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Silvassa Town Hall
|State||Dadra and Nagar Haveli|
|District||Dadra and Nagar Haveli district|
|• Mayor||Rakeshsinh Chauhan|
|Elevation||32 m (105 ft)|
|• Official||English, Hindi, Dhodia|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||DN -09|
Silvassa also spelled as Selwas (Sēlavās) amongst Gujarati people and Selvasanam amongst Odias. is the capital of the Indian Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The city has many factories and industries providing significant government revenue, which allows the city to maintain a low level of taxation. The city was chosen as one of the hundred Indian cities in Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.
Until the end of the 19th century, Silvassa was only a small village. The growing importance of Silvassa started in 1885 when the Portuguese Administration decided to transfer the seat of Nagar Haveli to the city, which until then had been in Darará. By decree of 11 February 1885, Silvassa was created as a town, with the name of Vila de Paço d'Arcos. However, the original name prevailed and the town continued to be mainly known as Silvassa and referred to as such in official documents.
Gujarati, Marathi and Hindi are the commonly spoken languages. Warli is the language spoken by the tribal population. It is a dialect of Konkani, just as Agri which is also spoken. A former Portuguese enclave, Silvassa has a significant Roman Catholic population.
Far from being a tribal region, Silvassa has now developed into an industrial hub with major industrial companies setting up manufacturing bases in the region. Its initial tax-free status granted by the Indian government to boost industrial investment in the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli has contributed to the region's industrial growth.Groups like Apar Industries Limited, Ramco Industries Ltd. (R.I.L), Sheer Bliss Event Planners, Sterlite, Hindalco now closed, Hind Aluminium, T&D Galiakot Containers Pvt. Ltd., Associated Group, Tufropes Group India's largest plastic and polymer ropes manufacturer Tufropes Pvt. Limited, Insulation material manufacturer Rockwool India Private Limited (a subsidiary of Alghanim Industries, Kuwait), Concast, Polysil Pipes, Polysil Irrigation Systems, Silvassa Plastics, Daman Plastics, Kkapana Industries, Jai Corp Ltd., Advance Detchem Ltd, Gulf Oil, Tidewater Petroleum, Castrol, Reliance Industries, Blue Star, Siyaram Silk Mills, Global Wind Power (Reliance ADAG), Hindustan Unilever, Kusuma Pharma, Sterling Generators Pvt Ltd, Dabur call Silvassa home. With a host of other players in the textile industry like Alok Industries, and many other FMCG, Gensets, electronics, heavy engineering goods, chemical, insecticides, paints, to name a few, the landscape of Silvassa and surrounding region has altered dramatically. It is one of the largest states in collection of excise duty from more than 3,500 small and medium industries. Silvassa is a big hub for plastic products and its products are found throughout India thanks to their good quality and low cost. Apart from all this Silvassa is also known for various FMCG distributors like Gajra Distribution having reach throughout the country.
Silvassa hosts more than 200,000 floating population, coming from all parts of the country, mostly the labourers hail from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Odisa. Other floating community being from the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Rajasthan.
Transport and connections
Silvassa is connected to Maharashtra and Gujarat via National Highway 848A. Silvassa has a well-maintained road network. The nearest railway stations are in Vapi 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) away and Bhilad, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) away. Daman is 30 km away via Bhilad on National Highway number 8. Mumbai is 160 km away from Silvassa, via Bhilad, on National Highway number 8 Surat is 130 km away from Silvassa, via Bhilad, on National Highway number 8. Auto-rickshaw services ply between Vapi and Silvassa at a regular interval and easily available from Vapi (E) railway station. Gujarat Road Transport Buses ply between Silvassa and Vapi at a regular interval.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Silvassa.|
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "New National Highways notification - NH 848A" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 17 April 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 May 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.