Timeline of Lahore

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Lahore, Pakistan.

Prior to 11th century[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Pakistan
Statue of an Indus priest or king found in Mohenjodaro, 1927
  • 682 CE – City besieged by Muslim forces.[1]

11th–15th centuries[edit]

16th–17th centuries[edit]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]


21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Schellinger and Salkin, ed. (1996). "Lahore". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 522+. ISBN 9781884964046.
  2. ^ a b "Lahore Profile: History". City Government Lahore. City District Government Lahore. Archived from the original on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  3. ^ Cyril Glasse (2008), New Encyclopedia of Islam (3rd ed.), Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN 0742562964
  4. ^ Michael Brand (c. 2002). "Lahore Chronology". Gardens of the Mughal Empire. Washington DC: Smithsonian Productions. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Lahore", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424
  6. ^ World Heritage Centre. "Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore". World Heritage List. UNESCO. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  7. ^ a b J. Thomas; T. Baldwin, eds. (1868), "Lahore", Lippincott's Pronouncing Gazetteer (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.
  8. ^ a b ArchNet.org. "Lahore". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  9. ^ "Marathas and the English Company 1707–1818 by Sanderson Beck". san.beck.org. Retrieved 2015-04-10.
  10. ^ a b c Webster's Geographical Dictionary, Springfield, Mass., USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, OCLC 3832886
  11. ^ a b c "Lahore", Chambers's Encyclopaedia, London: W. & R. Chambers, 1901
  12. ^ a b John F. Riddick (2006), History of British India, Praeger Publishers, ISBN 9780313322808
  13. ^ a b c "Lahore (Pakistan) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  14. ^ Company, East India; Mill, John Stuart (1858), Memorandum of the Improvements in the Administration of India During the Last Thirty Years: And the Petition of the East-India Company to Parliament
  15. ^ a b c Syad Muhammad Latif (1892). Lahore: its history, architectural remains and antiquities, with an account of its modern institutions, inhabitants, their trade, customs, &c. Lahore: Printed at the New Imperial Press.
  16. ^ Edward Balfour (1885), "Lahore", Cyclopaedia of India (3rd ed.), London: B. Quaritch
  17. ^ Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, OL 6112221M
  18. ^ a b c "Pakistan". World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services (3rd ed.). Chicago: American Library Association. 1993. ISBN 0838906095.
  19. ^ a b "Information and Culture: Institutions". Punjab Portal. Government of the Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  20. ^ Percy Brown (1908), Lahore Museum, Punjab: A Descriptive Guide to the Department of Archaeology & Antiquities, Lahore: Printed at the Civil and Military Gazette Press, OCLC 44611240 Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  21. ^ "About Assembly". Lahore: Provincial Assembly of The Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  22. ^ Partap Singh (1911), The Punjab Chiefs' Association, Lahore: Tribune Press
  23. ^ "Services and General Administration Department: Frequently Asked Questions". Punjab Portal. Government of the Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Museums and Galleries in Pakistan". Islamabad: National Fund for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  25. ^ "Building of the Assembly". Lahore: Provincial Assembly of The Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d e f "Pakistan". Far East and Australasia 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. p. 1160+. ISBN 9781857431339.
  27. ^ Ian Talbot (2007), "A Tale of Two Cities: The Aftermath of Partition for Lahore and Amritsar 1947–1957", Modern Asian Studies, 41: 151, doi:10.1017/s0026749x05002337, JSTOR 4132347
  28. ^ "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  29. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  30. ^ Raza Noor. "Lahore Sites of Interest". Lahore. Edmonton, Canada. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  31. ^ John L. Esposito (2011), What everyone needs to know about Islam (2nd ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780199794133
  32. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  33. ^ a b c Don Rubin; et al., eds. (2001), "Pakistan", World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Asia/Pacific, Routledge, ISBN 9780415260879
  34. ^ "With Lahore in his Veins". Dawn. 6 December 2003.
  35. ^ "Gallery". National College of Arts Lahore. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  36. ^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  37. ^ a b "About the Pakistan Fashion Design Council". Lahore: Pakistan Fashion Design Council. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  38. ^ James Traub (1 June 2008). "Lawyer's Crusade". New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  39. ^ "Movie Theaters in Lahore, Pakistan". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  40. ^ World Health Organization (2016), Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, Geneva
  41. ^ "Lahore's rapid transit system". Business Recorder. Karachi. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  42. ^ Declan Walsh (6 March 2013). "Pakistan, Under Cultural Siege, Is Buoyed by Book Festivals". New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  43. ^ "Pakistan arrests scores over Lahore anti-Christian riot". BBC News. 10 March 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013.


Published in 19th century[edit]

  • David Brewster, ed. (1830). "Lahore". Edinburgh Encyclopaedia. Edinburgh: William Blackwood.
  • C. Masson (September–November 1840), "Memorandum on Lahore, the Sikhs, their Kingdom and its Dependencies", Proceedings of the Bombay Geographical Society
  • Charles Masson (1842), "Lahore", Narrative of Various Journeys in Balochistan, Afghanistan, and the Panjab, London: Richard Bentley
  • J.H. Stocqueler (1854), "Lahore", Hand-book of British India (3rd ed.), London: Allen and Co.
  • "Lahore". Street's Indian and Colonial Mercantile Directory for 1870. London: Street. 1870.
  • Thornton, Thomas Henry. A Brief Account of the History and Antiquities of Lahore. Lahore: Government Civil Secretariat Press, 1873.
  • Thomas Henry Thornton; John Lockwood Kipling (1876). Lahore. Lahore: Printed at the Government Civil Secretariat Press.
  • Kanhaiya Lal. (1884) Tarikh-e-Lahore. Lahore, Pakistan: Aslam Asmat Printers.
  • Edward Thornton (1886), "Lahore", in Roper Lethbridge and Arthur N. Wollaston (ed.), Gazetteer of the Territories under the Government of the Viceroy of India, London: W. H. Allen & Co., OCLC 710600
  • Edwin Lord Weeks (1894), "Lahore and the Punjab", Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 89, pp. 650–672
  • Joachim Hayward Stocqueler (1900), "Lahore", The Oriental Interpreter and Treasury of East India Knowledge, London: Cox

Published in 20th century[edit]

  • Muhammad Baqir (1952). Lahore, past and present; being an account of Lahore compiled from original sources. Lahore: Panjab University Press. OCLC 8816775.
  • Lahore Development Authority. Lahore Urban Development and Traffic Study. 5 vols. Lahore, 1980.
  • Lahore Development Authority. The Walled City of Lahore. Lahore, 1981.
  • Samuel V. Noe. “Old Lahore and Old Delhi: Variations on a Mughal Theme.” Ekistics XLIX (1982), pp. 306–19.
  • Mohammed A. Qadeer. Lahore, Urban Development in the Third World. Lahore: Vanguard Books, 1983.
  • Ahmad Nabi Khan. “Lahore: the Darus Saltanat of the Moghul Empire under Akbar (1556–1605).” Journal of the Research Society of Pakistan XXI, no.3 (1984), pp. 1–22.
  • Muhammad Saeed (1989). Lahore, A Memoir. Lahore: Vanguard. ISBN 9694020085.
  • F.S. Aijazuddin. Lahore: Illustrated Views of the 19th Century. Lahore: Vanguard Books, Ltd., 1991.
  • Ajaz Anwar (1996). Old Lahore (3rd ed.). Lahore.
  • Ajaz Anwar (1997), "Lahore and Delhi: Two Sides of a Mirror", India International Centre Quarterly, 24, JSTOR 23005453
  • Som Anand (1998). Lahore, portrait of a lost city. Lahore: Vanguard Books.
  • Nazir Ahmad Chaudhry. A Short History of Lahore and Some of Its Monuments. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2000.

Published in 21st century[edit]

  • Journal of Asian Civilizations XXIV, no. 2 (2001). Special issue on Lahore in the Ghaznavid period.
  • F.S. Aijazuddin. Lahore Recollected: An Album. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publishers, 2003.
  • Y. Lari. Lahore – Illustrated City Guide. Karachi, Pakistan: Heritage Foundation Pakistan 2003.
  • Mohammad Rafiq Khan (2006), "Banning Two-stroke Auto-rickshaws in Lahore: Policy Implications", Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, 45, JSTOR 41260675
  • P. Jackson; P.A. Andrews (2007). "Lahore (Lahawr)". In C.E. Bosworth (ed.). Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. p. 299+. ISBN 9789004153882.
  • Ian Talbot. Divided Cities: Partition and Its aftermath in Lahore and Amritsar, 1947–1957. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • William J. Glover (2007), Making Lahore Modern: Constructing and Imagining a Colonial City, USA: Univ of Minnesota Press, ISBN 9780816650217
  • Abdul Rehman (2009), "Changing Concepts of Garden Design in Lahore from Mughal to Contemporary Times", Garden History, 37, JSTOR 27821596

External links[edit]