Vengal Chakkarai

From Deep web, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Vengal Chakkarai
Born
Vengal Chakkarai Chettiar

(1880-01-17)17 January 1880
Died14 June 1958(1958-06-14) (aged 78)
Occupationtheologian, activist

Vengal Chakkarai Chettiar (17 January 1880 – 14 June 1958) was an Indian Christian theologian, missionary, independence activist, politician and trade unionist.[1]

Early life[edit]

Chakkarai was born to a Hindu Chettiar family.[1][2] He was educated at the Scottish Mission School, Madras Christian College, graduating in 1901 after majoring in philosophy.[1][1] He then studied at Madras Law College, and practiced for some time as a lawyer.

Career[edit]

In 1913, Chakkarai joined the Danish Mission Room as a Christian preacher and worked as a missionary for twenty years. During these years, he also became a disciple of Mahatma Gandhi and participated in the Indian independence movement. He served as mayor of Madras from 1941 to 1942.

Theology[edit]

Chakkarai tried to explain the Christian faith through the Hinduism point of view.[1] This can be seen when he tried to find the meaning of cross for the followers of Christianity with how to get moksha.[1]

Some of the Chakkarai's point of view about Christianity:[1]

  • Jesus is truly human (sat purusa).
  • Holy Spirit is Christ himself who continues to exist and work until now.
  • God can not be seen as the creator of sin.
  • Humans themselves are responsible for the sins that they commit.
  • Knowledge of God is not something that is intellectual (jnana), but a personal experience of God (anubhava).
  • Sin is seen as the handcuffs (pasa), which prevents the human soul (pasu) to reach God.
  • The essence of sin is the desire to find "the mystery of the forbidden".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g (in English) Andreas Anangguru Yewangoe.1987.Theologia crucis in Asia: Asian Christian views on suffering in the face of overwhelming poverty and multifaceted religiosity in Asia. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi BV. pp. 59-80.
  2. ^ (in Indonesian) FD Wellem.1993.Riwayat Hidup Singkat Tokoh-Tokoh Dalam Sejarah Gereja. Jakarta: PT BPK Gunung Mulia. p. 75-77
  • Schouten, Jan Peter (2008). Jesus as Guru: The image of Christ among the Hindus and Christians in India. Rodopi. pp. 117–119.
Preceded by
G. Janakiram Chetty
Mayor of Madras
1941-1942
Succeeded by
C. Tadulinga Mudaliar