. Taylor & Francis. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-351-70674-2.
  25. ^ Beth K. Dougherty; Edmund A. Ghareeb, ed. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-8108-7942-3.
  26. ^ Beth K. Dougherty; Edmund A. Ghareeb, ed. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-8108-7942-3.
  27. ^ Beth K. Dougherty; Edmund A. Ghareeb, ed. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 653. ISBN 978-0-8108-7942-3.
  28. ^ Beth K. Dougherty; Edmund A. Ghareeb, ed. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 406. ISBN 978-0-8108-7942-3.