On this day: January 16
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- 1362 – The Danish settlement of Rungholt reportedly sank into the North Sea due to a massive windstorm.
- 1809 – Peninsular War: French forces under Jean-de-Dieu Soult attacked the British's amphibious evacuation under Sir John Moore at Corunna in Galicia, Spain.
- 1920 – The League of Nations, the first worldwide intergovernmental organization with a focus on peace and security, held its first council meeting in Paris.
- 1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler and his staff moved into the Führerbunker in Berlin (entrance pictured), where he would eventually commit suicide.